Indoor lily - planting and care: watering, feeding, reproduction. Lily hybrids
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Lily (lilium) - a genus of perennial bulbous herbaceous plants of the lily family, numbering more than 300 species. More than 30 species and varieties of lilies of various colors and shades are grown in the culture. In ancient times, the lily was only boiling white, therefore it was considered a symbol of purity. And translated from the ancient Gaelic "li-li" means "white-white". Distribution area in nature - Europe, Asia and North America. In culture, lily is grown both in the garden and in the room, like a pot plant, appreciated not only for its beautiful flowers, but also for its delicate aroma.
Lily bulbs, from 2cm to 20cm in diameter, consist of juicy, adjacent scales. Roots extend from the bottom of the bulbs, and in some varieties, the roots are also located above the bulb. Leaves are oval, lanceolate or linear, but the main charm of this genus is not in the leaves, but in flowers of incredible beauty and the most fantastic colors - white, yellow, purple, purple, golden orange, red ... Many varieties are decorated with specks or specks of brown , crimson, burgundy. The edges of the petals can be scalloped or even. The size of the flowers is from 10cm to 16cm, sometimes even more. Peduncles reach a height of a meter or more, 4-5 flowers bloom on them at the same time.
Among indoor lilies, hybrids are Asian, Oriental, American, Martagon, Candidium hybrids, tubular hybrids, long-flowered (longflorum), la-hybrids (from crossing long-flowered and Asian), lo-hybrids (from crossing long-flowered and oriental). The most unassuming caregivers are asian hybridsbut unfortunately they don't smell. Although they grow well both on windowsills and in the garden. And here long-flowered hybridson the contrary, they have a strong aroma, but they are too capricious for gardening. At home, they are much more comfortable.
Lilies: planting and care
At home, lilies bloom from June to August, and they need to be planted in a pot in early spring. You can create a composition of lilies by planting several bulbs in a container. A 20cm pot is enough for one onion. The earth you need to take a light one mixed with sand. Drainage in a lily pot is required, pour a layer of soil on it, place an onion on it, straighten its roots and cover it up to half with earth. The pot should be half full. You can add soil when the stems rise above the container.
Keep the flower in a dark, cool place until shoots appear, but as soon as shoots appear, transfer the lily to the balcony. In the summer, you need to provide the plant with a cool corner where there is an air flow. The soil should be as moist as the air around the plant. To water it is necessary regularly until autumn, until the leaves dry up. The soil should be allowed to dry slightly between waterings. Spray the air around the flower. Loosen the soil from time to time and add wood ash to it.
Do not forget feed lily with liquid fertilizers: the first time - before the start of growth, the second - during the formation of buds, the third - after flowering until mid-August. After flowering, lilies have a dormant time. In autumn, the dried stems are cut above the bulb itself, the bulbs are dug up and stored in the refrigerator in winter, wrapped in wet moss, or kept in wet sand in the basement. You can transplant the bulb into new soil, add ash there, lightly feed it and water it, then with the onset of spring it will grow faster.
Lily breeds seeds, but artificial pollination will be required, and this is already an occupation for specialists. In some varieties, spherical formations grow in the leaf axils, which can be planted in the soil and in a year bulbs can be obtained. The easiest way to propagate a lily with children is during autumn digging. Lilies are susceptible to fungal diseases. The reason is waterlogging of the soil or insufficient drainage. If the plant is sick, treat with fungicides.
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Lilies, planting and care
Lilies, planting and caring for which have a number of features, are good both in flower beds and in container gardening. This adorable flower will be the pride of your site. Today there is a huge variety of lilies. Their different types adorn the garden with magnificent flowers from the end of May to the end of August.
Lily can belong to one of the groups: Asian, American, snow-white, oriental, long-flowered, curly, tubular. In each case, there is a certain specificity in planting and caring for a flower. Therefore, the main recommendation is to be sure to be interested in the agricultural technology of growing the purchased plant. But there are general rules for growing any lilies.
Which variety or type of lily to choose?
