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Clivia - Flowering and indoor maintenance secret

Clivia - Flowering and indoor maintenance secret


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Clivia rays of winter sunshine from the house!

Clivia, during the winter, rather towards the end, offers magnificent flower stalks that creep between the leaves with yellow flowers to a trumpet-like orange-red. They give off a sweet and light fragrance. While it is sweet, the plant is no less toxic, so it should be handled with care. Flowering lasts for a few beautiful weeks. It is an amaryllidaceae from South Africa, and like the begonia, clivia is a classic of indoor plants that undoubtedly evokes the memory of our grandmothers, where we found it, sometimes simply leafy, or flowered according to the time of our visits and sometimes disappearing for a few weeks. The leaves are a beautiful deep green, long, flat, thick, smooth and shiny, they are said to be banded, they develop crossed from the stump, like a fan. The inflorescences appear in the center of the rosette of leaves and are carried by high erect stems, about 40 cm. Clivia also called Lily of Natal, Lily of St-Joseph or Clivie, it is an indoor ornamental plant but it can perfectly be used in the garden, during the beautiful period from May to September, in the shade, in the shelter from direct sunlight.

Botanical name:

• Clivia miniata

Type of plant

Family : Amaryllidaceae, Amaryllidaceae
• Cycle: Perennial
• Hardiness: Non-rustic
Foliage : Persistent
Exposure : Bright
• Plantation: In a pot, rather indoors
• Flowering: February to April
• Harvest:
Ground : Rich and drained soil
• Harbor : Leaf rosette and upright flower stem
• Honey plant: No
Interview : Watering and rest period (autumn)
Height: 30 to 60 cm.
• Rooting: Rhizomatous root
• Origin: South Africa
• Crop rotation:

Properties:

• The plant suffers from the cold from +7 ° C

Warning Toxic!

The whole plant is poisonous. The roots, leaves and flowers.

What soil for Clivia miniata?

• Mixture of soil and sand (30%).

When to plant it?

• Clivia is rather cultivated, in pots, indoors.
• If you decide to add it to the garden, it is possible especially in mild regions, plant it in May to avoid any cold period. But get back there in September.

How to plant Clivia?

In pots for indoor cultivation:

• In a pot that grows with the size of the plant, the clivia roots like to be tight ...
• Place a bottom of earthen ball,
• Add a potting mix with 30% sand.
• Place the clivia strain
• Tamp well.
• Water

Clivia planted in the garden, in mild regions:

• Plan an installation out of direct sunlight.
• Dig a hole the size of the root ball.
• Add a gravel bed.
• Add potting soil and sand to the soil in the garden.
• Place the root ball.
• Recap, tamp and water.

Infos of the amateur gardener:

Clivia in our climates suffers as soon as the temperatures drop. It is an easy plant, but capricious in the sense that, to flower it will be necessary to respect a cycle, during its period of dormancy, where it will be necessary to place it in a cool place, in the 10 ° C but never below 8 ° C, then at the end of dormancy, resume watering slowly, it is a plant that appreciates a slightly fresh soil, while placing it in a room at about 15 ° C, until the full resumption of growth, where she will appreciate the temperature of the house at 19 or 20 ° C.

Maintenance of clivia:

Rest:

• To flower, the plant needs rest when it goes dormant, usually in the fall. During this period, the plant should be placed in a cool place within 7-10 ° C.
• During this period, watering must be greatly slowed down.
• Do not add any fertilizer.
• When the flower stalk reappears and it reaches about fifteen centimeters, move the plant to a room where the temperature is milder (15 ° C) and water it more regularly but always moderately.
• Flowering occurs at the end of winter, the plant can then be placed in a room at 20 ° C.

After flowering of clivia:

• Cut the stalk of faded flowers, the flower stalk at the base.

Watering:

• Outside the dormant period, after cutting the flower stalk and starting to water lightly but regularly, at least once a week. The substrate should stay cool throughout spring and summer.

Fertilization :

• As with watering after cutting the stalk, the plant should benefit from good fertilization.

Repotting:

Clivia is a plant that likes to be a bit cramped in its pot. Repotting is only done when the roots fill the pot, generally every 3 years, depending on its growth.

Multiplication:

• Multiplication can be carried out by sowing or by removing fragments / suckers.

When to sow clivia?

• Sow in the spring, when hot.

How to sow?

A word from the amateur gardener ...

Clivia seedlings are difficult, long, and good results when grown as an amateur can be successful but relatively rarely. 2 or 3 reasons that push to multiply clivia by division of the splinters, it is on the one hand that the flowering post sowing will not occur until after at least 6 years. Another reason, the seedling plant may not be the reproduction of the mother plant and then we can add that to produce the seeds, it will be necessary to keep the flowering stalk until the seeds reach term which may prevent flowering the following year.

When to divide the shards:

• Divide and transplant the clivia shards in the spring after flowering.
• Usually we take advantage of repotting to produce this operation.

How to divide?

• Clivia tufts should be divided after flowering.
• For suckers to be collected for transplanting, they must have at least 3 leaves.
• Proceed manually to release the rejects, then ...
• With a clean and disinfected knife separate the suckers from the stump.
• Prepare pots with a few clay balls and ...
• Add a mixture of soil and sand at 30%
• Place splinters / rejects.
• Water.

Diseases and Parasites:

• The root rot when watering is too important.
• Clivia can be affected by aphids and / or the mealybugs.
• Under the rays of the sun Brown stains may appear on the leaves.

Varieties:

• Clivia miniata is the species that you will find most regularly, its colors are generally yellow (citrina) or reddish orange and strongly open.
Clivia nobilis - Clivia caulescens are quite similar varieties. Tubular and drooping flowers, bi-color, orange-red sometimes a little dull and green at the edge of the petals.

Top image - Clivia miniata - reproduced on wikipedia.org used under license CC BY-SA 3.0 modified by and for Our website.

Clivia nobilis - Image above taken from wikipedia.org - Public domain.

Quick sheet:

summary

Item name

Clivia winter sun rays in the house

Description

Clivia, during the winter, rather towards the end, offers magnificent flower stalks which creep between the leaves with yellow flowers to orange-red trumpet-like. While sweet, the plant is nonetheless poisonous, so it should be handled with care. Flowering lasts a few beautiful weeks.

Author

Daniel from Our website

Editor's name

Jaime-jardiner.com - THE garden media partner of the Ouest-france.fr portal

Publisher logo


Clivia caulescent (Clivia caulescens)

Kind: Clivia
Species: caulescens
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Origin: Southern Africa

Clivia caulescent is a perennial plant with a rhizomatous strain, a bushy and spreading habit and evergreen foliage. Slowly growing, it measures 50 cm to 1 m high, or even more in its native environment.
Flowering appears from late spring to summer, depending on the climate and growing conditions. It is composed of orange-red hanging tubular flowers, united in an umbel at the top of a floral stalk shorter than the leaves.


Indispensable freshness

For a feeling of comfort in the house, we need an average of 18 to 20 ° C. This temperature also corresponds to the well-being of a large majority of indoor plants during the growing season.

On the other hand, those which require a very marked vegetative stop or which come from semi-temperate regions, are not satisfied with these conditions. This is the case of cyclamen, azaleas, cineraria, primroses, hydrangeas, heather, potted bulbs, etc., which it is difficult to keep for more than a week in a normal room, since they need less than 15 ° c (ideal from 8 to 12 ° c).

The same goes for so-called “Mediterranean” species: citrus, bougainvillea, certain palms, plumbago, mimosa, strélitzia, cycas, datura, pittosporum, pomegranate, solanum, anisodontea, jasmine, etc., which withstand temperatures of around 0 ° C in in the ground and enjoy between 5 and 10 ° c in a pot in winter.

The same is also true for Cacti, succulents, passion flower, apartment linden, nertera, love apple, clivia, etc.

All these plants must overwinter in a cold greenhouse or in a veranda, otherwise their foliage will turn yellow and drop prematurely. Note that almost all plants tolerate much lower temperatures than one might suppose, on the sole condition of having good atmospheric humidity, but a very dry substrate.


Tap water is not suitable for watering houseplants

Indoor plants should not be watered withtap water. It all depends on the quality of your water. In some areas it is very chalky and / or very chlorinated. Using it directly to water your plants, in the long term, can be harmful to their health. Rainwater would be better. But if you have no way to get it back, just fill your watering cans ahead of time with tap water. The chlorine will then evaporate and the irrigation water will be at room temperature. To minimize the effects of lime, add lemon juice to your watering can: 1 to 2 tablespoons per 10 l.


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Clivia - Flowering and indoor maintenance secret


    Common name : Clivia vermilion, Clivie vermillonne, Lis de Saint Jospeh, locally and by English speakers called 'Kaffir lily, Bush Lily, St John's Lily, Fire Lily'.
    Latin name:Clivia miniata Regel *
    family: Amaryllidaceae
    category: perennial often cultivated as a houseplant.
    Harbor : flattened tuft and floral stalk.
    foliage: evergreen, large (50 cm) simple ribboned leaves, dark green.
    flowering: long from spring to summer.
    fruits: if pollination could have taken place fleshy, ovoid green berries turning bright scarlet red when ripe (count about 6 months) containing 1 to 4 seeds of 1cm.
    color : red-orange, yellow.
    growth: slow.
    height: 0.5 m.
    plantation: in spring.
    multiplication: by sowing, the berries are ripe at 9 months, rid the seeds of the pulp, sow them, hardly sinking them in a moist aerated substrate, count for the emergence of 20 to 25 days. For dry seeds, soak them in lukewarm water for 24 hours.
    For the first flowering it is necessary to wait between 4 and 5 years.
    By vegetative propagation: separate suckers with at least 4 leaves, taking care of the roots.
    ground : well-drained and above all very airy substrate: soil for orchids, cacti. rather cool except in winter, fertile, acidic or neutral.
    When growing in a pot, plan to repot every 2 to 4 years or in the meantime, re-surfacing with compost.
    location: bright semi-shade.
    area:9-11.
    description: shiny dark green leaves, banded about 5 x 50 cm, arranged in a fan shape. Large, delicate fleshy roots serving as a reserve organ. Stem, longer than the plateau of true bulbous plants, forming an underground rhizome (aerial in C. caulescens). Flower stem 45 cm between the leaves at the end of winter, carrying an umbel of 10-20 flowers erected in starry trumpets, minimum color. Forms a flower bud every 4 leaves. Slowly clump with suckers.
    origin: South Africa to the southeast in the forests of Natal and east of Mpumalanga in the Blyde River Canyon area.
    The Clivia grow in forest litter, willingly on rocky soil and are opportunistic epiphytes. They have an epiphytic root epidermis.
    interview : culture in pot, take it out in partial shade in summer, water frequently, taking care to let the substrate dry between two waterings, during the growth period add fertilizer for flowering plants always on damp substrate, and make it overwinter in a cold (7-13 ° C) and bright room, keeping the substrate almost dry.
    The secret of its good growth lies in the respect of an airy soil, that of its flowering in the cool rest.
    diseases and pests: just like any other species, can be attacked by mealybugs and it can be prone to anthracnose, leaf spots, white rot on the stems of the fungus Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (sclerotia).
    NB: her name Clivia was given to it by Lindley * in remembrance of Lady Charlotte Florentia Clive Percy, Duchess of Northumberland (1787-1866), who was (circa 1823) the first English lady to be surprised to see it bloom instead of 'an agapanthus, widely distributed from 1854 its specific name miniata means red-orange, a word coming from the Latin 'minio' which designates the minium, a red-orange pigment.
    In Morocco at the beginning of July you can discover them in bloom at the Majorelle garden * in Marrakech and discover the Majorelle blue there firsthand.
    This genus includes only 5 species, all endemic to southern Africa where they grow in the undergrowth, on rocky soils or on trunks because they have an epiphytic root epidermis.
    South Africa and the Anglo-Saxon and Belgian hybridizers produce remarkable subjects by the size and by the color of the flowers while those selected by the Asian hybridizers (since 1912) have reduced sizes, foliage of various shapes and colors. , variegated foliage in Japan ('Akebono'), very wide and short in China ('Monk'). This craze in Asia for Clivia is certainly due to its resemblance to Rohdea japonica, in China it is called 'Chuо xiаo jьnzпlаn', introduced and cultivated in abundance in the province of Hubei.
    Among the cultivars are:
    - Clivia miniata cv. 'Citrina' with pale yellow flowers.
    - Clivia miniata cv. 'Vermilion' with yellow vermilion flowers in the heart, bottom photo.
    - Other species present in the Encyclopedia:
    - Clivia caulescens R.A. Dyers, consult his file.
    - Clivia nobilis, consult its file.
    The other species:
    - Clivia gardenii Hook, Garden Clivia, native to South Africa (Kwazulu-Natal province, region near Mozambique), height about 0.60m, umbel of hanging tubular flowers orange a hint of yellow with green tip, flowering in fall.
    - Clivia mirabilis J. Rourke: Late discovery in 2001, in a semi-arid Mediterranean area in the Cape Province (northeastern region of Nieuwoudtville, an area where principitations take place in winter), leaves with a white stripe in the central part, flowering in summer, reddish flower stalk, united in an umbel, hanging flowers almost half orange and half yellow, red ovoid berries.
    - Clivia x cyrtanthiflora (Van Houtte) H.P.Traub, synonym of Imantophyllum cyrtanthiflorum is a hybrid resulting from a cross between Clivia miniata and of Clivia nobilis, height around 0.40m, flowering in an umbel of semi-pendulous pink-orange flowers in summer.
    - Clivia robusta B. G. Murray, Ran, de Lange, Hammett, Truter & Swanev. known as Clivie or Marsh Clivia, native to South Africa in Cape Province (east) along waterways, tubular flower umbel hanging orange a hint of yellow with green tip, blooming at l 'autumn.

