Do-it-yourself rose garden in the country: breakdown schemes, rules for forming and planting
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Like a queen on a chessboard, the rose reigns supreme in the flower kingdom. Its noble beauty is able to revive a green lawn or a blank wall of a fence, to bring bright accents to the landscape design of a garden plot. There is an opinion that the cultivation of roses is associated with many problems. In fact, creating a garden rose garden is a task that is quite within the power of everyone. And we invite you to talk about some of the nuances and wisdom today.
Preparatory stage - selection of a place
So, you decided to create a rose garden with your own hands, but you do not know how to approach this difficult task. First of all, decide what area of the garden you would like to set aside for the device of your rose garden. There are a huge number of options for planting roses, but you need to pay attention to the fact that the place for breaking the flower garden is sunny, calm, with fertile soil. When forming a rose garden, you should avoid swampy and damp areas of the garden, as well as areas in the shade of trees or buildings. As for the soil, the most successful soil for planting roses is considered to be light loam with an acidity level in the range of 5-6 pH.
Weaving roses look spectacular on the facade and in the design of the entrance group of the country house
A flower bed of geometric roses will be favorably emphasized by a low border of evergreen shrubs
Abundantly blooming rose gardens in the summer cottage can be planted freely, emphasizing the naturalness of the garden, or geometrically, subject to a well-thought-out plan. You can plant roses in the form of a group on the lawn or near a pond, equip a hedge with roses around the perimeter of the garden, or arrange in a flower bed. A rosary of low-growing flowers will be an excellent solution for creating a border inside a summer cottage, and curly varieties of roses will favorably set off the architecture of a gazebo or pergola, hide a nondescript wall of a house or fence.
You can learn more about the peculiarities of planting and caring for a climbing rose from the material: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/posadka-i-uhod-za-pletistoy-rozoy.html
Even a single-planted standard rose in the form of a tree or a spreading bush of a hybrid tea rose can transform the landscape of a summer cottage. Tall park roses will perfectly fit into the design of the entrance group of the site or give solemnity to the long alley leading to the house. Roses will become a truly royal decoration of any corner of your garden plot, bring the missing “zest” to its appearance and fill your garden with a delicate fragrance.
Drawing up diagrams and layouts
When choosing a rosary planting scheme, pay attention to the color scheme of rose blooming and dilute it with the variegation of perennials or evergreen shrubs. Conifers or ferns will not only create a favorable background for the perception of the rose garden, but will also give this corner of the dacha a picturesque look when the roses fade. Some ideas on how to arrange a rose garden in a garden plot in the form of a group planting of roses with your own hands can be gleaned from the diagrams below.
When planting roses in a group, you need to think about which perennial and evergreen plants will emphasize their beauty
At the initial stage of creating a rose garden, it will be useful to draw a sketch of the placement of roses in a group.
The rose garden, created from a combination of white or cream roses with perennials, blooming lilac inflorescences, looks original
The layout diagram of the rose garden will help to mark the area allocated for the device of the flower garden
Stages of the formation of a rosary
If you are wondering how you can make a rose garden with your own hands, you should definitely pay close attention to preparing the soil for its improvement. The properties and composition of the soil play an essential role in creating a rose garden, because the rose, as befits a royal person, is quite capricious and capricious.
Preparing the soil for planting roses consists in drainage and fertilization of the planting hole
The most unfavorable soil for planting roses is heavy clay, which will require drainage - removal of excess moisture from the plant. Coarse sand, expanded clay or gravel are most often used as drainage materials. Dry sandy soil is also of little use for a rose garden - it must be fertilized with a mixture of clay and humus. In the case when the soil in the garden plot is fertile, a hole for planting roses is formed to such a depth that the root system of the bush fits. If the soil is not very good in its properties, then the hole is dug deeper and wider in diameter, and its bottom is sprinkled with drainage or fertilized.
Planting a rose seedling consists of the following stages: preparing the hole, trimming the seedling, backfilling the roots, tamping and watering the soil
After a place for creating a rose garden has been chosen and a scheme for its breakdown has been thought out, it takes about 2-3 months to prepare the soil for planting roses. Considering that autumn is the best time for planting roses, around the middle of summer, a section of the garden chosen for the formation of a rose garden is dug to a depth of about 60 cm and the top layer of the soil is loosened. Then, the land is fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers. In a couple of months, the earth will settle, excess moisture will evaporate from it, it will be saturated with useful substances and acquire an optimal composition for the development of the rose garden.
