Hedera (Indoor ivy)
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Humanity has learned about the existence of ivy (heders) for a very long time. In ancient Greece, it was used to weave wreaths that adorned the head during a feast. But in ancient Egypt, such a plant belonged to the objects of worship and was a symbol of immortality. In those distant times, people were sure that if a heder branch was placed on a sleeping woman's chest, then thanks to this she would remain young and beautiful longer. The mention of ivy can also be found in works of art: on the grave of Isolde and Tristan, a vine and a whip of ivy intertwined with each other.
This plant makes the indoor air much cleaner, as it is able to absorb various harmful and dangerous fumes. In this regard, experts advise, be sure to decorate your kitchen with a chedera.
Brief description of cultivation
- Bloom... Grown at home as an ornamental deciduous plant.
- Illumination... For varieties with variegated leaves, bright, but diffused lighting must be provided, and slight shading is also acceptable. Green-leaved varieties grow well in shade or partial shade.
- Temperature regime... During the growing season from 22 to 24 degrees. A cool winter is recommended, but the room should not be colder than 13 degrees.
- Watering... Moisten the substrate moderately and systematically.
- Air humidity... High. The bush must be moistened every day from a spray bottle. At the same time, during warm wintering, it is recommended to pour wet pebbles into the pallet.
- Fertilizer... Top dressing is carried out in March-August twice a month, for this they use a complex mineral fertilizer for indoor decorative leafy crops.
- Dormant period... In the winter time.
- Transfer... Young bushes are subjected to this procedure regularly once a year. Older plants are only transplanted when necessary, for example, if the roots do not fit in the pot.
- Reproduction... Most often, heder is propagated vegetatively: by shoots, layering and apical cuttings.
- Pests... Scabbard, spider and cyclamen mites, greenhouse thrips, aphids, pseudo-scale insects and mealybugs.
- Diseases... If the rules of care and conditions of detention are violated, the decorativeness of the plant suffers.
Common ivy (Hedera helix) Rules of care and reproduction
Features of the header
The Hedera plant is also called ivy; it is part of the Araliaceae family. In the wild, this evergreen climbing shrub can be up to 30 m long. In total, experts have found about 15 species of hedera, which are found in nature in Asia, North and South America, Europe and Africa. Moreover, they prefer to grow in the subtropics, and are most often found in moist shady forests.
People learned about the existence of a cheder a long time ago. Among the ancient Greeks, she was a symbol of love and fun. Ivy was also considered a plant of Bacchus, so poets decorated their heads with wreaths from heder at various feasts and celebrations. Ivy is also often used as a medicinal plant for the treatment of various diseases.
Today, this plant is very popular with designers, while it has found its application both in floristry and in the design of garden plots and premises. Heder is also very popular among flower growers, because it is undemanding to care for and unpretentious.
Indoor ivy description
Indoors, the most commonly grown species is the Hedera helix. On the underside of climbing shoots, there are many air roots, which are collected in a dense brush. It is these roots that the plant uses to fix it on a support. Simple lobed alternate leaf plates are glossy and leathery to the touch. They are painted in a dark green shade, and their veins are lighter in color. There are forms with variegated foliage. One leaf plate may have 3–7 blades.
Hedera blooms only in natural conditions, while corymbose, umbellate or racemose inflorescences, consisting of small yellowish-green flowers, are formed in it. The room heder has more than a hundred different varieties, differing in the shape of the leaf plates, their size, and also in color.
Why is a header useful, and can it be kept at home
The benefits of heder
People have learned that hedera has medicinal properties a long time ago. The plant is widely used in alternative medicine, and it is also used as a raw material in the production of cosmetics and medicines.
Ivy wood contains a substance that effectively relieves spasms, this has been proven by scientists. This substance is used in the manufacture of drugs used in the treatment of acute bronchitis. The foliage of such a plant has antitumor, expectorant, antifungal and antimicrobial effects. On the basis of wood and leaves, heders make emollient gels, which are used as an additional agent during the treatment of obesity, purulent dermatoses and cellulite. When growing ivy in your home, remember that its fruits contain a strong poison that can contribute to the development of poisoning!
As for popular signs, the hedera is considered a muzhegon plant and an energy vampire. Also, people say that she, like a magnet, attracts loneliness and various troubles to the dwelling and its owners. Because of this, many flower growers do not dare to decorate their home with ivy. However, to believe these signs or not, everyone must decide for himself.
