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Black currant Summer resident: description and characteristics of the variety, advantages and disadvantages, planting and care features + photos and reviews

 Black currant Summer resident: description and characteristics of the variety, advantages and disadvantages, planting and care features + photos and reviews


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Currant is one of the most common crops in summer cottages and household plots. Many gardeners like it, as it does not require too much maintenance, and its berries are not only tasty, but also healthy.

A large number of varieties, about 200, makes it possible to choose currants that are suitable for the site and will differ in certain taste. Gardeners can plant early or late currants, more or less hardy, more sour or sweet. Each variety is good in its own way. If you plant several varieties, then the currants will ripen on the site all summer.

Currant Summer resident is popular with gardeners in the middle lane. What is good about this currant and how to care for it, we will tell you in the article.

Description of the currant variety "Dachnitsa"

The Dachnitsa variety is a hybrid obtained by breeders from Siberia. They bred a variety by combining Bradthorpe and Dove Seedling for cultivation in the northwestern regions of our country. The currant belongs to the early maturing and ripens in June.

Currant bushes are low and compact with thinned foliage. Shoots are green, branches are grayish brown. The leaves are small with five lobes, dark green in color, casting bronze.

During the ripening period, the bush is strewn with berries, which can be collected in three to five kilograms. For a relatively small plant, this is quite good.

The summer resident begins to bear fruit two years after the planting of the seedling. In the third year, she can already please with the appearance of the first berries. Ripening takes place gradually and it is recommended to pick the berry several times, since the fruits quickly overripe and end up on the ground. But fresh berries can be eaten, removed from the bush, before the fruits appear on later varieties.

The berry itself has a thin, tender skin, and the flesh is very sweet, almost without acidity. The sugar content is 9.3 percent. Berries have a high tasting score of 4.6 points. The fruit is almost round in shape, slightly elongated, dark blue, close to black.

Pros and cons of the variety

The summer resident is good already because it ripens much earlier than other varieties, and her berries are large and sweet. But it also has a number of advantages.

1. Resistance to winter cold (recommended for growing in regions close to the north).

2. High yield (one and a half kilograms of berries are harvested from each bush, and up to five in good years).

3. Early maturity.

4. Early maturity.

In addition, the fruits of the Dachnitsa currant are universal in use. But it also has negative sides. The disadvantages include high crumbling. If the berries are not removed from the bush in time, they quickly overripe and end up on the ground.

How to plant a Summer resident

First of all, you need to choose an area where currants will grow. The main parameter is good lighting. But even with a little shading, the yield will not decrease, it is just important not to overdo it. Areas in the lowlands that are protected from the winds are suitable. But for the Summer Resident, stagnation of water is dangerous, which leads her to death

It is desirable that the soil is loamy, but cultivation is also possible on sandy and other types of soil, if the bushes are well fed with humus and mineral fertilizers. Acidic soils will need liming.

You can not plant a Summer resident where gooseberries or other varieties of currants grew, since the soil in these areas is impoverished and the bushes will not provide good yields.

After the site is selected, it is dug up and all weeds are removed. Then they dig holes 30-40 centimeters deep at a distance of two meters from each other.

Each hole is two-thirds filled with a specially prepared composition of humus, to which potassium sulfate and superphosphate are added (for 15 kg of humus, 250 g of superphosphate and 40 g of potassium sulfate). In addition, some wood ash is added.

A seedling is planted on the mixture, covered with earth, tamped, watered abundantly and mulched.

The currants are immediately cut into 2-3 buds. So that the bush develops well, it is constantly watered, making sure that the soil remains moist, but there is no stagnation of water.

The best time to plant is mid-October. During the winter, the earth will settle down, it will be compacted, which has a beneficial effect on the growth of seedlings. Planting in early spring is also possible.

Despite the fact that currants are self-fertile varieties, pollinators will not interfere with it. The proximity of other varieties will provide more bountiful yields.

Breeding methods for currants Summer resident

The summer resident is also able to reproduce vegetatively.