When choosing the location of the rose garden near the country house, make sure that this section of the garden is not shaded and well lit by the sun
A bright framing of a green lawn will be given by a border of low-growing roses, planted along its perimeter
It's important to know! As organic fertilizers for roses are used: rotted manure, peat, humus, compost - at the rate of 10 kg of fertilizer per 1 square meter of land. A mixture of mineral fertilizers suitable for roses and sufficient for 1 m3 of soil: 70 grams of superphosphate, 30 grams of ammonium nitrate, 20 grams of potassium chloride.
General landing rules
In order for the rose garden in the country to delight you with its flowering, you must adhere to some rules for planting it. Before planting, the root system of roses is moistened, broken or spoiled tips are trimmed. The aerial part of the bush is shortened, leaving 1-3 of the most powerful processes without leaves, shoots and color. In the designated places of the garden plot, holes are dug for planting, taking into account the length of the root system of roses.
Planting roses in ceramic pots will simplify the creation of a garden rose garden and give the terrace adjacent to the lawn a distinctive flavor
During planting, the rose seedling must be kept strictly vertical and make sure that the tips of the roots do not bend up. To do this, the seedling is periodically shaken so that the planting mixture is evenly distributed, filling the space between the processes of the rhizome.
Soil-submissive roses with miniature inflorescences, planted around an artificial reservoir, will create a voluminous and colorful frame for it
A multi-colored rose garden will look good against the background of a green grassy lawn
It's important to know! The planting density of roses is selected based on the expected height, width of the bush and is: 25-50 cm for miniature, dwarf and floribunda roses; 60-100 cm for hybrid tea and low-growing park roses; 1-1.5 m for standard and weakly growing climbing roses; 2-3 m for tall park, weeping standard and fast growing climbing roses.
After planting, the ground around the bush is carefully crushed with your feet, then loosened a little, watered abundantly and spud to a height of about 20 cm with peat or sawdust so that the above-ground shoots are completely covered. It is recommended to plant roses in the fall, from October to the onset of frost.
After wintering - in spring, roses are pruned and sprinkled with bark or wet peat. Subsequently, when the shoots reach a height of 5 cm, it is recommended to re-spud the roses and mulch the soil with an 8-centimeter layer of peat or humus.
You can learn more about how to revive roses after wintering in the material: https://diz-cafe.com/vopros-otvet/kak-ozhivit-rozyi-posle-zimovki.html
Preparing rose seedlings for planting
When preparing a rose for transplanting from a container, it is necessary to moisten the soil well so that the earthy ball does not crumble when removed. In order to plant a rose grown in a plastic pot, you need to cut it, remove the lump and, without destroying it, place it in a previously dug hole for planting. A hole for a rose from a container is dug about 10 cm wider and higher than its dimensions. The gaps formed after moving the rose from the container to the hole are filled with a mixture of garden soil with peat so that the upper surface of the earthen coma is equal to the ground level on the site.
Before planting, the root system and shoots of the rose seedling must be pruned
When roses for a rose garden are purchased in the form of seedlings, the root system of the flower may dry out and freeze. If the plant is frozen, it is necessary to dig it in the open ground for a couple of days on the eve of planting. If the roots of the rose are excessively dry, you need to place them in water 10 hours before planting. Immediately before planting, the roots of the rose are pruned to 30 cm, removing spoiled shoots, and the aerial part is shortened, leaving a couple of strong shoots. The roots of the seedling can be treated with a clay-dung liquid mixture to provide the rose with additional nutrition until it is accepted.
The material on how to grow a rose from a cuttings will also be useful: https://diz-cafe.com/vopros-otvet/razmnozhenie-roz-cherenkami.html
Planting certain types of rose gardens
Some types of rose gardens require specific preparation of the planting site, depending on the formation scheme of the flower garden and the types of roses used for its arrangement.
A rose garden of park roses will give the central alley a solemnity and elegant look
Planting standard roses
Standard roses are planted in a rose garden, like a tapeworm - an accent plant that differs from others in size and color. A hole for planting a standard rose is dug out according to the same principle as for a bushy one - based on the size of the rhizome. So that the standard tree does not break from gusts of wind, at a distance of 10 cm from it, on the leeward side, a wooden stake is added and a rose trunk is tied to it. The stake is selected with a diameter of 2 to 4 cm and a height equal to the trunk of the tree to the base of the crown plus 50-70 cm. It is advisable to treat the underground part of the peg with an antiseptic to prevent wood decay and drive it to a depth of about 50 cm into a hole prepared for planting a rose.
