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The lemon tree (Citrus limon) is a member of the Citrus genus and is part of the Rutaceae family. This plant is native to India, China and the tropical Pacific islands. According to experts, this tree is a hybrid that was formed quite by accident in natural conditions. Lemon developed and grew as a separate species of the genus Citrus. It was first cultivated in Pakistan and India in the 12th century. After some time, this species became widespread in the Middle East, North Africa and Southern Europe. Today this tree is widespread in culture, and it is grown in places with a mild and warm subtropical climate. At the same time, the annual yield of lemon fruits is approximately 14 million tons. The following countries are leading in the cultivation of lemons: Mexico, USA, Italy and India.

The lemon tree is also quite widespread in indoor culture in various countries. At the same time, they began to grow it at home more than 300 years ago. Homemade lemon is very beautiful, and in some varieties, fragrant and very useful fruits are formed, which in taste are in no way inferior to those collected from trees grown in the open field.

Brief description of cultivation

  1. Bloom... Indoors, a lemon tree can bloom at different times of the year.
  2. Illumination... This culture grows well and develops with a short daylight hours. It is recommended to put the tree on a window of east or west orientation, while in the afternoon, when the sun is most active, it should be shaded from direct rays. In order for the crown of the tree to be symmetrical, it should be turned 10 degrees around its axis (in one direction) regularly every one and a half weeks. In winter, the plant needs additional lighting for 5-6 hours every day.
  3. Temperature regime... During the growing season - about 17 degrees, during the formation of buds - no higher than 14-18 degrees, during the period of active growth of fruits - from 22 degrees. In winter, the bush is kept in a cool place - from 12 to 14 degrees.
  4. Watering rules... From May to early autumn, lemon is watered every day. After that, the soil in the pot must be moistened no more than once every 3-4 days.
  5. Air humidity... The plant needs systematic spraying of foliage from a spray bottle with pre-boiled water, the temperature of which is slightly higher than room temperature. Most often, the bush should be moistened on hot summer days and in winter, if the lemon is in the room where the heating appliances are located.
  6. Fertilizer... Such a tree is fed with a complex mineral fertilizer, while it must be added to the substrate throughout the entire growing season. Adult bushes are fed once every 20-30 days, and young ones - once every 6 weeks. From the second half of the autumn period, a gradual reduction in the frequency of fertilizing is required: if the lemon is in a cool room at rest, then it is not fed at all, and if it is in a warm room, fertilizers are applied to the soil mixture periodically once every 6 weeks. The plant is fed with a nutrient solution only after preliminary watering.
  7. Dormant period... In winter, it is not pronounced.
  8. Transfer... In springtime, at the very beginning of the growing season. A young plant is subjected to this procedure once every 1-2 years. An adult tree is transplanted only when the root system becomes cramped in the container, and the roots appear from the drainage holes.
  9. Reproduction methods... Seed method, grafting and grafting.
  10. Pests... Whiteflies, mealybugs, spider mites, common and root aphids, scale insects.
  11. Diseases... Tristeza, homoz, anthracnose, root rot, chlorosis, citrus cancer, scab, leaf viral mosaic and melseco.

Features of homemade lemon

The home lemon tree is an evergreen, low-growing plant that is a perennial. Its powerful branches are covered with thorns. In young shoots, the upper part has a violet-purple color. Green leaf plates leathery to the touch have an oblong-oval shape, and they have teeth on the edge. On the surface of the foliage there are many glands, inside of which there is an essential oil. The life span of one leaf plate is from two to three years.

The bud formation process takes approximately 35–40 days. In this case, the flower after opening does not fade for 7-9 weeks. A very pleasant aroma emanates from the flowering tree. It can take more than nine months from the moment the ovaries are formed until the fruit is fully ripe. Homemade lemon has an egg-shaped fruit shape, with the nipple located at the top. It is covered with a yellow skin, the surface of which is lumpy or pitted. From the fruit comes a sharp specific aroma characteristic of lemons. The juicy pulp is divided into 9-14 slices, it is colored yellowish-green and has a sour taste. Inside the fruit lobules there are several white ovoid irregular seeds. From above, they are covered with a parchment shell, which is highly dense.

