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A plant like cheflera or shefflera (Schefflera) belongs to the family called Araliaceae. In the wild, it can be found in the tropics in any part of the earth. And most often it is found in Australia, China, the Pacific Islands and Japan. The wild-growing shefflera is not very large trees or bushes.
This plant is very much appreciated by flower growers for beautiful, showy leaves, which are very similar to the human palm, whose fingers are spaced far apart. The leaf blades are placed on a high petiole and are dissected into 4–12 lobes that grow from the 1st point. In some countries, this flower is called the umbrella of the gnomes or the umbrella tree.
The elongated racemose inflorescences of this plant are very similar to tentacles or antennae. But you can look at them only in the botanical garden, and all due to the fact that the sheffler does not bloom in indoor conditions. But she is able to decorate any room thanks to her graceful shape and spectacular foliage.
This flower is very often grown as a ficus benjamin, or rather, it is grown as a large domestic tapeworm plant, forming it in the form of a bush having a sufficiently large size or a tree.
The tall shoots of such a plant are not very thick, which is why often several young shefflers are planted in one pot at once. And then they form a common stem (intertwined). If only one tall flower is planted in the pot, then a support is usually made for it.
This plant is easy enough to grow indoors, and this is because it is completely undemanding and unpretentious. You need to take care of him in almost the same way as for other common house plants.
Note! In the chef there are substances that, if they get on the mucous membrane or skin, can cause irritation. Therefore, in any manipulation with it, you need to be careful.
Caring for the chef at home
This plant is very fond of light. In the autumn-winter period, it should be placed on a windowsill located on the south side of the room. In summer, it must be shaded to exclude direct sunlight.
An adult sheffler is placed near the window located in the southern part of the room, but the west or east side is also suitable. If there is little light in the room, then it is preferable to choose varieties with green foliage for growing, since variegated ones are very photophilous.
In the warm season, it is best to take the plant out to fresh air. You need to place it in a small partial shade.
Feels comfortable with high air humidity, but can easily adapt to normal room conditions. However, in this case, the sheffler needs to be regularly sprayed with soft and warm water (settled).
Schefflera grows well and develops at normal room temperature. In winter, the air temperature can drop to 16⁰ – 18⁰ С, but not less than 12⁰ С.
Do not allow a cold draft in the room where this plant is located, and also do not place it next to heating devices. Not very large daytime temperature fluctuations (between night and daytime) only benefit the sheffler.
How to water
Watering should be systematic and moderate. For this, settled soft water is perfect. Make sure that the earthen bed does not dry out in any way. In winter, the amount of watering is significantly reduced. Remember that water stagnation and soil acidification are not allowed for this plant, as it may die as a result. And for irrigation, you need to use water at room temperature and in no case cold.
The sheffler is fed with universal fertilizer for domestic plants. Top dressing is done a couple of times a month during the growing season (in the spring and summer). After transplanting, fertilizers are applied to the soil only after young leaves appear.
In order for the bush to be more magnificent, several plants are often sown in one flower pot. They acquire a tree-like shape by pruning. However, if it is done in violation of the rules, then it can bring harm to the sheffler.
In the event that all the leaves of a plant fall off (with improper care), it can be saved by performing low pruning. However, this is only if the root system is healthy. The tree stump should be watered and covered with moistened moss. If everything is done correctly, then after a while young shoots will begin to grow.
In winter, the sheffler has a period of relative rest, during which it does not grow. The plant during this period should be in a bright room, the air temperature in which will be approximately 14⁰ – 16⁰ С. Watering should be reduced.
While the plant is young, transplantation should be carried out annually with the onset of spring. An adult sheffler is transplanted only when necessary, usually once every few years. When transplanting, a flower pot is selected several times larger than the previous one. Don't forget good drainage.
Which soil to choose
For transplanting, it is worth choosing a slightly acidic (pH not higher than 6), light soil. For this, a mixture consisting of fibrous peat, sand and humus of the earth, taken in a ratio of 1: 1: 3, is perfect. And you can also mix sand, humus and sod soil in a 1: 1: 2 ratio.
This plant can be propagated by cuttings, sowing seeds, and air layers are also used for these purposes.
Scheffler seeds can be easily purchased at a flower shop. They are sown, as a rule, in January or February. They are sown in a mixture of sand and peat, taken in equal proportions. Before this, it is recommended to place the seeds in water for a while, to which zircon or epin is added. After sowing, the soil is moistened with a sprayer, and after that the container is removed to a place where it is warm enough (20⁰ – 24⁰ C). Also, do not forget to cover it with glass or foil. The soil should be periodically ventilated and moistened. After the appearance of 2 or 3 true leaves, the seedlings are planted in small pots.
