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Cymbidium is an excellent representative of orchids. It is very common in flower shops to create unforgettable bouquets. Recently, more and more new cymbidium hybrids have appeared, which are intended for home cultivation. As for leaving, it is not as simple as it seems at first glance, but if you find an approach to the flower, it will be able to please with its flowering and active growth. Cymbidium is widespread in subtropical forests.
General information about the flower
Cymbidium, like most orchids, is an epiphyte. Its habitat is the crowns and trunks of trees in tropical forests. In rare cases, you can find representatives of the cymbidium that grow on the ground, on rocky soil. The type of growth is sympoidal - the development of the plant does not occur due to the trunk, which the cymbidium simply does not have, but due to the formation of new rosettes of leaves, from which a peduncle appears in the future. Over time, pseudobulbs appear in the center, which are essentially points of growth of the orchid. The peduncle can be either straight or curved, directed downward - spectacular flowers are located on the peduncle itself. Cymbidium blooms for several months. Cut stalks will delight you with their beauty for a long time.
Home care for the cymbidium orchid
In order for the cymbidium at home to delight you all the time with its charming flowers, it is necessary to create acceptable conditions for the plant for development and flowering.
As for the light, the cymbidium is very picky about it. Most orchids require constant lighting throughout the year. Therefore, when buying a flower, this should be taken into account. In winter, even more light is required than in summer. It is also worth understanding that the plant will not last long in the strong scorching sun either. Hybrids are certainly not as demanding, but that doesn't mean you should ignore the right lighting.
Watering and humidity
Cymbidium is a lover of high humidity, especially during the period of its active growth. Moisture cannot harm the plant, as this is its natural habitat. Watering should be abundant. When the cymbidium has a dormant period, then watering can be replaced by regular spraying and humidification of the air.
Most cymbidiums and their hybrids prefer cool conditions. It is very important that there are temperature differences during the day. It is necessary to ensure the temperature difference between day and night in the range of 8-10 degrees. Thanks to such differences, the cymbidium begins to bloom.
Due to the difficulty in maintaining a low temperature, many growers refused to grow this type of orchid at home for a very long time. However, over time, new cymbidium hybrids were bred, which became less whimsical to care for. But you still need to adhere to the correct temperature regime so that the orchid can bloom. During the dormant period, before or after flowering, the temperature should not exceed 10-13 degrees Celsius.
If you are not very versed in the composition of the soil, then it is best to purchase ready-made soil for the plant in specialized stores. When buying, it is necessary to clarify for which plant the purchase is intended, since the acidity and content of nutrients in each soil complex is different.
Suitable substrate for cymbidium:
- Pine bark mix
- Dried Fern Roots
- Live sphagnum moss
If you decide to use ordinary soil, then the roots of the flower will begin to rot. This is due to insufficient aeration of the cymbidium root system. The more air flows to the roots, the less the likelihood of waterlogging of the roots. With good aeration, the risk of the occurrence and development of pathogenic fungi is reduced to almost zero. Adequate oxygen supply ensures proper nutrition of the plant, thanks to the nitrogen contained in the air.
Top dressing and fertilization
Cymbidium is a flower that loves high-quality feeding. The plant is fed at least once or twice during the growing season. Top dressing is required at the beginning of the period, and then at the end. Orchid fertilizer can also be purchased at specialty stores. If this is not possible, then you need to dilute the universal fertilizer in a concentration that is twice the recommended dose.
Watering with fertilizers should be done only on wet soil. Nitrogen fertilizers should be as little as possible, especially before winter, flowering and dormancy. In winter, it is generally better not to feed the cymbidium.
If the plant is sick, then in no case should fertilizing be carried out, as this will only aggravate the situation and may lead to the death of the flower.
Orchid transplant cymbidium
How to transplant a cymbidium orchid? We divide the cymbidium bush (Cymbidium)
If you create the necessary conditions for the growth and full development of the cymbidium: choose the right soil, ensure a high-quality temperature regime, watering, then very soon the orchid will begin to grow rapidly. Therefore, over time, it will need to be transplanted so that the rooting of new pseudobulbs continues. The new flower pot should be two or even three times wider than the old one. The depth of the pot is not so important for the cymbidium.
