How to grow arugula, mint and basil on a windowsill in winter
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In winter, supermarket greens sometimes taste like paper, so the best way is to grow your own plants. It's not difficult, but you need to know the basic rules.
Peppermint is often added to various foods and drinks. It soothes, helps you fall asleep and cheers you up. It is better to plant the plant in a wide pot or container. For drainage, you need to make holes at the bottom of the container or pour 2 cm of expanded clay. The seeds must be soaked for 2 days in a damp cloth. Then moisten the soil with warm water and sow on the surface, without covering it with earth, spray with warm water and cover with cling film until they begin to sprout.
You can grow mint from cuttings.
To do this, you need to cut the cuttings 10 cm long, cut off the lower leaves and put them in water so that they start up roots (3-7 days). Then immediately plant in moistened soil, just press down with earth and water. The top can be covered with a bag with holes for a greenhouse effect.In winter, mint needs good lighting, the right temperature (+15 ... + 18 degrees), the absence of drafts and moderate watering. When the batteries are running, you need to spray the greens with warm water.
Arugula, despite its bitter taste, is very healthy. It raises the tone of the body, improves the digestion process and improves performance.
To grow arugula, you need a 10 cm pot, seeds and "living" water.
Plain water should be placed in the freezer and then thawed at room temperature. The seeds should be soaked in this water for 24 hours. Sometimes aloe juice is added to it.After that, you can sow arugula at a distance of 1-2 cm. Drainage holes must be made in the pot. The first shoots will appear in a week.
Basil has many beneficial properties: it strengthens the immune system, improves sleep, and lowers cholesterol. It is used in the treatment of viral diseases, eye diseases and even inflammation. But in case of heart disease and blood diseases, it cannot be used.To grow basil on a windowsill, you need seeds, a pot (1-2 l) or a large container (15 cm), expanded clay for drainage, soil, cling film. First you need to put expanded clay, on top - soil. Then water abundantly. Sow seeds at a distance of 2 cm from each other, sprinkle with earth and cover with cling film.
It is better to put the pot in a warm place.
Sometimes it is necessary to open the film for airing. After 2 weeks, you need to thin out the sprouts so that there is a distance of 10 cm between them. After that, you can transfer the basil to the windowsill. In winter, the plant should be watered 2 times a week and illuminated 12 hours a day using a phytolamp or LED lamp with warm white light. The temperature in the room should not be lower than 20 degrees.
How to grow mint at home on a windowsill from seeds
Mint is a plant that not only tastes good, but also has a beneficial effect on the human body. This is a horticultural culture, so it is more common in vegetable gardens and plots. However, many people have a question about how to grow mint at home on a windowsill. This is easy to do, the main thing is to follow all the necessary rules and take into account the characteristics of the plant. Then you can enjoy an excellent harvest all year round.
How to grow mint in a pot: 4 important rules
If you need to know how to grow mint in a pot, then you need to understand what conditions the plant needs.
For a normal growing season, the following conditions are important for the culture:
- Lighting. Ideal for mint is an abundance of diffused sunlight or light partial shade. The plant does not like direct sunlight (leaves dry up).
- Temperature. It should be at least 20 and not higher than 25 degrees, provided there is sufficient lighting. If there is not enough light, then mint can be grown at 15 degrees Celsius.
- Watering. In the cold season, water the mint sparingly, the soil in the pot should not be constantly wet. In summer, the frequency of watering can be increased to prevent drying out of the plant roots.
- Top dressing. As soon as the first young shoots appear, the mint should be fed with a liter of water with a gram of urea dissolved in it. In winter, you do not need to feed the plant, and in summer you can apply small portions of mineral fertilizers.
Almost all types of mint can be grown at home on the windowsill, but it is better to give preference to varieties that do not grow to large sizes. Otherwise, your mint will have to move to the floor and settle in a large pot.
If you are wondering what can be grown on the windowsill besides mint, then you should try growing rosemary, basil, onions, lettuce and other greens.
For more information on how to grow mint at home, see this video.
Step-by-step growing instructions
Since mint does not grow in depth, but in breadth, a wide box or pot is well suited for planting. In the container of your choice for planting, drainage must be done so that the water does not stagnate in the roots. These should be holes at the bottom of the container or a layer of expanded clay, no more than 3 centimeters.
Mint is not whimsical to the soil, so it will be enough to buy ordinary peat in a specialized store and add river sand to it yourself. The most basic criterion for soil suitable for mint is to be loose.
Where to put the pots
As mentioned above, mint loves sunlight. Therefore, the southwest or southeast window sill will be an ideal place for her.
If the shoots of mint lack sunlight, they will stretch, lose their rich green color and spicy aroma.
Don't forget that the sun can be an enemy for mint too.... In the afternoon, it is advisable to rearrange the pots to the west or east sides of the world for several hours. If this is not possible, then you can remove the plant deep into the room, but do not forget to return it back afterwards.
