Growing roses: choosing a variety and a place for planting, purchasing seedlings
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Read the previous part of the article - Growing a rose: where to start, which varieties of roses to choose
Purchase of seedlings
Over the past one and a half to two decades, there have been great changes in rose growing. A huge number of new varieties and even new groups of roses have appeared. Why is it so important to know which class a particular variety belongs to? Because it basically depends on what place in your garden you need to choose for planting a rose, how to cut it, how to cover it for the winter and, in general, what to expect from it.
Now rose seedlings can be purchased in many shops selling planting material, as well as at fairs and exhibitions, in nurseries. Among them there are foreign and domestic supplies. The seedlings are beautifully packed, the rose bloom is sure to be illustrated. When choosing, do not think that you will have it as beautiful. There will probably be 2-3 times less flowers - this is because of our weather.
None of the sellers will tell you about the shortcomings of the variety. Therefore, before buying a rose, go around gardening, see what the neighbors have and how their pets behave, consult with knowledgeable gardeners.
A first-class seedling should have two, preferably three shoots no thinner than a pencil. The stems should be green, semi-lignified, and have a fresh appearance. The peel on the shoots should be smooth, without cracks or wrinkles. The buds on the stems should be at rest and green.
If the rose belongs to the groups of hybrid tea, floribunda or polyanthus (now it is very rare), then the shoots on the seedling should be 20-25 cm long.If it is a group of climbing roses, then the shoots should be 75 cm long. But it's okay if the length is shorter - this is due to the convenience of packaging.
The stems of the purchased seedlings, if they are not covered with a layer of paraffin, should be immediately washed with a strong jet of cold water - from the spider mite, which likes to settle in rose bushes.
The planting material can be sold with a closed root system or with open roots. In the latter case, the roots must be sprinkled with slightly damp peat or sawdust. The roots should be well developed and have small, branched roots. If they are open and break when bent, and the peel on the shoots is unhealthy and wrinkled, then the bush is dry, you do not need to buy it. It is better to buy roses in a container or pot - there will be no such problems.
When buying, be sure to ask the seller about the class of the rose, the time of its flowering, the size of the bush, etc. If you purchased a seedling long before planting, you should try to keep it in a dark, cool place, water it, if it starts to dry out, spray it. The light stimulates the awakening of the kidneys. If the buds have begun to germinate, it is necessary to put the bush in the brightest and coolest place, and before planting in the ground, such a seedling will have to be accustomed to the sun, wind for 7-10 days, i.e. temper.
Choosing a landing site
Let's see where you can plant a rose in our garden. Of course, not next to cabbage or potatoes. After all, the rose is the queen of the garden and should be treated like a queen. You need to choose a personal seat for her. And so that there are no dahlias or other lush and bright flowers near her.
The rose is such a beautiful plant that it does not need any neighborhood with other flowers. They won't decorate it. But she can decorate a flower garden, for example, in the company of lilies or delphinium, which is called the "knight of roses", small-flowered gypsophila, or sage - "the helpful companion of roses." However, we have a sin to plant a rose with other flowers. This is good in the south, where the rose is a common plant.
Roses can be grown on a bed or in a personal flower bed. Hybrid tea or polyanthus roses, as well as floribundas, grandifloras are suitable here. Just do not need to alternate between different species or even different varieties of the same species. Bad taste and variegation can turn out. Better to plant in groups of several bushes of the same variety.
Groups of roses or individual beautiful specimens look good against the background of the lawn. Standard roses are unusually beautiful here, especially if thin-leaved species are grafted onto the stem, in which branches fall down - recently it is a "squeak of fashion".
Miniature roses or roses from the new patio group can form a pretty border. Only they need to be planted in pots so that they rise above the ground, otherwise they will hurt. The garden will also be decorated with flowerpots with rose bushes planted in them.
Along the fence, you can plant park roses such as wrinkled roses - you get an amazingly beautiful hedge. Walls draped with roses, fences, arches, gazebos look especially luxurious. Climbing roses and some semi-climbing and bush roses are suitable for this purpose. Of course, such options can only be used if the garden has a good workforce.
There are not so many varieties of these roses wintering in our region.
Rose varieties suitable for growing in the conditions of the Leningrad region
Of climbing especially interesting are old winter-hardy varieties with lashes up to 4 m long.
Variety Dorothy Perkins (this variety is more than 100 years old) - blooms in bunches of 30-40 small, up to 3 cm in diameter, densely double light pink flowers with a weak aroma. Flowering is very abundant, lasts 3-4 weeks. After a month of rest, flowering in a warm summer can be repeated, but very weakly. Leaves are beautiful: small, dark green, shiny.
The second rose - Excelsa - exactly the same, only her flowers are deep pink, almost red, for which she is often called Red Dorothy Perkins. Both roses bloom on last year's shoots. Both of them are the most suitable for landscaping arches, arbors, because their thin flexible lashes wrap around the supports offered to them well.
