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The flowering plant Asimina, or pau-pau, is a member of the Annonov family. This genus unites 8 species, in natural conditions such a plant is most common in the United States of America. It is also called American papaya (pau-pau), or a banana tree, the fact is that the fruits of all these plants are similar to each other. In order to get such fruits that can be eaten, gardeners cultivate triloba azimine ((Asimina triloba), or triloba azimine, and this species has been grown since 1736. This species is cultivated in warm regions, for example, in France, Spain , Italy and Japan. Also, such a culture can be found on the territory of Ukraine, mostly in its southern regions. In Russia, the azimine can be found mainly in the Stavropol and Krasnodar regions, and sometimes it grows very well and bears fruit in Orenburg. such a culture has tasty fruits, it also has healing properties.

Features of azimina

Azimine triloba is a deciduous tree that varies in height from 5 to 8 meters. The bark is smooth, brownish-gray in color. The wide-pyramidal crown is evenly leafy. Young shoots have pubescence. Leathery greenish leaf plates have an oblong-ovoid shape, they taper to a thick, short petiole, and sharpen towards the top, their length is from 22 to 25 centimeters, and their width is from 7 to 12 centimeters. The front surface of young leaves is shiny, and the back is pubescent. Flowering begins in April or May, beautiful bell-shaped flowers have a purple-brown color, they grow at the same time with the leaves in the leaf axils on last year's stems. The fruits are juicy cylindrical berries with twisted tips, they ripen in the first half of the autumn period. The berries are collected in bunches of 2–9 pieces, their length varies from 7 to 9 centimeters, and their width is from 4 to 5 centimeters, and their weight is 60–200 grams. Dark green fruits, when ripe, become lighter and turn yellowish, and then their color changes to brown. The surface of the berries is covered with a thin shell, and inside they have a delicate orange, yellowish or creamy flesh, it has a sweet taste that at the same time resembles a banana and mango, while its smell is pineapple and strawberry. The pulp contains seeds, which are placed in 2 rows. One fruit contains from 10 to 12 dark brown seeds, squeezed from the sides, the length of which is 25 mm.

How to grow bananas in harsh climates / Bananas growing at -30

Growing azimines in the open field

Planting azimines in the ground

Pawpaw fruits ripen in at least 160 days without frost. Young plants need shading from direct scorching sunlight for two years. However, over time, such a tree needs bright sunlight, while it grows well and bears fruit in the bright light of the sun.

Azimina can grow in any soil, but it is better if it is loose, slightly acidic, air and moisture permeable. It can also be grown in heavy soil, but at the same time, during planting in the pit, it is recommended to lay a drainage layer, which should be thick enough. The best seedlings are those that are 2 years old, when planting, the distance between them should be at least 300 cm, and the distance between the rows should be 500 cm. In diameter, the planting pit should reach 0.6-0.7 m, and its depth should be - 0.5–0.6 m. It is necessary to fill the planting hole with an earth mixture, which consists of garden soil, 5–10 kilograms of compost or humus, a small amount of sand and wood ash. At the bottom of the pit, a drainage layer should be made, the thickness of which should be from 15 to 20 centimeters; for this, gravel or broken brick is used. Dredge should be poured over it with a slide. The seedling is placed in the middle of a pit on a mound of fertile soil, when the roots are spread, the pit is covered with the same earth mixture. The surface of the soil near the plant must be tamped a little, then it is well watered. After the liquid is completely absorbed into the soil, the surface of the root circle must be covered with a layer of mulch (peat, humus or tree bark).

Paw Paw, Azimina Triloba in the Kuban

Caring for azimine in the garden

In the first spring weeks, shortly before the growing season begins, the tree is pruned; for this, injured, improperly growing, frost-bitten or diseased shoots are removed, and the crown must be shaped. Flowering begins in April and lasts about 20 days. During intensive growth, the plant must be watered regularly and abundantly, but at the same time it is necessary to prevent stagnation of water in the soil, otherwise rot will appear on the root system. In the autumn, after the dormant period begins, the plant is no longer watered. When the tree is watered, the surface of the trunk circle must be loosened, if weed appears, it is immediately removed. The water intended for irrigation must be settled, and it must also be heated in the sun.

When grown in open soil, the plant begins to feed only from the second year of life. In the first year after planting, the seedling will use those organic fertilizers that were applied to the soil during the preparation of the soil mixture. At the beginning of the second year of life, in the spring, or rather, in April, a solution of complex mineral fertilizer with a high content of nitrogen and phosphorus must be added to the trunk circle. For feeding, if desired, you can use organic matter; for this, manure or pond manure is well suited.

