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Succulents grow mainly in arid environments, where the possibility of receiving water is rather reduced. This environmental characteristic has determined, in the plant, a great ability to adapt which allows it to survive.
Succulents, or succulents, have developed with the peculiarity of being able to retain the little water available in inhospitable environments. With the few drops of water they receive, they are able to make the most of the nutritional properties. In fact, the classic evaporation of water is almost completely absent.
Observing succulents, it is noted that their growth is very slow; slowness is also a strategy of the plant that allows it not to need much nourishment.
Succulents grown in the apartment follow approximately the same rules as those in their natural state.
This happens if some parameters are respected; the soil must be well drained and the plant should be placed in a fairly large and deep pot.
Cactaceae are among the succulents that resist the lack of water best, even if those in the apartment could still have problems.
How to proceed with watering
Before watering succulents, it is important to assess the state of the soil and the size of the pot. Based on its dryness we will proceed. If the pot is small and with little depth, the plant will certainly need to be watered more frequently; it may happen that you have to water it almost every day.
The water must be supplied evenly over the entire earth of the pot, waiting a few minutes until a spill is noticed in the saucer. The saucer will then be emptied.
By doing so you can be sure that even the roots of the succulent plant grow strong and deep. A good watering allows a replacement of mineral salts which can deposit in excessive quantities.
It often happens that the roots tend to grow upwards; this is due to superficial watering.
When to water
Succulents need little water and mainly in the vegetative period.
Plants of delicate varieties should be watered sparingly, especially since they are easily attacked by parasites and fungi. Water, in fact, could accelerate these attacks.
To carry out the watering, the soil of the plant must have been dry for at least a couple of days.
In the summer season, the plant should be watered no more than 5 or 6 times in a month; you have to pay close attention to the humidity conditions of the soil. When this is dry, this is where we proceed with watering. If the soil is porous, wait a couple of days before giving more water; in this way it is ensured that even inside the vessel there is no unexpected accumulation of water.
In the winter season the plant enters the vegetative rest period and consequently they do not need much water. If they were in their natural territory, they wouldn't really need to be watered. An excess of water, in a cold season, would quickly freeze the plant.
In the apartment, however, the temperature and humidity vary according to the type of heating. Temperatures are often above 15 degrees and the plant does not recognize that it has entered the resting period. Therefore it is necessary to keep an eye on the conditions of the plant and the soil in which it rests.
The advice is to vaporize the water and supply it monthly, so as not to dry out the roots and the plant. If they dry out, the plant will have difficulty entering the vegetative period.
Amount of water
The amount of water and the frequency vary according to the age and type of succulent plant.
The seeds need very moist soil and will need to be watered frequently.
Young seedlings should only be watered in the ground
Plants that have a waxy surface should not be watered by spraying because it would deprive them of the protective layer.
The choice of water
The best choice is to use collected rainwater, but of course this is not always applicable.
To water succulents you can use normal tap water even if it can give problems if it is composed of some mineral salts. Tap water is often rich in chlorine and calcium and the latter, once the water evaporates, settles in the ground. Both are elements that are not good for succulents.
In order not to run into growth problems, it is advisable to use distilled water or water without mineral salts.
Instead, use plain water for all those downy succulents.
Watering succulents: Other elements to consider
Succulents are usually placed in pots with saucers; it frequently happens that water settles underneath, especially if the soil is very draining. From time to time, check the saucer and, if necessary, empty it of the water that has flowed out. This procedure helps prevent rot.
Outdoor succulents: very little care for a fairytale garden
Outdoor succulents: very little care for a fairytale garden
When we decide to plant our garden, we must take into consideration many factors, first of all its exposure and we must not underestimate the time we want and can devote to its care. It is useless to buy very delicate plants if we do not have an ideal exposure and a green thumb. Eventually we will find flower beds uglier than we would get by leaving them uncultivated. A good solution to have a beautiful garden without too much effort is to choose succulents. They are not afraid of direct exposure to sunlight, indeed, some prefer it. They do not need too many watering and have really long blooms, there are so many varieties suitable for all tastes.
A little bit of curiosity
First, plants capable of storing and preserving water for a long time should be indicated by the more appropriate name of succulent . They have been defined as greasy, in common use, in reference to the typical swelling due to the water kept inside them, but the adjective would be scientifically improper.
Since the dawn of time, the native peoples of Central and South America have had a sort of veneration for this type of plant, which is considered magical and healing. In history we have really used them for everything: we have extracted liquids from them to drink or from which to obtain medicines, we have used them as fuel or we have used the thorns to make rudimentary fences.
But incredibly, things are not that different today from the past. Aloe is at the center of a thriving market for its health and cosmetic properties. Agave fibers are used to make tequila and create the famous Panama hats that we have always believed to be made of straw! Indeed, there are those who say that Crassula is capable of limiting electromagnetic radiation from mobile phones and other ultra-modern technologies.
The type of ground it is essential for the health of the plant. As already mentioned, stagnation of water in the frost season can be lethal for succulents. To prevent this danger, one must choose a land of good quality: one permeable earth, that is, able to easily absorb water. So make sure your plant has good soil quality and contains some sand.
Not all succulents are the same, and the needs of one may differ from the needs of another.
For example, i cactus, the mammillaries, the euphorbias or the sansevierie they can easily resist 5-6 months without water and can be placed in rooms of the house with little natural light, perhaps to furnish the living room as soon as spring begins, however, remember to put them in the light immediately and start to wet them a little.
Plants such as succulent instead they need light all the time, otherwise they would grow poorly and be prone to disease. These do not need water and can easily resist outdoors as well.
Don't give up on yours succulents in winter: with a few simple tricks they will contribute even in the winter months to adorn your home or garden!
How much to water succulents?
We must be sure that the earth receives all the water it needs. So the rule of thumb is "a lot of water in a few times". Otherwise there is the risk of keeping only one area of the compost always soup and the remaining earth in the pot always dry. To wet the succulent you can use different means:
- Total immersion of the plant in a basin, inside which the water can be diluted with fertilizers
- With watering can, for plants with either very large or very small diameter
- With the tube
- Through nebulizers or sprayers, for seedlings in the first years of life and for plants that are in small containers
Rebutia is part of the cactus category, it often has a spherical shape on top of these shaggy balls, warm colored flowers grow. A riot of yellow, red and orange. It grows best in pots and allows you to create compositions suitable for every corner where we want to place it.
The factors that influence the watering of succulents
- If the vase is made of earthenware, the earth dries out sooner because the water also evaporates from the walls of the vase
- If the succulents are in good exposure, they will grow more actively and consume water faster in addition to the simple evaporation which will be greater in pots that receive more sun.
- If the compost present in the pot is not draining enough, the water supplied will remain in the area near where it was administered, and for a longer time. If the earth is rich in aggregates (50-80% of the total volume of the compost) the water will quickly pass through the pot, wetting all the earth well and quickly coming out of the lower holes.
- On days when the plant is in bloom it is best to avoid watering it. It can be bathed more frequently in periods of active growth, ie between June and July and in September.
- A succulent plant that is not repotted for a few years, which is well developed, especially if not cactacea, will require more water than a newly repotted plant such as a small cactus in a new 2-3 cm larger pot.
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