When transplanting, you must adhere to the following actions, the observance of which is mandatory:
- The plant is removed from the pot with gentle movements so as not to damage anything.
- The removal of the old bark is mandatory.
- Empty, damaged, rotten roots are removed - only healthy ones remain.
- If there are wounds on the roots, they need to be treated with activated charcoal, brilliant green or ground cinnamon.
- After the performed procedures, the flower is placed in a new soil.
- It is not necessary to deepen the pseudobulbs below the previous level. If this is ignored, then the green part of the plant will start to rot.
It is recommended not to water for several days after the plant is transplanted. If the temperature in the room is high, then you need to additionally spray the leaves of the cymbidium.
Reproduction of cymbidium
Reproduction of the cymbidium is mainly carried out by dividing the bush. This is recommended when transplanting a plant. The process is carried out with gentle movements so as not to damage the mother bush. It is advisable to separate at least three young pseudobulbs. This is due to the fact that two shoots already have root shoots that will be able to feed the plant until the third has its own root system. Over time, new young shoots will appear on the mother plant.
Cymbidium can reproduce in other ways, but this requires specially created conditions. It is almost impossible to reproduce such conditions at home. Therefore, if you are offered to purchase cymbidium orchid seeds, then this is a fake.
Cymbidium orchid flowering period
If you love to observe beautiful flowering, then you should give preference to modern cymbidium hybrids, of which, by the way, there are a lot. Spectacular flowers can last up to several months on the plant.
Types of hybrids:
- Standard hybrid. The height of the plant reaches 150 cm. The diameter of the flower with abundant flowering is 7.5-15 cm. Standard hybrids require a mandatory cool content.
- Miniature hybrid. The height of the plant reaches from 30 to 60 cm. The diameter of the flower during flowering is 2.5-7.5 cm. No special conditions are required for growing, they can develop well at room temperature.
The color of this flower can surprise everyone, as it is very diverse. Only the blue spectrum cannot be found in nature.
Popular types of cymbidium
No matter how popular this flower is at the present time, it cannot be purchased at any flower shop. The display cases always show hybrids, but not the natural species of cymbidium.
Cymbidium Eberneum - is represented by a yellowish-white color of flowers. The peduncle is erect, which appears in winter. Requires cool conditions for its development. The flowers have a pleasant scent and are decorated with yellow spots on the lips. The diameter of the flower is up to 7.5 cm. There are no more than two flowers on the peduncle.
Cymbidium Tracy - this flower is not wide, has reddish-brown stripes on the petals. The flowers are fragrant, there is a creamy lip with small red spots. Flowering usually occurs in early autumn.
Cymbidium aloe leaf - requires a moderate room temperature. Leaves are hard, belt-like. Flowering peduncles, no more than 50 cm in length. Flowers have variegated lips that are loosely arranged. The flowers themselves are brownish, with a light border. Flowering occurs from spring to autumn. It prefers to grow on a snag or a piece of bark.
Dwarf cymbidium - a rather rare species, although very effective. The peduncle is small in size - 12 cm. Flowers are 10 cm in diameter. The color is red-brown, the edges are yellow, the lip is cream. Flowering occurs in winter.
Diseases and pests
If the air in the room is dry, then the cymbidium can become infected with spider mites. When infected with a tick, the leaves become dull in color. It is imperative to spray the plant, wipe the leaves with real beer.
Thrips - can be transmitted from other infected plants. In this state, the flower finishes flowering faster. To eliminate thrips, it is worth spraying the plant with any insecticide after shaking the cymbidium slightly.
Decay of the root system - observed if the cymbidium is in a cool room, watering is immoderate or the substrate for the flower is chosen incorrectly. In this case, the plant is taken out of the soil, dried, the rotten rhizomes are cut off, then dipped in activated carbon or cinnamon. Then it is dried and placed in a fresh substrate. Watering is carried out only after the appearance of the first roots. Prior to that, it is recommended to replace watering with spraying the leaves.
If the tips of the leaves turn brown or yellow, then there are problems with the roots. It is necessary to carefully examine the entire root system. If there are dark streaks on the leaves (but not on the tips), then this indicates a viral infection. In such a situation, the plant cannot be saved.