Lily hybrids began to be created in the 19th century. Then experts suggested that lilies do not tolerate transplantation from natural conditions into gardens. It has been suggested that crossed lilies will be both more beautiful and hardier. Really new hybrids were highly decorative and acquired other qualities. Specialists are still working on the creation of new varieties and types. Today there are hybrids of simply amazing beauty with exotic colors and aromas.
All types of lilies are conventionally divided into several groups.
Asian hybrids (Asiatic hybrids). Of all types, they are the most unpretentious to soils. This is the largest group of lilies. They grow in almost any climatic conditions. They respond well to neutral or slightly acidic well-fertilized soils. This type of lily is distinguished by a variety of color and structure of flowers, as well as plant height and flowering times. Plant height - 0.5 -1.5 m.
Martagon hybrids (Martagon hybrids), or curly lilies. Hardy frost-resistant varieties, disease resistant. They are distinguished by abundant flowering. They do not like acidic soil. Therefore, the soil around them should not be mulched with sawdust. They love partial shade, but grow well in the sun. Many years can grow in one place. At the top of the peduncle there can be up to 25 drooping flowers of various colors with specks. Plant height - 1.2 - 1.8 m.
Oriental hybrids (Oriental hybrids). These are varieties of extraordinary beauty. They are distinguished by especially large, beautiful and fragrant flowers. They are considered aristocrats among lilies. However, they are very demanding on growing conditions and are susceptible to viral diseases. Only experienced gardeners can take up the cultivation of oriental hybrids of lilies. They love well-drained acidic fertile soil. The landing site is a sunny, wind-protected place. Shelter is needed for the winter. Plant height - 0.5 - 2.5 m.
Tubular and Orleans hybrids of lilies (Trumpet and Aurelian hybrids). They take their name from the shape of the flower - tubular or funnel-shaped. However, there are varieties with a cup-shaped, turban-shaped and star-shaped flower shape. Derived from hybrids of Asiatic lilies. They are distinguished by a strong, sometimes intoxicating aroma, a variety of shapes and colors of flowers, as well as long flowering. They love neutral, light, fertile soil. There are varieties that are resistant to cold weather and to viral or fungal diseases.
American hybrids (American hybrids). Obtained from crossing Canadian, leopard and Colombian lilies. This type of hybrids prefers non-acidic soils. Seeds sprout the next year, they do not tolerate transplanting well. They are distinguished by bright exotic flowers. Full flowering occurs a year or two after the autumn planting. They love non-acidic soil and light partial shade. Plant height - 1.2 - 2.1 m.
Candidum hybrids (СandidumHybrids). Obtained as a result of crossing the snow-white lily and the Halcendon lily. There are few varieties of this type of lily, but they all have a strong aroma and elegant flowers of white and yellow colors in various shades. Flower shape - tubular or funnel-shaped. Susceptible to fungal diseases. Seeds are tied badly. These garden forms grow in the southern regions. Plant height - 1.2 - 1.8 m.
Long-flowered hybrids. (Longiflorum hybrids) Very showy large bell-shaped flowers with curved tips. They can be up to 20 cm in length. These hybrids can be grown both indoors for forcing and at home in containers. They are very demanding on growing conditions. They are mainly used for high quality cuts. Plant height - 0.8 - 1.0 m.
LA - hybrids... A very sophisticated form of flowers. Obtained from crossing Asiatic lilies with Long-flowered lilies. Hardy, disease resistant. But they still require shelter for the winter with fallen leaves or spruce branches. They differ in a wide palette of shades - from white to dark red. Unlike the parents of "Asians", the flowers are larger and denser, the stems are stronger. The aroma is delicate. Recently, they have deservedly gained great popularity. They bloom much earlier than other lilies. Plant height - up to 1 m.
OT - hybrids... They are distinguished by high growth and large flowers. They appeared relatively recently as a result of crossing of two groups - Oriental and Trumpet lilies. They have a beautiful color. They have a bright aroma. Varieties of OT - hybrids stand out from the rest not only with truly royal flowers, but also with high resistance to diseases and good winter hardiness. Thanks to this, they are confidently gaining popularity.