The rope intended for tying a standard tree must be tarred and fixed with an 8-shaped loop in three places on the stem of the rose - near the ground, in the middle of the trunk and at the base of the crown. To protect the tree trunk from rope damage, it is wrapped with burlap shreds in the hinge areas. The elastic fastening specially designed for such purposes will greatly simplify the procedure of garter roses.
Standard roses, which are small flowering trees, are good both in a group and singly
A secluded seating area with a bench can be formed using a hedge of roses and standard trees
Planting a hedge of roses
Shrub or weaving roses look great, planted in the form of a hedge, formed either around the perimeter of the garden area, or inside it - for dividing into zones, for example, to create a border between the economic area and the place for recreation. For arranging a single-row hedge inside the garden, low-growing roses with a height of less than 1 meter are most often used - while the distance between the bushes should be 50-70 mm.
A lush blooming bush of a climbing rose will brighten up the monotony of the fence of a summer cottage
A multi-row hedge of roses consists, as a rule, of two or three tiers, with the lower roses sitting in the foreground, then the medium-sized ones (1-1.5 m), and the highest (more than 1.5 m) form the background background, adjoining to the main fence. It is necessary to make sure that the row of roses closest to the fence or to another building is planted 30-50 cm from the wall. For this planting, the roots of roses must be distributed in such a way that they “leave” in the opposite direction from the structure.
A rose garden created under the walls of a country house is able to decorate even the most ordinary-looking building
When planting roses in multi-row hedges, they adhere to a checkerboard pattern with the distance between the bushes approximately equal to half their height. To plant a rose garden in a summer cottage in the form of a hedge, they do not dig separate holes for each bush, but a trench about 50 cm deep and a width that depends on the number of rows in a living fence. It is advisable to loosen the bottom of the trench with a pitchfork and cover with a layer of planting mixture consisting of peat and garden soil taken in equal parts. For planting a hedge, it is best to take 2-3-year-old rose seedlings with a well-developed root system.
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How to create a rose garden in your summer cottage?
The beautiful word rose garden is a demo rose nursery, in which plants are presented to visitors for an overview. To get into such a garden, fans of the “queen of flowers” travel many kilometers, and even people who are inexperienced in floriculture enjoy being in such a place.
It is not surprising that roses can be found so often in summer cottages and backyards: having your own rose garden, you do not need to go on a long journey to enjoy the wonderful aroma and view of beautiful flowers.
- Varieties of rosaries
- A place
- Drawing up a diagram
- What roses to plant
- Roses and their "partners"
- Rose garden with bulbous
- With hosts
- With annuals
- How to choose healthy seedlings
- How to prepare the soil for planting roses in the fall
- Hole preparation
- Seedling preparation and planting
- Rose garden care
- Preparing for winter
Beautiful rose garden on the site: a border of roses
A rose border is an area planted with flowers that can be viewed from one, two or three sides. Before making a rose garden of this type, prepare flowers of different heights - in the borders, roses are grouped based on the massiveness of the bushes, while any varieties are suitable for planting.
If the rose garden is small in area, viewed from one side, but at the same time roses of different types and varieties are collected in it, the following type of planting can be used.
This type of accommodation will allow you to admire the richness of different varieties in one small area, while the roses will not close each other, perfectly harmonizing with each other.
You can also create a rose garden in the country, viewed from two, three or four sides. When creating a composition of such a plan, the principle of a wedding cake is used: the highest varieties of roses are placed in the center, then there are medium-sized bushes, and the outer border consists of miniature or ground cover roses.
Life hacks and experience of gardeners
When creating flower beds with their own hands using improvised materials, gardeners are advised to properly handle objects and containers so that there are no problems with plant growth. So, drainage is always needed so that the water does not stagnate and the roots do not rot.
If a metal object is used, then an anti-corrosion treatment is needed, and an antiseptic treatment for wood.
When there is very little space in the summer cottage, then you can make many flower beds in containers and arrange them throughout the territory - under trees, on a fence, on window sills, next to a gazebo or a bench and other objects.
Also, when choosing plants, gardeners recommend:
- do not be afraid to use original forms for perennials
- create beds of continuous flowering
- mix shapes, textures and colors of plants
- plant undersized and tall perennials in rows, and create compositions from plants of different growth.
If in the finished flower bed some plant seems to be superfluous, you do not need to leave it, but it is better to replace it with a new one. Although planning and drawing up a diagram before decorating a flower garden is the right thing, experimenting can get new interesting options.
Creating a weed-free flower garden - in the next video: