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Cultivation of Siberian wild garlic

Cultivation of Siberian wild garlic


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Siberian wild garlic or victory onion (Allium victorialis) - a storehouse of vitamins and health

The world of green perennials is diverse bows... What you can not meet! And with fisty leaves, (batun, chives, Altai), and with belt-like (slug), and grooved (leek, fragrant, oblique, etc.). But only two types of onions have leaves that are wide, like those of a lily of the valley.

In everyday life, they are called the same - wild garlic, although these are different species, each with its own range. One - according to the botanical classification, bear onion (Allium ursinum) - is found in Russia in the Ciscaucasia and in the south-west of the European part of the country, the other - victorious onion (Allium victorialis) - in Western and Eastern Siberia, as well as in the Far East. In Western Siberia, it is also called a flask. The victorious onion is noticeably larger than the bear's: it has three leaves (in the bear's - two), up to 20 cm long, up to 8 cm wide, the stem height up to 70 cm (in the bear's - up to 40 cm). It grows back earlier (from under the snow!), Grows longer - until August, while in the bear's aerial part dies off in early July.


Siberian wild garlic is more unpretentious. Grows on neutral and slightly acidic soils. For bear onions, the soil must be limed. Finally, onions from Siberia are much more frost-resistant than their European counterparts, which is also important.

Whoever once held in his hands a juicy, tight stalk of wild garlic creaking in his fingers, who inhaled the refreshing scent of taiga, who once tasted a sharp, incomparable taste that makes you shed a tear, he will certainly want to experience these sensations again and again ... This is easy to do if you grow wild garlic in your garden.

Indeed, wild garlic is not a boletus mushroom, and it perfectly takes root in culture. Agricultural technology of Siberian wild garlic is simple: the bulbs hibernate in the soil, it is not necessary to cover for the winter, they are transplanted every 5-6 years. Planting is best placed in the shade of trees. This does not mean that wild garlic does not like the sun. The fact is that the period of active vegetation ends with the leafing of the trees, and the plants have time to get their share of life-giving rays. But during the dormant period, the bulbs will be protected by a shade from overheating and drying out.

The soil should be loose and well-fertilized, since wild garlic will grow in one place for several years. The cultivated soil layer should be 40 cm thick - the bulk of the roots penetrates to such a depth. Victory onions are propagated mainly vegetatively - by dividing perennial bushes. The bulbs are transplanted during the dormant period - from mid-July to September - so that they take root in a new place before frost. The distance between the plants in a row is 20 cm, between the rows - 40 cm. The bulbs are planted shallowly - so that the mesh covering the bulb remains half-covered with earth.

Ramson is demanding on moisture, but only during the active growing season (until mid-June) - at this time it must be watered. The feeding regime is usual for perennial onions: in the early spring, give nitrogen-mineral to intensify the regrowth of leaves, after flowering - mineral - for the growth of new roots, laying of daughter bulbs and increasing winter hardiness. Ramson can also be propagated by seeds. They are sown freshly harvested before winter. Seedlings appear in spring. From seeds, plants develop slowly - bloom for 4-5 years.


Leaves and petioles are used as food for the victorious onion before flowering, while they are juicy. From plants, either take two upper leaves, leaving the lower one to complete the biological cycle, or cutting off the largest specimens entirely - their bulbs have enough nutrients for the plants to overwinter and develop normally next year.

Ramson is a real treasure of health. It contains 15 times more vitamin C than lemon. Its leaves and cuttings contain more microelements than other green onions, they contain a lot of carotene, essential oils, phytoncides, saponins, carbohydrates, citric and other organic acids, alkaloids, flavonoids and other useful substances.

It is not surprising that wild garlic is widely used in folk medicine with atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, thyroid diseases, chronic gastritis, bronchitis, in medical nutrition in the treatment of diabetes mellitus, as the earliest multivitamin, antiscorbutic, general tonic, antimicrobial and anthelmintic agent, purifying blood, stimulating sexual desire, improving peristation.

Ramson is used fresh in salads, okroshka, hot spices for meat dishes instead of garlic, pies are stuffed with egg and rice, added to minced dumplings, fried with egg. Ramsons are prepared for future use.