CARE AND ERRORS WHEN GROWING A LEMON

Indoor pitted lemon

Features of seed reproduction

Growing homemade lemon from seeds is pretty easy. At the same time, you will not have to look for seed for a long time, since the seeds can be taken from fruits purchased at a regular store. To do this, you should choose a well-ripened fruit, the color of which should be uniform and yellow. In this case, you should choose those bones that are well formed and fully matured.

For planting seeds, you should prepare a certain soil mixture. To do this, take a ready-made flower soil mixture purchased in the store and combine it with peat (1: 1). In this case, the finished substrate should be light and well-drained, and its pH should be from 6.6 to 7.0.

How to plant a lemon

Take a small container and make a good drainage layer on the bottom. Then fill it with the prepared soil mixture. Remove the seeds from the fruit and immediately immerse them 10–20 mm into the soil mixture. Place the container in a well-lit place, the optimum air temperature is from 18 to 22 degrees. Keep the substrate slightly damp at all times. The first shoots should appear after about half a month after sowing.

Seedling care

For watering lemon seedlings that emerged from seeds, water is used, the temperature of which should be close to room temperature. Do not forget to regularly loosen the surface of the substrate in pots, and this must be done very carefully. After the seedlings have formed 2 true leaf plates, the most developed and strong plants are chosen, and they are planted in individual pots, reaching 10 centimeters in diameter. Do not forget to cover them with a glass jar on top to maintain the necessary microclimate for better rooting. The seedlings are provided with daily airing, for this, the shelter should be removed from them for a short time once a day. The next transplant into larger containers is carried out only after the height of the seedlings is 15–20 centimeters. The bushes should be transplanted very carefully, trying to keep the clod of earth intact. The transshipment method is excellent for this.

When choosing a new pot, remember that it should be about 50-60 mm larger than the old one. If you take a larger container, then moisture will begin to accumulate in the substrate, which will not be occupied by roots, which will lead to acidification. Make a good drainage layer at the bottom of the container, for this you can use pieces of foam, expanded clay, pebbles or charcoal. For transplanting, you can take a ready-made flower soil mixture bought in a specialized store, and garden soil mixed with a small amount of humus is also suitable. When replanting a bush, make sure that its root collar remains at the same level as in the old pot. If it is buried, then this can cause the appearance of rot on it.

HOW TO GROW A STONE LEMON VIDEO RECIPE

Lemon care at home

Growing a lemon indoors is quite difficult, but the grower will be generously rewarded for his efforts. The first thing you need to pay attention to is the creation of suitable conditions for a given plant.

Illumination

As mentioned above, the lemon tree is a short day plant. Therefore, it quite normally tolerates a lack of light. If the daylight hours are long, then this can cause active growth of the lemon tree, but due to this, fruiting may be delayed.

This culture feels best on an east or south orientation window. But do not forget to protect the bush from the scorching rays of the sun in the afternoon. In order for the crown to be neat and attractive, the tree should be rotated 10 degrees around its axis every 1.5 weeks. In the event that the bush is warm in winter and it shows active growth, then it should be provided with daily supplementary lighting from 5 to 6 hours.

Temperature regime

During intensive foliage growth, it is recommended that the tree be kept cool (about 17 degrees). During budding, the plant feels comfortable at an air temperature of 14 to 18 degrees. If the room is warmer, it can cause buds and ovaries to fly around. But during the period of active growth, it is recommended to rearrange the tree to a warmer place (from 22 degrees and above). After the weather is warm outside, the plant can be transferred to the balcony, garden or terrace. However, be careful, because the tree reacts negatively to sudden changes in temperature. That is why it is recommended to cover it or wrap it up every evening, and in the morning the shelter is removed.

In winter, the best temperature for a lemon tree is 12-14 degrees. Moreover, it is placed away from working heating appliances. In this case, the plant will be able to enter a dormant state and rest well before the next growing season.

