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Is the chub so shy?

Is the chub so shy?


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Fishing tales

Among the majority of authors of fishing literature, and fishermen too, there is a widespread myth about the caution and fearfulness of the chub. Here are just a few quotes from different publications ... "... Chub is careful and fearful", "Chub is careful and cunning", “The chub is a careful fish. A prerequisite for a successful hunt is camouflage and silence ". "The chub is a very shy fish, which is difficult to approach and which sometimes behaves much more cunning than trout."... I'm not going to convince and refute anyone, but just tell a cautionary story from my own practice.

Several years ago I had a chance to spend a vacation in the Smolensk region. I fished on the Sozh River. I fished from small bridges. On that hot July day, they didn't bite very well. They took mainly small scummers, brushes, roach, okushka. Towards evening, shepherds drove a herd of cows from a local farmer to the river. With a loud bellow, under the clicking of whips and the shouts of the shepherds, the cows noisily climbed into the water. What kind of fishing there is!

And I, quickly reeling my fishing rods, began to climb the hillock, heading home. This was repeated several times. But ... Once, when I was climbing the hillock, I came across a miniature gray-haired old man in a faded baseball cap and a worn shirt, with a bag over his shoulder and a fishing rod in his hands. It turned out interestingly: I was leaving fishing, and he was clearly in a hurry to go fishing! Watching him ...

When he reached the walkway, he took off his trousers, shoes, unwound a fishing rod, which was a long birch rod with a fishing line, without a sinker and a float, planted something on the hook and, without waiting for the cows to leave, climbed into the water. Wandering up to his waist, he threw the tackle against the current and froze. The first swim did not bring a bite. But the second one turned out to be successful: the rod bent in an arc and, the old man, after moving the fish for two minutes, pulled a very decent chub out of the water. This was followed by more and more. I caught the old man for about half an hour and fished out, probably, about a dozen rather weighty chubs. And there were also several retirements.

The next day, his fishing trip was just as successful. A few days later, when the herd left the watering hole, and the old man was not there, I decided to try my luck too. The behavior of the chubs clearly indicated that they clearly knew at what time the herd comes to the river, and therefore were waiting for this moment. On each animal there was the darkness of all kinds of bloodsuckers, some of them found themselves in the water, becoming prey for fish.

Since I had grasshoppers, gadflies and dragonflies from the baits, I went to fish with them. I started with a dragonfly. The bite followed quickly, but the fish was not detected. Finally managed to fish out a small chub. Then, in a short period, I caught three more. Moreover, the same small ones.

Despite the fact that, while moving, I splashed on the water not only with my feet, but also with a rod; In addition, without disguising himself, he brandished a fishing rod, the chub, it seems, did not frighten off my manipulations at all. The bite did not weaken. But here are the trophies ... The old man was catching solid chub, and I was practically undersized. A natural question arose: why? I changed the attachments: I put a grasshopper, then a gadfly, then a dragonfly. Alas, the big chubs for some reason stubbornly ignored my "treat".

The old man appeared a few days later. Again, his catch consisted mainly of large chubs. With a high degree of probability, one could assume that he was fishing with some kind of bait, different from mine.

I waited until he finished fishing, and as he passed by, I asked:

- What are you catching on?
- What will it take, - he grunted without stopping.
- And more specifically? - I did not lag behind.

The old man said nothing and walked even more hastily along the path, obviously avoiding further questioning.

When I asked the local fishing boys if they knew what kind of attachment my grandfather was using in a faded baseball cap, one of them said: "Grandfather Pakhom sits astride a chub"... So I didn’t learn anything.

But from fishing at a watering hole, I concluded: chubs are not so shy, as many authors and fishermen claim. In the future, without any precautions, I entered the water, wandered back and forth, and chubs sometimes pecked literally one and a half meters from me. What is the notorious caution!

I don’t presume to judge why this is happening. Maybe chubs consider a fisherman in the water to be something familiar, or see him as a kind of breadwinner, supplying them with food (insects fall from trees and banks into the water). However, be that as it may, but caution and fearfulness disappeared somewhere. Or maybe they just didn't exist ...

