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Synadenium

Synadenium


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Genus synadenium (Synadenium) is directly related to the Euphorbiaceae family. This genus unites about 20 plant species, which are represented by succulent trees and shrubs. In nature, they can be found in almost all subtropical and tropical regions. But despite the large number of species, only one is grown at home - the Grant's synadenium (Synadenium grantii).

This shrub is very tall. So, in natural conditions, it can reach more than 3.5 meters in height. It is native to the arid regions of South Africa. A pale gray bark gradually forms on the surface of its fleshy, juicy green shoots. Alternate, short-petiolate leaflets are obovate and smoothly edged. On the pale green leaves there are clearly visible veins of a dark green color, forming a branched tree-like pattern. The length of the sheet plate is 15 centimeters, and the width is 6 centimeters.

During the flowering period, thick, short peduncles, which are few-flowered, appear from the upper axils of the leaves. They have the shape of an umbrella and bear small, closed, red flowers, which are similar to inverted caps, with protruding bunches of "feathers" stamens. After the plant has faded, fruits of the same small size appear, which are 3-segment capsules with burgundy seeds.

Home care for the synadenium

It is very easy to grow such a plant in an apartment environment, since it is not highly demanding in care. However, when grown indoors, synadenium does not bloom.

Illumination

Such a flower needs bright, but always diffused lighting. For its placement, it is best to choose a western or eastern window.

If there is little light, the stems will become elongated, and the flower will lose its spectacular appearance. Under intense lighting, especially with direct rays of the sun, burns appear on the surface of the leaf plates - spots of brown color.

Temperature regime

This is a fairly thermophilic plant, which in the spring-summer period needs a temperature in the range of 23-26 degrees.

In winter, the synadenium needs coolness. But it should be borne in mind that there should not be less than 10 degrees in the room. Otherwise, the flower may shed all the foliage.

Do not forget that the warmer it is in the room where the plant is located, the more light it will need. In the event that in winter the temperature regime is similar to the summer one, then the lighting intensity should be the same. For this purpose, you will need supplementary lighting with special phytolamps. If you do not provide additional lighting, then the internodes of the flower will become elongated, and some of the foliage will also fall off, and this will negatively affect its appearance.

How to water

Such a plant in natural conditions is in a semi-arid environment, in this regard, watering is done very carefully. So, it is recommended to water the plant only after the top layer of the substrate dries out 1 or 2 centimeters deep. Be sure to drain the excess liquid that has drained into the pan after watering. If water stagnates in the soil, this can provoke the appearance of root and stem rot.

However, it is impossible to overdry the substrate too much. Otherwise, some of the leaves may fall off the bush.

With a cool winter, watering the synadenium should be less. But even in this case, it is worth paying attention to the rate of drying of the substrate.

You need to watered with soft water at room temperature, which should be well settled before that.

Humidity

Such a plant does not require high humidity, as it is accustomed to fairly dry air. However, for hygienic purposes, it is recommended that he regularly arrange a warm shower.

Pruning features

Such a flower grows rather quickly, and it can significantly increase the volume of green mass. So, in 12 months, its growth can be more than 25 centimeters. Systematic formative pruning will be needed to contain growth. They will also help to make the crown more lush due to the growth of a large number of side shoots.

Earth mixture

A suitable soil should be light, neutral in acidity and rich in nutrients. To prepare the soil mixture, you will need to combine peat, sod and humus soil, as well as small brick chips and coarse sand, which should be taken in equal proportions. In order to prevent the appearance of rot on the root system, a small amount of crushed charcoal should be poured into the substrate, and at the bottom of the pot, when planting, make a good drainage layer of broken shards (from clay) or use expanded clay.

You can also take ready-made potting soil for planting, which is sold in flower shops. However, experienced flower growers advise adding baking agents such as coarse sand and small brick chips to it.

Transplant features

Young specimens require an annual transplant in the spring. In this case, the new pot should be larger than the previous one. An adult plant is transplanted less often, usually once every 3 years.

