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Sweet cherries boiled with walnuts are no longer jam, but just a luxurious delicacy. Even the mother-in-law ...
Flower Decembrist - varieties and growing rules
- Full photo
General information about the Decembrist flower
Types of the Decembrist
Reproduction of the Decembrist
Diseases and pests
The Decembrist or Rozhdestvennik is a perennial houseplant that belongs to the cactus family. Its official name is Schlumberger or Zygokactus. The plant belongs to epiphytes and has practically nothing in common with cacti.
Primroses are also called primrose, as they appear in the spring among the first flowers. People also call them "rams" - young leaves, wavy and pubescent, similar to the backs of lambs "keys" - flowers are collected in an inflorescence, reminiscent of a bunch of keys.
Since the plant blooms in spring, on the eve of summer, and the yellow flowers in the umbrella-shaped inflorescence really look like a bunch of miniature keys, the people poetically call the primrose the keys to summer, the key, the keys. For many Slavic peoples, primrose was revered as golden keys, opening the way to the whole green kingdom in spring.
Throughout the long winter, the heavenly Lada languishes in captivity of thick clouds and fogs. But in the spring, the goddess of love, sun and harmony, washed by the spring waters, appears in the world with generous gifts. Where the first lightning fell, primroses grow to open the earth's interior with their keys for the lush growth of grasses, bushes and trees.
In Germany, these flowers are also called keys for their resemblance to a bunch of old church keys. In some areas of Germany, these are the keys to marriage. There was such a belief that a girl who is the first to find a primrose flower on Easter holidays will undoubtedly get married in the same year. Even in the days of the Celts and Gauls, primrose was part of the love potion.
In the Middle Ages, there was a legend about the origin of these flowers. Once, the Apostle Peter, who was on guard at the entrance to the Kingdom of Heaven, was informed that someone was trying to enter heaven without permission. In fright, the Apostle dropped a bunch of golden keys, which fell to the ground, cut deeply into it, and from there a yellow flower, similar to the Apostle's keys, grew. Although the angel sent by St. Peter got the keys, took them, but there were prints on the ground, from which flowers grow, which unlock the door for us to warm weather and summer.
According to one of the ancient Greek legends about the primrose, the primrose came to earth from heaven. An inquisitive young man studied all earthly sciences and decided to get to know the heavenly world. But for this he needed to forge the golden keys, walk along the silvery - star path to the center of the Galaxy and open the gates. This is not at all easy to do, because the path to the gates of the Galaxy was guarded by numerous stars. But the young man was persistent. He forged the golden keys and walked the Milky Way.
There was silence, only numerous stars rustled slightly with silvery wings, flying from place to place. And suddenly, in this silence, voices began to be heard: "Do not tremble!" - said the star on the right. "Forget everything!" - added the star, shining in front of the young man, and looked at him with deep sadness and sadness. However, the young man did not flinch and continued to walk forward. “Forget everything!” The burning star repeated ahead. “Forget everything! Forget the green earth, and your youth, and childhood. Forget, forever forget your homeland, brothers and sisters, forget your father and mother, who pull after their hands and tearful eyes sadly look at the son disappearing into the stellar nebula. "
And then the young man could not resist. His arms and legs trembled, the stars whirled in his eyes, rang in his ears, and when the daredevil woke up, it turned out that he was lying on the ground. And the golden key, which he held in his hands, took root into the ground and turned into a primrose flower.
The primrose is credited with the magical property of opening hidden treasures. According to legend, a woman dressed in white with a golden key appears in the fields. All primroses plucked in her presence gain the ability to open treasures hidden deep underground. At the same time, she says that a person can take any wealth, but let him not forget "the best" - I mean a flower in order to use it next time.
There is another legend about the origin of primrose. In one of the beautiful meadows lived a blond princess - an elf, who fell in love with a handsome young man, but for some reason he did not notice her. In desperation, the princess asked the sorceress to the young man reciprocate. And the sorceress turned the princess into a primrose - a flower that blooms first in the spring, and it is absolutely impossible to pass by it. Since that time, the village youth go to admire these flowers as soon as the snow melts.