To increase the yield of such a crop, you can use the method of artificial pollination between genetically dissimilar varieties of azimines. To do this, you need to grow at least 2 plants in the garden, using a brush, pollen from the flowers of one copy must be carefully transferred to the flowers of the second. As a rule, as a result of such cross-pollination, the yield of pawpaw increases by no less than 2 times. Since flies are natural pollinators of such a culture, then during the flowering period, pieces of rotten meat must be hung on tree branches at different heights.

Such a culture is frost-resistant and can withstand a drop in air temperature to minus 29 degrees. In this regard, the azimina does not need special preparation for wintering. In the middle of spring, flower buds form, the surface of which is protected by a dense shell, so they are not afraid of frost.

"Banana tree" for temperate climates - azimine. Growing in containers.

Reproduction of pawns

Such a culture can be propagated by the seed method, and also vegetatively - by root shoots, parts of the rhizome and grafting.

Growing from seeds

Before sowing, the seed must be stratified, for this it is kept for 3-4 months at a temperature of 0 to 4 degrees. Then it is sown 1 or 2 seeds at a time, while they are buried in the substrate by 20-30 mm. For planting, peat pots are used, which are filled with seedlings. It is not worth sowing seeds in a common container, since the plants have an extremely sensitive root system, and therefore they can suffer from a pick or transplant. Seedlings need warmth (18 to 22 degrees).

The seeds can also be sown in open soil. In this case, they use podzimny sowing and produce it in October, the seeds will undergo natural stratification over the winter. When sowing seeds in pots, the first shoots may appear in about seven weeks, and seeds sown in open soil will germinate only with the onset of the next spring period. At the end of the first growing season, seedlings will reach a height of 10-15 centimeters. Such a tree grown from seed will give its first fruits only after 5 or 6 years.

azimina three-bladed grown from seeds

Propagation by parts of rhizomes and root shoots

Azimine can be propagated by part of the rhizome, which is broken off from the foot of the plant. It is planted in a planting hole and covered with fertile soil mixture. The first shoots can appear after just over 4 weeks. If necessary, jigging of root shoots, if any, is carried out in the same way.


Azimina is also propagated by grafting in the "split" method, while lignified cuttings are used as a scion. The splitting of the stock is carried out to a depth of 10 to 15 mm, while a pointed cut of the scion must be placed in the slot, make sure that the cambial layers of both parts coincide. To protect the vaccination site from moisture, it must be wrapped in foil. When choosing a propagation method, it must be borne in mind that only when grafting is it possible to preserve the varietal characteristics of the culture.

azimina grafting results attempted propagation by cuttings

Pests and diseases of the pazimines

Azimina is resistant to harmful insects and diseases. However, if there is stagnation of water in the soil, then the plant will be damaged by root rot, because of this, it will begin to grow and develop more slowly, and the foliage will turn brown. In this regard, it is extremely important to water such a crop correctly. It is very rare that such a tree is damaged by pests and bacterial, as well as viral infections.

Pawpaw collection and storage

In the last summer or the first autumn weeks, the growth of fruits stops, and their ripening begins. After ripening, the fruits become soft, they acquire a pungent odor and change their color from green to yellow. If you store the harvested fruits for some time, then they must be harvested 7 days before they fully ripen, and this must be done before they fall off on their own. Such fruits are of poor keeping quality, so they cannot be stored for a long time. For example, in the refrigerator on a vegetable shelf, they can remain fresh for 20 days, and when stored indoors, they disappear after 3-4 days. In this regard, experienced gardeners recommend processing them (you can cook compote or jam) or freeze them. Also, these fruits do not tolerate transportation well, in this regard, only immature azimine is used for this purpose, and it must be protected from mechanical damage. If each fruit is wrapped in a paper sheet, then its shelf life will become longer.

Azimina the beginning of the harvest

Types and varieties of azimines

In total, there are 8 species of pawns in nature, including 1 natural hybrid. Of all of them, only 1 species is cultivated by gardeners - three-lobed azimine, or triloba. However, as a result of many years of breeding work, about 70 cultivars of such a tree were born. The most popular among gardeners are cultivars such as:

  1. Davies... Fragrant, high-quality fruits have a sweet yellow flesh.
  2. Martin... The variety is frost-resistant. The fruits are of high quality.
  3. Overlease... The fruits of this variety are similar in quality to those of the Deyviz variety.
  4. Victoria... The fruits weigh about 380 grams. Their yellow flesh is fragrant and sweet.

Among gardeners, varieties such as: Autumn Surprise, Dessert, Strickler, Sunflower, Prima, Balda, Zimmerman, Potomac, Taylor, etc. are in demand.

