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Asparagus


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The asparagus plant (Asparagus) is part of the Asparagus family (not so long ago it was part of the Liliaceae family). In nature, it can be found in Asia, Europe and Africa. Today, there are more than 300 species of asparagus, which is also called asparagus.

Features of asparagus

Asparagus is represented by herbaceous plants, shrubs and lianas, which are perennials. A characteristic feature of such a plant is that in most species the process of photosynthesis does not take place in the foliage. Flowers in asparagus are unisexual and bisexual, while on the same bush on different branches you can meet flowers of different sexes, which are unisexual. The biological structure of flowers in asparagus is the same as in lilies, but instead of a bulb, it has a rhizome. If you decide to grow asparagus, then remember that when its stems are cut, they will no longer be able to grow. It is from the rhizome that new parts of the shoot appear, since they are all embedded in it even before the start of growth. In this regard, after pruning, the growth of the shoot stops.

Brief description of cultivation

  1. Bloom... When grown at home, asparagus blooms very rarely.
  2. Illumination... A bright light is needed, which must be diffused.
  3. Temperature regime... In summer, no more than 25 degrees, and in winter - no more than 15 degrees.
  4. Watering... The asparagus is poured over a tray. During intensive growth, the substrate is moistened immediately after the top layer in the pot has dried. In the autumn-winter period, you need to water the plant very sparsely, however, drying out a clod of earth in a pot cannot be allowed.
  5. Air humidity... It should be elevated. On hot days, the bushes are moistened with a spray bottle in the morning and evening. Also, to increase the humidity, wet moss, pebbles or expanded clay can be poured into the pallet, and a pot with a plant is placed on top of it.
  6. Fertilizer... Top dressing is carried out regularly: in the spring-summer period - 1 time in 7 days, in the autumn time - 1 time in 15 days, and in winter - 1 time in 30 days. To do this, use a mineral complex fertilizer for decorative deciduous plants, while the concentration of the nutrient solution ready for use should be weak.
  7. Dormant period... It is not pronounced clearly, but in winter the bush develops and grows very slowly.
  8. Pruning... Pruned in early spring during transplantation.
  9. Transfer... Until the plant is 4 or 5 years old, it is subjected to this procedure regularly once a year, and older specimens are transplanted 1 time in 2 or 3 years.
  10. Soil mixture... It should consist of sod, leaf and humus soil, as well as sand (2: 2: 2: 1).
  11. Reproduction... Cutting, dividing the bush and seed method.
  12. Harmful insects... Spider mites.
  13. Diseases... Due to inadequate care and inappropriate living conditions, problems can begin with the plant.
  14. Properties... Asparagus contains poison. However, in indoor conditions, the flowering of such a plant is extremely rare, but even if this happens, it will still not tie the fruits.

Home care for asparagus

Illumination

For growing asparagus, choose an eastern or western window sill. The fact is that he needs bright sunlight, but at the same time the scorching direct rays of the sun should not fall on him. However, the rays of the morning or evening sun will not harm the plant. If a place for asparagus was found only in the southern room, then it should be placed away from the window. With the onset of May, the bush can begin to accustom to fresh air, but this must be done gradually. And in the summertime, it can be moved to the garden or to the balcony, while the place for it must be chosen one that will be protected from precipitation, the scorching rays of the midday sun and a draft.

Temperature regime

Make sure that in the summer, asparagus is not in the heat for a long time (more than 25 degrees). The optimum temperature for him in the spring and summer is from 22 to 24 degrees. If in the winter months the bush is in a too warm room (more than 15 degrees), then foliage will begin to fly around it, even if the air humidity is increased. Dried shoots must be cut off.

Watering

During active growth, indoor asparagus provide abundant regular watering. The soil mixture in the pot is moistened immediately after its top layer dries. In the autumn-winter period, watering is carried out only a couple of days after the top layer of the substrate in the pot has dried. Make sure that there is no overdrying of the clod of earth in the pot, and no stagnation of liquid in it. It is recommended to water the asparagus through the tray. To do this, the required amount of water is poured into the pan, and after 30 minutes. from it is poured out that the soil mixture has not absorbed.