The mint leaves are very tender. The direct rays of the afternoon sun can turn yellow from burns.
Consider four types of planting mint.
A good method as it is possible for all varieties of mint. Harvesting cuttings is best done in the fall., since at this time the vegetative period ends in plants. The rhizome is dug up along with a piece of earth. Store until disembarking in a cool, dry place, sprinkled with sand on top.
- Before preparing for planting, divide the roots into small outgrowths so that each retains buds.
- Then plant the cuttings in the ground, 2/3 deep of the container.
- After that, it is necessary to water abundantly and sprinkle with soil.
After 2 weeks, you will have the first leaves.
A challenging method for beginners in gardening. But it gives much more variety in the cultivation of different varieties of mint. The seeds are best purchased at the store. By self-collecting seeds, it is possible to get wild mintand it is also a very time consuming process. Before planting, take care of the soil with enough trace elements, drainage and several planting containers.
- Sift the seeds into moist soil, about 0.5 cm deep.
- After that, cover the container with cling film and leave for 14 days, observing the temperature regime of 22-25 degrees.
- Also a necessary condition is light, so it is good to put a container for growing seeds on a balcony or windowsill with the sunny side of the world.
After 2 weeks, the mint will begin to sprout. When 2-3 leaves appear, it is necessary to drill the bores, and, if necessary, plant in decorative pots or other suitable containers, at a distance of 10-15 cm from each other.
The easiest way. All varietal qualities of mint are preserved.
- Separate the root from a healthy mint bush so that there are at least 10 leaves or buds on it.
- Prepare a hole of the appropriate size in a container with soil and lay the bottom with humus.
- Plant a sprout in it immediately.
One of the easiest ways to grow. It will turn out if you choose strong and thick shoots with a length of about 10 cm.It is necessary that there be at least 2 rosettes of leaves on the handle.
The stalk is placed in a glass of water and remains there until the roots germinate 2-3 cm. If necessary, the amount of water must be increased. The best time to disembark is early May... Cuttings are planted 5 cm deep into the soil and with a distance between 10 cm.
Grass care in the apartment
A picky plant, but some points you need to know:
- Light mode... In the winter season, mint will need additional lighting, so get a special energy-saving phytolamp. On cloudy days, at home, you can highlight the plant for up to 5 hours a day. No additional light is needed in the summer.
- Top dressing... Top dressing must be done with mineral compounds, which can be purchased at the store. It must be produced 14 days after the dive of the plant.
You need to transplant the plant once every 2 years. This is necessary for the rejuvenation and active growth of mint.
Collecting herbs - when and how?
- Harvesting must be done in the summer months of the year, and which one depends on the purpose for which you collect the mint.
- At full bloom, the mint is harvested for menthol extract. For drying, the collection is carried out before flowering.
- In order for the bush not to look one-sided and scanty, tear off the leaves from different sides, retreating half a centimeter from the sheets.
- Do not pick mint that is too young, especially if you want to dry it. After drying, the young mint will lose all its beneficial properties, since the roots did not have time to give the leaves all the necessary nutrition.
- Cut the stem off the ground, no need to cut short shoots. After cutting off, the plant restores strength for a long time, and with proper cutting, on the contrary, it will quickly give new growth.
- Throw away faded, small leaves without hesitation, they will not be useful.
- Do not expose tufts of harvested grass to the sun, or they will curl up and lose their appearance.
- It is necessary to dry mint in a dark ventilated room, in small bunches, hanging by the stems.
- Dry the mint leaves until they are completely brittle.
- It is better to store dried mint in cloth bags.
How to plant arugula seeds
The seed planting algorithm does not cause difficulties, so even a novice gardener can easily cope with sowing work.
Presowing seed preparation
Arugula seeds have flawless germination, so they do not need special preparation. It is excluded to carry out generally accepted preparatory work:
To grow arugula on the windowsill, it is enough to choose the optimal variety and make sure that the seeds have not rotted or otherwise deteriorated.
Sowing seeds is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- the prepared soil mixture is moistened
- the top layer is slightly compacted
- arugula seeds are laid out on the surface of the soil
- with the help of a spray bottle provide a little moisture
- cover with a centimeter layer of soil on top
- the soil is re-compacted and slightly moistened.
It is recommended to maintain a distance of about 2-3 cm between seeds.
Good question: What greens can you grow on a windowsill in winter
This is definitely not savings: what to expect from a vegetable garden on a windowsill
A conversation about how to grow basil on a windowsill should start with why you need this makeshift vegetable garden. Fresh greens are easier and cheaper to buy at the store on your way home from work, and if you are a fan of organic vegetables and against chemistry - go to the market on the weekend. Mint or dill on the windowsill is definitely not an opportunity to save money. To grow a couple of humble shoots, you will spend more money and effort than going to the supermarket.