Reproduction methods

Can be easily propagated in March or April stem cuttings... The stalk is cut from the top of the stem, and there must be 3 internodes on it. The stalk should be immersed for a while in a container with lukewarm water in order to stop the milky juice. The dried cutting should be planted in a mixture of sand and peat. Be sure to cover it with a transparent cap. Water is also suitable for rooting.

It is much more difficult to propagate by seeds. Sowing is carried out in the spring in sand mixed with earth. They are placed in a well-lit place where the temperature should be kept at around 18 degrees. Before sowing seeds, you need to study the instructions offered on the package or available in special literature.

Rooting the apical cutting of a houseplant of a synadenium in water and planting in the ground

Diseases and pests

It is resistant to pests and diseases. However, the plant can get sick due to violations of the rules of care. So, due to too low temperatures or stagnation of liquid in the substrate, all the leaves may fall off and root rot may develop. It is also possible for some of the leaves to fall off when the light intensity changes (if the flower is moved to a darker place) or when the pot is rotated relative to the light source.

Attention! Sinadenium is a highly toxic plant. If its milky juice gets into the stomach, it will cause serious poisoning, and in some cases, death. When it comes into contact with the surface of the skin, it causes an allergic reaction and irritation. Therefore, work with such a flower should only be done with rubberized gloves.

Video review

Sinadenium. [Hope and Peace]


Dieffenbachia - exotic on the windowsill

Dieffenbachia is an unpretentious indoor flower that has long been successfully grown by plant lovers at home. The flower puts up with the shadow, can withstand a long time in the farthest corner of the room without a light source. Wide painted dieffenbachia leaves are very decorative, which makes the plant popular for creating compositions in winter gardens and indoor greenhouses. In this article - everything about how to care for dieffenbachia at home, a description of varieties and types, methods of care and reproduction of an indoor flower.


Main types

Grant's synadenium in the room

The plant is quite large, it can reach 3 meters in height. In a year, spurge can grow by 25 centimeters. It has very powerful roots that reach the depths of the earth. From time to time, rare lateral thickened processes appear in the branches. The stems themselves are smooth. This structure allows you to retain moisture during intense tropical heat.

Synadenium Rubra

An interesting feature of the Rubre Grant synadenium is the presence of purple spots on the leaves, which, moreover, have irregular outlines. At a young age, the plant is completely pink. Flowering occurs in winter and is a "shoot" of peduncles with corymbose inflorescences.

Sinadenium Rubra is different in color

The fruit of the plant looks like a box with three compartments containing black seeds.

Interesting. The variety got this name because it has beautiful red leaves.

Burgundy

Grant's synadenium is a species that has burgundy leaf plates. There may also be varieties with green or brown leaf tones. Flowers can also be burgundy.

Others

The genus of the synadenium has 20 species, but only Granta and its varieties can be grown at home. All representatives of this species grow very intensively. Therefore, you often have to cut the synadenium.


Growing problems, diseases and pests

Most often, flower diseases manifest themselves when the rules of care are violated. For example, stagnant water contributes to root decay. Drying of the leaves and flying around the green mass occurs due to a violation of the temperature regime and drafts.

Mealybugs are considered the most dangerous pests. To get rid of insects, you need to use a cotton pad dipped in alcohol. When a scabbard appears, it is urgently required to sprinkle with water with the addition of Actellik. If the soil is allowed to dry out for a long time, then spider mites can settle on the succulent. In the fight against them, a pesticide, fitoverm, has proven itself well.

It is important to study the specific features of the bastard and not forget about observing the rules for caring for Crassula. Creating a suitable climate for the plant will allow you to get a real home decoration, as well as make it possible to achieve the formation of flowers. A well-groomed appearance of a succulent will not only delight its owner for many years, but, according to folk signs, will bring prosperity to the house.


Watch the video: Reproduction of synadenium. Cuttings and seeds