When autumn begins, it's good to take care of the slicing cuttings. For this purpose, both young shoots and older branches are suitable, but the shoots take root better. The shoot is divided into cuttings, each 0.2 meters long, making oblique cuts and planted in the ground at an angle, leaving no more than three buds on the surface. The next year, the seedlings will be ready for transplantation.

Reproduction is also possible layeringand. To do this, next to the mother bush, which gives the largest berries, a furrow is dug and the longest young branch is immersed in it. It is fixed using slingshots, cut off and covered with earth from above. Over time, shoots will begin to grow from the buds, which are periodically watered and spud. In October, they are already transplanted to the area allotted for them, carefully cutting off so as not to spoil the roots.

When dividing the bush it is completely removed from the ground and carefully examined, determining in which part it is better to divide it. The separated parts must have strong shoots and good roots. They are planted in pre-prepared holes and young shoots are cut off by two tens of centimeters. A year later, new bushes will already have fruits.

How to take care of the Summer Resident

The Dachnitsa variety needs the same care as other varieties with minor differences.

Pruning. Since the bushes are small and not dense, formative pruning is done only in the fifth year, leaving the best shoots. For this, thickening is eliminated, diseased branches are removed, young shoots are pinched, old shoots are shortened to four buds. If old branches are periodically removed, yielding to young ones, then the plant will bear fruit for 15 years.

Watering. It must be borne in mind that the roots of the currant are short and close to the surface, and the currant loves moisture. Therefore, it must be watered during flowering and ovary, ripening of berries and in autumn. If the year is dry, 18-20 liters of water are poured onto the bush under the currants every seven days. To do this, make small grooves-grooves around the bush so as not to catch the roots.

How to deal with pests and diseases

Currants are resistant to many diseases, but nevertheless, gardeners sometimes have to face some diseases and pests.

Diseases and pestsWays to fight
1.Kidney mite Destroys buds and shoots.To fight the tick, the plant is sprayed with Nero or Acarin.
2.Firefighter. Its caterpillars settle in the green berry.For destruction, spraying is carried out even before flowering with a makhorka solution. But often enough prevention in the form of digging the earth in the fall.
3.The glass pot penetrates the shoots, and they become weak and twisted.To get rid of the glass, the shoots are cut and burned. Bushes sprayed with insecticides
4.AphidAphids are carried by ants, so you should first get rid of the nests by flooding them with boiling water.

The summer resident is quite resistant to powdery mildew and other diseases, but prevention is still necessary. For this purpose, the bushes are watered in spring with hot water, which helps to destroy pests. In addition, the bushes are regularly examined and diseased shoots and leaves are destroyed. The plant is treated with Bordeaux liquid when the buds open and a tobacco solution before the flowers appear.

Harvesting

Since the Summer resident belongs to the early maturing varieties, she gives a harvest in the first month of summer. Large sweet berries are harvested from the bush immediately after they are ripe. If the collection is a little late, the berries fall off the bush.

You will have to collect ripe currants several times, as it ripens unevenly. Part of the harvest can already be harvested, and part of the berries is still green.

The summer resident is well transported, suitable for freezing, jam and compotes are prepared from it.

Reviews about the variety Dachnitsa

Many gardeners are very happy with the variety and recommend it for planting.

Maria Grishina from Belozersk considers the Summer resident to be an excellent variety for cultivation in the northern regions. It is unpretentious, and in order to grow it, it is enough to follow the rules of agricultural technology. Berries ripen early and have time to become sweet. They are eaten, jam made from them, frozen.

Igor Shapovalov from Kirov notes that the currants have taken root well in their region. The summer resident responds well to timely watering, feeding. The first cuttings of the plant have already been planted.

Valentin Kroshkin from Vladimirand believes that this is a very successful variety. I planted the Dachnitsa three years ago and she really liked the taste. Its cuttings quickly took root and a year later they already yielded.