Recently, when the freezer in the family ceased to be a rarity, they began to freeze it for the winter in plastic bags. In Siberia, wild garlic is traditionally fermented like cabbage. The disadvantage of this method is the formation of an unpleasant odor. The following is popular now recipe canning wild garlic: peeled and washed stems with leaves blanch for 2 minutes in boiling water, put in clean glass jars, pour hot brine (2 tablespoons per 1 liter of water), add spices to taste (bay leaf, peppercorns, cumin seeds, horseradish etc.), 1 tbsp. a spoonful of vinegar essence and 2 tbsp. tablespoons of vegetable oil, brought to a boil, rolled up with sterile lids and wrapped in a fur coat until completely cooled, stored in a cellar.

For everyone who wants to grow this rare miraculous plant on their site, I will willingly send seeds and bulbs of Siberian wild garlic and other onions (Anzur, fragrant, oblique, Siberian rezun). They, as well as bulbs and seeds of more than 200 other rare plants, can be ordered from the catalog. Send a marked envelope with your address - in a week you will receive a catalog in it for free. The catalog can also be obtained by e-mail - send a request to E-mail: [email protected]

Gennady Anisimov, Tomsk


Ramson. Features of growing from seeds

Since wild garlic is a forest plant, shady places are suitable for growing.

Ramson not yet very common in modern garden plots. Some try to propagate it by bringing the bulb from the forest, but the bulk is trying to get this vitamin perennial from seeds.

Novice gardeners trying grow wild garlic from seedsfail. There are no difficulties in growing... For its successful growth, you need to know about features of agricultural technology... The most important thing is to take into account that the seed has a long dormant period.

Before sowing them in the spring, they must be stratified by low temperature and high humidity for 100 days. The easiest way to do this is to use a refrigerator. A container with well-washed and disinfected wet sand mixed with seeds is placed in it. You can also use a damp cloth, which is placed in a hermetically sealed jar. During the entire period of stratification, moisture is checked weekly, and the seeds are crushed to provide them with air access. After the expiration of the specified period, the sunken seeds are sown in the garden.

Autumn sowing is carried out after the seeds are collected.... During the fall and winter, the state of deep dormancy is disturbed, and in the spring the seeds germinate.
Sowing seeds in the fall is carried out no later than October, in the spring - in April. It is better to prepare the rows in advance. Moreover, their depth is 5 cm, and the row spacing is at least 15 cm. Sprouted seeds are laid out evenly, taking into account the fact that with further growth, the formation of bulbs will occur, and sprinkle with a minimum layer of earth. When sowing in autumn, the rows are covered with foil and sprinkled on top with peat or compost.... The shelter is removed immediately after the snow melts. When sowing in spring, cover the bed with spunbond until sprouts appear.

Since wild garlic is a forest plant, shady places are suitable for cultivation.... These can be sparse tree crowns, shrubs, the north side of buildings or fences. It can grow in the sun, but it will be heavily overgrown with weeds, and the leaves will coarsen or dry out.

The plant needs neutral soils without stagnant water in the spring. She also does not tolerate waterlogging. Grooves with shoots should not be overgrown with weeds, since young plants release 1 oval leaf each and can be mistaken for weeds. Usually this perennial has enough natural moisture, but watering is necessary during hot and dry summers. Seedlings are grown without transplanting. Then, they dig out group plantings, separate them and plant 1 onion each with a large indentation and immersion in the ground by no more than 5 cm.This procedure should be very careful, since young plants are very fragile and you can accidentally break off the leaves.

At the very beginning of spring, as soon as the snow melts, top dressing is carried out by introducing up to 40 g of complex fertilizer per 1 sq. m. In order not to hurt the bulbs, the soil is loosened superficially. You can also sprinkle it with a thin layer of fine humus, compost or peat soil, up to 3 cm thick.

Only after 5 years are large and highly overgrown groups of plants separated and transplanted to another place. It is better to transplant in the fall, while choosing the largest baby bulbs. The transplanted bulbs should be sprinkled with loose earth up to 10 cm. It is important to remember that by the middle of summer the green part of the wild garlic dies off, therefore, stakes are placed near the bushes scheduled for division and transplantation.