LO - hybrids... They appeared quite recently by crossing Longiflorum (Longiflorum) and Oriental (Oriental) lilies. The flowers are large and very decorative. Well suited for high quality cuts. The hybrids of this group are distinguished by higher frost resistance and disease resistance than their parents. However, shelter is required for the winter. Plant height - 1.0 - 1.5 m.
OA - hybrids... They appeared as a result of crossing of two groups of lilies - Orientals (Oriental) with Asian hybrids. There are still few varieties of this group. But their popularity is growing all the time due to the exquisite beauty of large and fragrant flowers. They love the sun or partial shade. They prefer slightly acidic soil.
Lily - a relatively unpretentious plant in terms of the amount of sunlight. It can grow equally well both outdoors and in partial shade. However, it is better not to plant it in damp lowlands and in areas with stagnant humid air. This can lead to gray mold damage. The site should be well ventilated, but not blown by strong winds. A capricious lily reacts sensitively to conditions unsuitable for her. Unfortunately, many gardeners have been disappointed with growing lilies. Therefore, when planting, it is necessary to obtain as much information as possible about the acquired variety and class of this plant.
Soil for lilies
In one place, the lily will grow from 3 to 5 years. Therefore, the soil under the lilies must be saturated with the necessary fertilizers. Lily loves loose, well-drained and nutritious soil. Clay, sandy and wetlands are not suitable for a royal flower. If you decide to grow a lily, two weeks before planting, the soil must be dug up to a depth of about 40 cm. 1 bucket of humus and peat is added to the dug soil at the rate of 1 sq. and potassium sulfate.
Fertilizer proportions may vary slightly depending on the variety purchased. Different varieties of lilies can relate differently to soil acidity. For example, oriental hybrids like sour soils, while tubular hybrids do not tolerate sour soils at all.
- If the soil in your area is heavy. Excessive application of organic fertilizers will promote excessive growth of the green part of the plant to the detriment of bulb formation. At the same time, the plants themselves may be less resistant to diseases and less winter-hardy. In poor soils, before planting, you need to add up to 8 kg of humus per 1 sq. M. In leached chernozem soils, humus can be added less - 4 kg of humus per 1 sq. M.
Choosing a place to plant lilies is a very important aspect of growing. The health of the plant and its flowering depend on the right place. Almost all varieties of lilies are fairly tall specimens. Strong gusts of wind can break the lily stem. Therefore, it is necessary to select an area protected from the wind. However, this should not be an area with stagnant air, as this can provoke the development of various diseases. Ideal conditions are low shrubs that do not block the sunlight. It is undesirable to plant lilies under the trees. Since there is a strong shade and the soil is almost always dry.
The process of planting lilies is quite simple. When buying bulbs, you must carefully examine them. A healthy bulb should be free of brown spots, rot, and mucus. It should be firm and smooth to the touch. If you plan to plant the bulb on a different day than the day of purchase, you can keep it in damp moss or a rag for several days. Before planting, the bulbs must be treated with a foundationol solution to protect and prevent fungal diseases.
When to plant lilies
Experienced gardeners prefer autumn planting (in the second half of September). Before the first frost, the bulbs will have time to take root well, especially if the autumn is warm. The optimal time for planting in the fall is chosen as follows - about a month after the flowers have faded.
Plant lilies it is possible in the spring. When planting in spring, care must be taken to ensure that the planting material overwinters safely. The bulbs dug up around October should be shaken off the ground, put in a plastic bag with holes and laid in layers in wet sawdust. You can store lily bulbs in this form in the refrigerator. In the spring, as soon as the soil warms up enough, it can be planted in open ground. The most favorable time for spring planting is mid-April. Some varieties of lilies are best planted in early summer.
Usually the bulb is planted at a depth of 3-4 times its height (diameter). Tall varieties with large stems are planted even deeper. Lilies with a rosette of ground leaves, such as terracotta, snow-white, are planted to a depth of two centimeters, so that the tops of the scales are located at the surface.
The planting depth of lilies also depends on the quality of the soil. The heavier the soil, the shallower the planting depth should be. Such parameters as humidity and optimal temperature in winter depend on the planting depth. The longer the underground part, the more baby bulbs and stem roots are formed on it.