Cymbidium is a spectacular flower that, with proper care, will actively grow and delight you with its beauty for many years.
Video - proper care of the cymbidium
Most orchids of the genus Cymbidium are native to tropical Asia and Australia. The aesthetic advantages and relative simplicity of growing cymbidiums contributed to their wide distribution in the collections of orchid lovers and in greenhouses around the world. Cymbidiums coming to Russia from Poland are called "storchiks".
There are about fifty species of evergreen cymbidiums (epiphytic and terrestrial) and a huge number of colorful long-flowering hybrids.
Cymbidium forms oval pseudobulbs with long, belt-like leaves. In the multi-flowered cymbidium brush, ten or more spectacular flowers are formed, the color of which delights in an amazing variety: white, cream, yellow, green, orange, pink, red, brown, purple with a wealth of shades.
Of all the orchids, it is the cymbidium, which is distinguished by its captivating beauty and amazing resistance of graceful and very delicate in appearance, but long-lived flowers, that is most often used for cutting. Cut stalks and individual flowers, "souvenirs" of the cymbidium, remain for a very long time, not less than a month.
Various cymbidiums vary greatly not only in color, but also in flower size, therefore they are able to satisfy any tastes. Some cymbidiums are grown as ampels, and some have a scent of flowers.
Among cymbidiums there are:
- tall (the so-called "standard") with large flowers with a diameter of about 10 cm, located on a straight strong peduncle almost one meter long
- compact (so-called "miniature"), characterized by an abundance of small flowers.
Cymbidiums are successfully grown by both experienced orchid growers and beginners.
These orchids grow well both in a cool, ventilated greenhouse and in a room with a moderate temperature. Most often, flower arrows in cymbidiums appear in winter, but some species and varieties bloom at other times of the year (spring, summer, autumn). With proper care, the flowering of cymbidium can last 2-2.5 months, sometimes longer.
The peduncle grows from the youngest bulb. The growing flower arrow of the cymbidium more than 20 cm long needs support so that the peduncle does not sag under the weight of numerous flowers. Therefore, next to the growing flower arrow (but not at the edge of the pot, where there are many roots), a long strong stick is inserted and a peduncle is tied to it to maintain an upright position.
Cymbidiums need a lot of fresh air and diffused light for good growth, so in summer it is recommended to keep standard types and old miniature specimens in the fresh air, without access to direct sunlight. In summer, cymbidiums love warmth, and from August they need a fresh night coolness, since the high temperature of the content negatively affects flowering (optimally 20 degrees during the day, 17 degrees at night).
From March to the end of September, abundant watering of cymbidiums is carried out and feeding with orchid fertilizer once a month in late autumn and winter is reduced. It is important to maintain a light moisture content of the substrate and air humidity around the orchid, periodically spray the leaves (otherwise a spider mite may appear on them).
A cymbidium transplant is carried out every 2 years after flowering using an orchid substrate. When the pot becomes very crowded, the cymbidium stops growing.
For the reproduction of cymbidiums in laboratories, the meristem method is used. Amateur flower growers practice vegetative (by dividing pseudo-bulbs during transplantation) and seed propagation.
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Botanical descriptionHelichrysum bracts (Helichrysum bracteatum). Photo: fr.wikipedia.org
The plant is perennial, but in our natural conditions it is grown as an annual. Compared to other immortelles, this is the most powerful plant with inflorescences up to in diameter.
The stem of the bracts gelichrisum reaches 1 m in height. Below the stem is straight, slightly ribbed, and the upper part is strongly branched. The leaves are elongated, narrow, rough, the whole plant is pubescent, the root system is fibrous.
Each shoot of the plant ends with a single basket-shaped inflorescence. The inflorescence consists of small tubular and ligulate flowers, collected in a flower head, which is covered with dry filmy decorative scales, which are bent inward.
Especially beautiful are the varieties that have brightly colored shells of scales of bronze, yellow, orange, pink, red, purple and white. There are varieties of gelichrizum, which also have a two-color color. Abundant flowering from July to frost.
Fayerbal - Bush up to 115 cm tall, straight. Leaves are linear. The inflorescences are convex in diameter, surrounded by a multi-row wrapper. Scales are scarious, red with a brown tint. Blooms in July - August.
