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Folk signs of December

Folk signs of December


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Folk calendar for December

"Hello, guest - winter!
We ask you to visit us
Songs of the north to sing
Through forests and steppes ".

I. Nikitin


The name of the month was given by the ancient Romans - "Dekembrius" (lat. "december"), they had it tenth (ten "decemr").

In Russia he was given many nicknames - "cold", "student", "wintertime". So, "gloomy" - the time of the gloomy sky and early twilight, "lute" - mother winter is fierce. Sometimes in the cold sky, no, no, yes, and the blue sky will look through ("bluish tint") - then they called "prosinets".

But more often the ancient Slavs called December "jelly", it was not for nothing that they wrote about it in the old days: "The year ends, the winter begins, the eye flatters the eyes with snow and tears the ear with frost."

In December, the earth receives very little heat, since the slanting rays of the winter sun do not heat it at all and are reflected by the snow. The average monthly air temperature is -5.8 ° С.

According to the Russian natural calendar, the root winter begins on December 23 (lasts 55 days), astronomers call it the beginning. December 22 is the day of the winter solstice. Phenologists call it the arrival for St. Petersburg and its environs not the first frosts and snow, but the establishment of a stable snow cover and freezing of water bodies (the freezing of the Neva River occurs, on average, on December 12).

In December, the soil freezes significantly; it is considered: the less snow and the denser it is, the lower its temperature. Often frosty weather alternates with a thaw, but even in severe cold weather this month is very rich (it is not for nothing that the introduced frosts are known - from December 4, Nikolsky ones - from December 19 and Spiridonyevsky ones - from December 25). It was about this month that a proverb was added: he has "seven weathers in the yard - sowing, blowing, blowing, circling, muddying, tearing and sweeping."

December collected a lot of folk signs that testify not only to the nature of the coming winter, but also to the future harvest, therefore, in the old days, they very closely followed various natural phenomena.

  • If they notice light pillars near the sun, they are waiting for frosts, and if they see "earrings" near the moon, there will also be a blizzard.
  • The sky will be clouded with clouds - they know: you should not get ready for the road - a blizzard will catch on the way.
  • The clouds are going low - the cold is approaching.
  • The stars in the sky shine high and dimly - tomorrow or the day after tomorrow it will get warmer.
  • Warm, damp weather will happen in December - prepare for late spring, unfavorable for plants.
  • It will bring snow to the fences in December - it will be a bad summer, there will be a gap there - fruitful.
  • Warm and dry December - to crop failure.

Like Plato and Roman (December 1), so is winter: a warm day - to a warm winter, it was not for nothing that they said: "Plato and Roman show us winter," "Look winter from Plato and Roman, to praise her to the Pancake." If there are frequent changes in the weather during the day - the same number of times they will follow in winter, i.e. to an unstable winter. It will turn out to be a month in a circle - to snowfall, in mittens - to frost. A mosquito flies around the room - to a thaw. Ravens walk along the road - to the warmth.

If it snowed on Prokla (December 3), it will rain on July 3.

Snow will fall before the Introduction (December 4) - it will melt soon ("the frosts of the introduction do not set winter"). After the introduction, it will snow - winter will soon fall. On Introduction frost - all holidays (Christmas) will be frosty.

"Prokop came (December 5) - he dug a snowdrift, steps in the snow - he digs the road."

Snow and wind from the north will happen on Mitrofan (December 6), from June 6 the same will happen and rain will sprinkle.

On Katerina Sannitsa (December 7), a non-permanent road is established, but there will be a thaw and fog - then do not wait for frost earlier than Barbarian Day (December 17). Clear weather on this day is evidence of a frosty winter. By the way, they said that in Russia there are two Yuri (George) -Victorious: one cold (autumn), the other hungry (spring).

If before the autumn-winter Yuri (December 9) - a lot of snow will fall, then in the spring (May 6) - there will be grass. By this day, doors are insulated, windows caulked, basements are thoroughly closed up. Usually they went to listen to the water in the wells: the water is quiet, not worried, the winter will be calm, warm, and if sounds and murmur are heard, one has to wait for strong blizzards and frosts. A red fire in a stove - for a cold, white - for a thaw.

Paramona-winter indicator (December 12) was called the "calendar" of winter, signs of snow are associated with it: without snow, the earth on this day means a lean year, the snow is deep - a good year for a harvest. If it snows or rains on this day, there are snowstorms and rains ahead until Nikolina's day (December 19). The second half of the month will be clear and sunny if the day on Paramona is clear. If on this day there is a lot of frost and wind from the north, the earth will freeze deeply - to a good harvest.