A little sand mixed with ash is poured into the prepared pit. Then the roots should be trimmed a little. You need to plant a lily on a sandy pillow, evenly distributing the roots. Then it is necessary to sprinkle the bulb with a small amount of sand (this will help to avoid possible waterlogging), and cover it with earth on top and mulch with peat.
Lily planting scheme
- Single line tape. The distance between the lily bulbs in a row is 5-15 cm, and 50 cm between the rows. Two-line tape. It is usually used for medium-sized lilies. Distance between bulbs in a row 15-25 cm, between lines 15-25 cm and 70 cm between rows. Three-line tape. It is used for undersized lilies. The distance between the bulbs and the lines is 10-15 cm. Between the rows - 70 cm.
It is not recommended to keep lilies in one place for more than five years. As the planting becomes thickened, and the flowers become smaller. Therefore, periodically, the lily needs to be transplanted. The transplant process looks like this:
- Trim the stems close to the ground. Dig up the bulb carefully, taking care not to damage the roots. Remove all dried scales from the bulb. Divide the onion into smaller onions. Hold the bulbs in a solution of potassium permanganate. Prepare holes for planting. Make a hat of sand and plant an onion on it, gently spreading the roots. Lightly press down on the onion, and cover with earth on top. Mulch with sawdust or peat.
During the season, the lily must be fed several times.
- The first feeding is during the emergence of shoots. During this period, it is good to feed the lily with any complex fertilizer. Agricola has proven itself well. The second feeding - during budding (1 tablespoon of potassium sulfate, superphosphate or Agricola-7 solution according to the instructions). The third feeding is necessary during the active flowering phase.
Usually lilies grow well without transplanting in one place for 3-5 years. During this time, the plant is gaining strength, and nests of bulbs of different sizes are formed. Sometimes lilies are transplanted more often. In some cases, this is due to the requirement of the variety, sometimes to plant disease. For example, Asian hybrids require more frequent transplanting.
It is undesirable to transplant lilies to a new place during flowering. The best time to transplant lilies is in autumn. In different climatic zones of our country, it can be early or late autumn. The plant should gain its lost strength after flowering and get stronger.
Of course, there are general rules of agricultural technology that are suitable for all lilies. However, you need to know that each type of lily has its own characteristics. Considering them, you can achieve a better result.
Caring for lilies consists in regular watering, loosening, feeding and weeding. These flowers do not tolerate strong waterlogging, but they always need moderate watering.
Regular feeding (2-3 times per season) will ensure a beautiful and lush bloom. Also, care consists in anticipating the appearance of diseases and pests. Gray rot, aphids, lily beetle and fusarium are especially dangerous for lilies. Regular inspection and removal of damaged plants is required. At the end of the season, all plant residues must be burned. In early spring, lilies need to be treated with fungicides against fungal diseases.
In order for the planting not to thicken, the plants must be transplanted regularly (once every 3-4 years). Subject to all conditions, this royal flower will surely delight you with magnificent flowering and delicate aroma. Some varieties of lilies require special care.
Reproduction of lilies
There are many ways of breeding lilies. They reproduce by daughter bulbs, cuttings, bulbs, scales, leaf and stem cuttings, as well as seeds.
One of the methods - dividing the nest of the bulb... Small onions form at the bottom of the bulb. Despite the fact that they do not yet sprout, they are quite suitable for reproduction. To do this, in the fall, after flowering, the bulb is slightly dug out, the small bulbs are carefully separated and planted in a prepared place.
Reproduction by scales Is also a fairly common method. To do this, no more than a third of the scales are separated from the bulb, they are planted in a prepared place and sprinkled with sand or sawdust on top. With regular watering, after a few weeks, the scales will give petals.
Reproduction by children... This method consists in separating the bulbs that form on the root of the stem.
Propagation from stem bulbs - small bulbs that appear on the stem. Sometimes they fall off on their own, take root and germinate. Such bulbs can be collected and transplanted to a new location.
