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Sweet cherries boiled with walnuts are no longer jam, but just a luxurious delicacy. Even the mother-in-law ...


Site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.

Growing seedlings at home is not an easy task that requires certain skills. Sometimes even experienced gardeners make mistakes, as a result wasting time and energy.

Let's work together to understand the reasons for failure.

Seeds do not sprout

Previously, I often faced a problem - seedlings did not appear. Now I sow seeds according to the so-called method "in boiling water" - and the result is always excellent!

I grow seedlings without picking at once in half-liter cups. I fill the containers with soil and spill it with boiling water. As soon as the earth stops burning, I sow seeds (two in a glass). I close it with cling film and wait for the first sprouts to appear.

Valentina SEMENOVA, Svetlogorsk

It is not necessary to look for special sowing methods to obtain seedlings. It is enough to exclude the reasons why the seeds may not germinate. This happens if:

  • the seeds have been stored incorrectly or for too long (the expiration date is usually indicated on the bag)
  • the seeds are contaminated with an infection and have not been sufficiently decontaminated
  • the seedling soil contains toxins (the problem is especially common if the soil was collected from the road or in the city)
  • the soil in which the seeds are sown is too dense or too acidic
  • the seeds were sown deep or went deep after abundant watering.

Tatiana UGAROVA, Doctor of Biol. Sciences, Moscow

The seed does not fall away

Almost every season I face this problem. After the emergence of seedlings, the seed does not fall away from the cotyledon leaves. The problem is especially common in pepper seedlings. This greatly inhibits plant growth. To help the seedlings, I generously spray the seedlings with warm water from a spray bottle. Then I moisten two cotton pads in a weak solution of potassium permanganate and gently grab the seed with them. I’m holding it for a minute. The casing is soaked and comes off easily. The leaves are instantly straightened.

Excessive seed treatment

Before sowing, the seeds are kept for 20 minutes in a solution of soda (1 tsp for 1 tbsp of water). Sometimes I add 4 more drops of Zircon to it. When sowing, I water the soil with HB-101 solution. Usually, seedlings appear quickly, the seedlings do not get sick. But last year the seeds never came up on the first try. I had to reseed. Why did it happen?

The soil becomes moldy

Last year, trouble happened to the seedlings.

After sowing, the seeds did not want to germinate for a long time. Then they appeared, but the ground was covered with a fluffy white mold. As a result, everything, including the soil, had to be thrown away. And sow the seeds again. A friend suggested that before the emergence of seedlings, it was necessary to ventilate the crops for at least 15 minutes twice a day. I followed her advice and there were no more problems.

A similar phenomenon occurs from excess moisture and high temperature. Your friend's advice really works. But it was not necessary to throw away the soil with crops. You could simply remove the moldy seedlings with soil around them. And sprinkle the rest of the earth with sifted ash mixed with crushed tablets of activated carbon. The same composition can be used to mulch plants throughout the entire period of growing seedlings, since mold may appear later.

Svetlana KRIVENKOVA, agronomist, Smolensk

- Often, gardeners mix disease and pest disinfectants with fertilizers and soak seeds in these concentrated solutions in preparation for sowing. The mixture turns out to be so explosive that it can destroy fragile seeds. I recommend that you give preference to treatment with one chemical preparation (for example, for disinfection) and use some natural nutritional agent (2-3 tablespoons of freshly squeezed potato juice per 1 cup of water).


Where to buy phytolamp

For such purchases, I usually go to the Internet - there is a wider choice, there is an opportunity to read reviews, compare products and prices. As for phytolamps, they are in a wide assortment - for every taste and wallet - were found in the "Udachny Sezon" online store.

There are standard spot phytolamps with various characteristics, linear phyto-lamps, and table phytolamps of various designs.


Phytolamps of different models are presented in the "Udachny Sezon" online store. Image from the site udsezon.ru

There is also an accessories department, where you can choose a suitable timer (electronic or mechanical) to automatically turn on / off the backlight, a lamp stand or a lamp holder. I was also pleased with the section Lamps for birds - those who keep chickens will appreciate it.

