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Small petals: planting and care in the open field, description of cultivation, photo

Small petals: planting and care in the open field, description of cultivation, photo


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Garden plants

Flower small petals, or Erigeron (lat.Erigeron) - a genus of herbaceous plants of the Astrovye family, including, according to various sources, from 200 to 400 species, 180 of which are found in North America. Some of the small petal species are grown as ornamental plants.
The name of the genus comes from two Greek words, which in translation mean "early" and "old man": the rapidly ripening seeds of Erigeron are decorated with a grayish tuft.

Planting and caring for erigeron

  • Bloom: from mid-summer for 30-40 days.
  • Landing: sowing seeds in the ground - before winter or early spring. Sowing seeds for seedlings - in March, planting seedlings in open ground - in June.
  • Lighting: bright light or partial shade.
  • The soil: light, drained, not oversaturated with fertilizers, alkaline reaction.
  • Watering: regular, sufficient.
  • Top dressing: complex mineral fertilizer during the budding period.
  • Reproduction: seeds, cuttings, dividing the bush.
  • Pests: not amazed.
  • Diseases: fungal rot.

Read more about growing erigeron below.

Botanical description

Erigeron flowers - rhizome herbaceous annuals, biennials, perennials or shrubs, reminiscent of perennial asters. Their stems are simple, erect or slightly lodging, slightly branched and rough. Basal whole or shallow leaves of an elongated oblong shape up to 20 cm long form a rosette, stem leaves are smaller - up to 10 cm long. Baskets of 1-3 rows of marginal ligulate and median tubular flowers are located on the stems singly or form paniculate or corymbose inflorescences. The reed flowers can be pink, purple, purple, white, cream or purple, and the middle ones are always yellow. The fruits of erigeron are densely pubescent or glabrous achenes.

Planting small petals

Small-petal propagates by dividing the bush, cuttings and seed method. Sowing seeds is carried out before winter or early spring. Some types of erigeron differ in toughness, so they are grown in seedlings: in March, the seeds of erigeron are not densely and evenly distributed over the surface of a wet substrate placed in a wide container, after which they are pressed to the surface and covered with glass or film. Keep crops in a bright cool place. The first shoots may appear only after a month, but as they mature, the seedlings grow faster and faster.

Densely sprouted seedlings dive in the phase of formation of two true leaves, and do not be confused that the seedlings look miniature. If the seedlings grow spaciously, you can not dive the seedlings, but at the beginning of summer immediately plant them in open ground. Do not keep the seedlings warm: as soon as they get stronger, take them out to the loggia or veranda.

Small petals are light-requiring, but they can grow in light shade. They do not impose special requirements on the composition of the soil, however, they grow poorly on damp soils. Optimal for erigeron will be a sunny area with alkaline and not oversaturated soil.

Small-petaled seedlings are planted in June, removing the seedlings from the container along with the earthen clod. The distance between the two plants is kept within 25-30 cm. Small petals from seeds will bloom in the second year.

Small petals care

As you can see, planting erigeron is a simple procedure, and caring for the plant consists in regular moderate watering, after which the soil in the aisles is loosened and weeds are removed. Erigeron does not feel the need for fertilizing, but if it is fed with a complex mineral fertilizer during budding, the flowering of the small petals will be brighter and longer.

At the end of the growing season, the stems of the plant are cut off, and perennial species of small petals in areas with cold winters are covered with leaves or dry grass.

In a rainy summer, fungal infections can infect erigeron outdoors, and then dark brown spots appear on its leaves. As soon as you find these signs, spray the plants 3-4 times with a 1% Bordeaux mixture at intervals of 10 days, or dust the bushes with ash. In case of severe damage, cut off the aerial part of the bush and burn it, and spill the soil with fungicide.

After 3-4 years, the perennial small-petal is rejuvenated: the bushes are dug up, divided and planted. The plant tolerates this procedure easily.

Types and varieties

Several types of erigeron are grown in culture, as well as its numerous varieties and hybrids.

Beautiful small petal (Erigeron speciosus = Stenactis speciosa)

The most common cultivated species that grows in the wild in western North America. It is a perennial with a short horizontal rhizome and branched, leafy erect rough stems up to 70 cm high. The basal leaves of the plant are spatulate, and the stem leaves are lanceolate. Baskets, consisting of lilac reed and yellow tubular flowers, are collected in large scutes. Flowering begins in July or August and lasts up to 30 days. The species has been cultivated since 1826. Among the most popular varieties of the species are:

  • Violet - this double variety has dark purple reed flowers;
  • Wuppertal - bush up to 45 cm high with baskets up to 5-6 cm in diameter with three rows of lilac reed flowers;
  • Dunkelshnee Adler - variety with reed flowers of ultramarine shade;
  • Lilofee - semi-double variety with dark purple flowers;
  • Sommernear - bushes up to 60 cm in height with baskets up to 4 cm in diameter with white reed flowers, which turn pink by the end of flowering;
  • Rose Triumph - Terry variety with ligulate flowers of a dark shade of pink;
  • Festers Laibling - terry variety with pink reed flowers;
  • Rote Shengayt - semi-double baskets with ligulate flowers of a pink-red hue;
  • Prosperity - a variety with light blue reed flowers.