Air humidity

When grown indoors, it is recommended to systematically moisten asparagus from a sprayer, especially if the room is too hot. The best time to moisturize the bush is early morning or evening (shortly before sunset). You can increase the air humidity by pouring moistened sphagnum or expanded clay into the pan, and placing a container with a plant on it, while humidification from a spray bottle is also carried out regularly.

Bloom

To bloom asparagus grown indoors, you need to try hard. But if it begins to bloom, then inflorescences consisting of small white flowers will grow on the tops of its stems. If desired, carry out artificial pollination, for this, take pollen on one flower with a soft brush and gently move it to another. The fruit is a deep red berry.

Pruning

Asparagus pruning is carried out in early spring when transplanting a bush. To do this, cut off all leafless stems, which are already very old, thanks to this, the growth of young shoots is improved.

Fertilizer

Such a plant should be fed all year round. In winter, feeding is carried out 1 time in 4 weeks, in the autumn months - 1 time in half a month, and in the spring-summer period, the frequency of feeding is increased to one in 7 days. For this, mineral complex fertilizers are used, while they can be alternated with organic matter. The finished formula should be very low in concentration.

Asparagus transplant

A young bush, before it turns 4 or 5 years old, is transplanted once a year in the spring. An older plant needs to be transplanted less often, namely, once every 2 or 3 years. Asparagus needs to be transplanted so often because its root system is very fast growing. In this regard, during transplantation, it is necessary to take a pot that is slightly larger than the old one, while the roots should be slightly trimmed.

At the bottom of the pot, be sure to pour a good drainage layer, for the creation of which expanded clay is used, due to this, there will be no stagnation of liquid in the substrate. A suitable soil mixture should consist of humus and leafy soil, and also sand (2: 2: 1). If desired, you can also add 2 parts of soddy soil to this soil mixture. The transplanted bush is well watered, and after 7 days the first feeding is already carried out.

Virulence

If, during the flowering of asparagus, its flowers are manually pollinated, then red berries can form, which contain poison. In no case should they be eaten. This special attention should be paid to those who have pets or children.

Reproduction methods

Growing from seeds

If asparagus grown indoors blooms, then it can form fruits and seeds, but only if you artificially pollinate the flowers. It is recommended to sow seeds immediately after harvest (from January to March).

Fill the container with peat and sand substrate (1: 1). It is moistened, after which the asparagus seeds are sown. The crops are covered with a film (glass) on top and rearranged on a well-lit windowsill. As soon as condensation forms on the surface of the shelter, it should be opened briefly. Do not forget to spray the substrate in a timely manner from a spray bottle, the optimum air temperature for seed germination is about 22 degrees. The first seedlings should appear after 25-30 days. When the height of the young plants is 10 centimeters, they should be cut out. Seedlings are planted in separate containers in the first summer weeks, for this they use a soil mixture consisting of humus, leafy and soddy soil, as well as peat and sand, which are taken in equal proportions. Further, they are looked after in the same way as for adult bushes.

Cuttings

Cuttings of indoor asparagus are harvested in early spring, for this, several stems are cut from the bush. The optimal length of cuttings is from 8 to 12 centimeters. For rooting, they are planted in a container filled with sand. Transfer the cuttings, covered with film (glass), to a well-lit place, and keep them at a temperature of about 21-22 degrees. Do not forget to water and ventilate them in a timely manner. If done correctly, then they should give roots in 4-6 weeks. After the young bushes grow up a little, they are transplanted into separate pots, which are filled with soil mixture for adult plants.

Dividing the bush

Depending on the size of the bush, it can be divided into 2, 3 or 4 parts during transplantation. Each of the divisions must be planted in an individual pot filled with the soil mixture used during the asparagus transplant (see above). If necessary, trim the roots lightly in the delenki.