Watering lemon

Homemade lemon should be watered every day from May to early fall. It is necessary to moisten the soil mixture at other times approximately once every 3-4 days. When watering, the soil mixture must be well saturated with moisture, and before the next moistening, its surface must definitely dry out slightly.

Water suitable for irrigation should settle well (at least 24 hours), but it is better to pass it through a filter. Its temperature should be close to room temperature. Make sure that no stagnation of water occurs in the soil mixture. In the event that the roots of the tree will regularly suffer from stagnation of moisture in them, then an urgent transplant with a complete replacement of the soil mixture may be required.

Air humidity

Indoor lemon needs regular moistening of foliage from a spray bottle. Moreover, the water must be pre-boiled and warm. If in winter the bush is warm, and even in such a room where the air is dry with working heating devices, then its foliage should be sprayed more often. But do not overdo it, because excess moisture can cause the development of fungal disease. In the event that in winter the plant is at rest and stands in a cool place, then it is not necessary to moisturize it.

Top dressing

Indoor lemon needs systematic feeding. Complex mineral fertilizers are perfect for this. While the bush is young, fertilizer is applied to the soil mixture regularly once every 6 weeks. An adult tree needs more frequent feeding: in spring and summer, the nutrient mixture is applied to the soil once every 15–20 days. A couple of hours before feeding, the soil mixture in the pot must be well moistened with plain water suitable for irrigation.

From the second half of October, top dressing must be reduced. If an adult tree still grows as actively in winter as in summer, then it should be fed once every 4–6 weeks. However, if it is at rest, then there is no need to fertilize the soil mixture.

From organics, the lemon tree responds best to feeding with an ash extract, and also with an infusion of fresh manure, which is diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 or 1: 6. An infusion of birch or quinoa foliage is also suitable. For its preparation, a ½ part glass jar is filled with finely chopped leaves, then so much water is poured in so that the container is full. The product will be ready after two or three days. It is necessary to apply organic fertilizers to the soil mixture with the same frequency as the mineral complex.

Often, flower growers have such a problem: the tree is actively increasing its green mass and at the same time does not set fruit. In this case, the fertilizer should be replaced. It should contain a minimum of nitrogen and a maximum of phosphorus.

Lemon pruning

Homemade lemon should be pruned systematically. You can form its crown in different ways, this one depends on what it is grown for. In the event that it is needed only to decorate the room, then the formation of the crown is carried out in such a way that it is small and compact. However, if you want to get fragrant fruits from a tree, then its crown is formed in a different way.

In a fruiting tree, it is necessary to leave a certain number of main branches and growing shoots. Moreover, most of these shoots should be from fruit wood.

To give the crown the correct shape, you should resort to the pinching method. When the first zero shoot reaches 20 to 25 centimeters in length, it will need to be pinched. After some time, the shoot is pinched, stepping back from the old pinch from 15 to 20 centimeters. At the same time, pay attention to the fact that between the two pinches on the shoot there should be four well-developed buds. After a while, 3 or 4 main stems will appear from them, which should grow in different directions.

Pinching of the first-order stems is carried out after 20-30 centimeters. And upon completion of the ripening of these shoots, they will need pruning, while they will need to step back about 50 mm from the pinching point. You should also remember that each previous stem should be about 50 mm longer than the next. You need to finish the formation of the crown on the shoots of the fourth order.

In the event that pruning is not carried out, then very long branches will grow at the tree, while the formation of stems of the third and fourth order will be postponed indefinitely, namely, ovaries are formed on them, and later fruits will grow.

The lemon tree is cut not only for crown formation, but also for sanitary purposes. In this case, you need to cut out all the weakened branches, as well as those that are directed towards the inside of the crown.

How to shape indoor lemon and other citrus fruits

Possible problems

Lemon turns yellow

Often, flower growers are faced with such a problem as yellowing of homemade lemon. This can happen for a variety of reasons, for example:

  • the tree needs urgent feeding;
  • a spider mite has settled on the plant;
  • the room has excessively low air humidity;
  • during wintering, the bush is in a very warm room.

