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What plant is it? Artemia or absinthe?

What plant is it? Artemia or absinthe?


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THE AGRONOMIST ANSWERS ON HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR PLANTS

What plant is it? Artemia or absinthe?

QUESTION OF GIUSEPPE

Good morning,

could you tell me which plant Artemisia or Absinthe is?

Thank you.

AGRONOM ANSWERS

Hello Joseph,

plants that are commonly called wormwood and mugwort are very close to each other and not only belong to the same family Asteraceae but also to the same genre Artemisa. In fact in the genre Artemisia there are numerous species that identify numerous plants such as:

  • mugwort, is the species Artemisia vulgaris;
  • absinthe, is the species Artemisia absinthium;
  • tarragon, is the species Artemisia dracunculus;
  • ...

Just to name a few, but consider that there are about 400 species in the genus Artemisia... A nice sample!

To return to your question, on the surface it looks like an artemia. namely the Artemisia vulgaris. To be sure, however, check the lower page because mugwort differs from absinthe in that the leaves are velvety (i.e. with fluff) only on the lower page.

I hope I was helpful.

Good day.

Dr. Maria Giovanna Davoli


пїЅ Fam. Compositae, gen. Artemisia, absinthium species

пїЅ Perennial herbaceous, semi-woody, lively

Well drained, dry, rich in calcium

Glaucous gray leaves, yellow inflorescences

Division of the rhizome, cutting, sowing

The thin leaves of mugwort contain many active ingredients, an oil is extracted that contains active substances called lactones, whose name refers to the name of the plant, in fact we find absintina, anabsintina and anabsina.

This plant has been used since ancient times as an anti-inflammatory, digestive, antiseptic, tonic, digestive in addition to these properties that make it useful in herbal medicine, in ancient times wormwood was also used as an insecticide, in the form of an infusion, and also as a repellent against rodents.

The excessive consumption of large quantities of absinthe can cause unpleasant side effects, as happens for most plants that contain active ingredients, therefore it is not advisable to prepare herbal teas based on absinthe to be consumed daily for long periods of time.

Wormwood - Artemisia absintium

Perennial herbaceous plant, native to central and southern Europe, erect, semi-woody stems branch off from fleshy rhizomes, up to 80-100 cm tall, slightly branched in the lower part.

Artemisia absinthium

The Artemisia absinthium plant is also known by the name of wormwood and is present throughout Europe. Since ancient times it was used for its purifying properties and.

Absinthe plant

Probably the wormwood plant, or Artemisia absinthium, is native to central and southern Europe, but is currently cultivated in almost all temperate regions of the world. It is a semi shrub p.


Benefits of absinthe

The healing powers of absinthe are particularly effective on the intestinal tract and stomach. This is in fact able to free us from infections, but also to improve appetite and digestion. It promotes the production of bile and can protect the liver. For some it is even able to make the menstrual cycle more regular. In this sense it is also useful for calming spasms and nausea. It even turns out to be able to cure the symptoms of gastritis, stomach acid and fever.

If we then decide to dry some sprigs of absinthe these can be useful to chase away mosquitoes. So let's immediately plant this common plant of miraculous benefits and a thousand uses.


Beneficial properties of Artemisia

Sedative action
The beneficial properties of this plant, perennial shrub, without stolons and with an erect and reddish stem, concern the roots, which possess a sedative action, capable of adequately relaxing the nervous system, making them ideal for use in the presence of widespread general fatigue or in the presence of overexcitation.

Alleviation of muscle spasms, regulation of menstrual flow, remedy against cough and enemy of intestinal parasites
The upper part of Artemisia (i.e. the flowered one) contains essential oils of various kinds, but also flavonoids and sesquiterpene lactones, which attribute to the plant an action capable of attenuating muscle spasms due to various causes including menstrual pain, moreover it it has an emmenagogic action, that is, it regulates the flow of the cycle when for various reasons it is not regular.

The oils present in Artemisia also possess qualities that make it an excellent remedy against cough or in the fight against intestinal parasites, in fact thanks to its eupeptic action it is used against digestive difficulties, being able to participate also in the formation of natural liqueurs.

Used as a decoction it promotes digestion, fights malaria and parasite infections and is also an effective remedy against epileptic seizures
One of the most used natural remedies based on Artemisia annua is that of herbal teas, which can be made as infusions or decoctions, mainly for the purpose of promoting digestion or reducing intestinal swelling.

This plant is also offered in the form of natural supplement, used in cases of malaria or infections due to parasites.It can also be used effectively against epileptic seizures and even to keep insects at a safe distance, without forgetting that it is used in the preparation of absinthe distillate and acts as an aromatic base for the vermouth.