As a source of vitamins and an anti-crisis food supply, the vegetable garden on the windowsill also does not work. Everything that you have grown for two months will be eaten in two days - and even then, if the greens at least have reached a decent size.
The second important nuance is lighting. In winter, you will have to use lamps to simulate a long daylight hours. The optimal daylight hours for almost all plants are 13 to 15 hours. This means that on cloudy days, you will have to turn on additional lighting both in the morning and in the evening.
Also, not all fixtures will work. Under the warm light of a fluorescent lamp, your parsley will quickly overheat and wither away. Ordinary energy-saving lamps are also not suitable for greenery: their spectrum cannot be called natural even for humans, let alone rosemary with dill. You need to buy special lamps for supplementary lighting of plants, and with a timer. You will be able to set the desired backlight mode to the garden and go to work with a clear conscience. Alternatively, you can buy a lamp and a smart socket.
Greens on the windowsill in winter: what kind of inventory is needed
It all depends on which growing method you choose - traditional or hydroponically. In the first case, the set of tools is quite predictable: shallow pots, a substrate for vegetables, drainage and plastic caps that are used to create mini-greenhouses. The traditional method of cultivation is suitable for those who plant dill on the windowsill "out of love for art" and want to conscientiously go through all the stages.
Hydroponics is a more modern and faster way, although there is less romance in the process. The fashionable method of growing assumes that the plants will not be in the ground, but in a nutrient solution. There are many practical advantages to this approach. Firstly, a hydroponic garden cannot be overmoistened or, on the contrary, ruined by insufficient watering. Secondly, there is almost no dirt from it. Thirdly, the fruits will appear much faster - for example, the first shoots of dill will sprout on the fifth day. Fourth, greens grown in this way are safer. The fact is that in the ground and in hydroponics, the shoots feed on the same elements, but in the second case, minerals quickly "get" to the roots. In addition, parasites that could harm the plants do not appear in the solution.
One of the few disadvantages of the method is that it is better to transplant young plants to hydroponics: mature ones, most likely, will not take root in the new conditions.
The main ingredient in a hydroponic garden is the nutrient solution that surrounds the plant roots. A few years ago, gardeners mixed it themselves from a variety of sulfates. It will be easier for a beginner to use a three-component set of fertilizers - for example, Flora Series (three 60 ml bottles will cost about 400 rubles, you can replace them with BioBizz or Hesi, but they are sold in larger bottles). You will also need fertilizers for hard or soft water (about 500 rubles per half liter).
Important: In order not to buy both fertilizers, use a pH meter to determine in advance what kind of water you have. The standing water supply is most likely tough.
To prepare a solution, pour water into a separate container and add the required amount of fertilizer for water (instructions should be on the package): the ideal pH for hydroponics is six. Then add and stir all the ingredients in the three-component solution one at a time. The next step is to measure the level of salts in the solution: for this, a TDS meter is used (it is somewhat reminiscent of a thermometer and costs from 200 to 500 rubles). The value should not be higher than 2000. If the figure is higher, the solution must be diluted with water.
The planting technology is also quite simple: the seeds are planted in a small pot with holes for the roots in the lower part (even plastic yogurt cups are suitable for a home garden on the windowsill). The pots are filled with a substrate of vermiculite, expanded clay or hydrogel.Then the ready-made solution is poured into a container of a larger diameter and placed inside the pot. The solution should cover the roots by two-thirds. An important nuance: you cannot immerse the roots entirely - otherwise they will start to rot. Advanced gardeners replace the pallet with a sewer pipe with slots for cups: this design saves space and allows you to "feed" several plants at once.
The main feature of a hydroponic garden is economy: the substrate lasts for several years, and the liquid needs to be changed when the plants "drink" most of it (on average, once every two weeks). There is no need to fertilize the plants additionally: the solution already contains all the necessary substances for growth.
Greens on the windowsill: technological planting methods
Can modern technology help grow homemade basil or cucumbers? Yes, and a beginner gardener is free to choose from several options. The most common is a grow box, or hydroponics cabinet. It is suitable for those who are determined to grow their first crop at home and are ready to accept the aesthetic imperfections of the system. The fact is that the finished growbox in most cases looks like a cooler bag and has impressive dimensions. The smallest models allow you to grow two or three plants and have dimensions like 60x60x160 centimeters. Larger models provide a more solid harvest, but you need to be prepared for the fact that the growbox will take up half of the kitchen. Among the pluses are a built-in lighting system, which is controlled by a timer, and ventilation. The price of the issue is from 18,000 rubles.
The home herbal farm Aerogarden is also hydroponically based and looks much prettier. In Russia, you can order it online (on average, it will cost 23,000 rubles).