Of large-flowered climbing roses our variety grows well New Down - lashes up to 2 m. Flowers of amazingly pure, delicate pink color, slightly double, 6-7 cm in diameter, very fragrant, collected in inflorescences of 3-6 flowers. Very beautifully shaped pointed buds quickly open, but the petals from the flowers quickly crumble. Abundant flowering, lasts three weeks. It blooms again at the end of summer. It blooms on the shoots of both the past and the current year. The variety is good for single plantings.
Domestic variety Lighthouse - lashes 3 m long, in July they are covered with simple red flowers, which just glow, as soon as the sun hides behind a cloud. Lighthouse bushes are spectacular on the trellis, where they form a wall covered with shining flowers. Blossom on the shoots of last year.
Unassuming beauty Paul's Scarlett Climber - in the second half of June it is decorated with bouquets of 4-10 large red flowers, double and slightly fragrant. The leaves are large, shiny, the shoots are thick, strong, up to 2.5 m high.
Of the newer varieties, the most unpretentious and very beautiful is the company's rose Cordesa Flammentanz... Powerful shoots up to 3-4 m, large flowers - double, deep red, bright, persistent, with a weak aroma. The inflorescence has 3-16 flowers. Blooms in July.
Both varieties bloom very profusely for a month on the shoots of the previous year. Due to their thick, powerful stems, it is difficult to bend them to the ground for shelter for the winter. Having planted a couple of bushes at a distance of one and a half meters from each other, you can get an amazingly beautiful flowering wall 3-4 m long and high. They are beautiful in single plantings.
What roses love
To make roses feel cozy in your garden, you need to indulge them in their passions. So, roses grow well and bloom only on fertile soils with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction of the environment (pH = 6.2-7).
The more sun, the more abundantly they bloom. However, the shade from the midday sun does not harm them. Roses love space, do not like tightness. They do not like winds, especially cold ones. They also do not like lowered areas, close standing groundwater. Where water can accumulate in spring or autumn, roses are planted on high ridges, otherwise they will die.
Read the end of the article - Growing a rose: caring for roses, pruning roses
L. Bobrovskaya, florist
Photo by the author
If you don't trim on time
Experienced gardeners recommend pruning the bush on time. This is one of the main conditions for proper cultivation and care of a tea rose. If this is not done, the rose will begin to hurt, it will become susceptible to pests and diseases. And one more important factor - in the absence of pruning, the plant will not bloom enough, and with timely pruning, the maximum number of buds will form on the bush.
If you do not prune the tea rose in the fall, then in the winter the bush will freeze and die. The worst result of not being pruned is the transformation of the rose into a rose hip. This happens when the grafted shoots of the cultivated plant die, and the rootstock branches begin to grow from the root.
The photo on the left shows a rosehip shoot coming from the root, and on the right is the correct scheme for removing this branch.
It is necessary to correctly remove the branches of the rose hips from the very base. When the growth comes from the root, you need to clear it of the soil and find the place where this shoot begins. It is also necessary to regularly monitor the formation of new rosehip branches and remove them in a timely manner. If this is not done, wild growth will weaken the bush, and over time it will die.
If you do not thin out the bush, leaving all the shoots on it, this can lead to disease. Poor lighting and airing will result in rose rust, powdery mildew, and black spot.
It may seem to a beginner that pruning the plant is optional, but this is not true. In the process of pruning, a bush is formed, this procedure is carried out every year. A properly pruned tea rose will grow for a long time and delight the owner of the garden with lush flowering.
The flowers of the tea rose are formed on the shoots of the current year. Therefore, do moderate pruning of the bush annually. This is done to stimulate the formation of young shoots with flower buds. Remove two or three old stems from a mature shrub each year. This helps to rejuvenate the tea rose, improve its flowering.
The most important condition for the abundant flowering of the bush is landing place... Roses are sensitive to light and heat, which means that they should be planted in places that are well lit and reliably protected from cold winds. The best place is the southern and southeastern sides of the site, for the rose enjoys the morning and afternoon sun. Shady areas are only suitable for climbing varieties.
Planting roses is recommended in spring.... Beauties-roses are thermophilic plants, and as soon as the soil has warmed up well, and the buds have not yet blossomed, you can start planting roses. Planting in the fall is a risky business, because not every rosebush is able to fully root before frost appears and often dies.
Before planting, carefully examine the roots: cut off all damaged parts to living tissue, leave the remaining roots no more than 20 cm. Shorten the shoots on the bush, leave strong shoots with 6 buds, medium - with three, weak and dried cut out completely.
