What Are Black Cherry Aphids – A Guide To Managing Black Cherry Aphids
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By: Mary H. Dyer, Credentialed Garden Writer
What are black cherry aphids? As you might suspect, black cherry aphids are a problem of cherry growers across nearly every region of the United States. While the pests will feed on any type of cherry, sweet cherries are most susceptible.
Fortunately, managing black cherry aphids is possible, and damage is usually minimal if the pests are properly controlled in early spring. However, damage is sometimes severe on young trees, where even a few of the pests can create havoc. Read on for more black cherry aphid information and tips on black cherry aphid treatment.
Signs of Black Cherry Aphids
Black cherry aphids are easy to spot. They are shiny, metallic black, and at 1/8 inch (.3 cm.), are quite a bit larger than most aphids. The pests emerge from eggs that overwintered in the bark, hatching as soon as buds begin to open in spring. Mature black cherry aphids may be winged or wingless.
Large colonies of black cherry aphids develop quickly, with two or three generations appearing by mid-summer. By this time, the pests generally move on to alternate food supplies – especially weeds and plants of the mustard family. The aphids return to the trees in autumn to mate and lay eggs.
Signs of black cherry aphids include curled, distorted leaves and a large amount of sticky “honeydew” on cherries and leaves. The honeydew often attracts black sooty mold, which can render the fruit inedible.
Managing Black Cherry Aphids
The most effective way to control black cherry aphids is to protect and encourage the presence of natural predators such as lady beetles, syrphid flies, lacewing larvae, parasitic wasps and soldier beetles.
If possible, avoid broad-spectrum insecticides, which are harmful to beneficial insects, including bees. Products such as Malathion or Diazinon should be used only as a last resort in black cherry aphid treatment.
Watch trees closely when buds are appearing in late winter. Yellow sticky cards placed on various parts of the tree will quickly give you a clue about the severity of a black cherry aphid infestation. Aphids are easier to manage before the leaves are curled, and you may be able to dislodge the pests with a strong stream of water.
For stubborn infestations, early spring is also the best time to spray black cherry aphids with horticultural oil, a natural substance that will kill the aphids as they hatch. You can also spray affected trees with insecticidal soap, but don’t spray when temperatures are very warm, or when bees are present. Evening is the safest time to apply insecticidal soap sprays. You may need to reapply the soap two or three times to gain control.
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Useful information: how to deal with aphids on a sink
Everyone knows the usual green aphid, which in many spills on the leaves of plants. As you know, ants breed these insects to feed on their sweet secretions. However, there is black aphid that lives on viburnum or cherry. It is also very dangerous to plant health and causes damage to them that impedes their growth and development. Therefore, it is important for gardeners and gardeners to know how to deal with aphids on a sink.
To the weapon!
Before you begin to destroy the pest in your garden, remember an important thing. Do not poison aphids with chemicals! The fact is that insects that benefit them also live on plants, and parasite solutions and tablets have a wide range of effects and can kill them, which will not be a good sign for bushes and trees. In addition, you can get rid of pests with the help of simple tools that are easy to find in a store or in nature.
So, here are a few ways to deal with aphids in a sink. Take clean ash and pollinate the bushes on top of it. You can also add tobacco dust to this component . No species of aphids survive after this procedure. However, this method has one drawback: it is unsuitable for trees, because their height does not allow them to be pollinated evenly and thoroughly.
Also, the fight against aphids on a plum can be carried out by changing the taste of the juice that this insect eats. To do this, pour the bush under the root with soapy water after washing. In addition, you can dissolve several grams of washing powder. This method is also suitable for getting rid of aphids on viburnum or cherry. And do not be afraid that the irrigation of such water will somehow change the taste of the fruits themselves.
Naturally, no treatment will be needed if prophylaxis is carried out on time. To "harden" plants from aphids, you need to produce whitewashing. To do this, take ten liters of water and dilute them with two or three kilograms of clay and a kilogram of slaked lime. Spread tree trunks on the ground with this mixture. Then later you will not need to puzzle over how to deal with aphids on the sink.
Also a good remedy for pests will be hunting belts, which are sold in stores for the garden. They are another true solution to the question of how to deal with aphids in the sink. These devices are fixed on tree trunks and serve as an insurmountable obstacle for such small insects.
If there is nothing
If you didn’t have the necessary funds at hand, and you need to get rid of aphids, there are several simple ways. First of all, try not to have ants on your plot. These insects, as mentioned above, breed aphids for food. Therefore, if they are not etched, then all efforts can go down the drain. Also, while watering the trees, direct a direct stream to the trunk to wash off part of the insects.
So, if suddenly on the garden plot there is such an attack as aphid on the sink, how to fight, you know. And although the battle for the harvest requires tremendous effort, the delicious fruits, berries and tasty harvests from them will be worth it.
More Tips to Kill Aphids Organically
Spray a strong stream of water on the infected plants to wash off aphids. This is also a good idea to get rid of them organically as sprayed aphids will wash away.
Another organic way to get rid of aphids is the use of essential oils. While they may not kill aphids, but keep them at bay. Peppermint and Lavender oil is good for this purpose. You can also mix them in your spray recipes.
You can also kill aphids by hands if there are not much in numbers. Squash them, don’t forget to wear gloves as they’re sticky.
You can always add ingredients like insecticidal soap and neem oil to intensify the effect of homemade aphid killer recipes given above.
Encourage beneficial insects like ladybugs, lacewings, praying mantis and hoverflies in your garden.
Aphids and ants work together as a team in our gardens to suck all the life of our plants. Aphids secrete honeydew, which is a most favorite dessert for ants so if you want to control aphids, control ants first or vice versa.