Alexander Nosov


Bream lifestyle

The habitat is quite diverse. For most amateur fishermen, bream is a typical freshwater fish, but this species does not hesitate to enter the salty sea waters of the Azov, Caspian and Aral Sea. Thus, answering the question, river bream or sea fish, the answer will be - both.

The habitat of bream can vary significantly in different bodies of water. Typically, this fish prefers silty rivers rich in underwater vegetation with a slow current and large stagnant or weak-flowing bodies of water. But in some rivers, bream come out onto rapids and even into areas with a rocky bottom. And yet it is almost impossible to find bream in rocky rivers with clear water and a fast flow.

Bream is a schooling fish. Groups of bream prefer to stay in deep places with abundant vegetation. This fish feeds mainly on benthos - animals and plant organisms that live at the bottom, or in the silt layer. Breams eat the larvae of insects, tubifex, snails and other shellfish. Sometimes they eat algae and other vegetation.

An interesting behavior characteristic is characteristic of bream. Sometimes they gather in huge flocks and begin to move along the bottom, picking out everything suitable for food from it, just like a combine harvester harvests a wheat field. After the passage of such a flock, "roads" remain behind it, which are cleaned out areas of the bottom, where practically no organic food remains. Sometimes the passage of such a school can be observed from the shore: the route of its movement can be easily traced by the abundant air bubbles released by the fish from the silt layer and rising to the surface of the water.

Most bream are sedentary fish and even in rivers they keep a certain territory. But in some reservoirs, semi-anadromous bream live, which go far upstream for spawning. For the winter, most also stay at home, choosing ordinary underwater pits. But, for example, many bream living in the Volga delta go to winter in the Caspian, or, on the contrary, rise into the river itself.

Giving a description of the fish bream, it should be noted that he reaches sexual maturity at three to four years. The spawning time depends on the temperature regime, therefore, in the south, bream spawn earlier than in the north, but usually everything happens in May-June. When the water temperature rises to 11-12 degrees, preparation for breeding begins, and spawning ends when the water reaches a temperature of 22 degrees. But in any case, spawning lasts no longer than one and a half months.

For spawning, bream chooses exclusively grassy shallows, where all the games of love are accompanied by a loud splash. One female lays on average from 100 to 300 thousand eggs, although large old females can lay up to 900 thousand eggs. The larvae hatch over the next two weeks and immediately attach to the underwater vegetation, remaining in this stationary position until all nutrients from the eggs are exhausted.


Roach is a typical representative of the carp family. Its value lies both in its excellent taste and in the benefits that the beneficial components of the fish bring to the human body.

What does it look like?

The appearance of the roach is memorable: the fish has an oblong oval body, which increases with age, becoming wider and thicker. The entire surface of the body is covered with scales. On the dorsal side, they are black, giving off a bluish and greenish tint. The scales on the sides and abdomen are silvery-white.

In total, the roach has 5 types of fins:

  • dorsal
  • tail
  • abdominal
  • anal
  • chest.

The color of scales and fins can vary depending on the species, age of the fish, as well as habitat conditions and even the composition of the water.

Dimensions and weight

Roach is a medium-sized fish. Usually its length does not exceed 30 cm, and its weight fluctuates up to 500-600 g. However, some species of roach, for example, inhabitants of the Caspian and Azov seas, can reach large sizes - up to 2 kg.

Is it a river or sea fish?

Unambiguously answer the question: "Is the roach a river or sea fish?" - it is impossible. This is because it lives in rivers, lakes, ponds, and in some seas. For the latter, there is an important rule: it can be found only in slightly saline reservoirs, for example, in the Azov, Caspian or Black seas.

Where does it live and how long does it live?

Roach habitats are quite extensive, but usually it is densely sprouted with algae reservoirs. © https://ydoo.info/product/plotva.htmlThe main areas of fish habitat are the basins of the Azov and Black Seas, Lake Baikal, the Seyakha River, as well as other rivers and lakes in Europe.

Roach can be called a long-liver among fish. The average life span is 8-15 years.

Is it a bony fish?

Roach is rather bony, especially its small individuals. Some consider this a disadvantage, but knowing the secrets of cooking fish, which will be described below, this problem can be easily solved.

The roach tastes very tender, with a characteristic pronounced fishy aftertaste. Some argue that the roach tastes like canned fish.