On the contrary, in ancient Rome and Greece, this plant was considered a symbol of family happiness and fidelity, and in eastern countries it is believed today that hedera is a source of vital energy.
The best place for a cheder is in the kitchen. There she will definitely have no time to absorb the vital energy of the residents (not the fact that she does it at all!). But what it definitely absorbs is various harmful impurities and toxins contained in the air, making it cleaner and safer for humans.
Ivy (Hedera). Transplant, care, reproduction.
Caring for the chedera at home
Among the many useful properties of heders, there is such as high shade tolerance. Few indoor plants can boast of this. In this regard, such a plant can be grown in the depths of the room and this will not negatively affect its development and growth. But pay attention to the fact that forms with variegated foliage need a lot of bright light, otherwise their leaf plates acquire a solid green color.
What sways watering, and here the heder is distinguished by its undemandingness. It can withstand short-term drought much easier than stagnant liquid in the substrate. That is why this plant is considered ideal for those who often have to leave home for a long time.
But you still need to water the plant. Remember that with regular drying out of the earthy coma, at first the edges of the leaf plates turn brown, and then after a while they dry up and die off.
It is necessary to moisten the substrate in the warm season so that it is slightly damp all the time. In winter, watering is carried out only after the top layer of the soil mixture in the pot dries out a little.
Hedera reacts extremely negatively to high temperatures and low air humidity. The optimum temperature for her is 22-24 degrees. For the winter, it is recommended to rearrange it in a cool place where the air temperature does not fall below 13 degrees. If, in winter, the bush is warm, and even not far from a working heating device, this can cause a loss of decorativeness: the shoots will stretch out, while the gaps between the leaf plates will noticeably increase. If, nevertheless, the plant hibernates in the warmth, then it must be watered on time, and also moisten it every day from a spray bottle with well-settled soft water. Also, during a warm winter, it is recommended to put a container with a flower on a pallet filled with expanded clay or pebbles, and a little water is also poured into it.
If the room temperature is excessively high in the warm season, then it is recommended to regularly and often humidify the heder. She can also regularly arrange a warm shower, which is also used for hygiene purposes.
Top dressing is carried out only from the beginning of spring to the end of summer with a frequency of 1 time in 15 days. For this, a mineral complex is used for decorative deciduous plants. In no case do not overfeed the flower, because because of this, its leaf plates can become very large, which will negatively affect the decorative qualities of the heder.
Indoor ivy should only be replanted if absolutely necessary. For example, when the root system does not fit in the pot and begins to "peek" out of the drainage holes, or the growth and development of the plant stops.
On average, young bushes are transplanted once a year, and older specimens are transplanted once every 2 years. Old bushes do not need to be replanted at all. Instead, they replace the top layer of soil mixture in the pot with fresh substrate every year.
Best of all, hedere is suitable for a soil mixture consisting of leaf, peat, humus and sod soil, as well as sand (the components are taken in equal proportions). It is transplanted at the end of the dormant period, approximately in March – April. The new pot should be 20-30 mm larger than the old one. Do not forget to make a thick drainage layer at the bottom of the container.
Water the flower abundantly shortly before transplanting. After that, it is carefully transplanted into a new container, trying to keep the clod of earth intact. The transplant is carried out by the transshipment method. Pour enough fresh potting soil into a new pot to fill any voids. In a transplanted bush, the surface of the substrate is slightly compacted, then it is well watered and moistened with a spray bottle. Place the ivy in a permanent place, protecting it from drafts and direct sunlight.
Ivy Hedera My care Lemon water from salts lime on the leaves
As a rule, indoor ivy is propagated only vegetatively: by shoots, cuttings and layering.
For reproduction of such a plant, apical cuttings are used. To do this, cut the upper parts of the stems from the bush, which reach about 10 cm in length. They should be planted in a soil mixture consisting of leafy soil and sand. Cover the cuttings with a glass jar or cut plastic bottle. The optimum air temperature for rooting is from 15 to 20 degrees. Keep the substrate slightly damp (but not wet) at all times. Those segments that already had air roots take root the fastest.
After rooting is complete, take a pot filled with substrate for an adult heder (see the "Transplant" section), and plant several cuttings there at once. By the way, you can use a glass of water to root them.