The phytolamps of the company's own brand - "Garden of the Future" are allocated into a separate category - and I propose to take a closer look at them.


Hydrogel - what is it? Types of hydrogels. How is it applied?

Hydrogel - what is it? Types of hydrogels. How is it applied

If you wondered, what is a hydrogel and what benefits it can bring to plants, then I recommend reading this article.

Hydrogel Is an artificial moisture-absorbing material that promotes the accumulation and retention of moisture. In the soil or substrate in which it is present hydrogel, for plants conditions are created that are close to ideal. Also, the hydrogel can be used independently as the same soil for plants.

In simple words a hydrogel is a granular polymer material, harmless and environmentally friendly, which is placed in water, where after a while it will swell and turn into a gel. Hydrogel also called air conditioner for soil and plants. Hydrogel usually there are two types - soft and dense shape.

Types of hydrogels and their uses

Agricultural hydrogel ... The most common colorless or agrarian hydrogel Are colorless soft balls, granules or powder. It is economical and versatile. As a rule, such a hydrogel is not used on its own, since it does not have a decorative appearance.

Hydrogel absorbs moisture

The colorless hydrogel is used as a useful additive when mixed with soil or added to the wells when planting. (The latter method is most effective when growing plants in summer cottages, since the hydrogel blooms in the sun (molds)). Hydrogel is used for growing cultivated and ornamental plants both in gardens and vegetable gardens, and at home for growing indoor plants.

By introducing hydrogel into the soil of garden or house pets, you will not only protect the plants from drying out and, conversely, water stagnation, but also significantly improve the composition of the soil. If you fill the hydrogel granules near the roots of the plant, then the product will nourish it with moisture in the required volume. When the soil dries out, the hydrogel gives off moisture, and when the soil becomes too wet, it absorbs. Also, agrarian gel makes heavy soils looser, and, on the contrary, strengthens sandy soils. The consumption of a number of fertilizers is also reduced due to their absorption and retention by the hydrogel.

Germinating seeds in a hydrogel

Agricultural hydrogel is also used for seed germination. (But this remedy is not suitable for hard-shelled seeds such as legumes.) Plant seeds are placed in a transparent container, in a swollen gel, and slightly pressed into the gel mass, covering the container on top with glass or polyethylene. Until the seeds germinate, periodically ventilate the contents of the container and remove condensation.

Also soft and elastic balls of agrarian gel are excellent as a substrate for rooting cuttings.

Due to the fact that the balls or granules of agrarian hydrogel are of a very small diameter and soft consistency, this gives plants greater accessibility to obtain the necessary moisture when the soil dries out.

Hydrogel moisturizes plant roots

The roots of a plant can not only get the necessary moisture in contact with the moisture-releasing polymer, but also penetrate the balls themselves, which will greatly facilitate their saturation with water.

Crops such as cucumbers, tomatoes, cabbage, and potatoes are very responsive to the presence of a hydrogel in the soil. It is not recommended, according to reviews, to add hydrogel to the soil to eggplants and peppers. Their yield is declining.

An important point is that when the hydrogel is filled with moisture, the volume noticeably increases, therefore, when using the hydrogel in pots of indoor plants, first feed it with water, and then mix it with soil. Otherwise, after the gel has swollen, there is a chance of displacing the soil from the pot.

Aquagrunt ... Colored or decorative hydrogel is also called aqua soil Are dense gel beads of a larger diameter. A distinctive feature of a colored hydrogel from an agrarian (colorless) one is its high price, which is not economical when applied on land plots and in large quantities. Also, as a decorative effect in such a hydrogel, various colors can be used, as well as rhinestones or sparkles.

Moisture-saturated aqua soil balls

Material of various colors and shapes is on sale. Such a hydrogel will help transform an inconspicuous flower into a design solution. For example, fill transparent vases of various shapes with hydrogel. Moreover, the unique type of plant depends on the unusual shape. Squares, ovals, narrow cylinders. It is possible to combine several layers of gel colored in a spectrum of colors in one container.