Propagation by cuttings... For this method, segments of the stem with a dormant bud and leaves with a piece of the stem are used. Cut the cuttings, remove the lower leaves from them and plant 2-3 cm in the ground. After 1-2 months, separate the formed bulbs and plant them in a container to a depth of 2-3 cm. After a while, the bulbs germinate.
Seed propagation... Seeds are sown in February-March in prepared containers. Seedlings appear in 2-3 weeks. When a real leaf appears, the seedlings dive. They are kept warm until winter, and in winter they are transferred to a basement with a temperature of + 4-6 degrees. And next spring they are planted in a permanent place. With this method of reproduction, lilies bloom only for 5-7 years.
All about lilies: varieties, planting, care and growing at home
Lilia is often called “the princess of all flowers” because she is able to attract with her charming tenderness and beauty not only specialists, florists and florists, but also the most ordinary flower lovers.
It is almost impossible to pass by this flower indifferently without giving it your enthusiastic look.
Almost everyone loves these wonderful flowers, they can leave few people indifferent.
Description of the plant
Lilies belong to the Liliaceae family, are perennials, and are usually planted with bulbs. As a result of cultivation, a wide variety of hybrids and different varieties have been obtained.
Close relatives of lilies are onions, tulips and hazel grouses. They are also perennials.
Lily bulbs are usually somewhat loose, fixed in the lower part of the flower, where the roots are. Their size is completely different, from one to thirty or thirty-five centimeters. The bulbs of this plant are usually spherical.
This flower is often found on the coats of arms of many countries. They are used to decorate a large number of different parks and gardens. As a rule, they appear as the brightest accent in any garden or flower garden. In order for a flower to grow lush and can delight others with its charming flowering, it must be properly looked after.
Most popular varieties
They begin to bloom in early summer. They prefer good drainage in the soil. Plants are small in height with beautiful colors ranging from pastel to tropical shades, including whites, bright yellows, pinks, reds or oranges. This variety of lilies has no aroma, but they bloom very brightly and beautifully. Despite the lack of smell, this variety is a favorite with florists. This variety blooms before everyone else and grows easier than others.
Blossom usually begins in the middle of summer. This tall tubular variety is quite hardy. They usually have many flowers on the stem, about fifteen flowers per stem. This species has an amazing and amazing aroma. Just a few of these plants can fill your entire garden with great scent.
Columnar (pyramidal) varieties
Lily of this variety is considered one of the most popular in Russia. They are able to perfectly tolerate severe winter frosts and are very resistant to various temperature changes. Plants are perfectly adapted to various viruses and fungal infections. They are also able to bloom and delight with their fragrance for three months. If this variety is properly looked after, following all the proper recommendations, then the flower will certainly answer you with very good results.
Flowers of this variety amaze with their indescribable beauty and charm. Often, this variety has two-color plant variants. You can usually see red blotches on the petals of white buds and it looks just amazing. Such flowers prefer a lot of sunny color, so they usually grow in open areas and also need regular watering. So that the bulbs of plants do not suffer from the cold, they should be closed for the winter.
Flowers of this variety are usually open and wide. They have a rather pleasant smell. These flowers always stretch upward. They are able to amaze the imagination with their majestic appearance. During the flowering period, no one can be left indifferent and, as a rule, cause only pleasant sensations.
This variety has a strong aroma, which intensifies especially with the onset of darkness. The buds are pink, red, white, or even several colors at once. A cut bouquet of this variety of lilies will fill your entire apartment with a heady aroma for a long time. The flowers are quite tall, grow slowly and begin to bloom only when the Asiatic lilies have already faded. This happens, as a rule, in the middle or towards the end of summer.
Snow-white lily (candidum, Lilium cand> © A-Sentsov / Getty Images
In this group, the snow-white lily is its progenitor. This group does not include very many different varieties, but all of them are distinguished by a very persistent and pleasant aroma. The buds of these lilies are like tubes or some kind of funnels.
These plants grow from bulbs.
Despite the presence of lilies in the name of the daylilies, in fact they are not true lilies. Daylilies have many leaves that grow straight from the crown, whereas true lilies usually have only one shoot or stem growing from a bulb. Calla lilies, cannes and Peace lilies are also not true lilies.