The first crop can be harvested only after the wild garlic has grown well. At this time, the bulbs are already large enough, and the aboveground part is strong. When collecting the first crop, cut off one top sheet at a time. It is not recommended to touch the rest of the leaves, as the plant will not be able to accumulate nutrients for the formation of new bulbs.


Features and types of plants

The culture belongs to the group of ephemeroids. This is the name of the species that, being perennials, develop their terrestrial part in the summer. Leaves die off closer to autumn, in March they are full of vitamins. Over time, the leaf becomes more and more coarse, so the use of leaves for food is possible only until the time when flowering begins.

When the flowering of wild garlic ends, seeds begin to crumble from it. They are destined to germinate only next year. You can save the seeds of wild garlic, and then in the spring it will be possible to grow plants on the balcony. If they have time to develop well, then with the onset of warmth they can be planted in the garden.

The taste of wild garlic is more reminiscent of garlic. As soon as spring comes in the forest, its leaves appear. They are very similar to lily of the valley, but only until the moment the arrow appears, which is very similar to an umbrella. To find out how wild garlic blooms, you can go to the forest in the spring and try to find a plant very similar to a lily of the valley, but with a large arrow.

The fruits of wild garlic are very similar to small triangular capsules, in which black rounded seeds ripen. The onion roots of the culture are white. The average plant height is around 40-50 centimeters.

The cultivation of wild garlic - bear onion - gardeners resort to deliberately. The fact is that the leaves of this plant are very beneficial to health. The high content of vitamins and stimulation of the digestive tract are the main advantages for which the culture is highly valued.

In the wild, two types of culture breed:

  • bear onion
  • victory bow.

All parts are eaten: leaves, roots, stems. The methods of application can be different: fresh in salads, and in dried, pickled and infused form - for other needs.

Bear onion

This species is very compact, its height can reach only 0.2-0.5 meters. Gives 2-3 sheets, each width is no more than 5 centimeters. Their appearance can be observed already in March or April, when the snow has completely melted, and the soil has warmed up well. Wild garlic grows until June-July, after which the leaves begin to die off. A large number of plants can grow in a small area at the same time.

Currently, the growth of wild garlic is complicated by such factors as deforestation, uncontrolled collection, and environmental degradation. For these reasons, the culture is listed in the Red Book. This makes growing even more fun.

Victory bow

A plant whose height can reach 0.7 meters. When blooming, an umbrella forms with pale green flowers. Blooming in May or early June, this wild garlic can ripen until September (depending on the climate in which it is grown).

Victory onion grows well on acidic soils, and its frost resistance is much higher than the cold resistance of bear onion. From the point of view of external differences, in addition to the height of the stem, an enlarged bulb, a denser peduncle should be noted. The vegetative period of this type of wild garlic lasts until the end of summer. Due to the depletion of cultural reserves, it has become a rarity and is listed in the Red Book.


Victory onion, wild garlic. Growing wild garlic

How to grow wild garlic? How to grow a victory onion?

What is wild garlic?

Victory onion (bear onion, wild garlic) is a wild-growing perennial onion. In Russia, there are mainly two closely related species: the victory onion, which is widespread in Siberia, the Far East and the Caucasus, and the bear onion (European wild garlic), which is listed in the Red Book. When grown in well-lit areas, wild garlic forms small leaves, therefore it is better to grow it in strong shade on slightly acidic swampy soils.

Useful properties of wild garlic, bear onion

The leaves and bulbs of wild garlic contain a lot of vitamin C, saponins, sugars, essential oils. Plants have strong phytoncidal properties, which ensures their anti-scurvy, antiviral effect. Wild animals are treated with ramson, which is probably why it is called the bear's onion. All parts of the plant have a mild garlic smell and taste. Fresh wild garlic greens are useful for colds, bronchitis, coughs, rheumatism, and in the treatment of dysentery. Tincture of wild garlic on vodka is used to treat cough. Ramson is indicated for diseases of the thyroid gland.