There will be a crimson (red) dawn from Paramonov Day to St. Andrew the First-Called (December 13) - there will be severe frosts. If the snow falls on Andrew the First-Called and settles, then it will lie for another 110 days. On this day, for the second time (after St. George the Victorious) at night they went to listen to the water already to the lakes and rivers: calm water - to an even winter, noisy - to cold and snowstorms. The result is checked against that given by St. George's Day.

If it rains on the prophet Habakkuk (December 15), it will continue for another 40 days and a week.

On December 17, the barbaric frosts come, on this day they look at the smoke from the chimney: it comes in a column - the frosts will stand still, and it is nailed to the ground - the thaw will soon. The sky on Varvarin's night is starry - to cold weather, blind - to warmth. People on this day usually said: "Varyukha is cracking - take care of your nose and ear", "Winter will make the road to Varvara (" weld "), pave the bridges."

Savva (December 18) is too cold for the frost: the smoke is a pillar - to the frost, the drag goes - to the bad weather, and without the wind he squeezes to the ground - wait for the snow.

How much snow Nikola Zimny ​​- Nikola the Wonderworker (December 19) gives snow, so much grass from Nikola Veshniy (May 22). This day is cold and clear - for a productive year, but the first severe frosts are not uncommon. Usually the people said: "Praise the winter after Nikolina's day", "If Nikolin's day would come, there will be winter." But if he sets on Mikhailov day (November 21), then Nikola can uncoil (then a thaw is possible on this day). If the roads are sweeping up on Nikola, the snow will not stand. Frost on Nikola - for the harvest.

Thick hoarfrost (popularly also called "opoka", "kurzhak") on the trees on the day of Anna and Stepan (December 22) - to the harvest year.

Light and radiant on Spiridon-Solntoporota (December 25) - New Year will be frosty and clear, and gloomy and with frost - warm and cloudy New Year. From Spiridon, the sun is for the summer, and winter is for the frost, as on Spiridon the day increased, so the air on the ground became colder. Spiridonyevsky frosts begin. Where does the wind come from on this day, to stand it until the vernal equinox (March 22). On this day, it was customary to find out what Nature had in store for the next growing season. Cherry twigs were cut and put in water. If they bloom at Christmas, then next year there will be a harvest for garden fruits. Gardeners that day shook the apple trees, saying: "Spiridony's day, go up!"

Evstrat (December 26) - happy with the sun. From this day on, the weather is monitored for 12 days, assuming that every day will show the weather of one month of the next month. So, December 26 corresponds to January, 27 to February, 28 to March - and so on until Christmas (January 7), which will indicate the weather in December of the new year.

Haggai (December 29) "sows frost"; there will be frost on this day - cold weather will last until Epiphany (January 19).

The frost on Danilo the winter guide (December 30) shows that it is warm to wait in a week - get ready for a cold Christmas time. The New Year was approaching, people were saying: "New year, be businesslike, sewn out of joys, not broken by grief."

There is a sign: if you knock on the trunk of an apple or pear on Modest (December 31), then this tree will surely have a bountiful harvest of fruits.


And we all want to meet this holiday with snow - how can we not recall the lines of I. Surikov:

"White fluffy snow
Is spinning in the air
And to the ground quietly
Falls, lays down. "

K. Leonov,
biologist

Folk signs: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December.


Chamomile history

Primary information about chamomile appears in the writings of the Roman writer Pliny the Elder. And the flower itself has existed for about 4000 years. In Egypt and the Middle East, fragments of pottery with images of flowers were found, and in Crete, gold hairpins decorated with daisies.

In the Middle Ages, the knight gave the lady of his heart two daisies instead of the coat of arms, if she accepted his courtship. And when she gave consent to marriage, the girl put a crown of flowers on the head of her beloved.

It was used in healing by Hippocrates and Asclepius, equally famous Avicenna and Galen. The amazing properties of this plant have become in demand at all times in both traditional and folk medicine.

Chamomile has been used for centuries as an effective treatment for ulcers, bruises, wounds, asthma, whooping cough, neurotic disorders, and night sweats. There is evidence that King Henry 8 of England used chamomile in his diet to relieve pain caused by stomach ulcers.

In ancient Rome, during the period of battles, doctors sent slaves to collect chamomile in whole bags. A solution was prepared from the pomace of flowers and bandages were kept in it for some time for disinfection. The very Latin name chamomile - Matricaria (uterine herb), meaning "mother in labor", indicates the possibility of treating female diseases.

The Russian name "chamomile" comes from the Polish language from the Latin "romana" (Roman). Among the Slavs, it also sounded like a "navel", that is, resembling a navel. The navel is on the belly, and the belly is life.