In England, it was believed that the tubular-bell-shaped drooping primrose flowers are a refuge for fairy fairies and gnomes during bad weather. They sing praises to the flowers that cover them, rejoicing that they can find shelter in golden corollas in heavy rain, when the bright rays of the month are covered with clouds. The lucky one who hears the singing coming from the magic primrose flowers will live in joy and prosperity for many years.
According to the Old Norse sagas, these are the keys of the goddess of fertility Freya, with which she opens the spring. This goddess is beautiful, young, charming. The rainbow, which the dwarves have forged, serves as a necklace for her. And where this rainbow necklace touches the ground, golden keys fall from it to the ground and, falling, turn into a primrose.
According to ancient Greek legend, primrose arose from the body of the young man Paralysos, who died of love, whom the gods turned into a fragrant flower out of compassion, therefore they believed that it cures paralysis, and in medicine until recently it was called "paralysis grass".
The Legend of the Royal Primrose
Volcanologists claim that primroses predict volcanic eruptions. Each volcanic eruption on the island of Java took a lot of human lives until the inhabitants paid attention to the plants that were found only here, on the slope of the fire-breathing mountain. It was a royal primrose. Interestingly, she opened flowers only on the eve of a volcanic eruption. Now the inhabitants of the villages close to the volcano systematically monitor the plant-savior and, as soon as it begins to bloom, hastily leave the villages. And they say the primrose has never let them down. Now scientists are interested in this property of the primrose.
The Caucasian highlanders claim that the magical purisula - the royal primrose - growing high in the mountains, once blossomed at an inopportune time. The whole tribe, seeing the blooming purisula, hastily left their native lands, in which an earthquake soon broke out. People went further and further west until they came to a country very similar to their homeland. Having settled here, the Caucasian Iberians gradually turned into Iberians of the Pyrenees - the ancestors of the modern Basques, which is why Georgian-Balkan ties can be traced in their language and in some elements of culture. It is difficult to assert whether this was so, but these connections do show up.
"I serve the queen of the elves,
I knit magic circles
The grass of the glades, where the primrose
Turns yellow, dressed in gold, -
Queen's Golden Guard.
And this holiday outfit
Rubies - specks,
And the scent nests in the spots.
Collect dew and each flower
Hang a pearl earring
I have been ordered. "
(William Shakespeare "A Midsummer Night's Dream")
Fantasy Christmas varieties
Schlumberger is a zygocactus that naturally lives and grows on trees in South America. However, this unusual cactus has long been "tamed" by flower growers: it does not differ in particular exactingness and capriciousness, and therefore its cultivation at home is a simple, even interesting task. The root system of this zygocactus is very weak. Roots die quickly under any unfavorable conditions. But at the same time, they, like the mythical hydra, are quite quickly restored. Below you will find varieties of the Christmas tree, which, due to their appearance, differ significantly from the classic species and their varieties.
Schlumberger Golden Cream
The yellow Decembrist in the natural environment is a non-existent phenomenon. It is impossible to find such a handsome man in the jungle. But on the apartment windowsill you can. Why? All questions to the breeders, because it is precisely thanks to their perseverance and perseverance that you and I have the opportunity to grow an “unconventional” flower at home. And the view of "Golden Cream" is a vivid confirmation of this. Flowering "Golden Cream" enchants: the inflorescences are painted with a gradient that smoothly flows from a pale yellow to a sunny shade.
Aspen is a real handsome man. From afar, the inflorescences of this Decembrist resemble a carnation. And all because its distinctive feature is the presence of fringes on the edges of the petals. Depending on the variety, Aspen Christmas trees can be pink or snow-white. In the interior, "Aspen" looks most beautiful in large, spacious and bright rooms that are filled with air.
Kautsky's Rozhdestvennik is distinguished by the oval shape of the segments. The flower is quite large compared to its fellows. Each inflorescence has five petals. The color of the inflorescences may differ, but most often it is one of the shades of purple.
