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The anemone is a perennial rhizomatous plant that belongs to the ranunculaceae family and has the particularity of counting many different species. The very small anemone rhizomes, no more than three centimeters large, are widely used in groups and form fabulous spots of color, as the flowers they produce are very large and with particularly bright colors. The leaves of this plant are similar to those of parsley but are a much lighter green and wither completely after the plant blooms.
Environment and exposure
The anemones they love the sun very much and should be planted or exposed in a place where the sun shines and the light is abundant, but where during the day there is also a few hours of shade. This plant suffers a lot from the cold and can be left in the ground only in areas where the winter is really very mild; otherwise it is advisable to remove the rhizomes from the ground and place them in cool and dry places until the end of spring. Given the very low cost with which rhizomes can be purchased, it is common to leave the anemone in the ground even in winter and buy new ones in spring.
The anemones they do not have a particular or preferred soil, in fact this plant can be buried anywhere as long as the soil is sufficiently draining as this species is very afraid of stagnation of water and humidity, therefore it needs a particularly draining soil.
Planting and repotting
The anemones should be planted in early spring and placed close to each other to create splendid spots of color, the small rhizome should be placed at a depth of at least five centimeters and if it is placed in a vase it is good to make sure that this is deep enough to accommodate its roots. They are not plants, as we have seen, that need repotting, since they must be dug up every year and sheltered from the cold, and also because the rhizomes are very cheap and people usually prefer to buy new ones year after year.
The watering of the anemones is very delicate, as mentioned in fact the plant suffers in a particular way from stagnation of water and tends to rot easily, however during the whole flowering period the soil must be kept moist. The trick of course is to avoid overdoing it and to keep the soil moist enough without becoming dangerous, to get a good result therefore try to irrigate whenever you notice that the soil is drying, but do not wait for it to dry out. all before giving your plant more water.
The fertilization of this plant is divided into two parts, that of flowering and that of growth. During the flowering phase it is in fact good to use, at least every two weeks, a liquid fertilizer rich in potassium to be added directly to the water used for irrigation; conversely, when it is in the growth phase, it is good to help the plant with a good fertilizer rich in nitrogen in order to promote its healthy development.
The multiplication of the anemones occurs in the typical ways of most rhizomes, that is by seed (at the end of summer) and through the division of the rhizomes. In this second case it is necessary to take the rhizomes that have a bud, clean them delicately, and then place them in a cool place and away from the sun, and then plant them in spring and thus obtain new splendid plants.
Pruning is reduced to just removing the dry parts, especially the now withered flowers, in order to safeguard precious energies that can prolong the flowering period and above all keep the plant strong enough to be able to bloom in an explosion of colors.
The anemones bloom continuously for a period that goes from the beginning of spring to the end of the summer and have significant differences in the periods from species to species, with some that bloom earlier and others that bloom later. The colors of the flowers, which vaguely resemble a curious cross between a daisy and a poppy, can be blue, purple, red, pink or white.
Diseases and parasites
Anemones are not afraid of particular parasites or specific diseases, however they are very easily attacked by molds, excessive water stagnation in fact greatly weaken the bulb that can be infected with molds or corroded by parasites that feed on the pulp of the latter. As always, therefore, it is good to prevent through very careful irrigation and that you follow the advice we have given you, which we hope will prove to be very useful.
Anemones are plants that love average temperatures, they do not like excessive heat or intense cold, so this translates into a difficult location, especially for a garden that has to take care of many seedlings. For this reason it is very important to carefully check the health of the plant, the best advice we can give you is to check the soil. If this is excessively dry or excessively wet it means that the plant has been a bit neglected, in fact remember what we have told you about irrigation.
The best known varieties of anemones are the Anemone Ranuncoloide, yellow in color and about 30 centimeters high and with corollas of about 2-3 centimeters and a particularly lively and bright color. Hepatica nobilis, on the other hand, is an atypical species, characterized by purple or pink flowers and a height that rarely exceeds 15 centimeters. Lastly, the Anemone Hortensis, with its characteristic star shape, should be mentioned.
The anemone has always had a melancholy meaning, the Egyptians in fact considered it a symbol of disease while the Etruscans even saw it as the flower of the dead. Nowadays the anemone is also considered the symbol of the brevity of the joys of love as well as the symbol of abandonment.