A beautiful flower bed in the country with their own hands for beginners
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Even if the main purpose of the land in the summer cottage is to grow vegetables and other edible fruits, flowers still bring aesthetic pleasure. Few summer residents do without flowering and ornamental plants in the yard or in the garden. Most often, people organize flower beds. A flowerbed in the country with their own hands for beginners is a troublesome business, but it brings incomparable pleasure.
Flower bed scheme and choice of flowers for it
Each flower bed begins with a concept, an idea. What matters is the size, position, style and color you choose. You cannot randomly plant the plants you like and hope that the flower garden will please the eye. Plants must be carefully selected for the similarity of their preferred conditions. Light-loving and shade-loving flowers, those that love moisture and those that prefer arid soil, will not be able to grow nearby. A very important role in the choice of plants is played by the place - sunny or shaded, the type of soil, since different flowers prefer different living conditions. There are a lot of questions you need to think about before picking up the tools and starting planting.
The location often determines the shape of the flower garden. If a piece of land is supposed to be 1.5 - 2 m in size near the wall, where the sun shines most of the day, then it would be best to plant low annuals (like petunias) from the edge. Behind them, plant higher flowers or lush ornamental greenery, which will become the second tier of the composition, and plant climbing plants near the wall, which will rise up it. A flowerbed for beginners should not be too difficult, but people with experience can make a multi-tiered structure near the wall, planting it with hanging, climbing or creeping plants.
If the flowerbed is located in an open area, equally visible from all sides, then the arrangement of flowers will be different. The classic three-tier design will look like this: the tallest plant is placed in the center (preferably not one, but a group), around it are medium-sized plants (they create the main background), and low ground cover frames frame the flower bed. You can plant the entire area with annuals of the same height, choosing a color scheme. Monoclumba plants planted with flowers of the same type and color look very impressive, for example, red tulips or white daffodils blooming in spring, scarlet poppies blazing in June.
Narrow long flower beds located along the paths should not be planted with very tall plants, their height should not be more than 20 cm. Moreover, they do not have to be exactly flowering, they can be ornamental plants with beautiful colorful leaves, even vegetables, for example, ornamental cabbage which becomes more beautiful in autumn. It is easy to get confused by the possible variety of shapes, colors and their combinations. And I also want to choose the plants so that they are pleasing to the eye from spring to autumn. All this can be done if you are very careful in your planning. It is better to draw diagrams on paper, marking the location of each type of plant, then it will be easier not only to purchase planting material, but also to plant it. There are a huge number of schemes of beautiful exquisite flower beds, you can create an almost infinite number of them, but it is better for novice flower growers to stop at one thing, to try out, perhaps, a simple but effective flower bed.
Video "A selection of options for summer cottages"
Video selection of various decorative options for flower beds for summer cottages.
How to get the best effect from a flower bed
It is better for a novice florist not to grow seedlings of annuals, this must be done in early spring, when the daylight hours are still short, which means that additional lighting will have to be arranged - all this is very troublesome. It's easier to buy seedlings. You can, of course, sow seeds directly into the ground, but then you will have to wait a long time for flowering. If you plant small plants in a flower bed, they will grow quickly and this will please the eye even before flowering.
Most often, summer residents arrange flower beds where annuals coexist with perennials, but it must be remembered that most perennials bloom only in the second year, and every year it becomes larger and more beautiful. When planting in May – June, a free space should be left between the plants; it will surely disappear after 2–4 weeks, when all plants have grown to their maximum level.
Plants of each species need to be planted not one at a time, but in small groups - this way they will look much more spectacular. There is no need to strive for too large a variety of species, the main thing is to choose plants with taste so that they look good and can grow in the same conditions. To make the flower bed look good, you should not try to make it too colorful. It is better to dwell on 1-2 primary colors and their shades. Monochrome flower beds look beautiful - they collect flowers of the same shade, but different in height.
So that the flowerbed has a finished look, and the weeds do not bother her too much from the outside, the border will be highlighted with special plastic blanks or improvised materials - bricks, planks, stones or plastic bottles. The curb tape does not allow weeds to move to the flower bed, while creating a rather beautiful fence of the flower garden. The invented schemes are first drawn on paper, and then the markings are transferred to the ground and filled with plants.