Hedera - reproduction. [Hope and Peace]
How to propagate by shoots
Heder is propagated in another way: for this, several bushes are grown from one shoot at once. Cut off the stem, which should have 8-10 leaf blades. Make a longitudinal cut along its entire length with a sharp instrument. Place the stem with a notch down on the surface of the sand, after which it is slightly pressed into the soil mixture to a depth of 15 to 20 mm. At the same time, make sure that the leaves rise above the surface of the soil mixture. Keep the substrate slightly damp throughout the rooting period.
Within 15 days, roots should grow along the entire length of the stem. If rooting is successful, then the top of the stem will begin to actively grow. Remove the stem from the sand and divide it into several parts, each of which should have at least 1 leaf plate and roots. Take pots that are 70–90 mm across and plant three pieces in each of them.
Pick one healthy, well-developed shoot and make a longitudinal incision on its underside. Place the stem on the surface of the soil mixture next to the parent bush and fix it in this position with a hairpin or bracket. After the roots grow along the entire incision, the cuttings are cut off from the mother plant and planted in a separate container.
Hedera has a fairly high resistance to disease. But in the event that you systematically violate the rules for caring for a plant, then problems may arise with it, for example:
- Poor lighting... This leads to the fact that the leaves of variegated varieties lose their unusual variegated color and become simply green.
- Regular drying out of the earthen coma... This can lead to massive foliage loss.
- Low air humidity... Leaves become smaller and less on stems that look bald.
Due to poor care, pests can also settle on the flower, for example: scale insects, aphids, spider mites or cyclamen mites. Most often, excessively low humidity in the room contributes to their appearance. To get rid of pests, treat the bush with Aktellik (for 1 liter of water from 1 to 2 milligrams of the product). Also, the solution of Aktara or Karbofos copes well with pests. If necessary, re-spray after 3-4 days. If, in this case, pests remain on the bush, then simply rinse the leaves of the bush in a basin with a solution of a pesticide.
Indoor ivy: care, reproduction. My experience
Types and varieties of heders with photos
The types and varieties of heders that are most popular with flower growers will be described below.
Hedera ordinary (Hedera helix)
This creeping lithe vine is evergreen. Its simple alternate leaf plates are three to five-lobed and leathery to the touch. They have a dark green color and are decorated with a network of greenish veins. The species has many varieties:
- Kholibra- this dwarf plant has very small leaf plates decorated with a whitish pattern;
- Mona Lisa and Eve - their foliage is almost yellow;
- Glacier and Anniversary - the leaves are decorated with specks;
- Ivalace - corrugated sheet plates;
- Harald - foliage is oval, almost round.
This climbing evergreen has very thin stems. They are decorated with leathery glossy leaf plates of a dark green hue, they are quite large: the width is about 17 centimeters, and the length is up to 25 centimeters. As a rule, the leaves are three-lobed, but they can also be whole. They smell like nutmeg.
The best varieties:
- Dentata Variegata - the edge of the oval foliage is yellowish;
- Sulfur Heart - the edges of large greenish leaf plates are slightly curled down, while stripes of a greenish-yellow hue pass along the veins;
- Arborescens - the foliage has the shape of an oval, and the stems of the bush are drooping, they are painted in a pale green color.
This climbing evergreen plant has dark green foliage, its length is about 12 centimeters, and its width is up to 15 centimeters. It is decorated with light green triangular veins. This plant is used to decorate the interior, and it is also used for ground cover, vertical and ampel gardening. The bush has no air roots, so it needs reliable support, as well as systematic pruning.
The best varieties:
- Gloire de marengo - a large bush with pale red climbing shoots and large glossy leaf plates, divided into 3 lobes, along the edge they have greenish-white streaks;
- Striata - in the center of each leaf plate there are specks of a pale yellow or pale green hue;
- Gold leaf - two-tone green foliage in bright light casts gold;
- Brigitte - graceful stems are decorated with lush small star-shaped foliage; the variety is most often grown as an ampelous plant.
It is also used for decorative gardening, but this species is rarely grown in culture. In this regard, it was listed in the Red Book of Russia and Dagestan. Its thin leaves, leathery to the touch, have a solid shape and reach about 10 centimeters in length. The front surface is brighter in color, and the back is paler. On the lower stems, the leaf plates have a heart-shaped or rounded shape, and on the upper ones, they can be varied: lanceolate, ovate-rhombic, broad-ovate and rhombic.
Florists also grow such species as: Devil's Heder, English and Swedish.
Rhipsalidopsis is a cactaceous plant growing as an evergreen epiphytic bush. The place of origin of the plant is the hot tropical forests of South America.