Smell

Fresh roach is practically odorless. But in the finished dish, it reveals its properties, radiating an appetizing aroma of fried, boiled, dried or smoked fish.


"LABUDA" Information and entertainment Internet magazine

Various types of bait are available to the fisherman today. It's hard to say if they are so good compared to what our grandfathers used to catch. But there is a category of anglers who honor traditions and prefer to use what has been used for centuries as bait.

In early summer, an interesting caterpillar can be found on poplar leaves. After a while, this caterpillar will turn into a white butterfly. The caterpillar is covered with hairs and has yellowish rings on its body. These caterpillars reach a length of three centimeters and are an excellent bait that the chub will not refuse.

There is another caterpillar that not all anglers know about. This is the caterpillar of the urticaria butterfly. Usually these butterflies lay their eggs on nettle leaves and die immediately after that. From these eggs, three-centimeter black caterpillars with an interesting colored ornament appear. Chub and other riding fish grab this caterpillar immediately, as soon as it falls into the water.

To find many such caterpillars at once, you should look for them on young nettles growing near farms where there are livestock or on a river sandy beach.

Having found the caterpillars, they should be put in a jar, on the bottom of which some nettle should be put, and a hole should be made in the lid for air circulation.

An old rotten tree stump or not very large dead wood can become a real treasure for an angler. This is the place where you can find great bait. A fisherman should tear off a piece of bark from the trunk of a lying birch and there, in the paths of wood flour, there is a larva of a bark beetle. All larvae living in different woods are suitable for excellent fishing. But the most valuable are the larvae harvested in birch or alder wood.

If you managed to find the larvae of this beetle in the fallen trees, then you can saw them into small logs and store them in the basement. This will give the fisherman a supply of excellent bait.

During the day, catching grasshoppers is troublesome and hot. It is best to do this at dawn, when the dew is just melting and the grasshoppers are slow. For such a hunt, the angler always has a net made of wire with a stretched net.

Having covered the gaping grasshopper with a net, you have to wait until he tries to get out through the mesh of the net. As soon as he gets through a little, you can safely take it with your hands.

It is better to keep green horses in a vessel with grass and a narrow neck. So you can take the grasshoppers one at a time. It is important to know that large, green, meadow grasshoppers, when cast, immediately go to the bottom. And those caught on sandstone, having a yellowish color, stay on the surface. Ide and chub prefer grasshopper.

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How to quickly clean fish from scales both at home and in nature

These methods are good for cleaning purchased fish, but if you were in nature and caught fish yourself in the rivers, what to do, how best to clean it?

1. You will need a small and sharp knife and a board. To prevent the fish from jumping up and trying to escape, it is necessary to hit it on the head several times before cleaning (as it does not sound cruel).

Then, placing the fish on a plank and holding the head with one hand, begin the cleaning process from the tail, moving towards the head. Your knife should clean the fish from the scales in the opposite direction of the growth of the scales, so to speak, "against the grain."

It is especially necessary to clean around the fins, on the abdomen and near the head. After cleaning one side, turn it over and repeat the same procedure on the other side.

After external cleaning from scales, we proceed to cleaning from internal organs. With a knife from the tail to the head, cut the belly (belly) of the fish and remove all the insides. After that, we rinse the already cleaned fish in water, pay special attention to rinsing where we removed the entrails of the fish.

If the fish is large (carp, carp, grass carp), then you still need to remove the gills.

2. The second cleaning method differs from the first, only the cleaning tool. Take a small board about 10-12cm long, 3-4cm wide, and at least two centimeters thick.

Then you should nail down the three glass beer bottle caps with cloves. It is necessary to nail them along the length of the board in a row, with the plane of the lid to the surface of your workpiece, so that the sharp edges of the lid protrude outward.

With this tool, you make the same movements as with a knife, start with the tail and move towards the head of the fish. I can say with confidence that the process of cleaning fish with such a peculiar tool will be much faster than with a knife.

And also offer a recipe for baked carp, very tasty.


Stage 2: Material selection

Before you start choosing a material for making a winter fishing box, think if you have any items that can be easily adapted.

