How to effectively deal with a bear in a garden
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Medvedka is a dangerous and insidious pest in the garden. It is dangerous because it gnaws at the roots of young seedlings of many crops, planted in the spring in the beds. And it is insidious in that it is rather difficult to get rid of it. Nevertheless, if desired and diligent, any gardener is able to fight and get rid of this pest forever. Next, consider the methods of dealing with the parasite at the summer cottage.
The appearance of a bear in a garden plot and a vegetable garden
An adult insect in a greenhouse or in the country
Let's start with a description. It is not difficult to recognize an ordinary bear by its appearance among other insects: The size of an adult is from 3 to 5-6 cm, and sometimes even reach a length of 8 cm, depending on the conditions of its habitat and "nutrition". This voracious pest eats everything in its path underground - plant roots, seeds of newly sown crops, even small insects. Where is the parasite found and where does it come from? It lives in well-fertilized and moist soils, i.e. a vegetable garden or dacha, sown fertile land is an ideal place for her.
How many years does it live? The entire life cycle takes about 3.5 years. It usually appears from neighbors - negligent gardeners.
The favorite conditions for the beetle and its larvae are moisture and heat, therefore, in greenhouse farms, they also cause great damage to crops.
The bear looks quite remarkable and frightening:
- the head and chest are covered with a common shell of dark brown color;
- long whiskers, short tentacles and eyes are located on the head;
- the abdomen is soft, not protected by a shell, three times longer than the cephalothorax;
- at the end of the abdomen there are processes that resemble a mustache;
- wings are long, thin, with scales;
- there are 3 pairs of limbs: the front ones are short, thickened, covered with a shell, resembling the claws of a crab, the middle ones are short, the hind ones are long.
Strong front pincers and armored cephalothorax allow the insect to dig long burrows underground. In addition, the bear flies well and even swims. She is mainly nocturnal, so she is not afraid of birds. In the evenings, when adults crawl out of the ground and begin to fly from place to place, they make a sound very similar to the chirping of grasshoppers, only even louder.
To determine that a pest has started up in the garden, drooping plants will help. If the soil is not overdried, and the plants still die, you need to carefully examine the surface of the earth. It is especially good to do this after the rain, then the passages dug by the bear, holes and loose mounds of earth are clearly visible.
What pest larvae look like
These mounds are most likely nests with laid eggs. Finding and destroying them is of paramount importance, since larvae develop very quickly. And very soon hundreds of new voracious insects will grow. The nests are located at a depth of about 15 cm, during the day the bears usually "sit out" inside, and in the evening they begin to move to the surface, destroying everything in their path.
The breeding season falls on the end of May - beginning of June, during the period of active work in the garden. If you stir up the nest, you can find a huge clutch of eggs, 500-600 pieces, which look like hemp seeds, which turn into larvae on days 14-17, already capable of causing significant damage to the garden.
The larvae have almost the same appearance as the adult, only without the shell and wings. They very quickly grow up to 5-30 mm in length due to the fact that they feed on any vegetation on the site and cause significant damage. And then they are able to lay hundreds of new eggs.
How dangerous is a bear for vegetable crops
The pest beetle is equally dangerous for most vegetables and root crops. Powerful jaws allow the bear to easily deal not only with the root system of corn, cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, but also easily gnaw out large pieces of root crops - potatoes, beets. Medvedka can completely destroy seeds of carrots, radishes, and especially cucumbers sown in the ground, damage the roots of garden strawberries, flower bulbs, roots of shrubs and underground stems.
This omnivorous predator does not disdain its own kind - they eat smaller insects living in the ground, worms, dragonfly larvae and ladybugs.
There is another opinion: bears are beneficial by eating and completely destroying the beetle larvae, which cause even more harm. They develop within 3-4 years (!), Eating not only the roots and tubers of plants, but also their ground parts - leaves, flowers, stems. If there are a lot of May beetle larvae in your garden plot, then, as they say, the lesser of the two troubles is chosen.
Pest control measures at different stages
The fight against a predatory pest, its complete extermination on personal plots is a very laborious and troublesome business. This is not a simple insect - the bear constantly changes its location, digs holes and passages, and it takes a sufficient period of time to track it down. Therefore, the most effective will be a comprehensive fight against it, in several ways at once.
To destroy the bear or drive them out for a long time from a large territory, you need to act together with your neighbors in the country / garden. After all, insect pests do not distinguish between the boundaries of garden plots and can easily move to you from neighbors.
There are many fairly effective methods of dealing with this scourge, which can be divided into two types:
- extermination of the bear with the help of pesticides;
- the destruction of the insect with environmentally friendly folk remedies.