Shoots-branches consist of 4-6 segments (flat or ribbed) each, the width reaches about 3 cm. The color of the shoots is pale green. If the plant is in the sun, then the color of its branches can reach a reddish tint. Since Ripsalidopsis belongs to the cactus family, it cannot do without thorns. They are located at the tips of the shoots.
Rhipsalidopsis is prized for its excellent flowering. Flowers bloom at the tip of the segment. Each flower can grow to about 4 cm in diameter. Usually one inflorescence collects about three flowers. The color of the flowers can range from white to pink or dark red. Berries can be seen on the faded plant.
Inexperienced growers in appearance often confuse Ripsalidopsis and Schlumberger. But these two plants have fundamental differences:
- The segments that make up the stems in Ripsalidopsis have smooth edges, while in Schlumberger they have sharp teeth.
- If we consider the shape of the flower, then in Ripsalidopsis the corollas are symmetrical and even, while in Schlumberger they are noticeably oblique.
- By flowering period: Ripsalidopsis delight their owners with flowering in spring, and Schlumberger in winter.
Description of the plant
At home, this decorative leafy flower is more convenient to grow in hanging pots or in wicker pots, since its numerous branchy shoots hang down under the weight of dense foliage. Plectrantus is one of the few houseplants whose leaves look much more attractive than flowers. Almost identical in shape, the leaves differ in a pattern of veins of different shades and a border, a smooth or pubescent surface, finely toothed edges.
Among the numerous varieties, you can find plectrantus in the form of a small shrub about forty centimeters high with abundant leaf mass and many shoots. The bloom consists of unsightly small-sized inflorescences of violet-blue or white umbrellas, which are recommended to be plucked to maintain a more attractive appearance of the plant. Another significant difference among some plant species is aroma. You can feel it if you rub the sheet with your fingers. In some species it is a herbal aroma, while in others it is mint.
Is it possible to keep indoor ivy in the house?
Exists myththat ivy is able to survive all other house flowers from the house and occupy all the space alone. In fact, the neighborhood with ivy does not bring any discomfort to other plants, on the contrary, many large flowers are decorated with hedera, planting it in their pots.
The presence of ivy in the house is of great benefit to its owners, since actively purifies the air and saturates it with oxygen.
Heder is especially useful in a house where animals are kept, as it is capable of destroy special fecal bacteria.
Known and medicinal properties of this plant. Ivy possesses antifungal, expectorant, antibacterial properties, and many medicines are produced on its basis.
Softening gels made from heder leaves are used to treat skin diseases and in cosmetology. A decoction of the roots is used to treat ulcers, burns, boils.
Thus, the answer to the question "Is it possible to keep ivy in the apartment?" - "Yes." But don't forget that ivy is a plant. poisonous... Especially dangerous are its fruits, which children can easily mistake for edible berries, and leaves, which attract cats with their juicy greens.
Hedera flower. Description, features, types and care of the hedera
Itself is medicinal, and the berries are poisonous. This is indoor ivy Hedera... The tincture on its leaves is used as an anti-inflammatory and antifungal agent. The berries are bypassed by the plants.
Fruit poison causes vomiting, nervous system disorders, dizziness. However, most are considering Hedera ivy as an ornamental-leaved vine.
Heder is often used in vertical gardening
She decorates houses and gardens, climbing fences, columns, gazebos, room partitions. Without support Hedera flower becomes ampelous, that is, it hangs freely from the wall pots.
Description and features of Heder
Hedera - plant of the Araliev family. There are more than 70 genera in it. All from the tropics and subtropics. Hedera, in particular, is imported from Africa, Europe and the south of Asia. There, in natural conditions, the vine stretches 80 meters.
When grown in rooms, Hedera branches grow up to 6-15 meters. This makes it possible to form trees from thin and flexible shoots, running along a vertical basis. Sometimes ivy wraps around wire figures in the form of hearts, geometric shapes, animals.
Ivy's appearance accurately describes its name. The Celtic word hedea translates to "cord". The shoots of the plant really resemble long ropes and threads. Though the braids of the whip.
Moving up, Hedera is attached to a vertical support with additional roots. Disc-like extensions are formed at their ends. They resemble suckers and act similarly.
Ivy leaves are what it is for Hedera's landing... The main decorative element of the vine. The shape of the green plates is considered one of the prototypes of the heart. The hypothesis correlates with the beliefs of the ancient Greeks. They viewed ivy as a symbol of unbridled joy and love.