Leaves and bulbs are used for food, completely replacing garlic, best of all fresh: in salads, cabbage soup, as a seasoning for meat dishes, in pies, as an appetizer.

Bear onions form one bulb, without rhizomes, and the second type of wild garlic - victory onion - has a slightly oblique rhizome, on which one or more bulbs develop. In bear onion, 2 lance-shaped leaves are formed on large petioles, in victorious onion, the leaves are located on the stem. Plants of both species have been living for over 40 years.

This onion grows from 10 to 50 cm in height.The bulb is white, skinless, elongated-cylindrical, about 2 cm in diameter and up to 5 cm long.The stem (arrow) grows for 4-5 years when propagated by seeds and in the 2nd year - from an onion. Plants develop immediately after the snow melts and bloom in June-July, the seeds ripen in August. A wonderful honey plant.

How are wild garlic grown?

The wild garlic has zoned varieties: Bear and Bear delicacy, but mostly gardeners use wild planting material or exchange planting material with each other.

Ramsons are more often propagated by budded bulbs. You can also grow it with seeds, but this process is quite lengthy. Seeds must be stratified - kept for 80-100 days at temperatures from 0 to -3 ° C mixed with wet sand. However, you can also keep it in the refrigerator on the bottom shelf.

The seeds are then sown in a shaded area in well-prepared soil. Mulch with peat, moisten. In the second year, the bulbs can be planted in a permanent place.

Rooted bulbs can be planted immediately after digging, or stored until spring in moist peat or sand in a cool room. The bulbs are planted in rows according to the scheme 30x15 cm.

Caring for planting wild garlic consists in weeding, loosening and optimal formation of nests with bulbs (no more than 6-7 pieces). The nests are formed by separating the excess bulbs.


Calistegia: growing and care

Calistegia feels good in any conditions, therefore, there are no special problems during cultivation, and if you look after it, you can get a fast-growing climbing plant that can very soon get used to any garden and complete any task assigned to it: to master the mesh-netting, climb on any support, decorate an old brick wall, etc.

Planting site and soil

The lighter the place is chosen for her, the faster she will thank the owner with her abundant and luxurious flowering. If it is planted in the shade, then it will bloom, but not so brightly, and the flowering period will be shortened: it will bloom two weeks later.

It does not grow poorly in any soil, but prefers light but nutritious. In good conditions and on good soil, this plant can grow for about 10 years.

Watering and feeding

As a rule, the liana does not require additional watering and does with the amount of natural precipitation. It is necessary to feed the plant, since a lot of energy is spent on flowering. It can be mineral and organic fertilizers, which are applied alternately. Fertilization must be regular, otherwise the vine will not be able to bloom profusely for such a long period.

Transfer

This plant cannot be transplanted in the summer, as it is actively developing and, as a result of transplantation, it may die. As for the autumn transplant, it may come in handy. And yet, the Siberian rose can grow in one place for up to 30 years, and the main task is to plant it correctly, once and for all, in the place in which it will feel good for many years. In this case, one must take into account the fact that she is a green aggressor and can crush any flowers for herself. Therefore, it will be better if there are no flower beds and front gardens next to her, otherwise she will quickly master them. She constantly reaches for the sun and no obstacles will interfere with her.

Even if she is in solitude, it is better to dig out all the young root shoots, otherwise there may be a lot of problems next year.

Reproduction

Calistiguea is terry, during growth it gives many root shoots. To transplant this plant, it is enough to dig up a young shoot and plant it in the right place. When transplanting, it is advisable to water the young tree. In this regard, we can say that there are no separate recommendations on the method of breeding calistegia. It can be transplanted (young shoots) at any time of the year, from early spring to late autumn. The only thing is that when disembarking in late autumn, it should be covered so that winter frosts do not reach it.

Wintering

The Siberian rose tolerates winter frosts very easily without any additional protective measures, but it is advisable to cut the bush before wintering. No freezing of the plant during the wintering period was noticed.

Somewhere once a week, you need to pick up scissors and remove dried flowers, since the presence of dried buds makes it not so attractive. For good development and proper formation of the bush, the vine should be thinned and weak young shoots should be removed.