Regular or irregular species
Regular flower beds always have a clear geometric outline. They are often found in city parks and squares, more often even in squares. Their distinctive feature was the simultaneous flowering of all plants, usually annuals. Usually bulbous plants begin to bloom, then they are dug out at the end of flowering and planted with other plants. Beautiful, but somewhat formal, they are hardly suitable for summer cottages.
Irregular flower beds do not differ in such severity of forms, they can be multi-level, bright annuals on them are perfectly combined with perennials. Flower beds of this particular type are most often found in summer cottages. They can be made very varied and amazing. There are many developed schemes for such flower beds, but all the same, every amateur florist creates something of his own, different from what was already invented earlier.
A few examples of flower beds for beginners
A very simple flower bed - central, it consists of separate circles. The central circle can be planted with dark-leaved cannes, cannes with lighter green leaves can be planted around them, the next circle can be filled with gnaphalium with decorative leaves, and the outermost circle can be given to the snapdragon. This is a very beautiful perennial flower bed for beginners.
The Viennese flower suggests a six-leafed flower bed. The center should be planted with white levkoy, the border around them should be made of forget-me-nots, and viola or levkoi should be planted along the outer edge. It will be very interesting to experiment with annuals, you can, for example, sow different flowers in the same place every year and get completely different flower beds. Garden petunia, winged tobacco, sea cineraria, damascus nigella - these flowers will look great in one flower bed.
Non-flowering annuals, such as broom cochia, hybrid coleus, lagurus, castor bean, will look great. Separate flower beds are formed from them, and they can also be diluted and set off flowers in flower beds. Hosta is popular among perennial ornamental plants. A very simple, but invariably beautiful flower bed will turn out if the dominant tall plants are blue delphiniums (3 pcs.) And red paniculate phlox (2 pcs.). They need to be planted first, next to them you need to plant a purple geranium (5 pcs.), And along the very edge - a yellow cuff (8 pcs.). If such a flower bed is located near a fence or a house, so that it will not be visible from all sides, then tall plants are planted at the far edge, and towards the viewer they should lower. If the flower bed is visible from all sides, then tall flowers are placed in the middle.
Video "Useful tips for summer residents"
Video instruction with useful tips for summer residents.
Flower beds can be divided both by plant type and design:
- mono flowers - one type of flowers is planted in them,
- vertical - look like a column or screen,
- irregular - of a natural form, usually several frost-resistant perennials are planted in them,
- multi-level - consist of several tiers on which different flowers grow
A border is a long flower bed that borders a lawn or flower garden, it combines flowering and decorative leafy plants. Its width is 50-100 cm, the height of plants is up to 40 cm.
Rabatka is an elongated flower garden, usually it is arranged along the wall of the house. The rabatka can be either one-sided, if the other side is adjacent to a wall or fence, or two-sided, if the flower bed is located in the middle of the site. The width of the bed can be about 1.5 to 4 m. Higher plants are planted in the middle, and lower ones at the edges. The general rule is that plants should obscure each other as little as possible.
Mixborder (flower garden of continuous flowering) - a flower garden of perennials and ornamental shrubs that bloom, replacing each other, can look completely different, you can come up with your own design.
Arabesque is a flower garden of plants planted in the form of a pattern or lettering.
Rock garden and rockery - flower beds with stones.
Basic principles of floriculture
For beginners, it will be very useful to learn about those nuances, taking into account which you can achieve violent flowering and enjoy your flower garden:
- No need for abundant constant watering. The roots of all plants need not only water, but also air, so it is necessary to ensure its approach deep into the earth. If the soil is very waterlogged, then, of course, there is no access to air, all the pores of the earth are clogged with moisture. From such conditions, many types of plants in flower beds simply die.
- Compliance with winter dormancy. This means that in winter you do not need to touch the plants in the flower bed, they do not need watering or feeding.
- Maintaining a humid atmosphere. It is imperative to monitor the humidity of the air. On particularly hot days, the plants in the flower garden require watering early in the morning and late in the evening.
- Compliance with the peculiarities of growth. All plants are divided into shade-loving, light-loving and those that can exist equally well in any light. It is necessary to take this factor into account when choosing a planting site and decorating a flower garden. There are also those plants that do not like water very much, but they need moisture. This is ensured by spraying or feeding with wet peat. All of these factors can be found in the description when purchasing seeds.