Violet - Bush up to 110 cm tall. Inflorescences in diameter. The scales of the envelope are dark red with a violet tinge. Blooms from July to September.
White - Bush up to 110 cm tall. Inflorescences up to 6.5 cm in diameter. The scales of the envelope are white, scarious. Blooms from July 70 days.
Yellow - Bush up to 105 cm tall. Inflorescences up to 6 cm in diameter, the scales of the wrapper are scarious, golden yellow. Blooms from late June to late August.
In addition to the one-color varieties, there are several color mixture varieties. The best ones are: Duble Mix (Double Mixed) and Unwins Summer Spectrum (Unwins Sammer Spectrum). These are tall plants with very large bright inflorescences of white, pink, yellow, red and orange flowers.
Another variety has recently appeared Sombrero (Sombrero), which combines delicate pastel colors: lemon, cream, pink in various shades.
Several years ago, the first domestic variety of Gelichrizum was created. Safari, which is a mixture of tall plants with inflorescences colored in various shades of salmon, salmon pink, salmon red.
Recently, undersized varieties have come into vogue, which can be used in landscaping for ridges and borders:
Hot Bikini - Bush up to 30 cm tall. Inflorescences are large, up to 2 cm in diameter, bright, scarlet. Blooms from July to September.
Moresca - Bush up to 45 cm tall. Terry inflorescences up to 3 cm in diameter. Pastel colors.
Of the new products, it can be noted a low - in height, bright, very compact mixture Chico (Chico).
Cymbidium Orchid Care
Despite the fact that the orchid family is quite capricious and demanding flowers in care, this does not apply at all to the Cymbidium orchid. It is this type of orchid that is distinguished by its unpretentious content. Home care is as follows:
Watering. To make the Cymbidium orchid feel comfortable, it needs regular watering, which is carried out as needed in the warm spring-summer period once a week, in the autumn-winter season once every two weeks.
Top dressing plants are carried out only during the dormant period, when it does not bloom. To do this, use special fertilizers for orchids.
Lighting. A tropical plant is photophilous, but it does not tolerate direct rays of the sun. When choosing a window sill for an orchid, you should pay attention to the eastern windows or provide for a daytime shading of the flower. Backlighting is required in winter.
Comfort temperature in summer 16-20 ºС, but at night it should be reduced. In winter, the temperature is kept around 10-15 ºС.
Be patient and don't jump to conclusions, especially if you've recently transplanted a flower. Some Cymbidiums do not bloom for 1 year after transplanting, because they do not like to be disturbed. By following these tips, you you can keep your Orchids healthy Cymbidium and they will delight you with flowering again.
We recommend watching a video about the successful flowering of Cymbidium:
Do you have your own recommendations to help cymbidiums bloom? Please share them below by leaving a comment.
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Cymbidiums are susceptible to bacterial and fungal infections, as well as susceptible to viruses that infect Orchids, primarily the tobacco mosaic virus. Cymbidium infection can be caused by the presence of insects that fed on an infected plant and then moved to a healthy one.
Cleaning the roots from the old substrate. Photo is used as an illustration. Source: Yandex.Pictures
But, more often than not, infection occurs after using dirty tools, your hands or old pots while dividing, pruning or transplanting a flower. Therefore, always sterilize instruments and work area when transplanting, and wash your hands thoroughly after handling any plant.
Use a container of bleach solution and decontaminate tools in this solution for a few minutes, this will reduce the chances of transmission of the virus. You can also use fire, he also does a great job of disinfection.
This kind of orchid appeared in me quite by accident. All my relatives and friends have known for a long time that I am on a short leg with orchids and from time to time they throw me their own for nursing. So it happened with the cymbidium. My husband's sister somehow called and offered to take a flower. She said that about the purchase, he, of course, was with peduncles, bloomed gorgeous, and then stood for a couple of years and not in any. Dances with tambourines, she was not going to arrange for him. And gave it to me.
I, without thinking twice, looked at the roots, checked for the presence of animals, and put them on the windowsill to the phalaenopsis. For the eyes, we called cymbidium grass)). Well, tryn - the grass grows for itself without a hint of flowers. Gorgeous bloom? No, have not seen)))
He sat with me for a long time. And then, the phalaenopsis released flower stalks, and he. Phalaenopsis bloomed, and he. It was probably the herd instinct that worked. So he bloomed a couple of times.
