Planting lilies: where and when to plant in spring and autumn
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Lilies are flowers that are mainly grown from bulbs, although there is also a method such as growing lilies from seeds. In this case, the plants get sick less, acquire resistance to viruses and pests. But for most gardeners, this method will seem too laborious, because growing lilies from seeds requires not only patience, but also time. It can take 5-6 years from sowing seeds to flowering.
Therefore, we will only talk about growing lilies from bulbs... And planting lilies is the main thing.
One of the main steps in the process of breeding lilies is planting them correctly. Although these flowers are considered less whimsical in choosing a place than, for example, tulips, planting errors can lead to the fact that the lilies will not bloom or even rot in the bulb altogether.
So, when the lilies are planted ...
Planting lilies in autumn and spring
The main thing, what you need to know about planting lilies, this is that you plant them not for a year, and not even for two. The bulbs of these flowers should grow in one place for about 4-5 years, gaining strength. Constant annual digging will weaken them, and, as a result, in the first year after planting, the flowers are smaller than in subsequent years.
Lilies can be planted in the ground both in autumn and immediately at the beginning of the growing season - in the spring. For example, I prefer to do this in the fall in order to achieve an earlier flowering. Such bulbs take root even before the onset of frost.
In addition, if you bought planting material in the summer, then until next spring it may deteriorate. Lily bulbs dry out faster than tulip bulbs, and moisture loss sometimes results in the plant not blooming. If you notice that the bulb has lost its elasticity, urgently plant it in the ground.
The only reason it makes sense to plant lily bulbs in the spring is to change the site. For example, you want to plant lilies on a site that is still occupied by other flowers whose growing season ends in October-November (for example, chrysanthemums). Or if you want to renew the soil on the spot under a flowerbed with lilies - add fertilizers, add fresh soil. Then, in the spring, it is advisable to dig up this area and only after that plant the lily bulbs.
Where to plant lilies
As I already mentioned, lilies should grow in one place for at least 4-5 years. So choose a permanent site for your flower bed right away.
The soil at the site where the lilies will be planted must be well drained., freely pass water during watering so that moisture does not stagnate. The soil can even be half sandy or loamy - lilies do not like heavy soils.
Caring for lilies before planting - in order for you to admire the beautiful, large flowers, the earth must be fertile, not empty. So a few months before planting in the ground, it is advisable to apply organic or mineral fertilizers. It is also advisable to fertilize the soil when the first sprouts of lilies appear in the spring.
The bulbs are planted to a depth of about 20 cm, but if they are too young and small in size, then the hole should be much shallower. So the planting depth depends on the size of the lily bulb.
I like to plant lilies in groups of 3-4 plants without making large gaps between them. This creates a very beautiful bouquet of lilies right in the garden. But do not forget that the bulb needs to grow, therefore, even with such a planting, the gap should be at least 10-12 cm. And if you also have a large-flowered variety, then it is better to plant them at a distance of 15-18 cm from each other.
The planting depth of lily bulbs depends on their size. Large bulbs need a hole 15-20 cm deep, and you also need to additionally make a depression for the roots - 10 cm. Low-growing varieties are planted to a depth of 10-12 cm and an additional 10 cm for the roots. Children can be dug in to a depth of 4-5 cm.
When you plant a lily bulb, sprinkle it on the bottom in the pits of fertile soil, and sprinkle it on top as well. So the bulb will receive a supply of mineral fertilizers to start development.
Subtleties of planting lilies
When planting lilies, follow the plant height rule. Lower varieties of lilies should be planted closer to the paths, and plants with long stems should be planted in the middle of the plot.
The lily area itself should be sunny, but it's good if a shadow gets there in the hottest daytime hours - this prolongs the flowering period, since direct sunlight burns the flowers.
Lilies like very much if their stems are protected from the scorching sun below, so you can plant some undersized flowers with them: daisies, violets. Their leaves will retain the moisture needed by the bulb.
It is also possible, with the appearance of sprouts, to overlay the soil around the lilies with a layer of organic mulch: needles, dry grass, thin pieces of bark.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Liliaceae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Blooming Bulbous flowers Liliaceae Plants on L
When to replant lilies: fall or spring
The best time to transplant lilies is in autumn. The plant manages to take root in the garden and prepare for winter. In the spring, varieties with low winter hardiness are planted, which have to be dug up in the fall and stored at home.
Spring planting is also acceptable. It is performed after the snow melts and the soil warms up. Work is carried out before the germination of the bulb. In the south, the flower is transplanted in March, in colder climates - in mid or late April, when the frost ends.
Depth and planting patterns of lilies
After the location of the lilies on the site has been selected and the land for planting is prepared, they dig holes. But first you need to determine for which varieties of lilies the hole of what depth needs to be made, as well as the shape and size of the bulbs. But the most neutral and largely suitable pit size should be three times the bulb.