Try to understand what is the cause of the problems with the plant and eliminate them. At the same time, in order to get rid of spider mites, it will be necessary to treat the plant with Akarin, Aktellik, Fitoverm or Kleschevit.If the tree is in conditions suitable for it both in summer and in winter, and you also feed and moisturize it in a timely manner, then it will be strong, and its foliage will be green.

Falling foliage

Also, quite often, flower growers are faced with such a problem as leaf fall. As a rule, this is due to the fact that sucking pests - spider mites - have settled on the plant. They suck the juice from the leaf plates, and they die off and fly around. To get rid of such a pest, you will need to treat the tree with a pesticide solution (see the previous section). However, there are also folk ways to combat spider mites. For example, you can prepare an onion infusion: combine 200 ml of water and 1 tsp. onion chopped on a grater, the product will be ready after 2 days.

Also, flying around the foliage may be due to the fact that the plant is watered too rarely or poorly, and also with low air humidity. Remember that lemon needs regular watering and hydration, especially on hot summer days.

The room lemon has dropped its leaves. How to help?

Lemon dries

Sometimes the tips of the leaf plates begin to dry out actively, while they turn brown. This can be due to too low humidity or too little watering.

It also happens that the foliage dries up and curls. This is due to a violation of the rules of care. Before you take any action, you need to understand what your mistake is. Remember that the tree needs a lot of bright light with shade from the rays of the sun in the afternoon, it also needs to be regularly watered and fed on time. And also do not forget to provide the plant with suitable conditions during wintering.

Pests

In addition to spider mites, aphids, scale insects, whiteflies or mealybugs can settle on a lemon tree. In order to get rid of such harmful insects, garlic infusion is often used. For its preparation, combine 1 liter of pure water and from 150 to 170 g of finely chopped garlic cloves. The container is tightly closed, and the mixture is left for 5 days. Then the infusion is filtered and diluted with water: for 1 liter of water 6 mg of the agent. They need to spray the tree. However, such an infusion can only help when there are few pests on the plant. With a large accumulation of pests, a solution of an insecticidal preparation is used to destroy them.

Indoor lemon will not hurt if ...

Lemon propagation

Cuttings

How to grow homemade lemon from seeds was described above. It is also often propagated by cuttings. First, they should be prepared. To do this, cut off the stems about 10 centimeters long and at least 0.4 centimeters thick. The upper cut is made above the kidney, and the lower one is made under the kidney. Also note that each segment should have 3 or 4 fully formed buds and two or three leaf plates. The sections are treated with a root growth stimulating agent. After that, they are immersed ½ of their height in a container with water, while the lower cut should be at the bottom. After three days, they will need to be planted in pots filled with a substrate, which included: humus, coarse sand and flower soil mixture (taken in equal shares). The cuttings should be deepened into the substrate by 30 mm. Since the planted sections have no roots, they cannot absorb moisture from the substrate. That is why they should be moistened from a spray bottle several times a day, using settled water for this, the temperature of which is slightly higher than room temperature. Also, make sure that the soil mixture in the container is slightly damp at all times. The fastest growing rootlets in cuttings occurs at an air temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. If done correctly, the cuttings will take root after 30–45 days. After that, they are planted in individual small pots.

How to plant lemon

In order for indoor lemon grafting to be successful, you should find a high-quality rootstock. You can grow it yourself from the seed. The seedling should be 2-3 years old, while its trunk should be no more than 15 mm in diameter. For grafting, you can use the rootstocks of other citrus plants.

A completely healthy adult lemon tree is chosen for cutting the scion. To do this, a fully ripe one-year-old shoot is cut off, which did not have time to lignify. Cut off all leaf plates from the scion, while leaving their petioles, and also try not to injure the kidneys in the sinuses. If necessary, you can store cut scions in a cool place for two to three days, after wrapping them in a damp cloth. And if you put them in the refrigerator on the vegetable shelf, then they can lie for 15 to 20 days. However, experts recommend that the preparation of grafts be carried out before inoculation.

