How to deal with slugs

How to deal with slugs

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Crop crops cause great damage slugs... If numerous other pests parasitize on any one plant or plants of the same family, then slugs damage about 150 plant species - cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, carrots, beets, potatoes, lettuce, radishes and other vegetables.

They can completely destroy young plants. Slugs gnaw holes on the leaves, and grooves on the roots. They eat strawberries, especially remontant ones, during the second fruiting, since other vegetables have already begun to ripen and turned out to be "too tough" for slugs. In addition, they not only eat and spoil vegetables and strawberries, but also tolerate spores of gray rot, downy mildew and other diseases.

Slugs feed at night, in damp, cloudy weather, and during the rain during the day. In dry weather, they hide in dark places, under stones, under lumps of soil.

Slugs' eggs are laid in the soil to a depth of 5-8 cm or under heaps of weeds, stones or other objects. Usually eggs overwinter, in May-early June young slugs hatch, which reach maturity in 2-3 months. These young slugs cause great harm to vegetable seedlings, planting cabbage seedlings, therefore, one should not be late with sowing seeds and planting seedlings, it is advisable to carry out these works as early as possible agrotechnical terms, so that the plants have time to go through the most vulnerable stages of their development before the mass appearance of young slugs.

Fighting slugs is difficult: many of the methods described in agricultural literature and advice in periodicals are complex and ineffective. To begin the fight against this pest, it is necessary to start with the same thing from which the fight against other pests begins - to destroy weeds in a timely manner, especially near greenhouses. The grass on the borders must be mowed, the damp areas must be drained.

Planting should not be thickened. It is noticed that where the plantings are not thickened, the soil is loosened and does not contain large lumps, slugs are less common. Weeds must be destroyed without leaving them in the garden or in the aisles, if they are not used as traps. In these heaps, slugs escape from dehydration and from their enemies, and in freezing temperatures they hide from the cold.

Enemies of slugs are hedgehogs and two species of toads living with us - gray and green. They go hunting in the evening twilight and "hunt" all night until dawn. Unfortunately, many gardeners do not know very well which insects and amphibians are friends and who are enemies. Once on the train, I heard a woman tell her neighbor: "Early in the morning I went to a bed of strawberries. I saw a huge toad sitting, and a large berry eaten next to it."... The toads that live with us are 6 to 10 cm in size and feed only on moving invertebrates. They do not see fixed objects. So the woman in vain "slandered" her assistant - the toad, who probably ate the slug that ate the berry. Toads and frogs do not feed on any plants.

I had to read that some gardeners tried to settle toads and frogs in their garden, and they saved their property from pests. I have little faith in this, there is other evidence from gardeners that such attempts ended in failure. It is known that toads and frogs have been bred in England and Holland for a long time.

Probably, you do not need to forcefully try to settle them on your site, it is better to create such conditions for them so that they themselves settle on your site. To attract them, various shelters are arranged, for example, from halves of broken flower pots, in which they hide during the day from the scorching rays of the sun. Sedentary toads live more sedentary, and their hunting area is smaller than that of frogs. The widespread opinion that warts may appear on the skin allegedly from toads and frogs is a complete fiction.

The most effective way to deal with slugs is to collect them manually., but he also requires a lot of work. With the onset of darkness, the gardener, having stocked up with a flashlight, goes around his beds and collects mollusks that have left for feeding. Of course, this is a very painstaking work, and it is much more effective to set traps where slugs gather. Bunches of grass, wet rags, planks, pieces of plywood or cardboard, leaves of cabbage, burdock or pumpkin are placed on wet soil.

Traps are placed in different parts of the garden at a distance of 3-5 m from each other. The next day, traps are bypassed, and the slugs hidden under them are destroyed - they are crushed, thrown into a container with a strong solution of salt, copper sulfate, washing powder, or a little kerosene is added to the water.