Diseases and pests

If asparagus is improperly looked after or grown in inappropriate conditions, then the following problems may arise with it:

  1. After shearing, the asparagus stalks stop growing... Cut stems will no longer grow, this is a feature of this plant. However, after a while, young shoots will begin to grow actively.
  2. Spots appeared on the foliage... The plant reacts extremely negatively to direct sunlight. Because of them, spots may appear on the surface of the foliage, which are sunburn. And because of this, yellowing of the edges of the leaf plates may begin, and the foliage may also begin to fly around.
  3. Falling foliage... In addition to the fact that foliage can fall due to too intense lighting, it can also happen due to excessively dry air in the room. And the bush can shed its leaves if it grows in a too dark place.
  4. Harmful insects... The most common spider mite settles on asparagus. Experts advise, if possible, to use folk remedies to combat the pest, because the plant reacts extremely negatively to spraying with chemicals.

Asparagus species with photos and names

Asparagus racemosus (Asparagus racemosus)

The length of the stems in this species is about 200 cm. Modified shoots (cladodia) grow in heaps of several pieces. Flowers collected in a brush have a pleasant smell.

Asparagus medeoloides

This species has straight and strongly branching shoots. Under natural conditions, the bush can grow quite large.

Asparagus meyeri

This species is represented by shrubs. It differs from most other species in that there is pubescence on the surface of its half-meter stems. The stems are decorated with densely spaced needles. This type is widely used to decorate cut bouquets, and they are also used in composing compositions from fresh flowers.

Common Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

Either pharmacy asparagus or medicinal asparagus. This species is represented by herbaceous perennial plants. There is no pubescence on the surface of straight stems of one and a half meter height. Straight branches grow at a slight angle or strictly vertical. Narrow filamentous cladodia, growing at an angle, are directed along the trunk or upward, their length is about 30 mm. Like other species, the foliage of this asparagus is scaly. On the same bush, both male and female flowers of a yellowish-white color can grow at once. The length of male flowers is about 50 mm, and female flowers are a couple of times shorter. The fruit is a rounded red berry.

Asparagus plumose (Asparagus plumosus)

Or bristly asparagus (Asparagus setaceus). The species is found naturally in subtropical and tropical areas in eastern and southern Africa. Such a shrub has smooth branching stems. Triangular scales are located on small leaf plates. Greenish modified stems (phylloclades) grow in several pieces, they have a curved shape. The length of such stems is about 15 mm, and the width is up to 0.5 mm. Small white flowers can be single or grow in multiples. The bluish-black fruits contain no more than three seeds. This kind does not bloom at home. The most popular among flower growers is the pinnate dwarf asparagus.

Asparagus crescent (Asparagus falcatus)

This species has the longest stems (about 15 meters), and they are also the thickest (up to 10 mm), but a bush can only reach this size in natural conditions. Even asparagus cultivated in greenhouse conditions will not grow more than 4 meters in length. On the shoots that extend from the rhizome, sickle-shaped cladodia grow, the length of which is about 80 mm, their edge is corrugated. White, pleasantly smelling flowers are collected in small inflorescences.

Asparagus asparagus (Asparagus asparagoides)

Originally a species from South Africa. It is cultivated on a support or as an ampelous plant. The color of the smooth stems is greenish. Glossy thin greenish leafy ovoid shoots. Small flowers are painted white; at home, the species, as a rule, does not bloom. The aroma of the orange-red fruit is very similar to the orange one.

Asparagus the finest (Asparagus benuissimus)

Outwardly, the appearance is similar to pinnate asparagus. But this species has taller shoots (about one and a half meters), and their phylloclades are longer and narrower, and they do not grow very densely.

Sprenger's Asparagus (Asparagus sprengeri)

Either dense-flowered asparagus (Asparagus densiflorus), or Ethiopian asparagus (Asparagus aethiopicus). The stems of such a herbaceous perennial plant are weak and long (up to one and a half meters). There is no pubescence on their surface, but it can be either smooth or furrowed. The foliage is scale from 20 to 40 mm long. Three-centimeter phylloclades can grow one by one or 2–4 pieces, they can be straight or curved. White or pink flowers smell very nice. The red berries contain one seed each.