Lemon is grafted during the growing season, and spring is considered the best time for this. You will need an eyepiece knife for the procedure. You can replace it with an ordinary, very sharp knife, which should be pre-disinfected.

Step-by-step instruction:

  1. To begin with, a T-shaped incision is made on the stem of the stock. Bend the corners of the bark very gently.
  2. A bud should be cut from a scion along with a petiole and a shield (this is a small part of the bark with a thin layer of wood). The shield must be large enough to fit easily into the cut made on the stem.
  3. Take the scion by the petiole and insert its shield inside the T-notch. At the same time, you cannot touch the cut points with your hands.
  4. The bark is pressed very tightly and the site of inoculation under and above the kidney is fixed with an ordinary plaster or a special eyepiece tape.

Many growers are reinsured and inoculate 2-3 buds at once. If all goes well, the kidney should be engrafted after about 20 days. If you notice that the petiole of the scion has turned yellow and fell off, then this means that the vaccination was successful. Shorten the stem of the scion by stepping up 10 centimeters from the graft site. Then remove the tape and tear off any stems that have grown on the trunk below the grafting site.

You can inoculate a lemon not only with a kidney, but also with a handle, as well as by grafting into a side cut.

Grafting indoor lemon, tangerine and other citrus fruits

Homemade lemon varieties with photos

For cultivation in room conditions, as a rule, medium- and low-growing varieties of lemon are chosen. Among themselves, the varieties differ in the shape and size of the crown, the size, appearance and quality of the fruit, as well as the ability to adapt to growing conditions. Below will be described those varieties of homemade lemon that are most popular with flower growers.

Pavlovsky lemon

This variety was born as a result of the so-called "folk selection". It was bred over 100 years ago in the village of Pavlovo, which is located near Nizhny Novgorod. This variety is most commonly grown at home. The height of such a plant varies from 150 to 200 cm, while its compact rounded crown in diameter can reach about 100 cm.

Within 1 year, from twenty to forty fruits can form on one adult tree, which are much tastier and better than those lemons that grow on trees growing in open ground. Often seeds are completely absent in fruits, or there are very few of them. However, there are also such fruits in which there are from one to two dozen seeds. Lemons are covered on top with a smooth glossy rough or slightly bumpy peel, the thickness of which is about 0.5 cm. If desired, the pulp of the fruit can be eaten with the peel. Lemons reach 50–70 mm in diameter, and about 100 mm in dyne, their average weight is from 120 to 150 grams. However, there are also fruits that weigh about half a kilogram.

Meyer's lemon, or Chinese dwarf

This variety first came from China to America and, having gained immense popularity there, began to rapidly spread throughout Europe. This variety is distinguished by a very high yield. It is believed that this variety originated from the red-orange Cantonese lemon. However, some experts believe that it is a natural hybrid between orange and lemon. Such a tree reaches a height of only 100–150 cm. Its lush crown, shaped like a ball, has a small number of thorns.

Average fruit weight is about 150 grams. Their peel is thin, rich yellow or orange. The juicy pulp has a slightly acidic taste with a slight bitterness. This plant is early maturing.

Novogruzinsky

The tree grows up to 200 cm in height and even more. A large number of thorns are located on the spreading crown. Elliptical or round yellow fruits weigh about 150 grams. They are covered with a glossy thin skin, and their flesh is very tasty. If the plant is well looked after, then within a year it can give 100-200 fruits. Moreover, this variety is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and undemanding care.

Lisbon

The homeland of this variety is Portugal. But he only became really popular when he was in Australia. It is distinguished by its rapid growth and is capable of reaching two meters in height. Powerful branches form a dense crown, while there are many thorns on them. Within 1 year, about six dozen yellow fruits are formed on an adult tree, which have an average weight of about 150 grams. However, sometimes the fruits grow up to 0.5 kg. They are oval, while their top is slightly oblique, covered with a thick, slightly ribbed rind on top. The pulp has a sour, but rather pleasant taste. The variety easily adapts to new growing conditions and can grow normally in a dry room.

