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How to grow wild garlic

How to grow wild garlic


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Agricultural technology of cultivation and medicinal properties of wild garlic

Ramson, or bear onion, or wild garlic, or kalba (Allium ursínum) is still rare in culture.

It appears in our markets in May, and many, yearning for fresh greens for the winter, willingly buy its tender, tasty leaves with a light garlic aroma.

Fresh leaves and stems of wild garlic (harvested before flowering) are most often used raw and added to a wide variety of salads, vinaigrettes, snacks and sauces. Very tasty early spring cabbage soup and soups are also cooked from wild garlic, add it to a variety of meat dishes during the cooking process. For example, dumplings or cutlets with wild garlic will acquire a more piquant taste, while wild game stewed with wild garlic will be softer and softer. Stuffed with wild garlic and pies.

But dry leaves no longer have a very pleasant aroma, but they still taste good, and therefore they are also used in cooking, but in small quantities, grinding and using as a spice. Fresh leaves are perfectly stored frozen, you can also salt or ferment them. In addition, wild garlic is an excellent preservative: its crushed or finely chopped onions and leaves protect the meat from rapid deterioration.

About the benefits of wild garlic

Ramson quickly relieves

from spring fatigue, drowsiness, high blood pressure and intestinal disorders, and in its phytoncidal properties, it even surpasses garlic. And vitamin C in wild garlic is 10-15 times more than in lemon or orange fruits and three times more than in green onions. By the way, according to scientific data, in wild garlic grown in the garden, the content of ascorbic acid doubles.

Ramson is used as a blood purifier for boils and skin rashes. It heals wounds, relieves itchy legs, weakened age spots on the skin, and delay baldness.

In folk medicine

wild garlic is used to treat scurvy and atherosclerosis.

And its anti-scurvy and tonic properties have even gone down in history. For example, the participants of the first Kamchatka expedition used wild garlic for severe scurvy: "The Cossacks began to eat it with great greed ... two weeks later ... they completely recovered.".

An aqueous infusion of leaves is drunk for colds, malaria, exhaustion, diseases of the stomach and intestines, and the absence of menstruation. Raw wild garlic is eaten for atherosclerosis, poor eyesight and worms. Alcohol tincture of bulbs and herbs is recommended for colds and as rubbing in for rheumatism. Purulent inflammation of the ears is treated with juice.

In the literature, there is also a healer recipe with the addition of wild garlic for the prevention of aging. It is necessary to mix equally the tincture of wild garlic leaves, alfalfa herb and ginger rhizomes. To obtain tinctures, pour the crushed raw materials with alcohol so that the top is 2-3 cm, insist for 10-12 days in a dark place at room temperature. Drink the resulting mixture 50-70 drops three times a day 20-30 minutes before meals.

And it is especially highly valued as an early vitamin food plant. But you can not abuse it, the daily rate of wild garlic should not be more than 15-20 large leaves. It is believed that with high doses, an exacerbation of ulcers can occur, insomnia and headache appear.

Features of agricultural technology of wild garlic

Reproduction

Ramson reproduces

and seeds, and vegetatively. Both methods have their drawbacks. Seeds do not germinate well and require mandatory stratification within 100 days, at least at a temperature of 0 ° C. All this time they are kept in wet sand, moss or peat at temperatures from 0 to + 3 ° C. And the seeds, stored at high room temperature and sown in spring, sprout generally only after a year. And wild garlic seeds lose their germination very quickly.

In addition to everything, very few of them are formed on the plant. Seeds are sown to a depth of 2-3 cm. Without stratification, seedlings appear only in the second year after sowing, with stratification in the first. In May, they produce two leaves, in June, growth stops, and by autumn the awl leaves are formed. Only in the third year do the plants branch out and bloom in the fourth year. Considering that few seeds are formed, it is better to sow stratified seeds on seedlings so that not a single seed is lost.

Wild garlic blooms in late May, and the seeds ripen in July. You need to collect them in a timely manner, otherwise they will crumble.

Therefore, vegetative propagation of wild garlic is easier - by planting bulbs, but the breeding rate of bulbs is small - every year only 1-2 new daughter bulbs grow out of one. The bulbs are planted shallowly, so that the reticulum surrounding the bulb protrudes from the ground. The distance between the bulbs of 35-40 cm will allow growing wild garlic in one place without transplanting for 4-5 years, until the plantings become thickened. The best time to transplant bulbs is during a dormant period. In wild garlic, it lasts from July to September, then roots begin to grow and the rudiments of new bulbs develop.

Plot for wild garlic

Since wild garlic is a beautiful perennial ornamental plant, it is quite possible to grow it in spring flower beds, although any semi-shady area is well suited for it, for example, somewhere in the shade of trees.

True, this does not mean at all that wild garlic does not like the sun. It's just that its growing season ends early, at about the same time as the intense leafing of the trees. In the summer (i.e., during the dormant period), in the shade under the trees, its bulbs will be reliably protected from overheating and drying out. Moreover, the benefit here is mutual: due to the high phytoncidal activity of wild garlic, it has the ability to scare off garden pests, and its area will be used more rationally.

Ramson prefers ...

1. She is very hardy, but it should be borne in mind that under natural conditions in winter, wild garlic is covered with a thick layer of snow. With a small snow cover, apparently, a light cover of leaves, straw, spruce branches will not hurt, however, we always have more than enough snow, so there is no such problem.

2. Prefers nutritious, humus-fertilized and very loose soil.

3. Loves water very much - the soil should always be moist, but in no case should it be flooded with melt water. According to literary information, wild garlic can grow on soils

with close standing groundwater

, but in this case, a good subsoil drainage of sand, fine gravel, pebbles should be made on the beds, while raising the soil to the highest possible height. During the entire active growing season (before shooting) wild leek requires abundant watering, which must be stopped or shine to a minimum during the dormant period.

4. Requires early spring, right in the snow, nitrogen fertilization... The next top dressing (phosphorus-potassium) must be given in the shooting phase for better seed ripening and the formation of new bulbs.

Development calendar

The growing season for wild garlic is very short. Leaves grow back immediately after the snow melts. You can start cutting wild garlic after the snow melts and until the seeds reach milky-wax ripeness. By the way, wild garlic arrows are tastier than leaves and marinate perfectly. The continuous collection of wild garlic is not recommended, so as not to lose this wonderful plant.

The arrow appears in early June and blooms in the middle of this month. Vegetation ends in early August - at this time the leaves of wild garlic begin to turn yellow and dry out. There is no secondary regrowth.

Read the next part. Recipes with wild garlic →

Svetlana Shlyakhtina, Yekaterinburg



Should you water?

Cucumber seeds should never be wet, only wet when germinating. Germination only makes sense for non-hybrid varieties because the seeds are not treated against fungal diseases. If you allow the treated seeds to germinate, the preservative will wash out and lose its effect.

If you are sprouting seeds, soak the newspaper in water, let it drain well, and then sow seeds on it. Newspapers should be kept moist until germinated, which takes two days. However, the risk of seed drying out is relatively high.


Growing wild garlic with bulbs

My first experiments showed that it is better to propagate wild garlic with bulbs. They can be planted in August-October or the next year in April-May. The main disadvantage of the vegetative method is a low reproduction rate: each shoot forms only one replacement bulb annually. With this method, the leaves are harvested in the third year of plant life. It is better that the bulbs for transplanting should have a ready-made root system. If the roots are dry, the probability of survival is close to zero, in the spring the roots do not grow. We plant the bulb so that 2/3 is in the ground, carefully add the roots and spill it abundantly so that there are no voids left. In spring, before flowering, we often water it, periodically it is possible with fertilizer.

In the first year after transplanting, the plant will only grow to half its normal size due to the unavailability of the root system. Whether the bulb has taken root can only be judged in the fall - in September-October, a new replacement bulb should form. When choosing a planting density, you need to remember that the horizontal roots of wild garlic grow up to 20 cm, this does not mean that you need to plant the bulbs strictly one at a time. When there are up to 20 bulbs in a curtain, they can not be seated, they do not crush each other, and the distance between the curtains should be 40-50 cm.

After the dying off of the ground part of the plant in July, you can stop watering altogether. If the wild garlic is planted in an open place, do not forget to add a little earth, humus or leaves. As a rule, every tenth plant blooms, producing up to 120 seeds. Therefore, by planting 100 plants, you will provide yourself with seeds for the plantation, which you can not only look at, but also pamper yourself with a spring vitamin salad, and more than once. Ramson responds well to watering and humus by an increase in vegetative mass and sugars, and vitamin "C" is not measured there anyway.

If peduncles are found on the transplanted plants, then they must be broken off so that they do not deplete the transplanted bulbs.

Soil preparation for wild garlic

The lighting should not be too bright; wild garlic grows best in partial shade. In such conditions, its leaves become softer, larger and tastier. If there is too much sunlight, then the leaves become coarse, and sometimes even dry out.

Ramsters require well-moistened soil, but constant flooding is best avoided. Bear onions especially do not like excessive moisture. In early spring, the plant does not tolerate stagnant moisture well.

The soil should be slightly acidic or neutral, loose. In acidic soil, wild garlic grows very poorly. But it can grow well in both sand and clay.

Watering and feeding wild garlic

Since wild garlic can be grown in the same place for a long time, a good organic dressing is required. Best of all, if it is humus from leaves of hazel, elm or birch, in the amount of 1 - 2 buckets per 1 sq. m. The soil will turn out to be light, loose, and breathable. But first, it must be carefully cleaned of weeds and processed to a sufficient depth, based on the fact that the roots of a bear onion penetrate by 15 - 20 cm, in a victorious onion - by 30 - 40 cm. To grow wild garlic, acidic soils will have to be limed, bear the onion does not tolerate them, the victorious one puts up with weakly acidic ones. Success components:


  • Do not forget about watering in drought, as long as the aerial part of the plants is preserved
  • Do not loosen the soil deeply, but add mulch from leaf humus, which will keep it loose and moist, and in addition, serve as an excellent fertilizer for wild garlic
  • If there is no humus, use infusions of organic fertilizers as top dressing (mullein 1:10, bird droppings 1:20), but not fresh manure
  • When growing wild garlic, it is important not to let weeds grow. Nettle and wheatgrass are especially dangerous, the rhizomes of which can pierce the bulbs through and through.