The leaves of Hedera are located on petioles. They alternately move away from the trunk. Leaves on petioles are leathery, dense, shiny. Natural ivy tends to be dark green.
In the photo Hedera with berries
Therefore, the plant is considered shade-tolerant. However, among the breeding varieties there are variegated, with an abundance of white spots. They need a bright light. Otherwise, the greenery loses its characteristic color, and with it the decorative effect.
It is interesting that on vines that are not capable of bearing fruit, the leaves are 3 or 5-lobed. On the flowering branches, the plates of greenery are ovate or cordate, without pointed edges.
Buds Hedera homemade gives nondescript, small, white-green coloration. They are collected in umbrella inflorescences, and those, in turn, in a brush. Berries are formed at their ends. They are green at first. When ripe, the fruits turn black or blue. Round seeds are visible through the shell of the berries. There are 3-5 of them in one fruit.
With berries Hedera in the photo appears, as a rule, only in the natural environment. In Russian gardens, ivy does not have time to form fruits, since they appear almost 9 months after flowering.
The latter starts in late August - early September. The berries ripen by May. It is clear that such a development schedule is acceptable only for the tropics. In Russia, it is possible to contemplate the fruits of Hedera exclusively in indoor conditions. But, ivy rarely blooms in them. The minimum fruiting age is 10-12 years.
As a medicinal raw material, ivy shoots are harvested precisely during the flowering period. Greens are usually dried, chopped and brewed. Only tinctures are made on fresh shoots. In Germany and France, ivy is a component of a number of medicines in mainstream medicine. In Russia, Hedera is used only in folk.
In the photo Hedera variegated
Biologically active substances in ivy greens are triterpene saponins. Many of them are derivatives of oleanolic acid. In Heder, 50 saponins were counted.
Substances can lower blood cholesterol. Therefore, ivy is suitable as an anti-atherosclerosis agent. Likewise, saponins can weaken and serve as diuretics.
Reproduction and planting of Hedera
Reproduction of Hedera requires cuttings. These are branches with 2-4 internodes. Usually, 8 centimeters of the stem is sufficient. Cuttings that are separated from ivy in summer take root better.
In order not to root the vine, take the tops of its shoots. They remain from pinching, which stimulates the branching of the bush. Shoot length decreases slightly.
The roots of the cuttings of Hedera are given in ordinary water. You just need to defend it. You can add a drop of growth stimulant. With the appearance of roots, the shoot is moved into a pot with soil from turf, humus and sand. The components are mixed in equal proportions. You can also add peat.
Hedera at home planted in several cuttings in one pot. This forms a lush bush. Otherwise, the liana looks like a lonely whip, the very cord, which is hinted at in the name of the plant.
In the photo, the seeds of Hedera
Sometimes, ivy cuttings are obtained immediately with the roots. To do this, take a 10-centimeter cut of liana and place it horizontally in the substrate, sprinkling it so that the leaves remain on the surface.
Heder's air roots-suckers quickly retrain into underground ones. It remains to excavate a branch, divide into cuttings with one leaf and plant in pots.
In the absence of a plant from which to take cuttings, growers buy ivy or its seeds. The price of the latter is 50-150 rubles per package with 1 gram of grains.
Their germination rate is average, but a bag is enough for one lush bush. In the store, for a similar copy, they ask from 300 rubles. The average price of small ivy without crown formation is 500-900 rubles.
Caring for Hedera
Hedera at home sometimes finicky. In particular, the liana does not like movement. From frequent rearrangements, Hedera sheds leaves and flowers. They do not like drafts, direct rays of the sun, excessive dryness of the air. In winter, ivy has to be illuminated, extending the day by 3-5 hours.
Due to the shallow root system caring for Hedera comes down to the selection of shallow but wide pots. They are needed so that the plant feels at ease, and the water is properly distributed during watering.
The first ivy pot is medium-sized. When transplanting, the volume of the pot is doubled. Small-sized containers oppress the vine, forcing it to take root deep, which is not typical for it.
Hedera is transplanted once a year in his youth and once every 3 years in an adult state. The latter is considered to be the age from 3 years. It is possible to replace only the top layer of the earth. They shoot about 5 centimeters. This temporary measure will delay the transplant by about a year.