By the way, its flowers do not last long, only a couple of months compared to phalaenopsis. Those can bloom up to six months, delighting with chic peduncles.
I did not feed him any additional fertilizing, or anything else. She just poured warm water with everyone and soap leaves.
After the first flowering at my house, he dried half of the bulbs. But, then, he released several young shoots.
The dried up pseudobulbs had to be successful, they ruined the whole picture. The cymbidium pot is now half full.
In the summer, he lives, like the phalaenopsis, in the yard under the canopy of grapes. There he receives an additional portion of moisture from the rain, but does not complain. In the rest of the year, it gets along with phalaenopsis on the windowsill.
I water it with almost hot water. I put it along with the rest of the orchids in a bowl of warm water, and a couple of dippers on top of the roots. It turns out a combined watering.
Recently I began to practice feeding with banana peels. I cut it finely, insist in water for a day, then pour it into a pot, and the peel is scattered on top of the roots. Reacts well to this dietary supplement.
In addition, I water both the cymbidium and the phalaenopsis with a solution of succinic acid.
Unlike phalaenopsis, it is more capricious in flowering. After those several times, it's already been a year, only the sheets are growing and that's it.
As far as I know, while the pseudobulbs are young, you can not wait for the buds. Okay, we are waiting for the prince to mature))
Let's see if the herd feeling will wake up again))).
Cymbidium - gardening
Orchid family. Homeland India, South and Southeast Asia, Japan, islands of the Malay Archipelago. More than 60 species are known in nature that grow in rainforests. There are three subgenera of cymbidium: Cinerorchis Cyperorchis - with large-flowered erect inflorescences, Cymbidium Cymbidium - with small-flowered drooping inflorescences and Jensoa Jensoa - with small-flowered erect inflorescences.
On sale you will find hybrid cymbidiums, their flowering occurs at different times, at different times of the year, lasts up to 3 months or more, subject to growing conditions. Miniature cymbidium hybrids are especially popular all over the world. They come primarily from Japan and China.
Cymbidiums have green, long, linear leaves. Characterized by the gradual withering away of old leaves and replacement by young ones. Under favorable conditions, the leaves on the cymbidiums persist up to 3 years, then dry out and die off. After them, pseudobulbs remain, which are still capable of giving new growth. As they age, they shrink, lose their green color and dry out. The flowers of all cymbidiums are fragrant, the smell is quite strong and pleasant. Adult specimens grow quite large, therefore they require a garter, especially long peduncles, bending under the weight of numerous flowers.
Characteristics of some types of cymbidium
Cymbidium lanceolate Cymbidium lancifolium
Gensoa subgenus Jensoa. Flowers up to 5 cm in diameter. Petals and sepals are light green, with a central purple vein. The lip is white, with a greenish tinge, with red dots and spots on the middle lobe and with red-chestnut stripes on the lateral lobes. Blossoming April - October.
Cymbidium Day Cymbidium dayanum
The subgenus Cymbidium Cymbidium. The inflorescence is multi-flowered. The diameter of the flowers is up to 5 cm. The petals and sepals are pale cream with a purple central vein. The lip is white, with the anterior lobe strongly curved backward. The callus of the lips is white or creamy. Flowering August - December.
The subgenus Cinerorchis Cyperorchis. The inflorescence is multi-flowered. The diameter of the flowers is up to 15 cm. The flowers are yellowish-green with reddish spots along the veins. The lip is creamy, with a wavy edge and red spots and stripes along the anterior lobe. Flowering September - January.
Cymbidium wonderful Cymbidium insigne
The subgenus Cinerorchis Cyperorchis. The inflorescence is multi-flowered. The diameter of the flowers is up to 7-8 cm. The petals and sepals are white or pale pink, with red spots at the base and near the central vein. Lateral lobes of the lip with purple spots, the anterior lobe with a pointed tip and wavy edge, strongly curved back and covered with purple spots. Blossoming February - May.