The advice to sprinkle the discovered slugs with salt, nitrogen, potash and phosphorus fertilizers, I consider lime not as a means of fighting the pest, but as a way of destroying it. Then isn't it easier to crush the discovered slug, throw it into the solution, which I wrote about above, than sprinkle it with lime and other substances and wait for it to excrete mucus and sprinkle it again?

There is little benefit from sprinkling around the perimeter of the garden with lime, fertilizer, ash, tobacco. My neighbor sprinkled with pepper and - no use. In rainy weather, these materials lose their strength or are completely washed off, and must be sprinkled again. When sprinkling paths in a greenhouse with iron sulfate, lime, fertilizer, tobacco, there is a high probability that all of the above materials will lose their strength from increased moisture condensation.

Nowadays, a chemical called metal hydride is used to fight slugs. Dry granules of this drug are laid out on the garden bed. Granules have the property of attracting slugs, they seek out the granules and eat them. The metal hydride acts as an intestinal poison. But the drug must be used no later than 20 days before harvest. If a lot of slugs are found on a thickened bed, spraying with a solution of metallic hydride can be carried out. Once on the slug, the solution penetrates the skin through the skin and acts as a contact poison. When in contact with a poisonous substance, the slug's skin reacts with a rapid release of mucus, with which it washes off the poison. Therefore, after a while, spraying must be repeated.

It has long been known that slugs do not tolerate the smell of parsley, and to protect against them, the beds around the perimeter are planted with parsley. In the book "Strawberries and Strawberries", M. 2001, the authors G.F. Govorov and D.N. Govorov, give this advice: "In August, they plant strawberries (2 lines). In the spring, plant parsley - 3 lines (along the edges and in the center). Parsley protects strawberries from slugs." I think that it is necessary to plant a garden bed along the edge, and plant a third row of strawberries in the center.

There is an old way of protecting beds from slugs - it is used in England: the beds are covered with cut stalks of nettles... In addition, they believe that nettle has a beneficial effect on the growth of vegetable crops. I don’t know if they borrowed the English experience in Ukraine or noticed that nettles are not to their liking for slugs, but I read about this in the Ukrainian press as well. In addition, there I read the advice to plant beds with garlic and balsam from slugs (Vanka is wet).

Until this summer, I had never seen slugs in a bed of garlic and onions, but the garlic and balsam plants are tall and it is hardly convenient to plant them with them, maybe several beds? I used garlic differently - I ground 200 g of garlic in a meat grinder and insisted in 60 liters of water, mixed, strained and watered the beds in the greenhouse, where the slugs ate several shoots of cucumbers. They never appeared there again. I am convinced that one cannot destroy the slugs in any way, it is necessary to apply a set of measures and fight this enemy constantly.

And now about this summer. While I was preparing this article, it turned out that the number of slugs in our gardens is so large that many of the control measures were ineffective. I had never noticed slugs on onions before, and it was advised to plant the beds with garlic from this pest. Today, in the garden with onions, the feathers were completely eaten, they were also seen on garlic. We have to admit that many of the proposed measures can play a supporting role. The main ones remain: weed control, sparse planting, manual collection and destruction of pests.

V. Lazovsky, gardener
Fig. V. Glotova

Slugs in the garden? How to deal with slugs

All gardeners, especially on wet soils, are familiar with an unpleasant-looking and tactile pest - a slug.

He eats not only the foliage of garden crops, but with pleasure spoils strawberries, tomatoes, cucumbers, destroys the buds, and can simply gnaw a head of cabbage.

Crawling from one plant to another, the slug also spreads diseases, for example, powdery mildew and gray rot. It is not surprising that the owners of the beds are so keenly interested in how to deal with slugs in the garden.

We advise you to read

How do they reproduce?

Let's talk about how slugs breed. They are hermaphrodites by nature, each individual carries both male and female reproductive systems. But for laying eggs cross fertilization is necessary, so the slugs find each other by smell, and after a short mating dance, which can be an interesting sight, they exchange sperm.