In the alphabet, consult the list of other species of purifiers and that of other bulbous plants present in the Encyclopedia.

Annotations:
* Lindley, John Lindley (1799-1865) England he was professor of botany at the University of London and Cambridge, assistant to Bank's and secretary to the RHS, we owe him the descriptions of the 77 species discovered by Thomas L. Mitchell during of his 3 expeditions to Eastern Australia around 1838 and subsequently those discovered in Western Australia by Drummond and Molloy. In 1838 his intervention saved Kew garden from destruction.
* Jardin Majorelle, created in 1924 by the orientalist painter Jacques Majorelle (1886-1962), which was the home of Yves Saint-Laurent, today it is a foundation that manages the botanical garden and a dedicated ethnological museum in Berbers, consult his biography, the botanical garden video of Hassuan M'Caouri Nordine.
* Regel, botanical abbreviation for Йdouard August von Regel (1815-1892), gardener then German botanist who was initiated by working in the botanical garden of Gцttigen before settling in Russia in 1885. Appointed in 1875 as director of the Botanical Garden Imperial Peter the Great of St. Petersburg, located on Vorony Island, a garden today attached to the Komarov Botanical Institute *.
Two genera have been dedicated to him, Neoregelia from the Bromeliaceae family and Regelia, an Australian genus from the Myrtaceae family.
natacha mauric © 02/29/2000 Garden! The Encyclopedia
- nmauric © 29.02.2000 ® by Société des Gens de Lettres - In accordance with international conventions relating to intellectual property, electronic reproduction with making available to the public and / or commercial exploitation is expressly prohibited.