Cymbidium low Cymbidium lowianmn
The subgenus Cinerorchis Cyperorchis. The inflorescence is multi-flowered. The diameter of the flowers is up to 10 cm. The petals and sepals are yellowish-green, the three-lobed lip is white or pale yellow with a V-shaped spot on the anterior lobe. Blossoming February - July.
Temperature: Cymbidiums are quite difficult to grow, primarily because they need a cold wintering at about 8-10 ° C, as well as a mandatory decrease in temperature at night to 12-14 ° C. This is a prerequisite for successful flowering and growth. A decrease in temperature at night is required from about the end of August to mid-October.
Lighting: Cymbidiums are light-requiring, but the light should be diffused closer to noon. In winter, the lighting should be maximum - the southern window, since the daylight hours are short.
Watering: Abundant during spring and summer growth, soil should be moist at all times. With an excess of moisture, root decay can occur, black spots appear on the leaves at the base. With insufficient watering, pseudobulbs wrinkle, buds and flowers fall prematurely.
Fertilizer: During the period of growth, budding and flowering, they are fed with a special fertilizer for orchids. The American Orchid Society argue that the best fertilizer for cymbidiums is balanced in terms of nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium NPK in equal parts - for example, when NPK 12-12-12, well, or NPK 8-8-8, the numbers as such do not matter - it is important that the proportions are the same. At the same time, the dose of fertilizer is taken twice less than the recommended one, and fertilizing fertilizing on a moistened substrate is taken weekly.
Air humidity: about 50-60% is enough, however, in room conditions, the air humidity is much lower. Therefore, either a reservoir with water is placed next to it (fountain, pallet with pebbles), or high humidity is achieved by spraying - in the morning and in the evening. If the air humidity is insufficient, then the ends of the leaves will dry, and the buds and flowers will crumble.
Transfer: in spring, after flowering, the pH of the soil is close to neutral, the substrate for planting is preferable to use sod land (you can leaf), pine bark and sphagnum moss. If there is no moss or bark, you can replace them with chopped fern rhizomes. In addition, pieces of charcoal are added to the substrate. Cymbidiums do not like frequent transplants, when the roots are disturbed and the container is too spacious.
Reproduction: By division when transferring. When separating, each part must have at least 3 developed pseudobulbs. Watering after transplanting and dividing is careful. Places of breakage and cut should be sprinkled with charcoal.
Interesting tip a34: If you have separate bulbs and all without roots (the roots have rotted), then I would advise you to shorten all the leaves to 15-20 cm, tie them into a bunch and hang them in a 5 liter bottle with the bulbs up, pour water on the bottom of the bottle. For at least a month, it should hang like this until a bud wakes up on each bulb and begins to grow, then sphagnum can come in handy, and you can plant it down with a bulb.
Germinating tomato seeds
For better development of young seedlings and obtaining a high yield, especially early, pre-sowing treatment of tomato seeds with solutions of mineral fertilizers, including those containing trace elements: 1 teaspoon of nitrophoska or nitroammophoska and 1 tablespoon of ash per 1 liter of water. The seeds are kept in the solution for 12 hours. For growing seedlings, it is better to prepare fresh soil: take one part of the garden soil (just not from under potatoes and tomatoes) and perfectly decomposed humus. To make this mixture friable, improve air circulation.
In official medicine, thyme is used in the manufacture of powders, pastes, medical soap, syrup, extract, medicinal tea, cough tablets, tinctures to calm nerves, etc. Thyme is a good stimulator of capillary circulation, tones up the nervous system, increases blood pressure, therefore it should not be taken in case of hypertension. This is a perennial evergreen with a strong pleasant aroma and a bitter-spicy, slightly pungent taste in small quantities, it perfectly complements vegetable, meat and fish dishes, various salad.
Motoblocks and cultivators
In addition to other gardening troubles, gardeners often have to tinker with the ground (dig up, loosen, huddle, etc.) or transport a variety of goods (for example, fertilizers, building materials, containers with water). A large farm uses its own technique for each type of work, "specializing" in something specific. For a private trader with his six hundred square meters, this approach is too wasteful, he needs one universal and inexpensive car - a jack of all trades. These requirements are met by walk-behind tractors or cultivators. Plowing is traditional.