Inga Zotova from the Chelyabinsk region reports that the Summer Resident has been with her for several years. At first it grew separately, but then other varieties were planted nearby. After that, the Summer resident bears fruit better, and the berries have become larger.

Conclusion

The Dachnitsa currant has many advantages that make this variety very popular among gardeners: frost resistance, early maturity, disease resistance, self-fertility. The berries are large and sweet and can be eaten in June. In addition, currants are unpretentious and easily propagated by cuttings.

[Votes: 1 Average: 5]


According to descriptions from the catalogs of varieties, the height of the Yadrenoy bush reaches one and a half meters - a kind of Siberian sturdy, branches are long, low-leafed, semi-spreading. The berries are black, slightly shiny, they are abundantly strewn with branches along the entire length. One cluster, approximately 7–9 cm long, contains 4 to 8 large berries. Kernel is considered one of the largest-fruited varieties of currants, the average weight of berries is 3.2 grams, but they can reach 8 grams. The taste is pleasant, sweet and sour, refreshing, with a dense fleshy skin, a characteristic strong aroma and juicy greenish pulp. The variety is demanding to care for, but in return it will give you a good harvest. With proper care, one bush yields from 4 to 5 kg of berries.

Branches can break under the weight of the fruit, so it is necessary to tie up fruit-bearing bushes.

Video: a gardener about a currant variety Yadrenaya

Undoubted advantages of the variety

  • size of berries
  • high winter hardiness
  • high content of vitamin C - 96.0 mg per 100 g
  • drought tolerance
  • yield
  • early maturity
  • weakly affected by pockmark and kidney mites.

Disadvantages

  • increased requirements for care
  • poor transportability of berries
  • sour taste
  • requires a garter of bushes
  • in unfavorable years it is affected by anthracnose.

In folk medicine, currant buds and leaves are used. Decoctions and tinctures are prepared from them for the treatment of the bladder and kidneys. Currant is used to treat rheumatism, anemia and hypertension. Black currant leaves are widely used in canning, and aromatic and healthy tea is brewed from young shoots.


Advantages and disadvantages of the Pygmy variety

Like any blackcurrant variety, the Pygmy has its pros and cons.

The advantages include:

  • great sweet taste of berries
  • good yield of the variety - from 1.5 to 6 kg of fruits per bush
  • high winter hardiness
  • drought tolerance
  • self-fertility - no pollinators required
  • resistance to powdery mildew and anthracnose.

Among the shortcomings, one can note the lack of resistance to septoria and kidney mites.


Advantages and disadvantages

  • weighty large fruits - 1 berry can reach 5 g
  • early ripening - first harvests in mid-June.
  • resistance to most infectious, fungal and viral diseases
  • not affected by kidney mites
  • decorativeness
  • cold resistance.

  • dwarf variety, as a result of which the branches are pressed under the weight of the berries
  • fallen berries spoil quickly
  • increased demands on pruning, weeding
  • lack of color resistance to strong cold snaps


Description of the best varieties of black currant with photos

The seedling market, which provides new varieties of currants, is rapidly expanding the range. It is difficult for an ordinary gardener to navigate in the choice. Everyone wants to get a berry on their site as large as possible, more aromatic, sweeter, as early as possible. For the plant to be unpretentious, it does not require laborious maintenance. As they say, planted and forgot. And I remembered only when it was time to harvest. Is it possible?

Let's try to figure it out, consider the descriptions of various varieties of black currant in relation to regional acclimatization, early ripening, late ripening, increased sweetness, with a large berry.

Varieties with large berries

The first and most common desire of a gardener is to get large and tasty berries. But it takes time for a large berry to fill up. If we take into account the ripening period, the largest varieties of currants are predominantly late ripening. But there are record holders among mid-ripening, as well as mid-season.