Protection from pests and diseases

Pests rarely harm wild garlic. If damage appears on the leaves, you need to water the plants with a salt solution (100 grams per bucket of water). The next day, the remaining salt is washed off with plain water from a watering can.

Sometimes a raid appears on the wild garlic that looks like rust. In this case, the affected plants are watered with a solution of copper oxychloride (1 spoon per 10 liters). A small amount of liquid soap is also added to it. Spraying should be repeated after 1-2 weeks. The leaves should not be eaten after spraying, it is better to wait a few weeks. But then they will need to be thoroughly washed.

The first harvest in young strong wild garlic plants grown from seeds can be started to take off in the third year of life, depriving them of individual leaves. For a victorious onion, for example, you can cut off the two upper leaves, and leave the lower one. All leaves cannot be cut off, because they will not grow back over the summer and the plant will not be able to accumulate enough nutrients to form a new bulb.

In large adult plants of wild garlic, all the leaves can be removed at once, but this should not be done every year so that the plantings have time to recover. When growing wild garlic, it would be wise to start several small plots and cut them in turn, giving others the opportunity to rest. In general, about 2-3 kg of greens can be harvested from 1 m 2 over the summer.

The most delicious, tender and healthy young shoots, leaves and petioles of wild garlic, which grew in early spring, when it is not yet hot. At the end of April, they contain the most vitamins and other biologically active substances, mineral salts. But, when growing wild garlic, it should be remembered that with such an early cut of the leaves, the bulb is harder to recover. Cutting the leaves later is better for the bulb, but not as healthy and tasty for us. So you have to look for a compromise, but most importantly, remove the wild garlic leaves before flowering.

With strong growth, wild garlic can also be used in winter, for which the bulbs are transplanted into flower pots at the end of October and placed on the windowsill, and bright emerald greens appear in January.

Be sure to plant this plant in your area, because you probably have such areas where wild garlic will feel like the queen of the garden and supply you with useful spring vitamins every year. from the net


Agricultural technology of wild garlic

When planting any plants, you need to try to create conditions as close as possible to natural ones. Ramson is quite unpretentious. Both sunny and dimly lit areas of the garden are well suited for growing it. It can take root everywhere, this has become a real find for me. Ramson grows with pleasure where until that time nothing wanted to grow - in the shade, under a fence, under a tree. This year I want to conduct an experiment with planting in the shade under a nut, there I still haven't gotten accustomed to anything.

If you plant wild onions in a good sunny location, you will have to remove the weeds, water the plant and plant it much more often. Also, the leaves will become smaller and coarser. Seeds should be planted at a temperature of 18-20 degrees, it is then that their germination is greatest. At lower temperatures, germination drops significantly.


How to grow wild garlic in the middle lane

Adding an article to a new collection

Wild garlic grows in many countries of Europe, Asia and Africa. But some of our readers are wondering whether the plant will survive the winter in the middle lane, because it is accustomed to a temperate climate. And in general: how are wild garlic grown in our latitudes?

At first glance, with the cultivation of wild garlic in the country, you can not "bother" at all, having bought greens on the market from any old woman. But there is one caveat here.In many regions of Russia (for example, in Bryansk, Kursk, Leningrad, Lipetsk, Moscow, Pskov, Ryazan and Smolensk regions, as well as in the Stavropol Territory) wild wild garlic is listed in the Red Book. In some neighboring countries of Russia - Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania and Ukraine - a similar ban applies to the collection of the plant. Therefore, when purchasing wild garlic from someone else, you run the risk of getting a fine along with that someone. If, of course, you are caught at the scene of the "crime".

Ramson, known as a plant of the genus Onion, loves to feast on a bear that has awakened after hibernation in the spring, and therefore one of the popular names - bear onion - has stuck behind it. And since the taste of wild garlic is closer to another related plant, it is also "called" wild garlic. Some linguists are sure that the words "wild garlic" and "bird cherry" have a common origin due to the pungent smell of both plants.

According to the assurances of gardeners on the forums, cultivated wild garlic can successfully live in our latitudes. And it can be grown both from bulbs and propagated by seeds (although the second method is considered more complicated).


How to grow wild garlic in the country with bulbs?

If there is an opportunity to purchase bulbs, this is a faster way to get the first harvest of wild garlic. In addition, unlike seeds, the survival rate of bulbs is several times higher than the germination rate of the former. True, one head will give only one bush.

It is better to plant bulbs before winter, when the wild garlic has already begun a dormant period, without deepening too much. Planting deep will make it difficult for the sprouts to break through the soil. It is convenient to plant in a nesting way, 1 onion per hole every 25-30 cm. For insurance, you can put two onions. If the favorable time for the autumn planting of wild garlic was missed, the procedure can be postponed to mid-spring.


Watch the video: Starting off Wild Garlic ramsons from seed! Woodland food production?