Growing cucumbers at home
Parthenocarpic hybrids that do not require pollination are best suited for this purpose. You can grow partially parthenocarpic hybrids "Cucaracho", "Zozulya", "Manul", "April". Amateur vegetable growers also grow bee-pollinated hybrids. All of these hybrids can withstand extreme temperature fluctuations and have many female flowers. The amateur variety "Komnatny Rytova" is very popular among vegetable growers. It is a highly branched, well adapted to indoor conditions, high-yielding variety with high palatability. All bee-pollinated hybrids.
Useful properties of radish
Radish is an antibiotic donated to man by nature: with juice and grated pulp of this root vegetable, festering and long-lasting wounds are treated. Finely grated radish is good for so-called cold inhalations for colds. Freshly prepared pulp gruel is left for thirty minutes in a tightly closed jar. After that, having opened it a little, 6-8 times a day, take several breaths, briefly holding the breath before exhaling. Radish juice diluted with two parts of water is a good urinary and choleretic agent. Half and half with honey, he helps with pro.
Lighting in protected ground structures
Light is a basic prerequisite for plant life in any protected ground structure. When dosing light, one should focus on the grown crop in order to create optimal conditions for its growth. It is necessary to take into account the need of plants for short and long days in order to correctly regulate the illumination. In each individual case, you should choose manual or automatic control of individual processes. Illumination in protected ground structures depends on the shape of the roof and the orientation of the structure in relation to the cardinal points. In arched greenhouses.
Garden kitchen equipment
The minimum equipment in the garden kitchen is a gas or electric stove, a sink with water supply and a refrigerator. It also makes sense to install an electric boiler for heating water, which will make it easier to wash dishes.Of course, you can equip your kitchen with the latest technology, right up to the installation of a dishwasher. Some gardeners even use air purifiers in their kitchens, which, in general, is useful, especially if the room is small in size with poor ventilation. Still, you shouldn't turn the kitchen into a room full of p.
June is a month of rapid growth of fruit and berry crops and flower and ornamental plants. At this time, the foundation of the next year's harvest begins to form in fruit trees: fruit buds. All your work in the garden at this time should be focused on creating the most favorable conditions for the normal growth and development of fruits, berries and shoots. It is necessary to protect them from all kinds of diseases and pests. It is for this that regular loosening of the soil is carried out, the removal of weeds around the bushes. It is necessary to remove weeds before they bloom, h.
Drip irrigation system for greenhouse
First of all, they outline a planting plan, determining the length of the beds and the distance between the plants. Then the tubes are cut to the required length and connected to the system. It is advisable to use an opaque material (for example, black polyethylene) so that algae do not grow inside. It is better to give the tubes a small slope, about 5 cm per meter of length, fixing them on pegs, and not making them too long - no more than 8 meters. Holes are made for droppers (nozzles) in the required places and inserted into the tubes. Since the water is supplied slowly, there is enough tr.
It comes in early, middle and late ripening. Early and medium-ripening potatoes are dug up in June-September. Early and mid-season potatoes do not have a quality keeping quality and cannot be stored for a long time. Late varieties are harvested before the onset of frost in September-October, placed in a container, dried under a canopy, cleaned of the ground and placed in clean bleached, disinfected, dry warm rooms without daylight for one to two weeks. After that, they are transferred to a room for long-term storage.
Men respect gorchak for the Zubrovka tincture. Grandmothers, not hungry for alcohol, choose more prosaic use of this plant: to improve digestion in chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and as an anti-inflammatory agent in tuberculosis. Take a tablespoon of herbs in a glass of boiling water and insist for ten minutes, then filter and drink half a glass before meals three times a day. You can also insist on vodka or alcohol. Take 2 tablespoons of bitterness, add 100 g of vodka and put in a dark place for a couple of weeks, every day.
Which lawn mower to choose
Think, after all, once such things as working on the ground, caring for the garden were hard and exhausting work. Currently, we are offered so many different tools and techniques that work turns into pleasure and does not take so much time. And, what is more important, now both a woman and an elderly person can take care of the garden without difficulty. Of course, in order to receive this pleasure, certain investments are required. Still, gardening equipment, like household appliances, is not cheap pleasure. But once you spend money, you buy time.