If there is no such item, then the choice of material will be the most difficult stage in the manufacture of the structure. It is important to take into account all its properties, the difficulty of processing at home. Materials such as plywood, Styrofoam and Styrofoam, steel and tin items for adaptation can be used.

Let's consider each of them in detail:

  • Plywood and other wood material. Since the weather is unpredictable, it is important to choose moisture resistant materials. In addition, your box will certainly be in contact with water.The thickness of the plywood sheets should be from 6 mm, the assembly method used is mechanical (using nails, self-tapping screws), as well as the subsequent sealing of the seams.
  • Styrofoam and expanded polystyrene are best suited in our case, since they have suitable properties. For example, they are lightweight, well-processed at home, and excellent thermal insulation. The only drawback is that the material is not very strong mechanically. The walls should be over 30 mm thick, and they can be joined by gluing.
  • A steel or tin object. Such items are widespread in everyday life, for example, an old freezer. It is important to insulate its walls.

To insulate the walls of the fishing box, you can use foam. It is not difficult to process and is available to everyone.


What does the chub bite better on?

The chub is one of the most attractive spinning fishing targets. The caution of this fish requires the ability to present the bait as natural food. This is possible only in places with a fast current, where the fish do not have time to look at the prey. Chub prefers small spinning lures and only in rare cases reacts to oscillating ones. Excellent results are obtained from the use of flies.
The most attractive wobblers for a chub are small-sized floating or weakly rounding wobblers. On small wobblers, chub is caught in almost all regions. In the autumn, the chub's appetite increases and larger models are used. Wobblers like minnow are well suited for chub fishing. There are no specific preferences for the color of the bait. Chub takes wobblers of all colors, both acidic and natural.
The peculiarity of fishing for chub on a spinning rod is that the wiring should be slow, upstream, in the upper layers of water or on top.

Here are examples of the most catchy lures for spinning: Jackall Area Man Crank 22F, Tsuribito Baby Crank 35FSR, JACKAL CHUBBY 38F wobbler.

Fly fishing is one of the most successful and interesting ways to fish this mostly insectivorous fish. You can even catch it not with the correct fly fishing tackle, but with an ordinary fishing rod with a thin line without a float and sinker. In this case, the hook is equipped not with fly flies, but with the currently available insects and sent over to the place of possible parking of the chub. Fish reacts violently to butterflies and dragonflies if they rip off their wings and throw them into the water. An insect vibrating on the surface of the river can bring success even to a fisherman with imperfect gear.

Various baits are used, both of plant and animal origin. When fishing from a boat, it is quite successful to use a feeder lowered on a cord, filled with bait, which is made on the basis of sunflower oil cake. Fishing is carried out in the cone of the feed washed out by the current.

Attachments are selected depending on the season. He willingly takes May beetles in May, and green grasshoppers in the middle of summer. In spring and early summer, this fish is caught on worms, bloodworms, maggots, crayfish and shellfish meat. The nozzles can be arranged in the following time sequence: ice melting - worm, bloodworms end of May - early June (mass flight of the May beetle) - May beetles with elytra removed; dragonflies emerging - dragonflies with wings removed; setting hot weather (July-August) - nozzles of plant origin , from steamed peas to flavored dough, as well as shellfish and crayfish meat September and October - tadpole, frog, large crawl, fry.

Not every fisherman knows how much fun fishing for chubs with peas can be. With this method of fishing, it is best to use a light rod, a 0.25 mm line with a 0.15 mm lead, a small, unpainted, oblong, well-oiled cork float, hook No. 5-6. Catching chub on peas is carried out as follows: the nozzle is thrown downstream or across it. The cast must be done in such a way that the current carries the nozzle. After the nozzle has touched the bottom, you need to wait a few minutes. If there is no bite, the cast should be repeated.

Perhaps the fish will not bite after several dozen casts. In this case, they move to a new place, downstream. The rod is always held in hand. At regular intervals, several peas are thrown into the water. If fishing takes place in a quiet body of water, where there is practically no current, it is best to use a light sliding lead with a stop set 50-70 cm from the hook.

That's all the wisdom of this method.

Catching chub in rivers for lamb liver. The liver is cut into small oblong pieces, which are placed on a hook. The sting of the hook is carefully hidden


Watch the video: POINTER SISTERS HES SO SHY


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