Properties of pawpaw: harm and benefit

Useful properties of pawpaw

Pazimine fruits, also called Mexican bananas, contain vitamins A and C, they are distinguished by anti-aging and antioxidant effects. In this regard, the pulp of the fruit can both be eaten and used to prepare masks for the skin of the face. The fruit also contains mineral salts of calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus and potassium, amino acids, sugars, fats, pectin and fiber.

Such fruits have a unique antitumor and antimicrobial effect. So, they contain acetogenin, which helps prevent the development of certain types of cancer cells, and also thanks to it, the growth of already formed cancer stops. Pazimine extract helps to strengthen the body's defenses, protect body cells from free radicals and the negative impact of stressful situations.


Azimina is contraindicated for those who have an individual intolerance to the product. There are such fruits, experts do not advise, during pregnancy and during breastfeeding. To date, no other contraindications have been found.

Asimina / Asimina Triloba /

Growing cucumbers in greenhouses and open field

Vegetable garden - Growing cucumbers in greenhouses and open field

Growing cucumbers in greenhouses and open field - Vegetable garden

Usually, the cultivation of cucumbers in greenhouses is of interest to those people who intend to harvest a month earlier and enjoy a vegetable we love.

In general, this technique is quite common, but not everyone knows a number of nuances. For example, it is most convenient to grow cucumbers on a trellis. Thanks to this, not only the fruiting period is lengthened, but it is also possible to recognize the diseases of cucumbers in time and take appropriate measures to combat them.

As practice shows, the cucumber trellis helps to increase the yield by 2 kg per square meter, compared to the spreading method of growing vegetables.

Seedlings of cucumbers in greenhouses should be planted from March to April. First you need to take pots with a diameter of eight centimeters, in each of which one seed is sown. They germinate best at a temperature of 20-25 degrees.

By the way, if the greenhouse for cucumbers is not heated at all, then it is necessary to plant seeds from the middle of spring.

Be sure to protect the plant from drafts, as it is the enemy of this vegetable. During the ripening period, cucumbers need quite abundant watering. However, avoid waterlogging the soil, otherwise the roots can rot.

If you like growing cucumbers in the open field, then this method will yield a harvest a little later. On the other hand, vegetables will grow in more natural conditions and are filled with vitamins and minerals. By the way, so that cucumbers do not have bitterness, they need good watering. Otherwise, you will have to collect fruits with an unpleasant taste.

Description of the plant

The bush has a strong, rapidly growing root system, which is able to provide nutrition during a lack of moisture. Also, thanks to this property, the plant is very resistant to weeds. The maximum possible height is 50 cm, but usually the standard height is 30-40 cm. The stems are brittle, solitary, erect, covered with white hairs, which give the bushes a silvery hue. The leaves are elongated, reminiscent of needles or stripes, which prevents excess moisture from evaporating. The leaf plate is two-colored: the upper one is darker than the lower one. This property is often used by decorators in flower arrangements. Anaphalis begins to bloom from mid - late summer, lasts about two and a half months. Small white flowers of the plant are collected in corymbose inflorescences - baskets. The flowers are odorless, surrounded by a basket of dry, rigid petals. Because of this property, flowers retain their decorative appearance for a long time. When dried, this plant does not change either color or structure.

Types and varieties

To date, about one and a half hundred species of yarrow have been described, differing in their height, size of leaves, color of leaf blades and flowers.

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Perennial, which can reach a height of about 70 cm. This species blooms in July. During the flowering period, ligulate snow-white, purple or pinkish inflorescences are formed, and tubular yellow ones. The plant has a tart-spicy aroma. In the alcoholic and culinary industry it is used in dried form; yarrow essential oil is also used.

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

It is customary to distinguish several varieties of this type.

Paprika - cherry-colored flowers with reed flowers.The color intensity becomes less pronounced under the influence of sunlight.

Achillea millefolium Paprika

Red Velvet - cherry-colored flowers, but their color does not change until it dries.

Achillea millefolium Red Velvet

Walther Funcke - inflorescences have the color of salmon roe.

Achillea millefolium Walther Funcke

Marie Ann - flowers are corymbose, colored lemon.

Achillea millefolium Mary Ann

Terracotta - stands out with orange-rusty reed-shaped flowers.

Achillea millefolium Terracotta

Yarrow Ptarmica (Achillea ptarmica)

A perennial bush grows up to 1 m. In natural conditions, it grows in the west of the country. The leaf blades are not segmented and are located on straight stems. During the flowering period of Ptarmik, baskets of pearl white color with a diameter of 15 mm are formed. Flowers remain on the plant for up to 35 days.

Yarrow Ptarmica (Achillea ptarmica)

The species is presented in several varieties.