Genoa

This fruitful plant, created by breeders in Italy, came to the middle latitudes from the United States. Its height is about 1.3 m. The lush crown is almost devoid of thorns. Small elongated (about 120 grams) fruits are covered with a yellowish-green peel, rough to the touch. The pulp is juicy and fragrant. During the year, about 180 lemons are formed on the plant.

Maykop lemon

The unpretentious and productive variety has a height of about 1.3 m. It has several forms. The oblong oval-shaped fruits weigh about 150–170 grams and have a small thickening on the lower part. The glossy thin skin has a ribbed surface.

Anniversary

The homeland of the variety is Uzbekistan. It was created by crossing Tashkent and Novogruzinsky lemon. The plant is shade-loving, unpretentious and early maturity. Rounded large lemons are covered with a rather thick yellow skin. They weigh on average from 0.5 to 0.6 kg.

Ponderosa

This hybrid between lemon and citron is natural. It is distinguished by its very high unpretentiousness, and calmly tolerates high air temperatures and drought. The height of a bush with a spreading crown varies from 150 to 180 cm. Round or oval lemons are covered with a rough thick rind of a rich yellow hue, their average weight is about half a kilogram. Delicious sour and juicy pulp is colored greenish. This early maturing plant is demanding on the composition of the soil.

Lunario

This hybrid between lemon and papeda is highly productive and decorative. He was born in Sicily in the 19th century. It was named that way because its flowering begins on the new moon. A small tree (about 50 cm) covered with many small thorns. Oblong-elliptical or ovoid lemons are covered with a glossy smooth skin of a bright yellow hue. The fragrant yellowish-green pulp is notable for its weak juiciness, there are 10 or 11 seeds inside it.

Villa Franca

The variety appeared in America. The height of the tree is about 1.3 m, there are few thorns on it. The lush foliage is painted in an emerald green hue. Wedge-shaped oblong-oval fruits with a blunt nipple are smooth to the touch. The yellowish flesh is juicy, tasty and fragrant, protected by a dense skin. Average weight is about 100 grams.

Irkutsk large-fruited

This variety was not so long ago bred in Russia, it is distinguished by its photophilousness. A medium-sized tree has a crown that does not need to be shaped. The fruits are covered with a not too thick skin, the surface of which is bumpy. Their average weight is 0.7 kilograms, but there are specimens up to 1.5 kilograms.

Kursk

The homeland of this variety is Russia. It was bred using the Novogruzinsky variety. This plant is resistant to drought, cold and shade, and is also early maturing and high yielding. The height of the tree varies from 1.5 to 1.8 m. Covered with thin skin, lemons weigh about 130 grams.

Commune

The variety originated in Italy and is very popular here. It is high yielding. A medium-sized tree with a lush crown has small thorns, which are relatively few. Oval large fruits have a delicate fragrant juicy pulp, the taste of which is strongly acidic. There are very few seeds in them. The surface of the not too thick peel is slightly bumpy.

In addition to these varieties at home, they are still widely cultivated such as: New Zealand, Tashkent, Moskovsky, Mezensky, Uralsky room, etc.

Lemon properties: harm and benefit

Beneficial features

Lemon fruits contain many useful substances: malic and citric acid, pectins, potassium, manganese, iron, copper, iodine, sugars, phytoncides and flavonoids, vitamins A, B, P, D, C and group B (B2, B1, B9), as well as fiber. Thanks to such a rich composition, lemon has a refreshing, antimicrobial, tonic, antipyretic and even firming effect.

In addition, the juice contains citrine. Together with vitamin C, it normalizes redox and metabolic processes, and also helps to strengthen the vascular walls. This fruit contributes to the healing of the body when affected by the flu. But only if it is used together with herbal tea from plantain, sage, mint and horsetail.

This citrus fruit helps to normalize the digestive processes, while cleaning the body of toxins and toxins. It is also used for infections of the oral cavity and respiratory tract. It also helps to cleanse the skin of boils and rashes, and completely eliminate or relieve migraine pain. Lemon has a diuretic effect, reduces the acidity of gastric juice. Both the peel and juice have powerful antimicrobial properties. In this case, foliage is often used to lower body temperature. It also strengthens the immune system due to the large amount of vitamin C.