Small-petaled Karvinsky (Erigeron karvinskianus = Erigeron mucronatus)

A low-growing plant from Central America, which appeared in culture quite recently and is not yet very common. In its homeland, this species grows like a weed. Erigeron Karvinsky forms a compact bush up to 15 cm high, which can be easily placed in a container, basket or other suspended structure. When grown in soil, the bush can grow in diameter up to 60 cm.At the ends of the branched thin stems, baskets appear throughout the summer, resembling small pink daisies, which gradually turn white, and then again acquire an intense red-pink hue.

Erigeron orange (Erigeron aurantiacus)

Comes from Central Asia and the northwestern regions of China. This plant is 30-40 cm high and up to 50 cm in diameter. Its stems are straight, the leaves are oblong-oval, single inflorescences with yellow tubular and orange ligulate flowers reach a diameter of 3 cm. In culture, the species has been since 1879.

Erigeron alpine (Erigeron alpinus = Erigeron schleicheri)

Wildly grows in Asia Minor, Western and Central Europe, reaching a height of 30 cm. It perennial small petals with straight, rough stems, linear-lanceolate basal and sparse elongated sessile stem leaves. Single baskets with a diameter of 3-3.5 cm consist of yellow tubular and lilac-pinkish reed flowers. Flowering lasts a month and a half from mid-June. The plant has been cultivated since 1759.

Acrid petals (Erigeron acris)

Or small petals sharp - a changeable biennial species, within which there are many forms. Plants grow in height from 6 to 75 cm, they usually have one erect, pubescent and branched at the top of a green or purple stem, green, sparsely pubescent leaves and baskets collected in panicles with pink ligate and yellow tubular flowers.

Annual small petal (Erigeron annuus)

Or one-year-old thinner Is an invasive species introduced to Europe from North America. The plant reaches a height of 30 to 150 cm. It has a straight, branching at the top of the stem with sparse bristles, bristly hairy green leaves and numerous baskets, collected in panicles or scutes up to 10-15 cm in diameter. Baskets consist of two rows of pale blue or white false-lingual and yellow tubular flowers. This type of decorative value is not, and currently grows in gardens exclusively as a weed.

Canadian small petal (Erigeron canadensis)

Also an annual, not attractive, but used in folk medicine to stop uterine bleeding. His baskets are small, with white ligulate and pale yellow tubular flowers.

In addition to those described, in the culture you can find such types of erigeron as one-flowered, naked, drooping, northern, elongated and woolly-celled, but not all of them are decorative.

Literature

  1. Read the topic on Wikipedia
  2. Features and other plants of the family Asteraceae
  3. List of all species on The Plant List
  4. More information on World Flora Online
  5. Information about Garden Plants
  6. Information on Biennial Plants
  7. Information on Perennial Plants
  8. Information about Herbaceous plants
  9. Information about Annual Plants
  10. Information about the Shrub

Sections: Garden plants Biennials Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Annuals Compositae (Asteraceae) Weeds Semi-shrubs Plants on E


Platycodon - planting, cultivation and care in the open field, photos, description of varieties

Shirokokolokolchik or platycodon is an ornamental flowering perennial plant for rockeries and flower beds that grows well in our climate. It is decorated with large bell-shaped flowers, as well as flower buds that resemble balloons. It can be used in many places - planted in the garden, containers on balconies. To successfully grow a flower, you need to know its requirements for conditions, wintering and care. How to grow platycodon correctly - planting and care in the open field, what are its advantages, how to propagate a plant is discussed in the next article.

  1. Brief description of the plant
  2. Popular varieties
  3. Growing, wintering and care
  4. Requirements for soil, planting site
  5. Watering, fertilizing
  6. Wintering
  7. Growing on the balcony
  8. Reproduction - sowing seeds
  9. Temperature and light conditions
  10. Pests and diseases
  11. Application

Cultivation and reproduction

Sparaxis is a geophyte, the main organ of a perennial is a rounded corm. To successfully grow a flower, it is important to create conditions in the garden that are similar to natural habitat. The area of ​​natural distribution of all sparaxis species is limited to a small region of South West Africa called Fynbos.

In the natural environment, plant growth occurs during the winter months (in the southern hemisphere), when the rainy season lasts, and the average temperature drops to 10-15 ° C. In hot, dry summers, when the air temperature is 25-30 ° C, the aboveground part of the plant dries up, the tuber rests.

In our conditions, the plants are not winter-hardy - corms are dug up annually in early September and planted in a flower bed in early spring (from the second decade of April).

Site selection and landing

Sparaxis is planted exclusively in sunny places, the plant does not grow well in shady areas, in the immediate vicinity of trees, shrubs, and other large perennials. The flower is also recommended for growing in containers, ideal for balconies, terraces.

Sparaxis likes permeable sandy substrates with added clay and peat.

Sparaxis tubers are planted in the ground from the second half of April (usually after the 20th). Early planting is due to the fact that the plant requires relatively low temperatures - 13-15 ° C for the development of flower buds.

Plants planted later do not bloom well. Although the flowering period will stretch - flowers will appear at longer intervals, there will be no lush blooming bushes. The decorativeness of plants will fall.

Sparaxis forms daughter tubers with a circumference of 1-9 cm. To obtain flowers, you should choose a planting material with a circumference of at least 3.5-4 cm (this is the most commercially available size), from which 1-3 peduncles with inflorescences usually grow.

Large tubers with a circumference of 5-6 cm, planted in fertile soil at a depth of 4-6 cm, provide a longer and more abundant flowering (15-20 peduncles with inflorescences).

The planting material is pretreated with an antifungal drug (for example, Funaben) or simply soaked in water for 24 hours (if there is no fear that it is infected with diseases). Planting depth of sparaxis is 5 cm, the average distance between plants is 5-10 cm.

Plant care

Growing sparaxis and caring for a plant in the open field does not differ much from other bulbous plants in a mild climate. In summer, the bushes are regularly watered and fertilized 2-3 times per season with complex compositions, the flowers will be thanked with vigorous growth and abundant flowering. However, there are some nuances in growing:

  1. A cold and rainy spring is favorable for future sparaxis blooms. High air temperature, lack of precipitation in the first month of bushes growth are unfavorable. Such conditions lead to drying out of the tips of the leaves and a decrease in the number of peduncles growing from the tuber. In this case, watering should be carried out.
  2. After the leaves appear and begin to grow, it is advisable to feed the plants with any complex fertilizer. The dose during this period should be the highest for the season.
  3. If there is a lack of rainfall, it is recommended to irrigate until the plants begin to bloom.
  4. To prevent the development of weeds, it is recommended to carry out mulching with pine bark.

Sparaxis blooms about 8 weeks after planting the tubers, usually in early summer. Flowering lasts an average of 3 weeks, until early July or mid-August.

By planting tubers every few days, from the first days of April to early May, you can extend the flowering period of your plants.

Several peduncles usually sprout from one tuber with a circumference of more than 5 cm, sometimes there are even more than 25 of them.

Digging and storing tubers

The plant does not hibernate in our climate. The tuber freezes already at a temperature of -5 degrees Celsius. In September, it needs to be dug up and stored in a cool and dry room.

Usually, before the first frost, the aboveground part of the plant is cut 5 cm above the ground and the bulbs are carefully dug out. Sparaxis is best stored in a basement at 5-10 ° C until next spring.

Reproduction of sparaxis

Sparaxis is usually propagated by babies that form on the mother's tuber. From 1 mother plant, 3 or 4 daughter tubers are obtained. Children are stored until spring in a cool place with a humidity level of about 85%. Landing is carried out in the spring.

Sparaxis can also be propagated from tubers formed in the underground part of the shoot in the leaf axils (the plants will bloom after 2 years of cultivation). These tubers have a characteristic elongated shape with a cavity on the side of the stem and are as valuable as ordinary babies.

Reproduction is sometimes carried out from seeds that ripen easily in our climate and are capable of not losing germination for up to 3 years. Sowing is carried out in the spring in containers, seeds germinate within a month. With this method, the plants will bloom only after 2-3 years.

  • Sow seeds in a greenhouse, greenhouse, or greenhouse early in the spring season using a light potting mix as a substrate. Sowing depth - 0.5-1 cm.
  • Seeds usually germinate within six weeks.The seedlings are provided with sufficient ventilation, since the seedlings do not like waterlogging.
  • Sow seeds sparsely so that you don't have to thin out too much in the first year.
  • Regularly during the entire growing season, fertilizing with liquid fertilizers for flowers is carried out.
  • Plants from seeds are usually grown for at least two years before being planted in a flower bed.
  • Flowers will start to appear in the second year.

As with tulips, daffodils and other bulbous perennials, you can plant sparaxis in pots, speeding up the flowering of plants using greenhouses or greenhouses.