The composition of the soil for ivy shows that the plant loves fertile lands. Therefore, in room conditions, you cannot do without top dressing. Take complex, both with organic and mineral components. Fertilizers are applied to the soil a couple of times a month. In winter, it can be reduced to once every 30 days.
The watering regime for Hedera in winter and summer also differs. On warm days, the earthen ball should be constantly moist. Consequently, summer watering is plentiful. A 3-cm layer of expanded clay at the bottom of the pot and a drainage hole in it allow to avoid rotting of the roots.
In winter, when the room is cool, you can completely abandon watering. When the air is heated, the flower continues to give water, but not more often than once every 7-10 days. Watered with a soft liquid settled for several days.
The picture shows the views of Hedera
The water should be warm. Hedera generally loves warmth. 25 degrees in an apartment for ivy is the norm. The critical minimum is 14 degrees. Behind this threshold there is a decrease in flower immunity and susceptibility to diseases.
Hedera needs higher humidity. The plant, as you can see, is a lover of surplus. Homes often have dry air. You need to buy humidifiers or systemically spray the vine. By the way, she also loves bathing in the shower.
Types of Hedera
There are 15 species in the genus Hedera. In pot floriculture, 4 are common. The first of them is Hedera "Helix"... Otherwise, the species is called "Ordinary" He comes from Europe, "reaches" the mountains of the Caucasus.
The leaves of "Hilix" are 3 or 5-lobed, dark in color, but with whitish veins. All varieties of the species adore mineral-rich soil. Especially to taste the lianas of salt in the ground.
With them, the plants bear fruit abundantly. By the way, "Helix" berries are large, up to a centimeter in diameter. Being poisonous to humans, the fruit feeds thrushes, ivolog and other birds.
In the photo of the header mix
The second type of ivy, loved by flower growers, is “Kenarsky. Otherwise it is called Hedera "Mix"... The varieties of the species are native to Africa and Portugal, they are distinguished by large white-yellow leaves.
In contrast to their beauty, there is a lack of air roots in "Mix". Without them, the plant cannot deftly climb the support. The ivy of the species has to be given a solid foundation, to help twine around it.
The third type of cultivated ivy is "Colchis ivy". He is originally from Asia. It is also found in Iran and beyond the Caucasus. There, the shoots of Hedera climb to heights of 30-40 meters. As we understand, the "Colchis" varieties have no problems with air suction cups.
The leaves of Colchis ivy are whole, heart-shaped and have a nutmeg aroma. It is the smell of the nut that prompts many flower growers to start plants at home.
The size of the leaves is also attractive. They reach a length of 25 centimeters. The main thing is not to let the creeper bloom. Its buds, as opposed to greenery, smell bad.
In the photo Hedera Helix
It remains to mention Heder "Pastukhov". For this ivy, Russia is a natural environment. The varieties of the species are also found in Azerbaijan and the Caucasus. In the domestic open spaces of Heder, "Pastukhova", however, thrives only in Dagestan. From there, the shoots are brought to the flower shops of the country.
Ivy "Pastukhov" is included in the "Red Book" of Russia. The varieties of the species are distinguished by the presence of aerial roots, but the lack of the ability to mount on rocks.
Another difference between "Pastukhov" is the dark green color of the leaves on top and light on the back. It is also interesting that the plates of greenery at the base of the shoots are rounded and with a solid edge. On the tops of the branches, there are both dissected and rhombic leaves.
Diseases and pests of Heders
Pests love Hedera. Liana suffers from ticks, scale insects and thrips. We calculate the first by the cobwebs on the leaves. The presence of the latter is clear from whitish spots and sticky grease on the greenery. Thrips discolor the sheets and leave punctures at their edges. These are traces of the proboscis piercing of an insect drinking plant juices.
A sure way to get rid of insects is with insecticides. The chemicals are sold in horticultural and flower shops. There are means of complex action. Only the crown of Hedera is processed.
In the photo, a drying sheet of Hedera due to lack of moisture
Accompany ivy and diseases caused by growing conditions. So, with a cramped pot, foliage becomes shallow. She begins to dry at the tips in insufficiently humid air, especially at elevated temperatures.
Waterlogging leads to yellowing of the foliage. It loses color in low light conditions. The second consequence of a lack of sun is the stretching of the stems. At the same time, the leaves move away from each other. Liana turns out to be half-naked.
It becomes clear why Hedera is not included in the list for beginner florists. The beauty of ivy is worth sacrifice and knowledge. If the article replenishes the latter, the reading was not in vain.