For propagation by cuttings, you will need semi-lignified cuttings. For rooting, they are planted in a mixture of peat and sand, pretreated with means that stimulate the formation of roots. The container must be covered with plastic wrap, and the temperature must be maintained within 20⁰ – 22⁰ С. Do not forget to remove the film for airing the cuttings.
Pests and diseases
A spider mite, aphid, and a scale insect may appear on the sheffler.
Common problems and their causes
When growing this plant, the following problems may appear:
- Falling leaves... Possible reasons: cold draft in winter, too high air temperature in summer, waterlogged soil (root rotting has begun).
- The appearance of spots of a light shade on foliage... The reason for this may be direct sunlight hitting it.
- Elongated shoots and faded leaves - there is not enough light.
- If the humidity is too low, the tips of the leaves will turn brown.
Caring for Shefflera. Plants For Beginner Florists
Types and varieties of Sheflera with a photo
It is a small tree with a branching trunk (erect). The old branches of this tree are light brown in color, and the young ones are green. Complicated pinnate leaves can be up to 20 centimeters long. On the foliage of some species, spots of yellow, cream or white hue may be present.
This species is not very tall. Its dissected leaves with wavy edges have 7 to 10 lobes. Variegated varieties look especially beautiful.
On one drooping petiole there are from 8 to 12 leaves, the shape of which is elongated-lanceolate. Also, the leaves have veins of a light shade and pointed tops. If the leathery, shiny leaves are olive green in color, then they are still young, and over time they turn green.
Schefflera radiant or star-leaved (Schefflera actinophylla)
She has long petioles, which are colored brownish-reddish. Its shiny leaves, depending on the variety, are colored yellow with a golden or olive tint, as well as rich green.
Shefler. The main types and recommendations for care
How to care for a shefflera at home
Sheflera (or shefflera - as you like) is an ornamental houseplant with elongated spreading leaves, a bit like a human palm. The flower was cultivated relatively recently, but immediately fell in love with flower growers around the world for its unpretentiousness, ease of reproduction and spectacular appearance.
Caring for a boss at home is not difficult even for beginners, so you can buy a bush or tree both in an apartment and in a work office.
Attention! Bianca does not like direct rays, from which burns may appear on the leaves and trunk.
In winter, during cloudy weather, it becomes necessary to create additional artificial lighting for the shrub. For this purpose, you can use fluorescent lamps. In summer, Bianca is best taken out into the open air, sheltered from the scorching sun. You should not leave Bianca in the place where precipitation will fall on it. It is best to place the Scheffler under a canopy.
Temperature is important for the Shefflera. In winter, the optimum temperature for the Bianca variety is 18 degrees Celsius.
The maximum temperature for Bianchi during the summer period should be no more than 22 degrees Celsius.
If the temperature in the room is much higher, then it is advisable to take out the pot with "Shefflera" in the open air, be sure to cover it from direct sunlight.
If in the winter time it is too hot in the room and the temperature is approximately equal to the summer temperature, then Bianca should be taken care of according to the summer mode.
Attention! Do not allow the temperature to be above + 22 degrees and below + 16 degrees.
In another temperature corridor, the condition of the bush can deteriorate greatly.
Watering in summer and winter
"Schefflera" loves humid air, if there is insufficient humidity in the room, then do not forget to periodically spray and wipe the leaves with a damp cloth.
Bianca needs frequent watering during the summer period. The frequency of watering is determined by the condition of the soil. If the topsoil looks slightly dry, then it's time to water the plant.
The pot with the plant should be placed in a deep tray, as a fair amount of water may be required, especially on a hot summer day. "Schefflera" needs constant watering, but excess moisture should not be allowed.
Important! After abundant watering, the water from the pan should be removed to prevent rotting of the root system.
Planting and transplanting
During planting or transplanting the plant, special attention should be paid to drainage, there should be enough of it so that the roots receive air flow.
The pot should be filled with expanded clay at least a quarter.
If you prefer to buy ready-made soil, then palm soil is perfect for Shefflera. You can prepare the soil yourself. This will require fertile humus soil, saturated with nutrients.
It is mixed with sand and turf. The approximate composition of the soil:
- Sod 40%
- Humus 20%
- Leafy ground 30%
- Sand 10%.