Ramson - growing and care

The wild garlic is valued for its unique properties, which are of great benefit to the human body. As for the unusual taste of wild garlic, the similarity with young garlic is simply amazing!

Even in ancient Rome, wild garlic was considered a good remedy for cleansing the stomach and blood. As a "blood purifier" wild garlic is still used in folk medicine in many countries - it is prescribed for skin rashes and scrofulous lichen, pustular skin diseases.

In folk medicine, wild garlic has long been used as an antiscorbutic, antirachitic, diaphoretic, gastric, anti-cold and anti-putrefactive agent.

An aqueous infusion of leaves is drunk for colds, malaria, exhaustion, diseases of the stomach and intestines, and the absence of menstruation. A raw flask is eaten for atherosclerosis, poor eyesight, worms.

Alcohol tincture of bulbs and herbs is recommended for colds and as rubbing in for rheumatism. Purulent ear infections were treated with juice.
It is highly regarded as an early vitamin food plant.

Collection and procurement of raw materials

For medicinal purposes, use the herb (leaves and stems), as well as wild garlic bulbs. The stems and leaves are harvested in April - May, the bulbs are dug up after the seeds have ripened.
Leaves, stems, bulbs are consumed fresh (in the form of salads), since the fresh plant contains the maximum amount of nutrients.
For long-term storage, wild garlic is salted and pickled.

Leaves of wild garlic are most tasty if the plant grew at a temperature of 12–17 ° С. Higher temperatures and drier weather reduce palatability.

The composition of the plant. All parts of wild garlic contain essential oil, alliin glycoside, which gives it a garlic smell, a lot of vitamin C (leaves - up to 0.75%, bulbs - up to 0.10%), phytoncides, mineral salts, lysozyme, fructose, carotene.

Benefits, medicinal properties, use of wild garlic

Ramson stimulates the secretion of gastric juice and bile, improves appetite, intestinal motility, inhibits pathogenic intestinal microflora and promotes the formation of normal microflora, stimulates cardiac activity, normalizes metabolism, prevents the accumulation of excess cholesterol in the blood, lowers blood pressure, slows down the heart rate, increases the amplitude of heart reductions.

Due to the content of phytoncides, it exhibits antihelminthic and antimicrobial properties.
The benefits of wild garlic and its medicinal properties have been known for a very long time.
Even in ancient medical writings, wild garlic was mentioned as a remedy that can protect against diseases such as plague, cholera and other infectious diseases, as well as an anti-atherosclerotic agent.

It is believed that the anti-atherosclerotic property of wild garlic is more pronounced than that of garlic.
In folk medicine, wild garlic is recommended for scurvy, atherosclerosis, for various intestinal infectious diseases, diarrhea, fever, rheumatism, radiculitis, as an antimicrobial and antihelminthic agent, to stimulate appetite, lower blood pressure, prevent influenza, thin phlegm with bronchitis and catarrh intestines, as a blood purifier for furunculosis.

For external use, wild garlic bulbs are rubbed on a fine grater and the gruel is applied to treat purulent wounds, Trichomonas colpitis, mycoses, lichen nests, to stimulate hair growth.

Dosage forms and doses

Wild garlic salad... In the form of salads, young leaves or onions of wild garlic are taken 5-10 g per day. For this, the leaves are used before the flowering of the plant. The bulbs are consumed after the seeds have ripened.

Infusion of wild garlic... The wild garlic bulbs are rubbed on a fine grater. One teaspoon of the resulting gruel is poured with 2 cups of cool boiled water, insisted for 1 hour, filtered. Before meals, take half a glass of 3 r. in a day.

External use. With a runny nose, the gruel is wrapped in a gauze napkin and put into the nose. Also, the gruel is applied to purulent wounds, to areas affected by mycosis, lichen nests, to stimulate hair growth.

When treating Trichomonas colpitis, the gruel is wrapped in a gauze napkin measuring 10x10 cm, and it is tied. Injected into the vagina for 4-5 hours twice a day (morning and evening).


Watch the video: How to make WILD GARLIC GREEN OIL at home Michelin Star Recipe


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