Plant protection

The flower does not experience any serious problems from diseases and pests. However, sometimes it needs plant protection products, mainly to prevent infestation with gray mold. You should also pay attention to voles, which can gnaw on tubers, and hares, which love the leaves of this plant.

Growing in an apartment

If you want to see winter sparaxis blooming in your apartment, plant it in small pots (2-3 liters) with 3-4 tubers each. After planting and watering, place the pots on a windowsill without drafts. 3-4 months after disembarkation, you can enjoy amazing tropical flowers.


Reproduction and planting

Sedum is very long-lived. Hardly any plant reproduces as easily as sedum.

Landing requirements

Sedum, like all plants of the bastard family, does not impose special requirements. It grows well in the open field, it is only important to provide it with the correct landing site.

Sedum is very unpretentious:

  • resistant to adverse weather conditions
  • tolerate drought well, as they accumulate water in thick shoots and leaves
  • they do not need too fertile soil - fat women come from mountains and rocks, and some species (for example, caustic sedum) grow in meadows.

Sedum is an ideal plant for rockeries. He loves the sun, the best position for him is direct sunlight. The plant does not need too fertile soil, its roots do not need to have too much space, so it feels great between stones and rocks. Some species grow well in partial shade (Sedum spurium, Sedum sexangulare).

The bushes are frost-resistant, so there is no need to provide them with a protected position. This resistant plant is ideal for gardens with marginal soil.

Important! The sedum substrate must be well drained and the plant cannot stand in water. Too wet soil for a long time is very harmful to the health of the bushes. Before planting, it is worth adding some sand to the ground.

An important condition for growing sedum is that it does not need too many nutrients in the soil. On too fertile soil, the problem of lodging may arise, the plant will grow too quickly and fall to the ground, becoming less attractive.

Interesting fact. Sedum is so accustomed to a deficiency of nutrients that when there is an excess of them, its shoots become soft and come off.

Although sedum has many species and varieties, they all have very similar modest requirements for growing conditions. Plants are very unpretentious, tolerate poor care well, do not need care in order to bloom beautifully and intensely. Even lesser known species, such as the Oregon or Giant Stonecrop, do not require too much attention. Therefore, the busiest gardeners and summer residents who do not want or cannot spend a lot of time looking after flowers can plant sedum in the garden.

Reproduction

Sedum reproduces in three ways: by dividing - the most common method by cuttings by seeds.

  1. Cuttings. You can plant cuttings throughout the spring and summer - the shoots are placed in boxes under covers (film or glass), where they take root within 2 weeks.
  2. Division of bushes held from April to May or from August to September. Division is recommended because of its beneficial effect on the condition of older specimens - better and healthier plants develop from small bushes.
  3. Sowing seeds... Many sedum species can multiply from seeds. Sedum seeds are sown in spring and germinate quickly. Home care for sedum seedlings is simple, only occasional watering is needed. After a month, you can transplant seedlings into open ground. The extremely tiny seeds are scattered over the ground, but not covered with soil. Then you need to gently spray them with water so that it does not blow away the small seeds.

Before planting in open ground, it is very important to thoroughly remove all weeds from the soil, including their roots. An adult sedum is expansive, but a small sedum may not compete with other plants, which often damage the underground part and do not allow the extensive root system of these perennials to develop.

Landing

Sedum is planted in April and May. Immediately after digging up and dividing the bush, the sedum cuttings are planted in the ground.

Important! Under no circumstances should you leave seedlings, sedum cuttings in the sun.

There should be 30-40 cm of free space between the seedlings so that the plants quickly thicken and take up the area allotted to them.

Sedum seedlings can be grown from seed planted in seed boxes.

Advice. It is better to plant sedum on a cloudy, cool day so as not to dry out the roots.


Preparing for landing

Planting material (rhizome or potted sprout) can be purchased at any gardening store starting in February. Seeds from a faded bush are easy to collect in the fall on their own, saving them in a paper bag after thorough drying. You can also divide the overgrown root in the spring when replanting the plant.

When preparing planting material, several rules should be taken into account:

  • purchased rhizome must be firm, with several adventitious roots
  • near the growing point on the root there should be no damage or signs of rot
  • material sold in containers of sawdust and peat must be refrigerated prior to planting
  • it is better to take seedlings not with an open, but with a closed root system

It's important to know! The rhizome purchased in a package should be planted in peat in February-March, then placed in a basement or underground, where the temperature does not rise above 1-2 degrees Celsius. Every 2 weeks the soil will need to be slightly moistened until the weather conditions allow the root to be planted outside.


Watch the video: WOW! Amazing Agriculture Technology - Cucumbers


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