Planting a rose
The planting hole for the rose should be wide and deepso that the roots of the bush are spacious after planting. It is very important to sprinkle the budding (grafting) site with a layer of earth by 5-7 cm, tamp the soil around the bush and water it abundantly (a bucket of water on the bush). Protecting the seedlings from the bright spring sun, cover with a non-woven fabric. Uncook the shoots and remove the shelter when the ground is fully warmed up and the size of the shoots reaches about 5 cm.
The soil is prepared in advance: fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers. From organic - the best fertilizer for roses is manure, and the first fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizer should be solid, but not more than 15-20 g per bush. An overdose will negatively affect the roses.
For spring planting of roses, you prepare the soil in the fall, everything is quite simple: you dig spacious holes to a depth of up to 1.2 m with a diameter of half a meter, fill it with drainage (branches, large crushed stone, expanded clay), put a mixture of garden soil and humus on top, adding mineral fertilizers. When planting holes for bushes in autumn, cook for a month and a half. The best seedlings are those of the first two years. To stimulate the growth of roses, when planting, you need to cut off the tops of the shoots.
In the next video, you can see how to prepare for planting and plant a rose purchased in a box in spring. The author will show you how to properly straighten the roots of a plant, prepare a planting pit and plant the "queen of flowers".
Taking into account the size of the variety of rose bush and the rate of growth, it is recommended to observe landing interval from half a meter to one meter... In general, you determine the distance between the bushes individually, in pursuit of your goal.
Large spray roses look great in single plantings (for example, a lawn and in general any free corner of the garden). In the rose garden, it is necessary to observe the distance from one meter to one and a half (or 1.2 m) from the neighboring bush.
For miniature rose bushes, which are planted to create curbs (near paths or flower beds), a distance of sixty to seventy centimeters is sufficient.
Views climbing roses they love "loneliness", but it must be borne in mind that they do not stay in this state for long - the bushes grow rapidly. If you want to create a "wall" of climbing roses, you need to plant seedlings at a distance from a meter to two. In the spring, a rose transplant is also carried out, while doing this, try not to damage the roots and small processes of the roots.
Fence entwined with roses
If you purchased your seedlings long before planting, then Storing Rose Seedlings Before Planting will help you save your new pet.
Depending on the scale in which the business is planned to be organized, it will also depend on which greenhouse to choose. Regardless of whether it is a standard summer cottage greenhouse with an area of about 15 meters, or a large industrial greenhouse, the requirements for them will be the same.
First of all, you need to take care of the temperature regime. The temperature in the greenhouse must be stable. It will not be possible to achieve this with stove heating. Without fail, you will need automation in the form of thermostats.
The temperature outside during the day changes, and the automation will independently turn on and off the heaters in the greenhouse as needed. The temperature regime directly affects how much roses grow in the greenhouse. In addition, it is important to take into account that flowers require different temperatures during different periods of growth. Compliance with these requirements will not work without special equipment.
The second important point is lighting. Daylight hours should not be less than 14 hours for the roses to develop correctly in the greenhouse. In industrial greenhouses, lighting of the desired spectrum and location is provided.
Daylight hours are regulated by a computer. If you equip the greenhouse yourself, you can purchase special timers that will turn the lights on and off at the same time every day. The location of the lamps also plays an important role. The light should only fall on the leaves, and not touch the soil.
Air humidity is also important. It should be about 70%.
During the summer months, when the sun is very hot, the temperature in the greenhouse can rise above the permissible level. For such cases, it is necessary to provide special curtains. They are made of a special material that allows up to 50% of sunlight to pass through.A serious approach to the organization will allow you to grow beautiful and healthy roses in greenhouse conditions.
Roses on a stem: how to choose, where to plant, how to care
Standard roses are not a garden group in their own right - rather, they are a garden art technique for effectively demonstrating the beauty of roses. It is not known which enthusiast and fan of the rose had the idea to raise it to a pedestal, but it is believed that the first standard roses were grown at the end of the 18th century by grafting with a bud on wild rose (Rosa canina).
Stamp roses - a spectacular display of beauty
The fashion for standard roses was changeable: in other times, standard alleys were the pride of gardens, and in others such beauty was found a boring decision. Be that as it may, today not a single exemplary rose garden in the world is complete without standard roses.
In any garden, the standard rose in full glory becomes the center of attention, and it is difficult for other garden plants to compete with it. Owners of standard roses need to maintain their high decorative status with careful care.
How to get a rose that you like on someone else's flowerbed or to "clone" your beauty is not an idle question. A rather simple and common way comes to the aid of our desires - grafting, that is, the propagation of a rose by stem fragments.
We can start grafting by the end of June - beginning of July. This is exactly the time when the rooted cuttings will have time to develop well before overwintering.
Not all roses are successfully cuttings - for example, climbing large-flowered, shrabs and hybrid tea varieties are very difficult to propagate. But if we talk about ground cover roses, small-flowered and polyanthus varieties, then there is a lot of room for experimentation!
How to properly carry out cuttings of roses, in detail and step by step in the following video: