Three ways to plant celery seedlings
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Hello, dear friends - summer residents and gardeners! Today I will tell you about sowing root celery seedlings.
This is a crop with a very long growing season from the moment of emergence to the maturation of the root crop, which is why celery is grown exclusively in seedlings. In the northern regions, sowing for seedlings should be carried out from mid-January to the first ten days of February inclusive, and in areas where there are no frosts in September-October, sowing celery for seedlings can be from mid-February to the end of the first decade of March.
Sowing celery seeds for seedlings
Method one: traditional
Today I will remind you how to sow celery seeds in the classic way, and I will tell you about two more unconventional, but proven sowing methods that promote rapid seed germination. I will sow arrow-resistant celery variety President average ripening period. The seeds have already been processed by the manufacturer and do not require additional disinfection: they can be sown into the ground even when dry.
I will use a 400 ml disposable beaker for the seedling container. In its bottom, I make two small drainage holes, after which I put soil in the glass, leaving about 2 cm of space unfilled in the upper part. The surface of the soil must be leveled and slightly compacted.
For growing celery seedlings, I buy ready-made peat soil. A cup filled with soil can be put in another cup of the same, only without holes in the bottom: excess water will drain into it after watering.
I moisten the surface of the soil and evenly scatter seeds over its surface, as if I were adding it. Then I spray the seeds with water from a spray bottle and stick a piece of masking tape with the date and name of the variety on the glass. To keep the soil moist, I cover the glass with plastic wrap.
Since celery seeds germinate in the light, the glass should be placed on a well-lit windowsill or under a special seedling lamp. The optimum temperature for germinating celery seeds is 20-25 ⁰C. Until the emergence of shoots, you need to constantly maintain a moist environment by spraying the soil from a spray bottle.
Method two: hydrogel
Now I want to offer you another way of sowing celery - on a small layer of hydrogel, which is placed on the surface of the soil. The hydrogel creates a permanent moist environment so you don't have to wet the soil. The roots of the seedlings will quickly grow through the hydrogel layer and begin to receive the necessary nutrition from the soil.
To grow celery seedlings in this way, I prepare the same glass as for classical sowing, only I put a little less soil: its level should be 3-4 cm below the edge of the glass. I lightly water the soil surface with water.
Now you need to prepare the hydrogel. To do this, I add one teaspoon of small hydrogel granules - a special composition to retain moisture in the soil in a half-liter jar with warm, settled water. In just a few minutes, the granules swell and a mass of the desired consistency is obtained. For a 400 ml glass, 2 tablespoons of the swollen hydrogel are enough, which must be laid out on the surface of the soil in an even layer about 1.5 cm high.
Celery seeds are sown over the surface as in the classic method. Try to "add" so that the seeds do not fall in a heap, but at a distance from each other. Water the crop, cover the glass with a transparent film and put it in a bright place.
Third way: roll
Another way to speed up seed germination is to plant on rolls. You will need waterproof film and toilet paper for it. To keep the rolls neat and easy to work with, the tape should be the same width as the toilet paper, and the length depends on the amount of seed you plan to plant.
Spread a tape of film on top of a soft towel, put a layer of toilet paper on it, and so that it does not slide out, spray it with water. On top of the first layer of paper, place the second layer on which you will sow celery.
Cut off the sharp tip of a toothpick, moisten the shortened end in water, pick up a seed with a toothpick and put it on paper, stepping back from the top edge no more than 2 mm: celery seeds are small and germinate only in the light. Arrange the seeds in a row from left to right with a step of 1.5-2 cm. After sowing, the film with seeds must be rolled up, starting from the end, that is, from right to left. Write the sowing date and the name of the celery variety on the roll with a marker.
Pour some water into a transparent glass, put a roll of seeds in it, cover the glass with a transparent bag and put it in a bright place. The temperature for germinating celery seeds should be between 20-25 ⁰C. With this method of sowing, the seeds are always in a humid environment and germinate quickly. After the emergence of seedlings, you can keep them in a glass of water for up to two weeks, after which the seedlings should be cut into separate cups with soil.
These are the ways of sowing and germinating root celery seeds, and you can choose the one that attracts you the most. And I wish you good luck in your experiments, good mood and friendly shoots.
Video about sowing celery seedlings
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Umbelliferae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
Sections: Garden plants Umbrella (Celery) Plants on C Growing seedlings Root crops
Step-by-step instructions: how to grow celery from seeds at home for seedlings
The way you grow celery depends on the type of crop. It is permissible to plant leaf and petiole directly into the heated soil, and the root one needs mandatory germination of seeds. However, given the long growing season of the culture, and in the leafy variety, it takes about 50 days from the moment of germination to the appearance of foliage, it is possible to achieve the expected result only by preliminary cultivation of seedlings.
In this material, we have collected information on the timing of sowing seeds, their pre-sowing preparation, the peculiarities of care and transfer of seedlings to open ground.
Celery is planted in the garden in mid-May
Celery seedlings are planted in open ground in the second half of May. This culture is quite cold-resistant, the seedlings can withstand frosts down to –5 ° С. However, long cold weather in May (below + 10 ° C) can lead to the formation of a peduncle in the first year of life (celery is a biennial). Then neither good petioles, let alone root crops, will be obtained. The optimum temperature for the growth and development of celery is 18–22 ° С.
This culture prefers light, sandy loam, loose and fertile soils with a neutral or slightly alkaline reaction. The best predecessors are cabbage, tomatoes, legumes, cucumbers and potatoes. You can not plant celery in the beds, where before that other umbrella grew: carrots, parsley, parsnips, dill.
Celery soil is prepared in autumn.
The soil is prepared in the fall: dug to a depth of 20-30 cm, add 3-4 kg of humus or compost and 20-30 g of double superphosphate per 1 sq. m, and in the spring - 30–40 g of complex mineral fertilizer.
Seedlings are planted at a distance of about 10 cm with row spacing of 40-50 cm.
Planting celery seedlings in the ground.
How to plant correctly
Getting strong seedlings primarily depends on adherence to technology. The final result is influenced by the preparation of the seeds, the composition of the soil and the choice of the container for planting.
What kind of soil
Vegetable planting substrates are available at gardening stores. The composition of such mixtures takes into account the characteristics of the plants for which it is intended. You can prepare the soil for seedlings yourself.
This will require:
- low peat - 3 parts
- sod land - 1 part
- humus - 1 part
- sand: river or quarry.
Additionally, urea and ash are introduced as mineral fertilizers. The first is for plant nutrition with nitrogen, the second - with minerals. It is advisable to mix the ingredients a few days before planting. After preparation, the substrate is disinfected by pouring it with a solution of fungicide against fungal diseases and potassium permanganate.
Recommendation! If containers without holes in the bottom are used for seedlings, drainage is preliminarily placed on the bottom. For this, gravel, pebbles or expanded clay are suitable. Only then is the container filled with soil.
Containers of various sizes and configurations are used as containers for germination in horticulture.
Examples of the most commonly used containers include:
- peat pots
- plastic containers
- disposable tableware
- food cups
- plastic cassettes for seedlings.
The determining factors of choice are practicality and affordability. For plants, the nutritional and structural qualities of the soil are important. They usually take small containers. Consider the convenience of watering and placement on the windowsill.
Seed preparation before sowing
Before planting, seed material is prepared. The measures taken are aimed at increasing the percentage of germination and germination rate, preventing plant diseases. There are several mandatory rules for pre-sowing treatment.
Recommendation! At all stages of growing celery from seeds, use prepared water: settled, boiled, thawed or rainwater.
- Disinfection. Disinfection of planting material to destroy pathogenic microorganisms that can harm crops. Use ordinary potassium permanganate, add one gram of potassium permanganate to a glass of water and process it for half an hour.