Lilies, depending on their type, usually bloom from early summer to late autumn. If you plant mixed varieties of flowers in your garden, you will enjoy the wonderful flowering of lilies until late autumn, almost until the very frost.
Lilies should be planted in the fall, literally a few weeks before frost. Bulbs planted in autumn will root very well in spring. The winter cold is very beneficial for lily bulbs as it will produce large flowers.
In areas where winters are particularly severe, lilies should be planted in the spring. And plants grown in a pot or container can be planted at any time throughout the summer.
The bulbs should be purchased just before planting so that they do not lie with you unnecessarily for the whole season.
Planting lilies correctly
1. For planting flowers in the garden, choose a good area with drained soil. In order to determine this, it is enough to look at which area will dry first after the last rain. Good drainage is essential for lilies as stagnant water can cause the bulb to rot.
2. Lily prefers a lot of light and sun for herself. In order for a flower to definitely bloom, it needs six to eight hours of direct sunlight a day. If the place for plants is darkened, its stems will reach as much as possible towards the sun and in the end the flower may simply fall.
3. Lilies definitely need a cooling period. These flowers do not grow without a cold dormant period.
4. A large number of the most popular varieties of lilies prefer neutral or acidic soil, but some species are fairly tolerant to lime or prefer alkaline soils. As a rule, this refers to the Madonna lilies.
5. This plant prefers planting deep into the soil to a depth of about 30 cm. This planting forces the developing stem to form even more roots, which will certainly help stabilize the plant. In addition, deep planting keeps the bulbs cool when the ambient temperature rises.
6. The soil for lilies should be enriched with rotten leaves or well-rotted organic matter in order to stimulate good drainage.
7. Take an onion and plant it in soil three times deeper than the onion itself, pointed side up. Cover the hole with soil and compact it gently.
8. Try to keep a space of 30 to 50 centimeters between the planted bulbs, depending on the variety.
9. For good plant growth, they must be planted in small groups of three or five bulbs.
10. Thoroughly sprinkle planted flowers with water.
Planting lilies in spring
How to care for lilies
1. During the active growth of plants, it is necessary to observe active watering, especially if very little precipitation, in the form of rains, fell during the season. Do not allow the soil to dry out.
2. Constantly mulch the plants to keep their roots cool. The mulch should not be wet, only slightly damp.
3. It is recommended to apply a liquid fertilizer with a high potassium content every two weeks from planting to six weeks after flowering.
4. It is necessary to apply a thin layer of compost every spring, and a layer of mulch on top.
5. Usually these flowers do not bloom more than once in one season, but it is better to remove dried flowers so that the plants do not waste their energy on seeds.
6. After the plant has faded, it is advisable to remove only the stem itself; it is not recommended to remove the leaves until they have turned brown and died off at the end of autumn. If you do not prune the leaves before the end of the season, they will help provide nourishment to the bulb for abundant flowering in the next season.
7. Dead stems should be removed in late autumn or early spring.
8. Just before winter, add a layer of mulch to the soil just to delay the freezing of the ground a little and allow the roots to grow and develop well. The mulch should be left this way until spring, as soon as the most severe frosts have passed.
9. If there is a small amount of precipitation in the form of snow in winter, and there is no snow cover in the region, then the soil should be kept moist.
10. In the spring, when the first shoots of lilies begin to sprout through the mulch, begin to remove it little by little.
11. Every three to four years the roots of the plant should be cut. To do this, simply remove it from the ground and separate the bulbs, then transplant them with a little compost.
Lily care (video)
Pests and diseases affecting lilies
If spring or summer turned out to be wet and cool, then sometimes a problem in the form of gray mold may appear. Make sure the plants have adequate air circulation.
A pest such as aphids can spread viruses that can be quite unpleasant. However, it is worth noting that there are varieties that are resistant to viruses.
The lily can be attacked by beetles, slugs and snails, which can devour buds or bulbs of plants. To effectively combat them, it is recommended to use special chemicals.