Asparagus pinnate, maintenance and care.


Asparagus. Care, cultivation, reproduction. Photo of asparagus

Asparagus are unusually graceful and decorative indoor plants. What kind of care do asparagus need? How do they reproduce? What are the best types of asparagus to grow at home? Let's talk in more detail about the care and cultivation of asparagus.

In the past, asparagus were grown in almost every home, now they can be found in flower growers much less often. Some of them are gentle and soft, some are, on the contrary, prickly. These graceful plants resemble lace: sometimes airy and weightless, sometimes densely patterned.

There are a huge variety of asparagus in nature - about 300 species. They are quite different in appearance. Found on all continents except Antarctica. They grow in different climatic zones: tropics, subtropics, savannas. Some species of asparagus are edible, called asparagus. Others are grown only for decorative purposes to decorate rooms, and cut branches are used in bouquets and flower arrangements.

In indoor floriculture, most often found Meyer's asparagus, Sprenger's asparagus (dense-flowered), asparagus pinnate, asparagus officinalis, asparagus sickle.
They are grown mainly as ampelous plants, but also as potted and climbing houseplants. For climbing and ampelous species in the second - third year of life, it is necessary to provide support.

Asparagus need to allocate spacious areas in the room, their spreading branches do not like frequent touches and the proximity of other flowers.

Asparagus are beautiful, look spectacular in the interior and, importantly, most of them are extremely unpretentious.


General information

The asparagus flower is a perennial plant that looks like shrubs or shoots growing from the ground. The height of the stems can reach from 120 to 160 cm. The leaves are green, soft to the touch, resembling a herringbone in appearance.

Asparagus is an unpretentious flower that grows at home or in the garden

The plant is called by various names: asparagus or asparagus. These are synonyms, but the first name more often refers to a vegetable grown in the garden, and the second to a houseplant.

Almost all home-grown plant species are native to South Africa, where there is a clear division of the seasonal rhythm. For this reason, the flower is no stranger to low temperatures and reduced watering intensity in winter. Some species shed the aerial part in order to sprout new shoots in the spring.

In the wild, asparagus asparagus is found in Europe and India.

As a houseplant, pyramidal and feathery asparagus are most often grown. The first is similar in appearance to a juniper. It will look appropriate both in the home and in the office.

The plumose flower has thin and reduced leaves that resemble small scales. Another name for setaceus asparagus is a brushy robot.

The feathery asparagus is similar to the juniper

It takes a lot of effort to make the plant bloom. If flowering has begun, artificial pollination can be performed. To do this, using a soft brush, take pollen from one flower and gently transfer it to another. As a result, fruits will appear that look like berries of a deep red color.


Landing

Before planting asparagus, you need to take care of a suitable soil and pot. As a soil, you can use:

  • store-house universal earthy mix for indoor flowers
  • fern substrate
  • a self-selected mixture of an equal amount of the following components: leaf soil, turf, peat, river sand, humus (compost)
  • substrate of humus, leafy earth, coarse sand (1: 1: 0.5)
  • a mixture of turf, compost, leafy soil, river sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1.

Usually, before planting any plant, the earth is disinfected: it is spilled with boiling water or a weak manganese solution, the mixture is ignited on a baking sheet or frying pan, and steamed. Remember to cool the soil to room temperature before sowing.

Any container can be used as a pot, since it is still a temporary capacity until the seedlings are picked.

Planting instructions for asparagus are as follows.