Lemon is included in the composition of a large number of drugs that have anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, anthelmintic, wound healing and immunomodulatory effects. And it is also contained in those drugs that help reduce the manifestation of sclerosis. In case of lung diseases, vitamin deficiency, atherosclerosis, poisoning and hypovitaminosis, it is recommended to include this fruit in your diet.

Rinsing your mouth with lemon juice will help to strengthen the enamel of your teeth and gums. Baths with such juice help with tired legs and heavy sweating. Systematic consumption of this citrus in food is the prevention of the following diseases: colds, tonsillitis, tonsillitis, vitamin deficiency, urolithiasis and cholelithiasis, gout, atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus, as well as many others.

Contraindications

Lemon should not be eaten with increased acidity of the stomach, with gastritis, hepatitis, and even with inflammation of the gallbladder, kidneys and intestines. You should also be careful with pancreatitis and hypertension. Allergies can develop due to the chemicals that are often used by the suppliers.Sometimes this citrus causes an attack of heartburn, and it can also cause irritation when the mucous membrane of the nose or throat is inflamed.

Where is the best place to place indoor lemon in winter


How to grow a lemon from a seed at home

The author of the article: Pravorskaya Yulia Albinovna, 69 years old
Agronomist, over 45 years of experience in gardening The article discusses a step-by-step process for growing lemon at home from seed. See also a video on how to plant a lemon in the cleft for quick fruiting.

The content of the article:

  1. Stage 1: preparing the soil and the pot
  2. Stage 2: selection of planting material
  3. Stage 3: planting a pitted lemon
  4. Stage 4: growing
  5. Stage 5: transplant
  6. Step 6: grafting lemon

Growing a lemon tree at home will not be a particular problem, but waiting for its fruiting is very difficult. Usually, lemon begins to bear fruit as early as the seventh, tenth, or even twelfth year. If you want to see fresh yellow fruits (read about the beneficial properties of lemon) at home, then you should take good care of the ornamental tree and graft it in order to get the fruits faster.

But usually the lemon tree is grown not for fruit, but for exotic things in their apartment. After all, the leaves of a citrus tree (lemon) tend to release phytoncides - biologically active substances, which prevent bacteria and various fungi from developing. Also, a pleasant, fresh aroma will refresh the room and give everyone present a positive mood. There is nothing to chase after fruits, they are in bulk in all shops and on the counters of bazaars. Another plus of this tree is that it is evergreen.

Lemon can be grown from seed or grafted. In this article, we'll walk you through the first option in a step-by-step sequence. It's even more interesting. By the way, all citrus fruits are grown from seeds.


How to plant a lemon from a stone: photo and description

One of the most common methods of propagation of this culture is growing from a bone. How to plant a lemon seed (seed)?

For this, large seeds are extracted from fresh, ripe lemons. Then they are immediately planted in a small container to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. The pots should have drainage holes, since citrus does not tolerate stagnant moisture well. A layer of drainage is laid at the bottom of the pot, fertile, fresh soil is poured on top. Several seeds can be planted in one container, this will make it possible to choose the largest and healthiest ones from the emerging seedlings. Moisten the soil before planting. After the seeds are buried, the pot is covered with foil. Watering the planted seeds is not recommended, as this can lead to their rotting. Planting a lemon from a seed is best done in a clay pot, since clay regulates the moisture of the soil. With an excess of moisture, it absorbs it, with a lack of moisture, it gives it to the plant.


Follow-up care

After the first shoots appear in 3-5 weeks, the most difficult and crucial time begins for the plant to begin to develop:

  • Watering with soft water (4 times a week in moderation in hot weather - daily).
  • Constant transplanting of the plant, as the root system develops (in the first season, 2 times 3-5 seasons - transplant once a season).
  • Replenishment (the first 60 days the tree does not need to be fed, then fertilizer must be applied every 14 days).
  • Cupping (necessary for successful fruiting and preventing unnecessary overgrowth).