These species Schlumberger are distinguished by large volumetric flowers. However, the bush itself is also quite large. The stems are divided into segments, each of which is 7 cm long and sometimes more. Depending on the variety, the inflorescences of this species can be colored in different shades of pink and crimson with the presence of white. Usually Decembrists of the "Orsichiana" type bloom towards the end of the autumn season - on the eve of the beginning of the Christmas season. But if you try and create favorable conditions for the Decembrist, then he will certainly pamper you with re-flowering at the end of summer.
A relatively young variety of the Christmas tree, which, due to the presence of teeth on the surface of the stems, most of all resembles a cactus in the traditional sense. Representatives of this species are best grown in pots. This will allow them to fall nicely out of the container. Over the years, the segments of this Christmas tree will round up and take on an increasingly oval shape. The inflorescences are colored pink or purple, depending on the variety. The flowers are not large, but not small either: about six centimeters in length.
Like any exotic plant, the jade flower has unique and unthinkable facts that are unique to it.
- Pollination occurs only at night, and by bats.
- Incredibly beautiful inflorescences beckon with their beauty during the day, and fascinate at night, as with the onset of darkness they begin to glow, thereby increasing their popularity, especially among tourists.
- The absence of a dormant period is the main advantage of the plant, since there is no period when it is "naked" and not attractive. And so large leaves are always pleasing to the eye and attract special attention.
- In the homeland, the jade flower was at one time considered a variety of beans, since after flowering, capsules are formed in the form of a huge bean, where there are 10-12 seeds.
- Liana grows very rapidly and rapidly, as in the first 2 weeks of its growth in the open field it can reach about 5-6 meters.
- This plant is considered to be on the verge of extinction and is included in the world list of flowers that need protection.
- The only place where the jade flower could not only “take root”, but also actively delight its visitors, is the Royal Botanic Garden in London. For many years now, all tourists and residents of the country have been able to take mercy on this plant. Gardeners do not disclose their secret of leaving and creating conditions, as they prefer to remain the keepers of the "secret".
If you have a great desire to see with your own eyes this miracle liana and its magnificent inflorescences, then try to get to his homeland, or at least to London. After all, this is such a plant that it is worth seeing it live, at least once in a lifetime, and getting that real pleasure, about which they talk so much.
Types and varieties of Levkoy
In the Russian open spaces, they are mainly grown Levkoy "Gray"... Its varieties stretch 30-70 centimeters. During the summer, the stems have time to branch out and partially stiffen. The leaves of the species are diamond-shaped.
The shape of the inflorescences is typical. The brushes contain 10-50 buds. They are fragrant from June to November. In the southern regions, for example, in the Crimea, Mattiola blooms even in winter. By the way, the homeland of the plant is the Mediterranean. Its mild climate is ideal for Levkoy. At the same time, the "gray" varieties are frost-resistant, for which they are loved by Russians.
In the photo, the flower "Gray Levkoy"
Terry Levkoy or a smooth "gray-haired" group is subclassed. In "Bouquet", for example, there are undersized bushes with fleecy buds. Each of them is about 3 centimeters in diameter. There are about 20 colors in a brush.
Inflorescences of "Bouquet" varieties are located at the same level. In the "short-branched" group, the central spike of buds protrudes above the rest, and the branching of the bushes is minimal. The size of the species is equal to "Buketny".
Terry Levkoi flower
The group of "Gigantic" varieties of Mattiola is distinguished by flowers with a diameter of up to 6 centimeters and a height of about a meter. Another difference between "Giant" Levkoy is wavy greenery.
Branching of species varieties occurs only in the upper part of the shoots. The "single-stem" plants, as the name implies, have only one shoot. It has buds 5-6 centimeters in diameter. They bloom at a height of 70-80 centimeters.
Giant or bouquet levkoi
"Pyramidal" varieties of "Gray" Levkoy are both dwarfs and tall, reaching 50-60 centimeters. Babies are 3 times smaller. Among the group of "Sprawling" varieties, for example, there are no such miniature varieties.
But, the herbs of the class bloom until frost. The temperature drops to the point where you want to sit at home and drink hot tea, scratching behind the ear of your beloved pet.
By the way, they can also be Levkoy. Ukrainian people bred a breed of cats with that name. Animals are lop-eared and hairless. Such, unlike the Mediterranean flower, do not like to sit in the cold, they bask in houses on soft ottomans.