Chemicals to kill the beetle and protect the crop
There are a number of the most potent chemicals that are very effective in destroying the bear: Prestige, Medvetox, Fenoxin Plus, Thunder, Aktar 25 WG, Bankol, Parachute. Instructions for use are on each preparation. The principle of operation is the same: granules of the pesticide are poured into the passages and / or nests dug by the insect. Adults and larvae will die within 24 hours.
You can prepare the bait and mix it with the preparation. Pearl barley, wheat porridge, mixed with beer (!)... A mixture of all the ingredients is rolled into balls and laid out in places of numerous passages, holes with larvae and insects, in the aisle of beds that need protection - cabbage, tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes, root crops. An excellent bait will be a mixture of chemicals and sprouted cucumber seeds.
As chemicals, you can use kerosene, zinc phosphide, hexachlorane. In the greenhouse, control measures are similar.
How to deal with a bear in effective folk ways
The principle of extermination is the same: find a hole or passages, lure the bait to smell and destroy the pest without harming the surrounding nature and ourselves. Or, on the contrary, expel the bear with the help of substances with a strong odor, which they cannot stand. Here are some popular recipes widely used by gardeners:
- With ammonia... Add 4 dessert spoons of ammonia to 10 liters of water, water the plants under the root with a solution (under each - 0.5 liters), trying not to get on the leaves. The smell of ammonia scares off the bear, at the same time the solution serves as a nitrogenous fertilizer for plants. The only drawback is that it quickly evaporates, so it is advisable to repeat the procedure every 7-10 days. You can lay out scraps of fabric or rags soaked in ammonia water in the aisle. The tool is not able to completely kill beetles, but for some time it will definitely scare them away.
- Manure trap... Fresh manure (chicken droppings) acts on a bear like valerian on a cat. Therefore, it is not worth fertilizing the land for them, but making 1-2 traps per 1 hundredth will be very useful. In early May, spread small heaps of fresh manure in the garden. After 15-20 days, you can check - there will probably be adults and clutches of eggs. It remains to carry them away and destroy.
- Shadow traps... Pieces of roofing material, cardboard, sheet metal, etc. spread out in open, sunny places. During the day, the bears will definitely crawl under them to warm up, they can be easily destroyed, only you need to act quickly, without delay.
- Bears are big beer lovers... A three-liter can with a small amount of beer must be tied with gauze, bury in the ground at an angle of 45 degrees, so that the neck is at a depth of 4-5 cm. Medvedka will definitely show up to the smell of beer, fit into a can, but will not be able to get out back. You just have to check the traps and change the beer.
- Soapy or oily water... Dilute washing powder or sunflower oil with water and pour into holes or passages. The insects will die.
Not everyone knows, but the Hedgehog eats a pest bear. Get a hedgehog, arrange a cozy house under a tree for him, and he will take care of the cleanliness of the garden and help him defeat the bear.
In addition to the above folk remedies, many gardeners use eggshells, scattering them in places of bear burrows, as well as peas. In addition, you can build traps with your own hands. However, it is not a fact that it will be possible to remove all parasites.
Preventive remedies to get rid of the pest
As a preventive measure, experienced gardeners recommend systematically destroying and poisoning the nests. Getting rid of eggs and larvae in time can significantly reduce the number of insects, or even lime in general. To find nests, it is necessary to dig up the garden 2-3 times a year, and burn the eggs and larvae found. This is the only way to save and protect your garden from the pest.
The use of complex measures, all kinds of traps and chemicals will help get rid of an annoying pest, save plants and crops from destruction.
How to deal with moles on the site on your own: a selection of effective methods of struggle, recommendations of experienced gardeners
The appearance of a mole on the site is a signal of trouble. A small animal spends most of its time underground, rarely appears on the surface, but the harm from the mammalian activity is enormous.
When identifying mole holes and tunnels in the garden, the owners hope to find an answer to the question: "How to get rid of moles?" Immediately you need to tune in to a long struggle: the animal is cunning, smart, deftly bypassing the traps set. Summer residents share their experience on how to get rid of moles from the site.
- Reasons for the appearance
- How to get rid of moles in the area
- Ultrasonic scarers
- Bad smells
- Plants against moles
- Castor oil
- Homemade plastic bottle repeller
- Water or burrow flooding
- Sulfur checker
- Poisonous bait
- Prevention of the appearance
Description of the bear insect
Medvedka is a very dangerous garden and garden pest. It spoils the roots of seedlings and adult crops. If the shrub withers even if the irrigation regime is observed, it makes sense to suspect its defeat by such a parasite. Let's consider what the bears look like: how to deal with them in more detail.
The description of the pest is given below:
- The body is 2 to 5 centimeters long.
- The body is divided into abdomen and cephalothorax.
- There is a thick shell.
- There are two centimeter outgrowths at the end of the abdomen.