If you place a plant in a colored gel, then after a while the roots will penetrate into a viscous substance, and the plant will stand in it, but the aqua soil will not be able to hold powerful specimens.

It is not recommended to grow a houseplant in aqua soil for a long time, but if, nevertheless, the gel is used as a soil, then every two years the ego must be changed to a new one.

Aqua soil is very decorative

The top layer of the hydrogel must be washed periodically, otherwise it will fade and lose its decorative effect.

Water for the gel must be taken only clean and settled.

The colored hydrogel beads do not need to be mixed dry. If you do not want to get a mixture of different colors of balls, first saturate the balls of each color with water separately, and then you can combine and create compositions.

If you decide to place indoor crops in a hydrogel, then you need to know that not all plants are suitable for growing in a hydrogel. The hydrogel is suitable only for moisture-loving plants with frequent watering. For example, for plants related to succulents (aloe, money tree, cactus, etc.) and epiphytes (orchid, some types of ficuses, shefflers, etc.) the hydrogel is absolutely NOT suitable!

Aqua soil as mulch

Cut flowers look very impressive in a vase filled not with water, but with colored aqua soil. Let the colored gel beads saturate with water, place them in a vase, and then place the bouquet.

Aqua soil can also be used as mulch when growing indoor plants. Such a solution will not only protect the plant from drying out the soil, but also act as a decor, giving even a modest indoor pet an attractive look.

The multi-colored gel beads can also be used to scent a room. You just need to fill the dry balls with water mixed with aromatic oils and, after filling them, put them in beautiful flowerpots and place them in different parts of the room.

Hydrogel benefits

  • The hydrogel has found its application, both in open beds and in greenhouses, and in indoor plant cultivation.
  • If used as an additive to the soil in flower pots, it will reduce the amount of watering. In flower design compositions or in hanging baskets, the need for watering is significantly reduced, but placement and temperature conditions are taken into account.
  • The hydrogel makes it easier to care for your garden crops by reducing the amount of watering.
  • Improves soil properties.
  • The polymer is not harmful to human health and is not toxic to plants.
  • 1 gram of the substance is capable of absorbing 0.3 liters of moisture.
  • It retains its qualities for about 5 years at various temperatures, and then decomposes into safe components (water, ammonium and carbon dioxide).
  • Some growers use the gel to grow their seedlings quickly because of the control of the irrigation that affects their development.
  • Among the advantages of the product is protection against rot and fungus.
  • The colored hydrogel is very decorative, which will perfectly decorate the interior of your home.
  • Unused hydrogel that has already been saturated with moisture can be stored. You need to place it in an airtight container and refrigerate. The used hydrogel can only be used as an additive to the soil.

Cons of hydrogel

  • If exposed to direct sunlight, the product may become moldy.
  • Also, if the soil is not fertilized, then it will be depleted in minerals due to their absorption.
  • In indoor floriculture, not all plants can grow in a hydrogel, but only moisture-loving ones.
  • In gardening, too, not all crops tolerate hydrogel beneficially.
  • Aqua soil is uneconomical due to the high price.

In conclusion, I would like to note that agricultural hydrogel and aqua soil are slightly different materials, despite the fact that they have the same composition and essence - they are both polymers and tend to accumulate and release moisture. But still, their directions are different. If an agricultural hydrogel carries more the function of growing plants, then a colored hydrogel aqua soil is an aesthetic material that is advisable to use in decor.


Garden and Vegetable Garden p. 2

Gorbunov Viktor Vladimirovich

Many people are interested in growing grapes. It is not only tasty, but also has useful properties, moreover, it can serve as a decoration for the yard or gazebo near the house. But growing grapes turns out to be not.

Kiselev Gennady Evgenievich

The book describes the main types and varieties of ornamental plants, methods for their reproduction and cultivation in personal plots and in indoor conditions, techniques for planning flower beds, landscaping windows, etc.

Polyakova Galina Viktorovna

This universal encyclopedia is an excellent guide for experienced and novice owners of a suburban area, which describes the entire range of gardening work, taking into account all the maximum.

You will learn from this book how to get the most out of your six hectare plot by growing according to the unique method of an experienced gardener, soil scientist. The author is sure that success depends on.

The way to a man's heart is through his stomach. Our life is woven from food and they were given by God so that we become healthy and live a long and happy life.

Inexperienced and barbaric use.

Shuin Konstantin Alexandrovich

The book describes the biological characteristics of 70 species of widely known (cabbage, beets, carrots, onions, garlic, cucumbers, tomatoes) and less common (cucumber grass, physalis, basil, coriander.

Like any other crop, grapes require special treatment and timely care. This book answers the main questions that arise among gardeners who decide to establish a vineyard on their site.

This book provides information on when and how to prune to form the crowns of garden fruit trees and shrubs. She also introduces the theoretical foundations of pruning and.

"365 Gardener's Happy Days" is a reference calendar that will become a reliable assistant for every gardener in obtaining a rich and healthy harvest. This book is: 1. step by step guide to.

Kizima Galina Alexandrovna

This book provides the most complete information about growing vegetables at a summer cottage: features of garden crops, their requests and whims, step-by-step recommendations - from choosing a variety to harvesting.

The new book of the famous Ukrainian master of alternative agriculture B. A. Bublik is devoted to completely extraordinary views on loosening the soil, fertilizing, weeding, heating, tying up.

Fatyanov Vladislav Ivanovich

The book in an accessible and entertaining form tells about a perennial plant from the Solanaceae family, rich in valuable organic acids, minerals, vitamins. The author is an associate professor.

The book will tell you what to be guided by when choosing and combining garden and indoor flowers, contains the necessary tips and recommendations. Through this edition you will be introduced to numerous.

Melnikov Ilya Valerievich

A summer resident is not only a hobby, but also a vocation ... Indeed, in skillful hands, the harvest will be rich. The goal of the summer resident is to increase the harvest more and more every year. But as you know, any business starts with.

The book includes selected works from the most popular manuals before the revolution, which provide valuable advice from the field of agricultural technology, construction, plant growing, beekeeping.

Man and nature are inseparable from each other. Even if you are a city dweller and do not have a house in the village or a summer cottage, you can still do gardening and horticulture ... at home. More and more.

Bublik Boris Andreevich, Bublik Tamara

A well-known book by an experienced gardener and creator of many successful techniques, co-authored with a faithful assistant and wife, will help you get the largest harvest at minimum cost.

Fatyanov Vladislav Ivanovich

Many vegetables die due to numerous diseases and pests. In addition, malicious viruses have become widespread in recent years. Vegetable crops from different families have their own specialties.

Fatyanov Vladislav Ivanovich

The book contains recommendations for growing apple trees in your personal garden. What varieties of apple trees to prefer, how to get the maximum yield and at the lowest cost? These and many other questions.

Nikolay Kurdyumov

Nikolay Kurdyumov, a popular Russian summer resident author, knows firsthand about ecological gardening. For many years, it has been receiving an ecologically clean crop using natural technology.


Audio articles about growing indoor flowers - garden and vegetable garden

If, when looking at your site, the thought comes to your mind that “in four years there will be a garden city here”, then this means that you have come to our site for a reason. It is here that you can order seedlings by mail and receive them by the time of planting with cash on delivery or prepayment.

The company offers you to buy high quality fruit tree seedlings at the best price. We send seedlings by mail throughout Russia so that you get the best quality planting material at the optimum time (just before planting).

Saplings of fruit trees and shrubs

For the new 2015 season, we offer a large collection of fruit and berry seedlings, where you will find honeysuckle, blueberries, blueberries, blackberries, mulberries, quince, plums, grapes, cherries, cherries, pears, apricots, currants, strawberries, raspberries, gooseberries and apple trees. You will receive fruit seedlings by mail at the time of planting. We send customers seedlings with a closed root system and flexibly take into account complaints, even those that have arisen through the fault of the post office, and not because of the quality of the planting material.