Pyramidal Levkoi flower
Some florists have the question of how best to choose a place in the house so that it suits the Decembrist and meets the requirements of Feng Shui.
The very chosen place in the apartment or office does not matter the main thing, the main thing is that the flower grows well and blooms according to the description. The main point will be its presence in the house, since the Decembrist:
- Fills the home atmosphere with coziness and good mood.
- Protects the house from negative emotions.
- Helps build relationships in the family.
This plant is simply necessary for people in a house where many guests come or in an office where many visitors come.
Rozhdestvennik (Decembrist) - growing and flowering time
You don't have to wait for bloom to find out if it's Christmas or Easter. We will tell you not only how easy it is to distinguish both species by their leaves, but also how to care for them so that you experience abundant annual flowering. They are actually two different types of cacti, although they resemble leaves, shape, and flowers. They got their name from the time of flowering.We do classify both plants as cacti, although they resemble succulents, but their growing requirements are different from classic cacti. Rozhdestvennik (Decembrist) comes from the rainforests of Brazil. It can withstand less light, but doesn't like shadows.
This genus is called Hatiora, formerly Rhipsalidopsis. It differs from the Christmas tree in the shape of the leaves. They have no tips, but they are soft and round, then flowers that have no sex, and finally a crown. It is rather funnel-shaped or bell-shaped. The growing conditions are similar to those for growing a Christmas cactus. The Christmas tree loves summer outdoors from May to September and a slightly shaded habitat.
Christmas - growing and flowering time
We will move the Decembrist or Rozhdestvennik to the apartment in the fall and give him peace from October to January. The temperature should be around 15 ° C. The ideal option is an entrance hall or a hall where we do not heat, or we heat a little. The north-facing window is suitable for cacti. We also reduce watering and do not fertilize. Small buds begin to form in February. This is the time when we increase the watering and also the temperature by about 2-3 ° C. You can fertilize your plant with liquid cactus fertilizer once every two weeks. The Christmas tree should bloom completely in the first half of March.
However, the flowering of the cactus can be delayed due to the temperature - we raise it a little or not at all. At the time when the Christmas tree is blooming, we water it more, do not let the earth dry completely, after flowering we reduce watering until summer comes. Over-watering can cause root rot.
The genus Schlumbergera is also proposed under the names Zygocactus or Epiphyllum. Hybrid varieties bloom in a variety of colors, including red, pastel pink and yellow (Gold Charm variety). Usually, the articulated body of the plant produces more shoots. A good distinguishing feature is the shape of the leaves. The Christmas cactus has jagged edges, while the Easter cactus has a round shape.
Like poinsettia, Christmas cactus takes a short day to bloom. About a month before Christmas, we leave the plant in a cooler room with minimal watering and only a week before the holidays we put it in the room and increase the watering, then the Christmas tree will bloom beautifully and profusely. The dangers of flower growers are flowers falling off when transferred in different temperature and humidity conditions. Sometimes, within a few days, the entire supply of buds can fall off, because the cactus is most delicate at the stage of color of the buds. Flowers rarely fall. However, if the temperature or humidity of the environment does not change significantly during transport, the buds on the plant will remain.
Grows all year round
The Christmas tree is beneficial in summer, so from early May to autumn it can be outdoors in the garden or on the terrace. A bright place or partial shade is important, as well as regular watering, between which the soil should always dry out. Once every two weeks we add liquid fertilizer for cacti to the water. We will leave the plants on the balcony until September, but as soon as the night temperature drops below 10 ° C, we will take it home. From September to November, a dormant period with limited watering and a temperature of 12-15 ° C is required, at higher temperatures the cactus will not bloom. Around mid-November, cacti begin to emit buds and can be fertilized with a little liquid fertilizer.
Just a week before Christmas, at the stage when the buds are almost opening, we transfer the cactus to a room with a temperature of about 18 ° C, but no more. As soon as the plant blooms, put it back in a cooler place and reduce watering until spring. Like other indoor plants, we transplant the Christmas tree in the spring into a special cactus substrate. However, annual replanting is not necessary, especially for larger plants, it is enough to change the pot every 3-4 years.