Important! The soil should be slightly acidic, about pH 6.
Young bushes are transplanted about once a year. It is preferable to transplant in the spring. It is enough to replant an adult plant once every two years. Each time the pot should be larger than the previous one. If there is no opportunity to make a transplant, then it is necessary to remove the topsoil and replace it.
Top dressing at different periods
"Schefflera" is at rest from October to March. During the growth period, Bianca needs frequent feeding, about three times a month.
During the rest period, it is enough to carry out additional feeding once a month.
Organic fertilizers or specially prepared mixtures for ornamental deciduous plants can be used as top dressing. Fertilize the soil immediately after watering.
Once a month, it will not be superfluous to spray the leaves with bioregulators, such as zircon or epin.
Most of all, Bianca needs feeding during the growth period, from March to September.
Since "Schefflera" is a fairly large plant, pruning is periodically required to create the shape. Bianca does not like to discard side shoots and often grows upward. If you follow the bush and cut off excess shoots in time, you can form a lush, beautiful crown.
Important! Pruning is done in the spring.
The most common breeding method is cuttings. For rooting, the cuttings must be planted in soil consisting of single lobes of sand and peat. Cover with a glass jar or plant in a mini-greenhouse. It is necessary to shut off the air supply before the first signs of the root system appear. The optimum temperature is from 20 to 22 degrees Celsius.
A rarer method of reproduction is by seeds. Planting seeds is best done in the spring. Until the first shoots appear, the required temperature will be + 22 degrees. Then you can lower the temperature to +18.
The most difficult and rare breeding method is by air layering. This method is subject only to experienced gardeners. The trunk is cut and wrapped in moss, and the moss should be wrapped on top with foil. After a certain period of time, the film is removed and the moss is moistened with water. The procedure is repeated until roots appear in the cut. Then the top is cut off and planted in a separate pot.
Readers may like articles about the following types of Sheflers:
More than 590 Scheffler species are found in the wild. At the same time, the plant is large in size, and many species are capable of growing in natural conditions up to 40 meters in height.
In indoor floriculture, such gigantic varieties, of course, are not used. For the most part, in home cultivation, a maximum of 1.5-2 meter Schefflers is preferred.
Interesting!Sheffler can often be found in large flowerpots installed on the floor. The plant in adulthood is striking, adds aesthetics to any room, but most of all to office and public spaces.
Schefflers come with variegated leaves, boat leaves, or leaves with an interesting, wavy border. Therefore, the variety of forms of the future plant is amazing and, perhaps, can easily satisfy any request.
The key feature of the Scheffler bush is lush greenery, with little or no flaw.... The leaves are formed by rosettes and brushes, tightly covering the trunk and branches.
Shefflera's flowers are very small. In nature, they are collected in a bunch like bunches of grapes and often stand out poorly against the background of fairly large leaves. In captivity, it is almost impossible to achieve flowering, and even more so fruiting Shefflera.
But even without flowering, Scheffler looks attractive. In many ways, the whole point is in the large, often interesting in shape, leaves.
And in order for the plant to always look neat and healthy, you need to comply with some requirements for the surrounding conditions.The most important thing is the temperature background. It may seem that Schefflera, due to tropical growth, loves high temperatures, but this is far from the case. Under natural conditions, the flower grows in shady tropical forests, so it loves just the cool.
- In summer, the optimum temperature is + 20-22 C about.
- In winter, the plant feels good from +14 C o, to +18 C o.
And note that Schefflera is more likely to be tolerated by a slight drop in temperature than a sharp jump up. In extreme heat, it is not uncommon for the flower to shed most of the foliage, after which it takes a long and difficult time to recover.
Another important point to watch out for is air humidity. In the case of the Scheffler flower, you will have to keep a container of water nearby almost all year round. Naturally evaporating, the water will increase the humidity of the air to the required limits.
You can also give preference to modern humidifiers, which both measure the humidity and effectively increase it to the set values. But this option will require financial investments and will not suit everyone.
All varieties prefer cultivation without direct sun exposure. But at the same time, they are extremely jealous of the lighting level. For example, with active growth, Scheffler may well need even artificial additional lighting in the cold season.
The optimal daylight hours for Schefflera are 10-12 hours. Based on this, the flower feels best closer to the windows, but with the obligatory shading from direct sunlight by screens or other colors.
Choosing a place where to put a flower pot
In general, plants, already in an adult state, feel great even in the corners of rooms, far from windows.