Marmots, voles, deer and rabbits are able to eat whole plants. If any of the listed animals may be a real threat, then it is recommended to plant the bulbs in special wire cages in order to protect them from being eaten.
1. Lily is cut, making wonderful bouquets of them, which are capable of pleasing the eyes of their owners for a long time. However, you should avoid cutting off more than a third of the stem, otherwise it can reduce the vigor and longevity of asthenia.
2. If you are planting lilies in your house solely in order to cut them, then consider planting them in a specially designated place for this, where you will be able to constantly plant fresh bulbs.
3. When choosing flowers for a bouquet, try to cut off those that are about to open, and the flower has almost appeared in the buds
4. Before placing the flowers in a vase of water, make a diagonal cut with a sharp knife.
5. If you are somehow worried about orange pollen, which can leave spots everywhere, then simply remove the stamens in the center of the flower.
6.Before placing the lily bouquet in the vase, first remove the lower leaves on the stems so that the foliage does not end up under water.
7. Lilies can stand in a vase for a long time, about two weeks or more. It is only necessary to change the water in them every few days.
8. In order to prolong the life of the lilies, always put them in the water with the stems already cut off.
Planting and caring for the lily correctly gives great results to garden flower lovers. And everything that grows on our plots with applied efforts, warmth and love is able to delight us with its results for quite a long time.
1 Species and varieties
Home lilies can be grown in a pot up to one and a half meters in height, however, preference is still given to undersized bushy varieties. All representatives of this genus have a bulbous rhizome. The foliage is belt-shaped, rich green color. Buds come in different colors: white, orange, yellow, scarlet.
According to the structure of the flower, lilies are conventionally divided into several categories:
- Cup-shaped - when opened, the buds resemble a cup.
- Funnel-shaped - the perianth is formed in the form of a tube with an expanded top.
- With curved petals - the group is small in number and cannot boast of a large varietal variety. These flowers do not grow above 60 cm. The flowers are small, about 4-5 cm in diameter.
Asian hybrids, which are also called eucharises, are easier to care for. They feel comfortable in the sun and in the shade, do not need abundant watering, and have high decorative qualities. The downside can be considered a complete lack of aroma, although for allergy sufferers this can turn into an advantage.
The most popular varietal forms of eucharises:
- Large-flowered (Grandiflora).
- Toothed (Callifruria).
The following types are usually bred in pots, described in the table:
Signs and expert advice
Lilies have captivated people for a long time with their mysterious and bright appearance. Therefore, many popular beliefs are associated with these flowers. It is noteworthy that each people ascribes its meaning to lilies, for some it is a symbol of purity, for others it is vice, for some it brings happiness, and for others it promises death.
For example, in Germany it was believed that lily flowers are the home of elves, and when a flower dies, an elf dies. Therefore, the Germans consider the lily a symbol of the afterlife. And in France, the plant symbolizes justice and mercy. In many countries, the lily is considered not only a symbol of purity and innocence, but also a powerful talisman that gives a strong energy charge. Among the Slavs, lily is a symbol of female beauty and purity, as well as a talisman against evil spirits.
Specialized flower growers give advice on cultivating these beautiful flowers:
Svetlana, florist: “If you want to improve your plot, then lilies will be an excellent solution. For myself, I chose several varieties of OT hybrids, since they survive the winter well and are practically not susceptible to diseases.
They are very easy to care for, the main thing is to choose healthy bulbs for planting and plant them in fertile soil. And if you do not fill them and provide them with regular feeding, they will definitely reward you with lush color and the most delicate aroma. "
Tamara, botanical gardener: “If you want to grow a strong and healthy plant, avoid buying bulbs from spontaneous markets. There, you cannot be guaranteed that the planting material was kept in suitable conditions and that it will not rot in you one week after planting. It is better to purchase such things exclusively in specialized stores. Only healthy bulbs can grow a strong plant. "
Hybrid Black Beauty stands out among other Liliaceae with its impressive height, original form of flowers, which is called "turban", saturated color of drooping inflorescences. With the right care, the lily can be the centerpiece of your garden. In addition, the flower looks great in indoor conditions, retaining its aroma and freshness for a long time even after cutting.