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Many gardeners and owners of backyard plots are concerned not only with the harvest, but also with the beauty of their garden and yard, and when it becomes necessary to decorate a fence that has become ugly over time, this can be done without high costs, it is enough just to plant climbing plants near the fence.
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Home »Vegetable garden» Modern vegetable garden: options and layout of the vegetable garden, photo
Climbing roses Rambler and Climbers are tall and luxurious plants, beautifully blooming and requiring support. But they can be distinguished by their characteristics.
Growing conditions, care
Thuja western 'Holmstrup' Can grow in full sun and partial shade. In sunny places it sometimes suffers from temperature fluctuations or dries up from frost. Better to plant in places protected from the wind. Root collar at ground level. If the groundwater is close, drainage is necessary, consisting of crushed stone with a layer of 10-20 cm.
Soil mix: Sod land, peat, sand - 2: 1: 1. Optimal acidity - pH 4.5 - 6
Top dressing: When planting, nitroammofoska is introduced (500 g). Watering: During the first month after planting, it is recommended to water once a week, 1 bucket per plant. In the dry season, watering 1.5-2 buckets per plant 2 times a week and sprinkling. Thuja love moist soils on dry and in the shade of the crown they thin out. Young plants in dry seasons require more frequent and abundant watering. Loosening: Shallow, 8-10 cm after watering and weeding under young plantings. Mulching: It is advisable to mulch with peat or wood chips in a layer of 7 cm.
Cropping: Removal of dry shoots annually in spring. Cutting in hedges is moderate, no more than 1/3 of the length of the shoot. Crown molding as needed.
Preparing for winter: Adult plants are quite winter-hardy. However, in the first winter after planting, the needles of young plants should be protected from winter and spring sunburn. For this, the thuja are wrapped in a not very dense sacking.
Latin name "Salvia" we, as a rule, call annual sage. It became popular with Russian gardeners who paid attention to the decorative characteristics of this aromatic and medicinal plant. Used in the creation of spicy aromatic gardens.
Views. There are many varieties that are common in horticulture and are grown as perennials. Many of them are hardy and can withstand temperatures down to –18 ° C.
Among perennial species of sage, common salvia (Salvia nemorosa) and lavender salvia (Salvia lavandulifolia) are popular. One-year-olds are also popular - brilliant salvia (Salvia splendensKer-Gawl.), Silver salvia (Salvia argentea), green salvia (Salvia viridis), or salvia horminum (Salvia horminum).
Salvia not demanding on the soil, but tends to be acidic. The best soil composition for it is light soil fertilized with peat, with the addition of sand. Salvia tolerates shade well, feels great in open places.
Growing salvia in the country, growing seedlings
Salvia propagated by seeds, to increase the flowering time, you need to grow salvia seedlings.
Growing salvia from seeds in the country is not a simple process. Salvia is planted on seedlings in early March, focusing on the gardener's lunar calendar. Sage seeds should be sown superficially into moist soil, or to a depth of two millimeters.
To ensure that the soil is always moist at first, you can cover the sowing with glass from above. Water the seedlings from a spray bottle, avoiding washing out the seeds.
Seedlings will appear after two to four weeks. Salvia shoots are small and very delicate. If the shoots are dense, you need to very carefully cut the shoots, preferably with tweezers, so as not to damage the neighboring ones. They grow slowly at first.
If the sprouts are thin and strongly elongated, it is better to add moist soil to the sprouts and gently press the soil around the sprout.
When real leaves appear, then the sprouts become more tenacious, strong and no longer require so much care. It will be possible to plant in open ground after the last spring frost, since salvia does not withstand low temperatures.
Growing salvia in the country is a rather difficult task, since sage is a rather capricious plant that requires constant attention and care. Salvia prefers sunny, protected from the wind places of growth, rich in humus, loamy, moisture-absorbing soil. She needs regular weeding and surface loosening of the soil.
Salvia blooms from June, ending with the onset of autumn frosts. With such a long flowering salvia will bring a lot of joy to gardeners.
Salvia in the country needs regular watering, top dressing, loosening the soil, weeding.
Watering salvia is done as needed. But the plant does not tolerate stagnant water.
Fertilizers, top dressing
During the growing season, salvia should be fed several times. Complex, mineral fertilizers are introduced. The first time feeding is given at the beginning of seedling growth, the second time - the butanization period. For better growth of seedlings, growth stimulants are used.
Forest salvia, or oak (S. nemorosa)
It is a perennial herb that naturally grows in forests and groves. Prefers a sunny location, good drainage, and moderate weekly watering. Outwardly, this species is very similar to salvia officinalis, but has narrower leaves. Easy to hybridize.
Salvia lavender (S. lavandulifolia)
Miniature winter-hardy, drought-resistant plant 20-30 cm high. It owes this name due to its light lavender flowers. For its cultivation, an open sunny place with calcareous or sandy soils is selected.
If you cut the flowers after the first flowering, then by the fall you can get a second flowering. Suitable for growing both outdoors and in containers.
Has a unique aroma. Salvia lavender essential oil gives off a scent similar to rosemary. As a spice it is widespread in Spain. Suitable for growing in rockeries and curbs
Salvia silver (S. argentea)
Originally from southern Europe, it is a perennial cultivated as a biennial, up to 70 cm high, branched, with large racemose inflorescences. The flowers are small, white leaves and stems are densely covered with white hairs, which gives the whole plant a silvery appearance.
Drought-resistant. Soils are selected for her nutritious, loose, but not too light and not acidic, dry. In the first year, salvia silvery develops a rosette of leaves, in the second year it blooms profusely.
The flowers are small, inconspicuous. Many gardeners cut the stems to prevent flowering. Then a more regular rosette of well-developed leaves is formed, which in themselves are very decorative.
They sow in June on the sowing ridges, the seedlings dive, they are planted in a permanent place as early as possible. Used to create silvery gardens, planting in mixed groups and mixborders, on rocky areas and alpine slides.
Salvia brilliant (S. splendensKer-Gawl.)
Perennial from Brazil, cultivated as an annual, 20-60 cm high. The flowers are spectacular, fiery red, collected in a racemose inflorescence 14-20 cm long. It is very thermophilic, grown as an annual. It blooms poorly on moist and humus-rich soils.
Flowering begins 100–120 days after sowing and continues until the first frost. Seedlings are planted in the ground only after the end of spring frosts. They are used for carpet beds, flower beds, creating bright spots on lawns, for vases, and also as a pot culture.
Salvia green (S. viridis), or salvia horminumovaya (S. horminum)
Cold-resistant annual look. Decorative, in the upper part of the inflorescences stand out bright bracts of pink, white or blue flowers. You can sow green salvia in early spring or before winter in open ground.
Growing and care
Garden heliotrope has been cultivated in gardens for over 300 years. The most valuable varieties with branching shoots and intensely colored flowers, for example, blue Valencia, purple-blue marine. Planting and caring for plants in the open field and at home is not difficult.
Peruvian heliotrope has also long been grown indoors as an ornamental flowering pot plant. The houses bloom all summer and sometimes in winter. In the garden, these perennials under our conditions are grown as annuals, because they are sensitive to frost.
The flower is very fond of the sun, so in summer it should be placed in the garden, on the balcony or terrace, protecting it from the intense midday rays.
Home care takes place at room temperature and even slightly higher in summer. In winter, the flower should be at a temperature of about 10-15 degrees Celsius.
In spring and summer, potted heliotrope needs abundant watering - 2-3 times a week, so that the soil in the container is constantly moist. In winter, watering is limited - every 10-14 days. Flowers are best watered early in the morning or late in the evening. Mulching is also worth doing.
The soil in the pot, the garden should always be moist. Otherwise, the plants wither and lie down on the ground. After watering, they quickly recover.
Heliotropes are fed from March to September every 2 weeks with a complex fertilizer for flowering plants. It is important to choose a fertilizer with a moderate amount of nitrogen, otherwise we will get a large green mass, but the flowering will be very modest or not at all. Organic fertilizer, such as compost, is safe, and we will not overfeed the plants with it. Of course, not everyone has access to organic matter, so mineral fertilizers can be applied, but in moderation.
Taking into account the lack of resistance to frost, it is better to dig heliotrope for the winter and transfer it to a well-lit room, with a temperature of 8-10 ° C. At higher temperatures, the plant will grow and can be pruned in the spring. Watering is limited in winter.
In the spring, domestic perennials are transplanted. In order for a plant planted in a pot, intended for a balcony, or on a flowerbed, to bush better, it is pruned twice. In the future, you will need to take care of the appearance of plants - remove wilted flowers (the bushes will bloom longer and more abundantly), cut off the shoots (they will bloom profusely), remove dry leaves and shoots.
Attention! When caring for the plant, it is worth wearing gloves, heliotrope can irritate the skin.
Growing in a pot on the balcony
The dark purple or dark blue color of the flowers contrasts nicely with other flowers, which is why this plant is recommended for the balcony. The heliotrope stands out beautifully against the brightly colored walls. A very dynamic compositional effect can be obtained by placing it in a light-colored box with pink flowers:
Peruvian heliotrope goes well with amaranth petunias, variegated geraniums, dahlias with purple-brown leaves and dark red flowers, as well as creeping vervains.
Different varieties differ in height and color intensity of flowers, which gives great opportunities for their location. A pleasant, intense aroma encourages planting them on balconies. For the balcony, it is worth buying the Prince marine variety, which smells of marzipan.
Advice. Considering the basic rules for arranging fragrant flower balconies, containers with fragrant flowers are placed in a protected place so that the wind does not blow away the smell.
Since the plants are sensitive to frost, they are planted on the balcony in late May or early June. Maintain a distance of 15 cm between seedlings.
Heliotrope grows best on the southeast and southwest balcony. Although he really likes the sun, the flower is not suitable for southern balconies, it fades in too sunny places. The plant requires regular watering. In extreme heat, it is better to water 2 times a day. Fertilization is necessary, especially in the initial period, when the first buds appear.
Learn the secrets of experienced gardeners
The articles on the portal will tell you how to choose and correctly plant flowers so that the site will admire the combination of colors. You will find here a description of the flower clock, you can grow green sculptures from shrubs at your dacha.
Among the topics covered by the site materials:
- organization of flower beds
- the structure of the alpine slides
- rose garden care secrets
- cultivation of medicinal plants
- selection of fruit trees and their care
- mixborder schemes.
You will find here information about the different types of plants. You can create a garden that will bloom from early spring to late autumn, which will delight the eye even in winter. Thanks to the articles of our portal, you will learn how to build birdhouses, feeders, houses for squirrels, so that inhabitants appear in the garden that are interesting to watch.
Application in landscape design
The English beauty Juliet is most of all used in the design of compositions for wedding ceremonies. However, gardeners do not limit the use of a luxurious rose to solemn events. With the help of the peony variety, you can decorate a flower bed, curb, hedges, artificial ponds and fountains. It goes well with plants and furnishings. Juliet is equally good in single and group plantings, when decorating terraces or gazebos.
The variety can be used in different styles