  • Sowing seeds is carried out from February to July. The optimal time is spring.
  • Checking the quality of the seeds, they are calibrated: a teaspoon of salt is placed in a glass of warm water and the seeds are lowered. After a while, all the spoiled seeds will float up, while quality seeds will fall to the bottom.
  • Immediately before sowing, the grain is dipped for a quarter of an hour in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
  • Since the seed coat is very hard, it is pierced with a disinfected needle to speed up the germination process. But this is optional.
  • The prepared soil must be moist. Grains are spread on it in an even layer. They are slightly pressed and sprinkled with a thin layer of earth and sand. The top layer is moistened with a spray bottle.
  • There should always be a 2-3 cm air gap between the top layer and the edge of the container.
  • The container is covered with foil or glass. The container should be kept in a warm place, but not in direct sunlight.
  • Due to the air gap, ventilation is not done, that is, the film is not removed until the emergence of shoots. Anyone who does not adhere to this rule and likes to ventilate the soil should not forget about regular spraying of the seeds.
  • Seedlings should appear within 3-6 weeks. After pecking them, the film or glass is removed.
  • When the "kids" reach 7-10 cm in height, they are dived, transplanted into separate temporary pots, each 8-10 cm in diameter.
  • Saplings are grown on a warm windowsill under the light or under a lamp, remembering to constantly turn towards the sun for the even development of the plant.
  • Asparagus is transplanted into a permanent pot with a diameter of 10-15 cm after 3-4 months with an obligatory drainage layer at the bottom of the pot.

Since any type of asparagus has a powerful root system, you need to attend to strong pots. Others may simply burst under the onslaught of rhizomes.

Different plant families need special growing conditions, but this rule does not apply to asparagus - the cultivation of this plant is almost the same for all varieties.

A home flower will feel bad in direct sunlight, but it needs a lot of diffused light. You can determine that the plant does not have enough light by looking at the yellowing twigs. It is better to put the flower pot on the windowsill of the east or west room, or in the back of the room facing south. If the room is north, then you cannot do without additional lighting.

In the warm season, the flower will feel good on the street or balcony.

It may seem strange but it is much more difficult for asparagus to maintain the temperature regime in winter than in summer. And not because he needs heat, but, on the contrary, the optimal winter temperature is 10-14 degrees. Otherwise, the shoots will become thinner and elongated. In a cool environment, the plant will be dormant, slowing down its growth. During the active growing season, a suitable temperature is 18-22 degrees Celsius, preferably with ventilation. Taking a flower outside, you need to protect it from drafts. Better to put the asparagus in the shade.

To grow a healthy plant, it needs to be regularly sprayed and bathed at least once a month. A warm shower will not only save you from dust, but also wash away possible parasites and their egg-laying. In summer, the flower and the air next to it are sprayed twice a day. Often, a humidifier or just containers of water placed next to the flower are used to increase the humidity.

The frequency and amount of watering depends on the season, room temperature, flower size and type of pseudo-leaves. The soil in the pot should always be moistened, but half an hour after watering, there should be no standing water on the surface. In winter, asparagus is in any case watered less often, since it rests, growth is slowed down. If the room is cool, then the amount of water for irrigation is also reduced.

It is important to find the "golden mean" in watering as quickly as possible, otherwise a lack of moisture will lead to the discharge of greenery, and an excess will lead to decay of the roots.

As with all indoor plants, asparagus is fertilized from spring to mid-autumn twice a month with watering. It is wiser to use store-bought mineral dressings for decorative deciduous plantings. Using mullein or bird droppings, as advised on some sites, is useful for a flower, but not in an apartment. In addition, asparagus does not bloom all the time, which is why it does not need winter feeding.

You should also be aware that plants are not fertilized immediately after transplanting and during illness.

Trimming the crown to give it a beautiful shape, in a perennial, is quite specific and depends on the species. Asparagus crescent is considered the only indoor species that is loyal to cutting shoots. For all the rest, when the stem is cut, the lateral processes and cladodia cease to grow, a new bud begins to grow from the rhizome. That is, cutting off each old shoot will lead to the appearance of a new one from the rhizome. therefore the crown is formed not by trimming, but with the help of ladders, stands, pots, spirals and other devices.

Asparagus is a plant that is quite resistant to diseases and pests. If the flower receives excess moisture, then sooner or later its roots will begin to rot. This will lead to the appearance of such a fungal disease as root rot. It is especially likely to acquire it if watering is carried out at low temperatures or with cold water. This disease is treated by removing the decayed roots.