But it is better to grow a young flower for the first time in good lighting. For this reason, the pot is best placed on windows facing the west or east side, where daylight hours are sufficient, but the ultraviolet radiation is less intense. On the other hand, if the sun is too aggressive and hits the foliage, it will not be superfluous for Scheffler to shade.
Certain varieties can be grown on north-facing windows. But this only applies to those species that have standard green foliage. The variegated varieties on the northern side will lose their identity and will be colored in the usual green hue.
But the southern windows for Shefflera are suitable only in the cold season. In summer, the sun is too aggressive and hot there.
What does it look like in the interior?
Schaeffler's room looks harmonious in almost any design. Its main feature - lush and large foliage - will invariably complement and decorate the room.
Inscribing a Scheffler flower will definitely work out in a classic interior, as well as any other outstanding decoration.
It is known that the plant looks good even in modern types of design, although there is a noticeable commitment to general minimalism and high functionality in them.
Features of a tropical guest: popular species and varieties
Shrub plant Schefflera (Schefflera, Schefflera) belongs to the Araliaceae family, which includes shrubs, palm trees and vines. The flower owes its name to the German botanist H.F.Scheffler (18th century). A shrub native to the tropics of Australia, it is also found in America, New Zealand and southeast Asia.
- It has finger-cut leaves that resemble an open palm.
- The sheet consists of 4-12 parts.
- All leaf lobes grow from a single central point, which is why the plant is called the "umbrella tree".
- The color of the leaves is from solid rich green to variegated colors.
- Under natural conditions, it can reach a height of 20-40 meters, and at home - up to 2 meters.
- In the wild, bloom is observed in the form of small white flowers, after which the berries grow in bunches.
- At room Sheflera flowers appear in the form of tentacles, but this happens extremely rarely.
- Represented by 200 different types.
- It has thin shoots, so the trunk should be fixed on a special support.
- During pruning, planting and maintenance, protective gloves must be worn, as the flower contains substances that irritate the mucous membranes.
- Capable of ozonizing and humidifying the air.
In indoor conditions, the plant has a lot of picturesque green foliage, and its appearance can decorate any window opening. The exotic beauty of the flower will take household members to the real tropics.
- In spacious rooms: offices, conference rooms, living rooms with high ceilings.
- As a decoration for the Winter Garden.
- For decorating a greenhouse.
- On the territory of subtropical parks.
The most popular types for home cultivation and reproduction:
- Radiant (or star-leaved). This species has been around for a long time and is the most famous. The trunk is thick and powerful, dark brown or gray-brown in color, 16 oblong glossy sheets of bright green color up to 5 cm wide and up to 15 cm long, as in the photo. It can grow up to 12 meters in height, the inflorescences are red.
- Eight-leafed or "octopus tree". This is a decorative species that is less common than others. The petioles of the leaves are cream-colored, the leaves themselves are feathery or serrated at the edges, up to 30 cm long and up to 15 cm wide, in an amount of 8 to 12 pieces. The presence of obvious veins, flowering begins in November-December, and at the end of December, fruits may appear.
- Palmate. This compact flower has 8 pointed elliptical leaves with veins, as seen in the photo.
- Tree-like. It has a straight trunk, many branches and from 7 to 16 leaves up to 8 cm wide and up to 15 long leaves are smooth, glossy, dense, have pointed ends. It is a variegated type with a bright green color, one of the most popular among flower beds and gardeners. Varieties are often used - Amate, Gold Capella.
- Veitch. It tends to change the shade of the leaves depending on age - from red to bright green. This is a light-loving species that requires a lot of sunlight.
- The most graceful or Dizigoteka. It is successfully cultivated at home, can grow up to 2 meters long, is not adapted to branching, has leaves of a dark green color, consisting of 8-12 oblong parts 15 centimeters long, as in the photo.
We buy the sheffler in the store
When buying a sheffler in a store, you need to properly inspect the plant
Schefflera is a beautiful plant that is appreciated by flower growers for its decorative effect. When purchasing it in a store, you need to inspect and make sure that it is a healthy specimen. Its leaves should be bright, glossy and firm, and the crown should be dense and evenly leafy.
Pay attention to whether the plant is infected with pests and diseases - you should refuse to buy a sick specimen. In order to understand if the shefflera is healthy, examine her stem and leaves on both sides. Do not buy a plant whose shoots are too elongated, or, conversely, depressed.
Schefflera home - unpretentious exotic: description, types, cultivation, care, reproduction, transplantation (60 Photos & Video) + Reviews
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