- Tentacles, whiskers and eyes are located around the mouth.
- The forelimbs are turned inward. There are thickened shins.
- The hind legs have 5 spines.
- The wings are thin-scaly, longer than the body.
- The head, abdomen and chest are dark brown.
- The limbs are light brown.
Why is the bear so called?
The insect got its name from its brown color and dark brown small hairs covering the body, large size and sharp black claws that are located on the front legs. It looks pretty scary. Other nicknames include the following:
- Kapustyanka - such a name was given to her because she loves to eat the leaves of young cabbage heads, potato tubers and beets.
- Mole cricket - for the resemblance to an insect, from the same leaping Orthoptera family, which can make sounds by friction of the elytra, and with an animal that digs holes for itself and has strong front legs.
- Earth crayfish - for a hard chitinous shell and claw paws.
And also, sometimes, you can hear the nickname "top" - this is because young individuals have a gray color and pointed thorns on the limbs.
Scarers and other methods
Many summer residents are familiar with methods of scaring away cabbage by means of smells of natural repellents. Marigold or chrysanthemum flowers sown in the garden can scare off the bear. The insect also does not like garlic, coriander, the aroma of aspen bark, onion husks, chicken egg shells. For prevention, it is advised to add crushed shells, husks, dry flowers even when planting crops. Onion peels should be infused in water for 4 to 6 days. To make a high-quality solution, take about 1 kg of husk per 1 bucket of water. The finished product should be diluted with water in a 1: 5 ratio. It is best to schedule watering for the day when it rains.
Kerosene also has a good deterrent effect. To prepare the mixture, you need to take 50 - 70 ml and add 1 kg of sand. Sand must be spilled with kerosene and mixed thoroughly. In the process of planting seedlings, you can distribute a mixture of kerosene, sand and soil throughout the garden. The famous I.V. Michurin.
Barriers, traps and traps
Plants can be protected by planting them in bottomless buckets, trimmed cans, pipes of a suitable diameter. The bear's jaws are relatively weak, it cannot overcome such a barrier. However, this method is laborious, and therefore gardeners use it to protect single, especially valuable plants. Traps and traps are much more interesting.
Having found the place of the greatest activity, the bears dig a hole here. The depth is shallow, a plastic bottle should fit tilted, the neck should be at a depth of about 5 cm from the soil surface. A little beer or honey mixed with water is poured into the bottle. The angle of inclination is approximately 35-40 degrees. From above, the hole can be covered with a piece of plywood and lightly sprinkled with earth.
The trap works simply: attracted by the smell of beer or honey, the bears crawl into the bottle, but they can't get out - they slide off. To enhance the effect, you can add one of the drugs listed above to the liquid. The method is simple, the trap works without human intervention.
Depending on the size of the bottle, it can hold up to 10-15 individuals.
Manure is a favorite habitat for bears, this can be used in the fight against them. In the aisles, holes are dug on the bayonet of a shovel with a depth, the walls and bottom are lined with plastic wrap. Manure is poured on top, lightly watered to become wet.
Medvedki will definitely climb into the pit to warm up, but because of the film fence they will not be able to get out. Once a day, the manure is turned over and the discovered bear is destroyed.
Be careful: insects can fly and move quickly, do not hesitate.
This method of catching cabbage is for agile gardeners: you need to act quickly here. In the garden, in convenient places, they dig a hole on a bayonet, lightly spill it with water. cover from above with slate, boards or plywood, sprinkle a little with earth.
Medvedki, fleeing the midday heat, will definitely climb into these shelters to rest.Before the onset of the evening, at 15-16 o'clock, the pits are opened, the bear is destroyed.
If there is no hope for your agility, you can leave a hole in which to pour oil water during the day.
Bears have a keen hearing and are very sensitive to vibration, therefore they leave the areas where various wind structures are installed. The simplest and most beautiful thing is to put the turntables on the territory of the beds. You can buy them in garden stores for 100-500 rubles. Such windmills are placed at a distance of 5 m from each other, and if there are many pests, then they are denser.
Another option is to drive rebar trims into the ground, put on beer cans or plastic bottles on top. At the slightest breath of wind, noise will be generated, and vibrations along the reinforcement are transmitted to the ground. Most likely, the bears will go away.
If moles also live in the garden in addition to bears, then you can build one large windmill. The sequence of work is approximately as follows:
- Dig a hole at least 1.5 m deep.
- Put an unnecessary bucket down, bottom up.
- On it, in the middle, a pipe is placed, 2-2.5 m long.
- All are covered with earth, compacted, if necessary, the mast is secured with guy wires.
- A powerful weather vane with a propeller is placed on the top.