You need to follow a simple rule - do not be sorry and leave the diseased parts of the plant. This will only make the situation worse. It is better to remove even slightly suspicious roots and shoots. For the procedure, the root system is completely washed, the earth is thrown away, and the pot is either scalded with potassium permanganate, or a new one is used.

Of the pests, spider mites and scale insects are the most common pests. If yellow-brown small oval spots appear on the pseudo-leaves, this is the scale insect. The spider mite enmeshes the plant with cobwebs, creating nests. The plant gradually turns yellow and dies off.

You can try to collect insects by hand, wipe the leaves with an alcohol napkin, rinse in the shower. But in the case of asparagus, this is ineffective, since there are no leaves as such. The most reliable way is insecticide treatment: "Fitoverm", "Vermitekom", "Aktara" and others.

Moreover, it is necessary to process not only the diseased plant, but also its neighbors.


Testimonials

Once I bought Meyer's asparagus seeds. The picture shows a very spectacular plant. After a long time, one of the two large seeds has sprung up. But in 5 years a microscopic bush has grown out of it. Now I bought more such seeds, I want to try again.

Aselhttp://www.sadproekt.ru/forum/viewtopic.php?f=14&t=273

My asparagus has been around for many years. In principle, there are no special problems with him. But recently something has happened - its shoots are turning red and the dried needles are falling down like rain, and there are almost no new shoots. What happened? And is there any way to save asparagus? Changed nothing, stands in its corner.

Elolhttp://indasad.ru/forum/27-uchod-za-komnatnimi-rasteniyami/6304-pochemu-osypaetsya-asparagus

I like asparagus very much, but they don't take root with me, maybe dry air? I tried to sow in the spring - it rose very quickly, but grew up to a certain period (probably heat) and dried up.

Tattoohttp://frauflora.ru/viewtopic.php?f=352&t=752

Here is my asparagus ... almost naked, I noticed that small twigs are drying out, only they will crawl out of the ground, only I will be delighted and .... After a couple of days, they already dry up, and the needles fall off from the adult branches. I rarely water it, because I was told that he stores moisture in the tubers and likes a little drying ... stands in the kitchen, there is enough light. Try watering more often? Or is there another problem?

Karapuzhttp://ourflo.ru/viewtopic.php?f=34&sd=a&sk=t&st=0&start=60&t=851

... I also want to have asparagus, but I like to propagate either by cuttings or by seeds, and not buy ready-made sauces in pots. I tried it with seeds - it didn't work. Now the question is - can you propagate the same nodules that were mentioned earlier, which must be removed when transplanting a plant. And then I got three nodules ... In general, I have already planted them in the ground, I will wait for the shoots.

Daphnehttp://ourflo.ru/viewtopic.php?f=34&sd=a&sk=t&st=0&start=60&t=851

A few months ago I looked at an interesting plant in the store - fluffy, soft, bright green, with needle-like leaves, similar to needles. It turned out to be Asparagus. I decided to buy. I immediately had an association with him, so soft and fluffy in appearance - comfort and warmth in the house. Right now she is standing on the windowsill and pleasing to the eye. The beauty. I began to water it and its foliage became much brighter, greener than it was in the store. The only inconvenience from it is the falling leaves-needles, which create a garbage look to the windowsill on which the flower stands. In all other respects I like him. Growing up giving new shoots, Asparagus grows quickly if watered regularly.

sweettyhttp://otzovik.com/review_316060.html

Due to its unpretentiousness, asparagus is very popular with flower growers. It can be grown as a climbing plant if supported. Or place a flower in a hanging planter - then it will grow like an ampel, forming a beautiful cascade. Florists often use asparagus in flower arrangements; its fluffy branches set off roses and gerberas favorably. In addition, it is believed that this plant cleans space, neutralizes negative energy, and creates a sense of peace and comfort in the house.


Watch the video: 5 TIPS How to Grow a Ton of Asparagus in a Raised Garden Bed Container