- Stratification. The seeds must “overwinter” before they are ready to germinate. The procedure can be carried out both before the disinfection stage and after its completion. Seeds are evenly poured onto a damp cloth. It is convenient to do this on a wide plate. They cover the top with another layer of fabric, put it in a bag and put it in the bottom of the refrigerator for two weeks, the fabric needs to be moistened all this time.
- Soak. Pour the seeds into a bowl or container. Then a small amount of warm water is poured. The liquid layer should not be more than 3-5 mm. The soaking stage lasts an average of two days. During this time, the water is changed several times (after 4 hours). To determine the exact date, they are guided by the appearance of the seeds. When they swell, move on to the next stage.
- Germination. For the emergence of sprouts, the seeds are kept between layers of damp cloth. The procedure is performed in a warm place for three to four days. As soon as small sprouts appear, they begin planting. Germination allows you to determine the germination of seeds and to carry out culling before sowing in the ground.
Helpful! Carefully read the information from the manufacturer on the seed bag. In some cases, seed material is stratified and / or decontaminated before being sold. In this case, the steps are excluded from the preseeding algorithm.
Sowing seeds in the ground
- Prepare a seed container and fill it with prepared or purchased soil.
- Moisten the soil well by watering it abundantly and allowing moisture to be absorbed.
- Carefully, so as not to damage the sprouts, spread the seeds over the surface, in rows at a distance of 3-4 cm. If small individual cups are used, then 3 seeds are placed in them. Sprinkle a few millimeters of peat or sifted wet sand on top.
- Cover containers with landings with foil or glass.
- Place the planting in a warm, bright place.
Important! When planting, do not press on the seeds. Because delicate shoots can be easily damaged.
As a rule, seedlings appear after 14 days. The containers are ventilated daily. The earth is moistened as needed. After emergence, polyethylene is removed.
When the seedlings grow up, a pick is carried out. This happens two to three weeks after planting. For petiole and leaf celery, thinning is practiced. The less developed and weak plants are simply removed so that an empty space forms between the remaining plants. The recommended distance is 4–5 cm.
Root celery is planted in individual peat cups. Plants weakened by transplanting are kept in the shade for the first few days. It is recommended to maintain a temperature of about fifteen degrees until landing in the ground.
Favorable time and conditions for growing celery
As soon as the vegetable seeds have fallen into the ground, they must be properly cared for. There will be a lot of work, but the result will be worth it. So, future plants need to be watered, fed and protected from parasites.
Lighting also plays an important role in the growth and full development of celery, regardless of its type. Therefore, due to the fact that sowing is often carried out in winter, the duration of daylight hours, which should be about 13 hours, is insufficient for this. Therefore, you will have to turn on special lamps.
If you neglect this rule, then the shoots will be long, and the stem will be thin. Therefore, the question whether it is better to plant celery in the sun or in the shade should not arise. As for the temperature regime, it should be 20-22⁰C with a plus sign. As soon as the seedlings hatch, the temperature can be lowered. Farmers recommend setting the indicator at around 5⁰C heat.
Watering is best done not immediately, but 3-4 days after sowing. You will need warm water. This weekly routine requires a spray bottle. This approach will make it possible to irrigate the entire area of soil with seeds. It is imperative to loosen the soil after each application of the liquid.
Top dressing is also needed, but it must be carried out after thinning. The type of fertilizer will depend on the condition of the seedling leaves. In the case of their pallor or yellowness, urea will be needed at the rate of 0.5 tsp. for 1 liter of liquid. If there are no such problems, then you can use complex fertilizers in the same proportion. Humic substances in liquid concentration are also suitable. The rules for their breeding are mainly indicated by the manufacturer on the packaging.
Feed every 1.5 weeks. It is only necessary to change the dose of top dressing: 2 tbsp. half a bucket of water.