Grape seedlings have been of particular interest lately. For the new season, we have prepared about 10 varieties of grape seedlings, which give a stable harvest in Russia and bear fruit even in the northern regions. It is very simple to buy grape seedlings in our online store: collect them in a basket, place and pay for the order. We will send you your purchase by the time you board.

Vyksa nursery.

Our online store is a great opportunity to buy seedlings of exotic trees and shrubs, frost-resistant seedlings of fruit trees, as well as organic seeds of perennial and annual flowers, vegetables, seeds of rare medicinal plants by mail. In our nursery you can buy garden plants, planting material by mail. For many years our nursery has been selling seeds and seedlings of the most interesting and fertile varieties. Everything is organically grown. Many gardeners have already appreciated the high quality of our products and the convenience of working with us. On our site you can also find information about the cultivation and care of various plants. We send to such cities as: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Kazan, Omsk, Chelyabinsk, Rostov-on-Don, Ufa, Perm, Volgograd, Krasnoyarsk, Voronezh, Saratov, Krasnodar, Tolyatti, Barnaul, Ulyanovsk, Khabarovsk, Izhevsk, Yaroslavl, Tyumen, Vladivostok, Irkutsk, Novokuznetsk, Makhachkala, Orenburg, Tomsk, Kemerovo, Ryazan, Naberezhnye Chelny, Penza, Astrakhan, Lipetsk. And also to Arkhangelsk, Belgorod, Bratsk, Bryansk, Veliky Novgorod, Vladikavkaz, Vladimir, Volzhsky, Vologda, Dzerzhinsk, Zlatoust, Ivanovo, Yoshkar-Ola, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Kirov, Komsomolsk-on-Amur, Kostroma, Kurgan, Kursk , Magnitogorsk, Murmansk, Nalchik, Nizhny Tagil, Oryol, Orsk, Petrozavodsk, Saransk, Smolensk, Sochi, Stavropol, Stary Oskol, Sterlitamak, Surgut, Taganrog, Tambov, Tver, Tula, Ulan-Ude, Cheboksary, Cherepovets, Chisinau .Abakan, Almetyevsk, Angarsk, Arzamas, Armavir, Artyom, Achinsk, Balakovo, Balashikha, Bataysk, Berezniki, Biysk, Blagoveshchensk, Velikiye Luki, Volgodonsk, Glazov, Grozny, Derbent, Dimitrovgrad, Yelets, Kamchatka, Zheleznodorozhny- Zhustukov Uralsky, Kamyshin, Kansk, Kiselyovsk, Kislovodsk, Kovrov, Kolomna, Kolpino, Kopeysk, Korolev, Kyzyl, Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Lyubertsy, Magadan, Maikop, Mezhdurechensk, Miass, Murom, Mytishchi, Nazran, Nakhodka, Nefintekamyu Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhnekamsk, Novokuibyshevsk, Novomoskovsk, Novorossiysk, Novotroitsk, Novocheboksarsk, Novocherkassk, Novoshakhtinsk, Novy Urengoy, Noginsk, Norilsk, Noyabrsk, Obninsk, Odintsovo, Oktyabrsky, Orekhovo-Zuevo, Orsk, Pervouralsk, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Podolsk, Prokopyevsk, Rybinsk, Pskov , Seversk, Sergiev Posad, Serpukhov, Syzran, Syktyvkar, Tobolsk, Ussuriysk, Ukhta, Khasavyurt, Khimki, Cherkessk, Shakhty, Shchelkovo, Elektrostal, Elista, Engels, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk.


Watch the video: 29 Fantastic Plant Hacks And DIY Gardening Ideas. GARDEN GADGETS AND TOOLS


Comments:

  1. Mckale

    To discuss infinitely it is impossible

  2. Zulumi

    I read, like subscribe to a blog. Question: How?

  3. Saghir

    tse all ......., ale duzhe is funny

  4. Gaderian

    and I thought I was the first to read ... (this is always the case) it is said well - concise and comfortable for reading and perception.



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