After that, each one lays 20-30 eggs in moist soil. After 2-3 weeks, small slugs come out, which feed first on soil organic residues, and after 1.5 months they grow and begin to reproduce. After a single mating, eggs are laid for a month or more. Over the summer, each slug can lay up to 500 eggs.

The life cycle, like the development cycle, can accelerate or slow down depending on the weather. Sometimes slugs that did not have time to lay their eggs in the fall, hibernate in the soil, and begin laying in the spring.

Fighting gastropods in the country or in the garden

Slugs in the garden are perhaps one of the most common problems, which is quite difficult to get rid of. Creatures appear in a greenhouse, garden or vegetable garden, because a large amount of food is concentrated there, which they mercilessly spoil. The garden slug hides in places of high humidity: under bricks, boards, rags, wide leaves of plants, among cabbage leaves.

The following methods will help you get rid of slugs forever:

  • Find a glass jar and lay it on its side in the garden. Place a couple tablespoons of corn flour in it. Leave the bait in the place where you have already seen the shellfish, and in the morning you will see many corpses on the ground around it. The thing is that their stomachs cannot digest cornmeal, and, having tasted it, the pest dies without having time to crawl away.

  • Another effective slug remedy: Fill a few plastic cups halfway with beer. Dig in these traps so that the necks are flush with the ground. The pests will crawl to the smell and drown in traps. Your task is only to catch the "catch" regularly.

  • The fight against slugs in the garden is subject to ammonia diluted with water in proportions of 1/5. Pour the resulting solution into a spray bottle and spray those plants that are most often affected by pests. This technique does not kill slugs, but scares them away. Molluscs hate the smell of ammonia, so they won't suit plants.

  • An excellent remedy against these creatures is eggshells, shells and coarse salt, finely crushed in the beds. It is the lower part of the pest that is very delicate, and reacts sharply to damage from such objects.

Important! The disadvantage of this method is that the sprinkled salt can dry out the soil.

Mechanical obstacles

Slugs move by sliding their bodies along their secret - slime. If the surface is dry and porous, corrosive or injuring, they will not be able to cross it. Mulch made from stone chips, spruce needles or superphosphate, ash, crushed eggshells, etc. protects plants very well. The dry wall of the ceramic pot can also become an obstacle. Try using a ring made of coarse sanding water-resistant paper or sprinkling the barrier with cat-absorbent granules.

It is believed that slugs cannot cross stone chips

Preparations, chemical and biological agents

Fortunately for amateur gardeners, there are many ways to deal with slugs. Special preparations for slugs (Meta, Thunderstorm, Slime-eater, Bros) containing metaldehyde have a detrimental effect on them.

The poison is effective even after two weeks of rain. But in wet weather it is better to refuse to use it as an ineffective remedy.

    On the contrary, it is only in a humid environment that a biological remedy for slugs "works" containing microscopic nematodes Phasmarhabditis hermaphrodit (pictured on the right). It works at positive temperatures (above + 5 ° C), but so far it is more common in Europe. Visually similar to a powder, this slug remedy does not harm the environment and humans. The disadvantage is the short shelf life of the drug - no more than 20 days, and certain conditions - only in the refrigerator. Safe modern remedies help to get rid of slugs. These include, for example, biological products containing iron phosphate. They cause dehydration of the slug's body, after which the pest dies underground. The substance itself decomposes over time into iron and phosphate, which are organically present in the soil. Tilling the soil under cultivated plantings with superphosphate or crushed, mixed with sand, copper sulfate helps to get rid of slugs in case of a large accumulation of pests.

Plants treated with copper-containing preparations (Bordeaux liquid, copper hydroxide, cuproxate, copper chloroxide, cupritox, abiga-peak, cupricol, cupravit, cuprox, river) also do not attract slugs.

Copper-impregnated strips and cover material protect plants from voracious shellfish. But such remedies for slugs are rarely found on the market so far. There are snail and slug traps on sale with a special bait included.

Watch the video: Dealing With Garden Slugs Without Chemicals or Pesticides


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