How and when to sow winter rye
If you are convinced that rye is the best "orderly" and a wonderful green fertilizer and that your plot cannot do without it, then in late August - early September it will need to be sown. It is best to sow in rows every 15 cm, embedding seeds in the soil. The seeding rate of seeds is 1.8 kg per one hundred square meters.
After sowing, all work on the rye bed is postponed until spring. In the spring, your task is to get the rye to start growing as early as possible and grow as quickly as possible. Harrowing with a rake, surface loosening of row spacing with a small flat cutter - all these actions will provoke rye to intensively build up green mass.
Then rye can grow for 3-4 weeks completely independently, without your participation. Then it must be cut off with a flat cutter and embedded in the soil. The tops can also be mowed and placed in the compost heap, but the root system cannot be dug up, because in this case, the whole point of sowing green manure is lost.
And after another one and a half to two weeks, you can plant the main crop.
Gardeners discuss every issue. There is no consensus on the use of rye for fertilization.What are the benefits and harms of rye in the garden? Growing environmentally friendly products without the use of chemicals is the main idea of organic farming.
An effective and safe way to improve the structure of the soil on the site and enrich it with nutrients is to sow green manures, which are embedded in the soil, barely waiting for the beginning of flowering. Plants with a rapid growth of vegetative mass are used as green manure plants, capable of competing with weeds and displacing them, having a developed root system and accumulating certain nutrients in the soil.
The choice of green manure depends on the type of soil and what problem needs to be solved (salinity, depletion, waterlogging, low moisture capacity, etc.). Rye, as a siderat, can be applied to all types of soil, which explains its popularity.
How and when to dive celery seedlings
Picking seedlings is an inevitable process when growing any crop at home. Fortunately, the procedure is very simple! The timing of picking should be determined by the appearance of the plant: in seedlings a couple of real leaves should grow (approximately three to four weeks after seed germination).
By the way! You need to prepare new containers and soil in advance:
- The soil will do the same as for the original sowing of seeds.
- The picking container must be individual and voluminous (the volume of the container for one plant: 200-300 ml). These can be plastic cups, cassettes. They must have drainage holes!
The picking of celery seedlings is done according to the following scheme:
- A day before the procedure, water the plants with water (or even better with a growth stimulator, for example, Energen, Zircon).
- Fill the containers with earth, make a wide hole in the center (with your finger or stick).
- Now you should carefully remove the plants from the common bowl. It is convenient to do this with a stick. Try not to damage the roots as much as possible. If you have dense crops and a lot of plants, then it is easier to immediately pull out a clod of earth and put it on the newspaper, and already in this state separate the plants.
- Transfer the plant to the center of the new container to cotyledon leaves. The roots should lie flat, not bend.
- Cover the roots with earth, lightly compact the earth with your finger to avoid voids.
- Water abundantly with clean water.
Seedling care after picking
A picking is literally stress for plants. Therefore, the task of the gardener is to help the celery seedlings take root in a new place with minimal losses. Care consists of the following activities:
- Immediately after picking, you need to protect the plants from direct sunlight for 1 week. Place the containers on the windowsill, protecting from the light with gauze or newspaper. Then good lighting is required again.
- The temperature regime is maintained around + 15-18 during the day, + 11-14 at night.
- For the first 2 weeks, you need to water the plants regularly, preventing the earthen coma from drying out.
- Immediately after picking, it is useful to water the plants with a root growth stimulator (for example, Kornevin, Heteroauxin). Such stimulants improve the adaptation and rooting of plants in a new container.
- Instead of a root-forming stimulant, you can pour a growth stimulator (Epin, Zircon, Energen).
- As mentioned above, after 2 weeks it is useful to feed the seedlings.
To achieve success in the field of growing seedlings, you need to do it at the right time, in the right way, and then regularly take care of your "green" pets. I hope this material will help you plant this tasty and healthy crop correctly!