In different regions of the great Russian Empire, the following names were also in common use: blush, bathing suit, blush, dusky, sunflower, pathway, belyushka, bachelorette party. Considering chamomile facts even from a linguistic point of view, we can conclude that this is a difficult flower.

A decoction and infusion of chamomile is often used for cosmetic and medicinal purposes.


DECEMBER 1 - Plato and Roman seem to us winter

If the day is warm, then the winter will be warm.

DECEMBER 3 - Proclus

If there is snow on Prokla, then it will rain on Konstantin and Olena (June 3).

DECEMBER 4 - Entry into the Temple of the Most Holy Theotokos

The introduction has come - it has brought the winter.

During the thaw they said: "The introduction breaks the ice."

DECEMBER 5 - Prokop

Prokop came - he dug a snowdrift, he steps in the snow - he is digging a road.

We did not go on a long journey before this day, as it was not surprising to get lost due to snowstorms.

DECEMBER 6 - Mitrofan

If there is snow on Mitrofan, then on July 6 it will rain.

Not just snow, but a blizzard, wind blows away simply.

DECEMBER 7 - Ekaterina - sannitsa

On this day, holidays were organized - Katherine's festivities, fortune-telling, the first sleigh rides.

Clear weather - be a frosty winter.

The snow is still falling, but already in flakes and there is no such wind.

DECEMBER 8 - Clement

Roosters sing early - expect an early thaw.

If field mice move closer to the dwelling, the winter will be frosty.

DECEMBER 9 - Egoriy cold

There are two Yegory in Russia: cold and hungry (May 6).

If there is frost before Yegoriev's day, then the sowing of oats next year will end before Yegoriev's day (May 6).

A wolf howls near the dwelling - to the frost.

DECEMBER 10 - Vsevolod and Gabriel

The hare has not changed all the fur coat (in spots) - it will be a mild winter.

Zaitsev, of course, did not see, although the forest is nearby. But the weather has softened, today is -7, warm)))

DECEMBER 11 - Vasily

We listened to the water in the wells. If the water splashes, there will be money. The sign is not about the weather, but come in handy!

DECEMBER 12 - Paramon

Winter without snow - there is no bread, snow will puff up - bread will arrive.

On Paramona, the morning is clear - December will be clear, snow will be snowstorms until Nikola (December 19).

A crimson dawn - to strong winds.

DECEMBER 13 - Andrey Zimny.

If it snows, it will last 110 days.

We listened to the water in the hole. Quiet - good winter, noisy - frosts, storms, blizzards.

DECEMBER 14 - Naum the Grader

It's cold today, -23C in the morning, in the afternoon it was -15C.

DECEMBER 15 - Habakkuk

Lots of snow - rich grasses in summer.

There is snow, but not a lot. Frost -27 in the morning and all day. Clear.

DECEMBER 16 - Ivan the Silent

Snow falls on thawed ground - it will be difficult for people to live, but on frozen ground it will be easier.

The snow has long fallen and lies. But it seemed to lie on the frozen .

Anyone who keeps silent all day today will be eloquent all year.

DECEMBER 17 - Barbara

Varyukha is bursting - take care of your nose and ear!

Varvara paving bridges, Savva (December 18) sharpens nails, and Nikola nails them.

If the sky is starry to Varvara, it means to the cold, if it is dim and blind, to the warmth.

It started snowing day and night, the sky was cloudy. And indeed, the cold was released, after -27C it became -17C.

DECEMBER 18 - Savva

On this day, we watched the smoke coming from the chimneys: a pillar - to frost, dragging - to bad weather, nailed to the ground - there would be snow.

Smoke was hammering to the ground today. Snowstorms, snow covered again.

DECEMBER 19 - Nikola winter

Winter goes to Nicholas with a nail.

Nikolsky frosts are not like Vvedensky!

DECEMBER 21 - Anfisa

Branches on the trees bend from heavy snow - there will be a fruitful summer, bees will swarm well.

DECEMBER 22 - Anna winter

The winter solstice is the beginning of winter.

On this day, pregnant women were not allowed to work.

What the weather is like today, so is December 31st.

The weather is good, the sun is -20 ° С, there is no quiet wind.

DECEMBER 23 - Stepan

Clear weather means cold.

DECEMBER 24 - Danila

If the rays of the sun go up - to the cold, down - to the blizzard.

DECEMBER 25 - Spiridon-Solstice. Early winter

From Spiridon the sun turns to summer, winter turns to frost.

On Spiridon it is light - to a clear and frosty New Year, gloomy - to cloudy and warm.