Tall lilies (Henry, curly, Wimlott) should be planted in a hole slightly deeper than the size described above. A depth four times the bulb is needed for lilies that have stem roots.
A hole only about two centimeters deep is needed for lilies of the snow-white, Gatsby and terracotta varieties. It is important that the tops of the scales on the bulbs are right next to the ground.
Also, when landing, pay attention to the nature of the land:
- if the soil is heavy, then the bulbs are planted a little closer to the surface
- if the soil is light, with a high sand content, then, accordingly, the bulb can be buried deeper.
Another undoubted plus of planting at great depths is that lilies tolerate frosts better, and in summer they receive more moisture, which is important during hot periods. Also, at a depth, there is a higher chance that daughter buds - “babies” - are formed on the bulb; moreover, this has a positive effect on the formation and development of new roots in stem lilies.
How to plant future lilies: step by step instructions
The general rule for landing is the correct hole depth. Some growers claim that it is the same not only for lilies, but, in principle, for all bulbous plants. In fact, it is better to adhere to specific recommendations, which depend on the height of the stem of the future flower:
- undersized varieties are laid to a depth of 10–12 cm, if the bulbs are large by 7–8 cm, if small, 15–20 cm are left between the rows
- medium-sized plants are planted with large bulbs 12-15 cm deep, small ones - 10 cm, row spacing - about 25 cm
- tall lilies are buried with large bulbs by 15-20 cm, small ones by 12 cm, and the distance between rows is made about 30 cm
- snow-white lily, terracotta and Gatsby are planted only a couple of cm deep.
In order not to memorize these numbers, you can simply multiply the height of the bulb itself by three. Let's say it is 5 cm, which means that it should be planted to a depth of 15 cm.
When planting, the type of soil is also important. If it is light, you can drop the bulb deeper, heavy - better higher.
Bulbs (including those with sprouts after they have been removed)
The landing procedure is pretty simple:
- In the prepared area, dig holes of the appropriate depth plus 2–3 cm.
- Put some coarse sand at the bottom - take the same 2-3 cm.
- Lay the bulb with the rhizome down, straighten the roots.
- Sprinkle with a little sand.
- Fill with soil on top, compact it and water it abundantly.
The optimal planting period is August and September. The time depends on the geographic location. If the bulbs are easily separated, then they are ripe and can be removed. Another sign of ripeness is the roots on small balls.
- For 3-4 weeks we put the bulbs in the refrigerator, setting the temperature there + 3… + 4 ºC - for stratification.
- We sow peas directly into the open ground to a depth of 2-3 cm. The distance between the bulbs should be at least 5 cm, and between the grooves - 20 cm.
- Watering the planting.
- Cover with a layer of peat chips or humus.
- The short one is to sow the seeds outdoors.
- Long - sow first in a container, and on a flower bed only in spring or even next fall.
The first option is simple, but risky - the seeds may not survive the winter in the ground. However, you can risk:
- Make grooves 3 cm deep in the prepared soil.
- Sprinkle the seeds in them not very thickly - approximately the way the flowers should grow.
- Sprinkle them with soil, compact it lightly and water the plantings.
- Cover them with spruce paws or straw.
- Take a container (drawer) with a depth of at least 10 cm.
- Put soil in it - a substrate of garden soil, peat and sand.
- Make grooves about 0.5 cm deep.
- Sprinkle the treated seeds into the grooves.
- Sprinkle with soil.
- Moisten crops with a sprayer.
- Wait for seedlings to sprout.
- Plant them in open ground in the spring or next fall - remove them from the container one at a time with the ground and set them in holes with a depth equal to the length of the rhizome.
- Water the flowers you planted.
Lilies also coexist well with roses, and undersized densely planted flowers will serve as a green carpet with multi-colored splashes.
Favorable days for planting lilies in 2020 in the fall of the lunar calendar
I will not tire of repeating that it is important to carry out any gardening activity at the optimal and suitable time - not too early and not too late, because this is the primary condition for normal adaptation and rooting. When is the best time to plant garden lilies in the fall, in what month? You need to build on the weather conditions, should be planted 3-4 weeks before the first frostso that the bulbs can take root in their new location.
Due to different climatic conditions, the timing of planting lily bulbs in autumn in different regions of Russia is different.
Dates of planting lilies of different types
Lilies of different types take root in different ways, so they have different planting times. White lilies are planted first in the fall, since the dormant period of this species is the shortest, and the rooting period is the longest. The splendor of the flowering of the white lily next year and the quality of its wintering depend on the timeliness of planting.
A week later (in September), they begin to plant lilies of the Caucasian species, followed by North American plants. In our climate, both of these species are difficult to adapt, so they are planted exclusively in autumn.