  • Perun. The fruits are large, fragrant, have a very delicate, delicate taste. The berries are characterized by dry separation, the brushes are large, the fruiting is low - up to 2 kg per bush. Domestic self-fertile winter-hardy culture of late ripening. This variety is recommended for growing in warm regions and the middle lane.
  • Sugar is a domestic selection. The second name is "An Ordinary Miracle". Conquers with huge brushes. The fruits are large, have a very pleasant characteristic aroma, increased sugar content. The leader in vitamins. The berry gives a fairly high yield of 4.5 - 5 kg.
  • Goliath is a Western European culture. It tastes better than many other large-fruited berries. The variety is planted very often in home gardens. Very large black, sweet and tasty berries ripen in early June in the amount of 6-8 kg (a very high yield per bush). Average bush growth, wide, spreading crown. Goliath currant is suitable for fresh consumption, making desserts, preserves.
  • Petersburg woman - the size of the berry is small compared to many other varieties - 1.2 - 1.5 g. The taste harmoniously combines sweetness and acidity. Allows you to collect up to 3 kg of delicious berries from the bush. Currants are often used to make jam.
  • Black currant Pearl - berries weigh 3 - 5 g, taste characteristics are above average. Has a fairly high frost resistance, is available for cultivation in many regions of the country, withstands frost. Can be grown in regions with frosts down to -39 ° C. Productivity - up to 3 kg per bush.
  • Sevchanka is a frost-resistant currant. The shrub will withstand short droughts, most fungal diseases. Recommended for growing in the north of Belarus, Ukraine, in the middle zone of Russia. With 4.6 in taste and 6.9% in sugar content, it will take its rightful place in the garden.
  • Gross - fruits are large, brushes are long. The taste is high, the berries have a very pleasant taste.
  • Currant Pygmy C2 is one of the leaders in large-fruited, the berry weight is quite high - it reaches 7 grams, the tasting rating is also high - 5.
  • Selechenskaya currant - fell in love with large and very sweet berries weighing up to 5.5 g. The tasting score is the maximum, 5 points.
  • Sibylla C2 is another excellent large-fruited representative with high taste characteristics, 5 points.
  • Black Boomer is a new Ukrainian variety that has not yet been included in the unified register, but has gained immense popularity among lovers of curiosities. The berries are huge, they resemble cherries in size.
  • Variety Yadrenaya - owes its name to rather large berries weighing 2.5 - 5.5 g. Few will like the taste characteristics of the berry, the berry is sour. One of the leaders in vitamin C content in berries.

Large varieties of currants are always in demand on the market, always in price.

Table. The best varieties of sweet black currant, suitable for growing in the Moscow region, are listed in ascending order of sugar content


Pros and cons of the Dachnitsa variety according to reviews

The advantages of this black currant include:

  1. Large-fruited.
  2. Excellent taste of berries.
  3. Early ripening.
  4. Good resistance to pests and diseases.

Among the disadvantages are:

  1. Low stature (with a large harvest, the branches tilt down).
  2. When overripe, the berries crumble and become soft.
  3. Needs constant renewal of old branches and a high agricultural background.
  4. Blooming flowers are affected by late spring frosts.


Gardeners reviews

I prefer dark plums, with a well-separating stone, that's why I planted Tula black. But for taste it has always been not in the first place of my plums. But this year, obviously, other varieties did not have enough sun, or there was too much water. Everyone has a kind of unsaturated taste, but Tula black for some reason remained at its level. And this year it was the most delicious.

Profanus

https://www.forumhouse.ru/threads/4467/page-69

A very good variety. Large, sour-sweet. Delicious.

yri

http://forum.prihoz.ru/viewtopic.php?t=1266&start=375

There are a lot of plum varieties and some of them have the ability to tolerate cold climates quite well. These are, for example, varieties such as the Tula black plum. It can withstand any cold and the most severe frosts, unpretentious.

Nina Volkova

http: //town.net/forum/topic/62-liubliu-sazhat-slivu/

The plum variety Tulskaya black is an unpretentious and stable option for central Russia. Small but tasty fruits will delight you consistently almost every year, without requiring intensive tree care.


Watch the video: Currants are AMAZING!