- Timely control of plant diseases. As soon as the first signs of a plant disease appear, you need to start fighting it, since at the first stage it is much easier to do this than later, when the disease takes on a larger scale and mows the entire flower garden.
- Planting in groups. Plants of similar content are best planted in a flower garden in groups. So they will look more profitable in the flowerbed, and it will become much easier to provide them with proper care. Flowers look very nice in a group of tires.
- Knowledge of the basics of transplanting. This is a very important point, since a few years after planting, there is a tendency for plants in the same flower garden to become not as attractive as they were before. You can solve this problem by feeding, but if this does not help much, you will need to transplant the plant and it will again become just as beautiful and healthy.
- Availability of garden equipment for maintenance of the flower garden. All work on the care of flowers and other plants must be carried out using special equipment and materials. Gardeners who have been doing this for more than one year probably have them, but beginners will need to buy fertilizers, special soil, a watering can, a sprayer, ropes and props, a shovel, pebbles, spoons and forks for loosening the soil near the plants (you can use old set).
- Correct care. Each plant requires special care, so it is important to provide an individual approach to each plant in the flower garden.
Making flower beds from flower pots
However, if you do not have enough space for large flower beds, but still want to please the eye with something brighter than cabbage and spike carrots, then we propose to move away from the traditional understanding of the flower bed and diversify the summer cottage with simpler crafts.
Perhaps you have a couple of old pots in your house, in which you no longer want to grow flowers on the windowsill, then collect them and take them to the country - there will definitely be a use for them.
Create a whole composition from old pots.
They have something Hawaiian about them
To do this, you do not need so much:
- metal or wooden rod,
- soil for planting,
- flower seedlings,
- pots of different diameters with a hole in the bottom.
Put the largest pot in the place of the future flower bed, fill it halfway with earth and insert the rod. Then add soil and start planting smaller pots, adding soil to them to fix at the desired angle. After the structure has reached the desired height, you can plant flowers, remembering that this should be done in a circle so that they do not end up under the hanging pot above.
And avid summer residents and gardeners have long learned to "revive" old flower pots, drawing funny faces on them and collecting them into little people who are seated on benches or leaned against the house.
By the way, shards of tiles, glass or broken dishes can also be used in creating small flower beds. After all, using old buckets or pots as a base, any flower garden will become tender, cute and a little Shabby chic.
After all, mosaic flower pots can decorate a dacha no less than a flower bed. It is not difficult to create them, and the benefits and beauty will pay off the efforts.
To create such an original craft for a summer residence with your own hands, you will need:
- old bucket,
- ready-made plaster mix,
- putty knife,
- mounting grid,
- pebbles or mosaics.
Apply plaster mixture to the bucket, then cover it with a mounting mesh, pressing it a little into the mixture. And already on it you can lay out prepared stones or a small mosaic, as you want.
And to deal with the intricacies of decorating the old bucket will help the magazine Garden Garden in his master class:
If you want to use up stocks of unnecessary things, for example - laser discs or shards of Christmas tree decorations, tile trim or sea glass, then you can figure out how this can best be done thanks to the master class Alla Mishunina:
Such charming pots can be hung as pots on the porch of a country house, more massive ones will fit well into the relief of the site.
Choosing a place and plants for a flower bed
The flowerbed is designed to decorate, so it should be clearly visible. Place it in an open area, especially since most flowering plants love the sun. You can arrange flower beds along the paths, near the benches and the entrance to the house. If you have an empty shady place, you can arrange a flower bed of shade-loving plants on it. There are not so many of them, but there is a choice.
In addition, in order for the flower garden to please the eye, you need to know about the composition of the soil in the selected area. It is wise to select plants with this information in mind.For example, azalea, camellia and calla prefer acidic soil, while euonymus and hibiscus prefer neutral soil. As a novice florist, you need to know that few plants like very acidic soil.
You also need to make sure that the plants in the flowerbed replace each other. Choose plants for the same flower bed that prefer the same conditions. And be sure to consider their height and color. Better before planting, draw a plan on paper that will help you create a truly beautiful flower garden.