Pearl - small bushes, the height of which does not exceed 75 cm. Inflorescences are terry snow-white baskets, the size of flowers does not exceed 20 mm.

Achillea ptarmica The Pearl

Boule de Neige - low grade. The plant reaches a height of 45-60 cm.

Achillea ptarmica Boule de Neige

Perry's White - grows to 0.8-1 m. During flowering, terry inflorescences are formed.

Achillea ptarmica Perry's White

Perle Blaupunkt Ballerina - grows up to 0.5 m. This variety is not popular, as its double flowers quickly change color and become dirty gray.

Yarrow (Achillea filipendulina)

This cutter is not common. It is found in nature only in the Caucasus and Central Asia. Usually its height does not exceed 1 m. It is distinguished by openwork leaf plates, painted in a silvery-green color. In June, it forms corymbose umbrellas up to 13 cm in diameter, having a yellowish color and decorated with tongues of a golden hue.

Yarrow (Achillea filipendulina)

The following varieties of this type are distinguished.

Coronation Gold - the corymbose inflorescences located on the bush reach a diameter of 15 cm.

Achillea filipendulina Coronation Gold

Altgold - inflorescences of shabby gold color with copper look very elegant against the background of greenery.

Achillea filipendulina Altgold

Flowers of Sulfur - a plant with gray-yellow inflorescences located against a background of green leaves.

Achillea filipendulina Flowers of Sulfur

Parker - the height of the bushes of this variety can reach up to 1.2 m. It has golden inflorescences folded into scutes.

Achillea filipendulina Parker

Moonshine - Lemon-colored corymbose inflorescences are located on a low bush about 0.5-0.6 m in height.

Achillea filipendulina Moonshine

Yarrow (Achillea nobilis)

It grows up to 65-80 cm. Not picky, it grows even in soils with a low humus content and high acidity. It has gray-green leaf plates located on straight shoots.
The flowering period falls in June, while the bush is covered with a large number of flowers of a snow-white color. The leaves are ovoid. Prefers warmth, but tolerates severe frosts.

Yarrow (Achillea nobilis)

Felt yarrow (aurea) (Achillea tomentosa)

Perennial only 15-20 cm high. The bush can grow in width up to 45 cm. Distributed in the west of Siberia. The leaf blades are silvery. It blooms in August, with the formation of inflorescences 7 cm thick. The species is ideal for plantings in dry and sunny places. Flowers of this type help against inflammation, spasms, relieve pain, stop blood, have an antibacterial and diaphoretic effect.

Felt Yarrow (Achillea tomentosa)

Yarrow Keller (Achillea x kellereri)

Semi-evergreen perennial hybrid plant with a maximum height of 20 cm when grown in limestone soil. Blooms in July with snow-white flowers, located on porous racemes.

Yarrow Keller (Achillea x kellereri)

Yarrow (Achillea macrocephala)

It grows up to 60 cm. It blooms with white inflorescences-baskets in August. The leaves are whole. Not picky, good for planting in sunny places.

Yarrow (Achillea macrocephala)

Yarrow (Achillea ptarmicifolia)

The woodworm, which grows up to 60 cm in height, has medium-sized and narrowed foliage, white and cream flowers. Particularly hardy. One of the best long-flowering yarrows that bloom in June. The plant is widespread in the Transcaucasus.

Yarrow (Achillea ptarmicifolia)

Silver Yarrow (Achillea clavennae)

The height of this species is about 25 cm, during flowering forms white inflorescences. Leaves are silvery-pinnate, cut into lobes of 4-8 centimeters. The perennial blooms generously all summer.

Silver Yarrow (Achillea clavennae)

Achillea ageratifolia

A perennial plant is often used in design due to its small size: the height of the bushes does not exceed 15-20 cm. It has white leaves with a gray tint. Forms beautiful white flowers in June. Suitable habitats for this species are sunny locations and limestone soil.

Achillea ageratifolia

Application in traditional medicine

The presence of a complex of vitamins and useful minerals in the berries makes the plant in demand within the framework of use in folk medicine. The use of fresh fruits of the three-lobed pawpaw for food contributes to:

  • strengthening immunity
  • preventing strokes and heart attacks
  • preventing the development of atherosclerosis
  • lowering blood sugar
  • preventing the occurrence of cancerous growths or treating existing ones
  • fight obesity
  • increase libido in men
  • increase the chances of conception in women
  • improving blood supply to the brain, increasing memory and enhancing mental abilities
  • healing wounds (in addition to azimine, calamus helps to heal purulent wounds and eczema)

Watch the video: Turnuv azimin ack kaldgi bir kil alma


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