Other beneficial properties of Artemisia

  • Lower the fever
  • Relieves car sickness
  • Regulates blood pressure
  • It can be used as an antidepressant
  • Helps prevent diabetes
  • Helps to thin the phlegm
  • Helps prevent inflammation


Artemisia absinthium or wormwood plant care

The genre Artemisia belongs to the family Asteraceae (Composites) and is made up of nearly 500 species of shrubs and herbaceous plants from almost all continents. Some species are: Artemisia absinthium, Artemisia afra, Artemisia arborescens, Artemisia pedemontana, Artemisia californica, Artemisia cana, Artemisia rigida.

It is known by the vulgar names of Absinthe, Absinthe, Asensio, Ajorizo, Artemisia amarga or Absinthe Santo. It comes from the Mediterranean basin.

It is a perennial herbaceous plant with base and rhizome of the erect stem and a compact habit which generally does not exceed one meter in height. Its leaves aromatic are silvery gray and its flowers , which are not of ornamental interest, appear as hanging yellow heads. They bloom in summer, which is also the harvest period. It has gastric, febrile and digestive properties.

They are used for borders and strongholds by contrasting their foliage with plants with red or green foliage. Its leaves and flowers can be used to flavor liqueurs and prepare infusions.

Absinthe needs complete exposure to the sun and is frost resistant.

Although they can live in poor sandy soils , they prefer it to contain a certain amount of organic matter, provided it is very well drained.

It is a Mediterranean plant drought resistant who will need regular but not abundant watering.

We can fertilize with a little compost or worm humus in autumn.

To maintain a compact appearance, we recommend cutting drastically, almost to the base, in the fall.

These are hardy plants which are generally not affected by pests and diseases, just pay attention to excessive irrigation.

They can be multiplied dividing the bush or from seeds sown in spring.


Artemisia, method of use

The types of Artemisia that can be found on the market are: in capsules, natural supplements, infusions, decoctions, herbal teas, tinctures and extracts. In all cases, these are options with different qualities and represent an effective natural remedy on the various types of problems previously analyzed. Obviously, in order for their result to be appreciable, one must be attentive to the different methods of use.

How to prepare the Artemisia infusion, doses and tips
For example when taking Artemisia in the form of infusion, it is necessary to administer it by means of a spoon of its flowered tops, combined with a cup of water, with the recommended doses in this regard equal to 10 grams for Artemisia (or a sachet of herbal tea if in this form) and 250 milliliters as far as water is concerned. To make this preparation you need to specifically pour the plant into the already boiling water, then turn off the heat, then cover everything and wait about 10 minutes to complete the infusion process, after which you can proceed to filtering. and to drink the final result, every day with two cups.

How to use Artemisia tincture to regulate menstrual flow
As for the dyeing of Artemisia (it is a hydroalcoholic extract obtained from Artemisia vulgaris), it is necessary to take thirty drops three times a day, this in a total period of ten days before the arrival of the menstrual cycle, so that it can have an adequate effect on it and adjust any anomalies.

How to prepare and use the Atemisia decoction to calm joint and muscle pains
To properly realize the decoction it is necessary to infuse more or less 20 grams of dried Artemisia leaves for a period of 15 minutes, this in a liter of well heated water. The result obtained should be drunk for 2 or 3 cups at various times of the day at will, it is an excellent solution to combat joint or muscle pain, felt naturally or following excessive effort.

Use of Artemisia annua in capsules
With regard to the extract of this plant in capsules, a maximum daily dose of 5 units is recommended, which corresponds to 1,625 milligrams in terms of weight and manages to have a satisfactory result.

Use of Artemisia essential oil
Finally, Arteminisia oil for external use needs to be diluted in vegetable oil, so as not to irritate the skin and at the composition level it provides 30% of essential oil of this plant and 70% of vegetable oil to release the best of its beneficial properties.


Botanical description

It is a herbaceous, perennial, tomentose, bitter and very fragrant plant.

Artemisia Absinthium has a rhizome hard, branchy, which emits sterile, short and very leafy jets, has lower erect cauli (40-60 cm.) angular and also very branchy.

The leaves they are pubescent, whitish green on the upper side and white on the underside, have an oval outline and the petiole becomes shorter and shorter as you proceed upwards.

THE flowers female peripherals are uniseriate, tubular with the flap of the corolla tridentate, the internal flowers of the disc are hermaphroditic or sterile with conical and hairless tubes. The achenes are very small, obovate, hairless and smooth.

Habitat

Artemisia Absinthium grows and thrives in dry and uncultivated places, along roads and paths, among bushes and ruins, from the sea to the mountain level up to 1550-2000 m of altitude.

Collection and parts used

Absinthe is used aerial parts (flowers and leaves) and the collection is to be carried out during the flowering period, towards the end of the summer.


Absinthe liqueur

Artemisia absinthium is also used to make the famous absinthe liqueur: a distillate that can also be prepared at home. To make the liqueur, it is advisable to follow the original recipe, which involves the addition of numerous other herbs including coriander, anise, fennel, marjoram and cardamom. Absinthe liqueur is very strong and must be drunk with some care, bearing in mind what we have just said: this plant, if taken in large quantities, is toxic and dangerous.


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