According to reviews, in a strong wind, the structure gives out such an unpleasant hum that it can scare off even a person, so it is placed closer to the end of the garden, where there is no recreation area. Bears, moles, and other soil pests flee from strong vibration and hum.
Bucket with lantern or lamp
Medvedki fly well, they can rise up to 5 m in height. Therefore, experienced gardeners put a couple of traps on the site, in which some of these insects die. The manufacturing instructions are simple:
- A pillar 2-2.5 m long is buried with a crossbar at the top.
- A bucket is hung on the crossbar, bottom up.
- A strong lantern or bright bulb is placed inside.
- A wide container of soapy or oily water is placed under the bucket.
- The lights are turned on before dusk.
Medvedka always flies to the light source, but once it gets into the bucket, it gets disoriented, hits its walls and falls into a container with liquid. There is no chance of salvation, in the morning the gardener will only have to collect the dead pests.
Ways to deal with a bear
Bear trap using manure.
Gardeners who have encountered such a pest know that it is possible to fight the bear with both chemical and improvised preparations, the main thing is to take action as quickly as possible. But most of the gardeners use folk remedies when fighting a bear. On the Internet you can see a photo: fighting a bear. The video is also good for understanding how to deal with it correctly.
A good method for the prevention and removal of a bear from the garden will be the use of specially prepared manure traps. This insect has a special affection for manure, so it is used as a good bait.
This kind of trap is mainly used during spring or autumn... In the fall, pits for bears are created with a size of 50 * 50 * 50 cm, which are filled to the top with manure. The dung attracts the bear, and she settles in it for the purpose of further wintering. When the time of long frosts and low temperatures comes, traps with manure are dug up and scattered over the territory of the site. The insect at this time is in a state of suspended animation and cannot fully move, and therefore dies quickly under the influence of cold.
Fighting the bear in the spring. In spring, around the beginning of May, manure that attracts an insect should be spread out in small piles around the perimeter of the dacha. In this case, it is necessary to spread the manure in small piles at a distance of 3 meters from each other. The dung will attract the bear, and it will remain in it for permanent habitation and lay its eggs. Clutches of eggs will be very easy to destroy if you watch them regularly and check to see if they contain eggs. In this way, the number of harmful insects will sharply decrease.
Fighting a bear with kerosene
An effective method of dealing with a bear. There is another way that will help scare off a harmful insect and drive it out of your area. This method has been used by a large number of summer residents and is famous for its effectiveness. This method is based on combining kerosene and sand together.
The proportion that will be required for further struggle is taken in the ratio of 1 kg of sand per square meter of land and 57–70 ml of kerosene. Of course, this method should not be used with a large plot of the garden, as it will be inconvenient. But it is perfect for controlling insects inside a greenhouse.
The sand is poured over with kerosene and mixed well. After that, the sand is combined with dry ground. Such a mixture of kerosene of soil and earth is used during planting of seedlings and various horticultural crops: while it is scattered over the territory of the beds, sprinkling with the top layer of soil.
Kerosene, combined with sand, is also introduced into the furrows, in greenhouses... Also, in a greenhouse, you can pull on some kind of rag dipped in a solution of kerosene, which will help scare off a harmful insect.
Folk remedies for fighting a bear
- A good folk remedy for the extermination of an individual is a simple vegetable oil. To do this, pour it into the recesses where the insect lives.
When a bear hole is detected you should expand the entrance to it with your fingers, and then fill it with oil. Before using the oil, it is better to check the mink for the presence of a bear by pouring a small amount of water into it. Next, drip about 10 drops of sunflower oil inside, and then add a large amount of water. Sometimes this will require a whole bucket of water, especially when the ground is too dry. In addition, bear burrows are always deep.
Since the body of the insect is covered with fine hairs, oil can wet it and block the airways... Because of this effect, the bear will quickly creep out to the surface of the earth and, if the body is well saturated with oil, it will die immediately after a few minutes. If the bear's body is poorly moistened, then it is better to press it down with your foot, otherwise it will be able to crawl a long distance.
- Using onion peels.
Not everyone will allow themselves to use chemicals to get the bear out. Many gardeners believe that the more natural the method, the better the effect on the garden.
For this case, there is another time-tested method. For example, the use of onion peel tincture. The action of onion peels occurs due to the fact that the insect is afraid of this smell, therefore it is recommended to put onion peels inside the holes when planting vegetables and various garden plants, the same method can be used when autumn processing is carried out.
To prepare tincture from onion peel, you need:
- 900 g of onion husks.
- 10 l. water.
Onion husks are filled with hot water and placed in any place for further infusion. The tincture of the remedy lasts about five days. Before use, the tincture should be diluted in a 1: 5 ratio. After rain, it is recommended to irrigate the beds with such an infusion, and this should be done several times a week. Such a tool will quickly and effectively scare away the bear from your garden.