Growing a lemon tree is not an easy task and requires patience. You must follow all the rules, believe in yourself and not give up. Only then will there be an acceptable result.
Watch a visual video of how you can grow a lemon from a seed.


Properties of pomegranate - harm and benefit

Beneficial features

Pomegranate is one of the healthiest fruits around. Its fruits contain vitamins P, C, B12, B6, fiber, sodium, iodine, phosphorus, iron, potassium, manganese, calcium and magnesium. Pomegranate juice contains sugars - fructose and glucose, malic, tartaric, citric, oxalic, succinic, boric and other organic acids, sulfate and chloride salts, phytoncides, tannin, tannins and nitrogenous substances.

The presence in fruits of all these substances necessary for the human body determines the beneficial properties of pomegranate. It quenches thirst, improves blood formation, promoting the production of hemoglobin and the formation of red blood cells in the blood, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, the nervous system and immunity. An infusion of pomegranate fruits and flowers is one of the most ancient hemostatic agents. For the elderly, pomegranates are recommended for recuperation after surgery.

Pomegranate is rich in vitamin K, which is essential for the metabolism of connective tissues and bones, and in particular for the absorption of calcium. Pomegranate slows down the development of osteoarthritis, relieving inflammation and swelling of the cartilage tissue.

Pomegranate juice, which, among other things, helps to normalize blood pressure, is shown as a hematopoietic agent in diseases of the heart, circulatory system, kidneys, lungs and liver, and the estrogens contained in pomegranate relieve menopause symptoms and help fight depression.

Pomegranate is a must-have product for vegetarians, since its juice contains 15 amino acids, almost half of which are found mainly in meat products. Thus, the one who deliberately refused animal food, using pomegranate, may not feel a lack of animal proteins. Pomegranate juice has a diuretic and choleretic effect, as well as analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.

The benefit of pomegranate is also that it is an excellent remedy for scurvy, urine acid diathesis, atherosclerosis, headaches and gastrointestinal disorders. People who have undergone radiation, living in a zone of high radiation and working with radioactive isotopes are strongly advised to consume pomegranate juice. It is also indicated for anemia, hypertension, malaria, bronchial asthma and diabetes.

Pomegranate peel containing alkaloids has a strong antihelminthic effect. A decoction from it is also used for inflammation of the liver and kidneys, joints and eyes. It helps both as a remedy for gargling a sore throat and for intestinal disorders. And lightly toasted with olive or butter, pomegranate peel powder is used as a mask for oily skin, as well as for treating burns, cracks and abrasions.

Pomegranate seeds are an effective remedy for increasing intestinal motility and a source of the most valuable pomegranate oil, which, due to the high content of fat-soluble vitamins E and F, promotes early healing of wounds, regeneration of epidermal cells, rejuvenates and protects the human body from cancer. And pomegranate extract regenerates the skin after too long exposure to the sun.

White films separating the chambers with seeds inside the pomegranate fruit are dried and added to tea, since they have the property of balancing the state of the nervous system, relieving anxiety, anxiety and relieving insomnia.

In traditional medicine, decoctions and tinctures are made from the fruits, flowers, peel, bark and seeds of pomegranate for the treatment of anemia, stomatitis, diarrhea, burns, conjunctivitis and other diseases.

Contraindications

Pomegranate juice saturated with acids is contraindicated for gastritis with high acidity, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer. If necessary, dilute it strongly with water. For the same reason, the harm of pomegranate can be manifested by erosion of tooth enamel, therefore, after eating pomegranate or juice from it, you need to brush your teeth and rinse your mouth thoroughly with water. The fixing property of pomegranate can cause constipation in people with problems of the digestive system, and the toxic substances contained in the peel in case of an overdose of a decoction can cause a strong increase in blood pressure, weakness, dizziness, convulsions, a sharp deterioration in vision and irritation of the mucous membrane, therefore, before using decoctions, be sure to consult your doctor.


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