Do-it-yourself flower beds from scrap materials (photo)
Applying a creative approach, you can implement a fashion trend that has been actively sounding for the past several years and involves the use of a variety of obsolete items for decorating flower beds.
They restore chairs, armchairs, umbrellas, carts, beds, bicycles, wheels. Old buckets, watering cans, shoes are used. If desired, they are primed and turned into real art objects, covering with various patterns, decorating with beautiful pebbles, shells, mosaics.
Incredibly beautiful and stylish hand-made decor in the form of an old bicycle, decorated with flower pots with flowers
Old things are also objects of art, if you find the right approach to them.
For a summer resident with golden hands, not a single old thing will be wasted
The original idea of decorating the site
Flowers on the tree stump
Cutting down old trees, they leave stumps, which will perfectly serve as the basis for a beautiful and elegant flower bed in the country. It is enough to hollow out a recess in the center, install a vessel with earth in it and plant your favorite plants. A log will come in handy in which a place for the soil is prepared, squeezing out the side part.
Flowers on a tree stump - will always be in the center of your attention
The second life of car tires
Used tires remain in demand in the design of flower beds, which attract attention with quick installation, the ability to compose various compositions, and mobility. They can be primed, painted.
In the presence of artistic ability, interesting patterns, whole pictures are applied, decorated with marble, malachite, wood and other natural objects. In such a frame, any unpretentious plants will look advantageous.
Non-standard use of an old car tire as a hanging flower bed on a tree
Masonry perfectly strengthens and decorates the edges of a flower bed of any configuration. If a static flower garden is planned, then a cement-sand mortar is used during the construction, which makes it possible to make such a frame durable and strong. It looks exquisite even without greenery.
Low flower beds can be simply overlaid with cobblestones or fragments of bricks. Elements of such a frame, if necessary, can be easily transferred to another place.
For a beautiful design of flower beds in the country, you can use ordinary stones
Flower beds from bottles
To decorate the perimeter of flower beds, bottles are increasingly used - plastic or glass. If necessary, they are selected in the same color. They are installed vertically with the bottoms upward, dropping into a previously dug trench.
Under the bright rays of the sun, such objects look very beautiful and spectacular, creating enchanting light overflows. The unusual sound is amplified if you pick up bottles of different colors. It is recommended to fill them with earth before installation for stability.
Using bottles as a fence for a flower bed is a very bold, but justified decision.
Wood always looks prestigious, interesting, unusual. To decorate the perimeter of flower beds, cuts from trees, dies, trimming boards, lining, picket fence are used. They make a wattle fence of willow vines, erect low fences. There are many options.
Flower bed under the tree... If the area of the site is limited by free webs, planting flowers near (around) a tree will serve as an exit. At the same time, it is important to choose shade-tolerant and unpretentious varieties of flowers and plants.
Bright flower garden under the crown of a tree
Unpretentious types of low-growing flowers are well suited for planting under a tree
Types of flower beds for beginners
If you are a beginner, you will have to figure out what types of flower beds are in order to properly equip them on your own site. One of the most common types of flower beds is the bed. It has a rectangular shape and is ideal for large and small areas. If you plant plants of different heights in a rectangle, you get a multi-tiered flower bed. In the center, you can make a pond from a tire or an old bathtub to add a touch of originality to your floral arrangement.
Flowerbeds are often found in the front yard, and they are called mixborders. In fact, this is an ordinary free-form flower garden with plants of your choice. Although this flower garden can be of any design, the plants in it should bloom all year round. Group flowers by height and flowering time so that the flower bed is not empty.
Novice gardeners will like a simple one-flower bed. Set up a suitable place for a flower garden and plant only one type of plant in it. You will get a bright floral corner, from which it will be difficult to take your eyes off. Try to plant petunias or roses, perennials look original.
Especially popular are vertical flower beds and flower beds, which can be built from flower pots or wooden pallets.
Resourceful gardeners have learned to make small flower beds from car tires.
If you have the skills to lay brick and stone, then try to build a large flower bed on your own site.
Flowerbed in the country, made with your own hands, will become a real decoration of the territory in the courtyard of the house or in the garden. We hope that the photos and tips from our article will help novice gardeners to embody any design ideas on their own plot.