From Spiridon, even on a sparrow gallop, let the day arrive.

The weather for the next twelve days was used to judge the weather for the whole year by months: 26 - January, 27 - February, etc.

DECEMBER 29 - Haggai this frost

If a severe frost will crackle him to stand before Epiphany.

If there is frost on this day, Christmastide will be warm (January 7).

These are the main signs about the weather in December. It is a pity that they do not always coincide. I will continue to monitor the weather and tell you.

In the next article, read "about folk signs in January".
As always, I wish you all good, clear weather and good mood!


Folk proverbs and signs of December

If in December there is a lot of frost, bumps, snow, deeply frozen ground, then this is for the harvest. If in December the snow rolls close to the fences, the summer will be bad, and when there is a gap, it will be fruitful.

  • December will both pave and block, and will give the sleigh a run.
  • December - the ground is chilly for the whole winter.
  • December comforts the eye with snow, but tears the ear with frost.
  • There is no winter, since the toboggan track has not been established.
  • Snow in the fields - grain in the bins.
  • The snow is deep and the bread is good.
  • In December, a blizzard will cross the road.


Signs December 5 - Prokop's Day

They said that after Prokopyev's day, December 5, a sled path was established, and you could safely go on a sled. At the same time, fairs were held where sleds were traded. The most popular venue was the Lubyanka in Moscow. Special winter landmarks were placed on the road, which helped to mark the path - there was so much snow at that time.

In the church on December 5, the memory of St. Procopius the Reader is honored, who in the IV century was martyred and suffered for his faith. Tradition says that Procopius was born and lived on the territory of Jerusalem, serving as a reader in the Caesarean Church. The duties of Prokopi also included the clarification of the Holy Scriptures, as well as its translation into the Syrian language.

Procopius became famous for the fact that for his righteous life he received the gift of miracles and began to heal the sick. The Viceroy of Palestine, in turn, conducted an active struggle against the followers of the Christian faith. Therefore, Procopius was arrested and forced to renounce Christ. The preacher refused to do this, for which he was beheaded.

The milestones were special stakes with tow, straw or rags attached to the top.These were peculiar landmarks that were set on the ice so that the wanderers would not fall into an ice-hole or a wormwood.

Roads were usually laid by the whole village, and after the end of their labor activity on December 5, workers gathered for a common holiday, where they ate, drank, and talked with each other. Often they would buy a ram, roast it and treat themselves to it. Fish was also prepared in some regions.

Men at that time in Russia were sanitizing - they were engaged in the production of sleds and repaired them. Children gathered in noisy companies and rode down the mountain. Village youth could also join them. On the evening of December 5, they made riddles and had fun.

Men in Russia on this day necessarily brewed beer all together, and the hostesses could go to the forest for the magical herb efilia. They believed that it grows only in a snowy forest and helps fight a variety of ailments. Also, signs said that efilia helps in the growth of the body, and therefore, infusions were often brewed on its basis especially for children.


Folk omens on December 21

Folk omens for December 21 - Potapiy day, Anfisa day

Quiet and frosty day - winter will be mild and snowy

Tits are looking for shelter on December 21 - wait for a blizzard

If a person was born on the day of Potapius, December 21, then he will be laconic and affable. He is recommended to wear agate as a talisman.

The blizzard began on December 21 - there will be a lot of precipitation in summer

Snowfall foreshadows a rainy summer

Tits chirp from the very morning - a sign that frost will hit at night. If the birds are hiding under the roof on December 21, there will be a blizzard.

We hope you were interested in reading the material on this page and were you satisfied with what you read? Agree, it is useful to learn the history of events and dates, as well as those of famous people who were born today, on the twenty-first December day of winter December 21, what a trace this person left with his actions and deeds in the history of mankind, our world.

We are also sure that the folk signs of this day helped you to understand some of the subtleties and nuances. By the way, with the help of them, you can check in practice the reliability and veracity of folk signs.

Good luck to all of you in life, love and deeds, read more that is necessary, important, useful, interesting and informative - reading broadens your horizons and develops imagination, learn about everything, develop versatile!


Folk signs of winter

Adding an article to a new collection

Our ancestors could predict the weather both by the position of the moon in the sky, by the behavior of animals and birds, and by plants. These signs do not always come true. However, there are some among them that definitely work in our time.

Think of the cat curled up next to the battery in winter. What is it for? By frost. And what does the sky, all studded with stars, portend? Also frost. And if the sparrows in the winter squabble more than usual? Wait for warming. All these signs came to us from ancient times, but they continue to "come true" even now.


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