Spring in winter

The flower bulbs that bloom in the garden in spring: tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, crocuses, grape hyacinths, scilles, bulbous irises, etc., can constitute ephemeral flower pots, but superb to brighten up our interiors in winter. For this, we practice a forced culture, that is to say, which forces the plant to develop during a period different from its natural growing season. The ambient mildness of the house is enough to cause the bulbs to revegetate.

However, for flowering to take place, the bulb must undergo a period of cold. The so-called “forced” or “prepared” bulbs have been kept in a cold room. The embryonic flower they contain is already well developed. Most often they offer a very large caliber, which guarantees you large flowers. Place the bulbs in a sandy substrate or in chippings. Keep the culture in the dark until the flowering stems appear.


Interior scenes

Posted on January 24, 2016 by Tof77

After four years of outdoor scenes, it's time to introduce you to my interior and the few plants that are there. Nothing very original, you might say, but most of the green plants that you are going to see were given to me by my friends. They are therefore of particular importance to me.

Let's start with one of my favorite plants, the superb Coleus with magnificent variegated foliage and so exotic.

From cutting to cutting. This plant has become our common thread, eh Cat?

The coleus is a magnificent tropical plant renowned for the beauty of its foliage, variegated and colorful. It is grown in the garden in summer but also indoors in winter where it adapts pa.

Let's continue with the Christmas cactus (Schlumbergera) whose flowering in December is flamboyant. Mine blooms pink but there are other colors. It has grown a lot since it was given to me by my friend Monique.

Type of foliage: evergreen Hardiness: 10 ° C minimum in winter Carrying an abundant and colorful flowering during the winter months, this cactus, precious to brighten up an interior during the period.

Another gift from Monique, a superb Orchid. It is still difficult to make it bloom again, but I do not despair!

Souvenir from Andalusia. Juan, passionate about succulents, kindly offered me three tiny cuttings of agave (or Aloe Vera?). Packaged in a plastic bag, they crossed all of Spain and France.

The following plant is quite common but on its support, a yellow stool that my grandmother was particularly fond of, it looks proud.

Despite its name which might frighten me, its exuberance pleases me very much. And its depolluting power does not spoil anything!

Chlorophytum (spider plant)

Flowering period: summer Flower color: white Use: pot, suspension Type of plant: green plant Type of vegetation: perennial Type of foliage: evergreen Hardiness: 20 ° C all l.

Let's continue with my gigantic Papyrus. which, originally, was a small cutting given by my friend Chantal.

Papyrus (Cyperus papyrus) belongs to the Cyperaceae family. It is a plant that grows in particular on the banks of the Nile and its delta. It consists of a sectional woody stem.

Unknown plant but I like its atypical foliage. Maybe you know his name?

Next is a particularly hairy plant. I named the Rhipsalis!

Rhipsalis. or how to recycle an old goldfish bowl!

A little sun with this Solanum Pseudocapsicum, more nicely nicknamed "Apple Tree of Love ".

We no longer need to present the famous Spathiphyllum.

You have a spathiphyllum and you want to enjoy this wonderful houseplant for a long time. How much maintenance does it need, how to plant or repot it, what watering and.

Recently purchased, a Amaryllis who already gave me a gift of a superb white bloom. And here is a second stem getting ready to bloom!

Let's finish this little indoor tour with my two plant frames of which I am particularly proud. offered for my birthday three years ago.

Thanks to you friends. Sylvie, Monique, Philippe, Cat, Maryse, Chantal and Stéph!

Do not hesitate to click on the links that I added to the presentation of these few plants, you will have more information, in particular on their maintenance.

While waiting to meet for outdoor scenes, this time, I wish you a good end of the weekend!

Blog of an amateur and passionate gardener in Seine et Marne.

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Video: Secret hack for Clivia seedlings!