Lincoln Pea Growing – Tips On Caring For Lincoln Pea Plants
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By: Teo Spengler
Many gardeners list tomato as the veggie most noticeably better tasting when grown at home, but peas are also up there on the list. Lincoln pea plants grow well in cool weather, so spring and fall are the seasons to put them in. Those who grow Lincoln peas in the garden rave about the low-maintenance requirements for these legume plants and the incredibly sweet, delicious flavor of the peas. If you are thinking of planting peas, read on for more information and tips on how to grow Lincoln peas.
Pea ‘Lincoln’ Information
Lincoln peas are hardly the new kids on the block. Gardeners have engaged in Lincoln pea growing since the seeds came on the market in 1908, and Lincoln pea plants have many fans. It’s easy to see why this is a popular type of pea. Lincoln pea plants are compact and easy to trellis. That means that you can grow them quite close together and get an abundant harvest.
How to Grow Lincoln Peas
Even with just a few plants, Lincoln pea growing will bring you a high yield. The plants produce many pods, each packed with 6 to 9 extra-large peas. Tightly filled, the pods are easy to harvest from the garden. They are also easy to shell and dry well for next year’s seeds. Many gardeners can’t resist eating Lincoln peas from the garden fresh, even right from the pods. But you can freeze any peas left over.
If you are wondering how to grow Lincoln peas, you’ll be happy to hear that it’s not very difficult in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9. From germination to harvest is about 67 days.
Lincoln pea growing is easiest in well-draining, sandy loam soil. Of course, you’ll need a site that gets full sun and regular irrigation from rain or hose is essential.
If you want pea vines, space Lincoln pea plants a few inches apart. They are compact and grow to 30 inches (76 cm.) high with a 5-inch (12 cm.) spread. Stake them up with a small pea fence or trellis. Lincoln peas in the garden can also be grown in bush form. If you don’t want to stake them, grow them this way.
Plant these peas as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. Lincoln pea plants are also great as a fall crop. If that’s your intention, sow them in late summer.
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Peas Plant Info
- USDA Hardiness Zones: 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
- Soil: Loam, PH between 5.5 to 7.0, well-drained, rich in humus
- Sun Exposure: Full sun, part sun
- Planting: Plant directly outdoors 4 to 6 weeks before the last frost date, when soil temperatures reach 45°F
- Spacing: 2 to 4 inches between plants and 18 to 48 inches between rows
- Depth: 1-inch seed depth
- Best Companions: Beans, carrots, celery, corn, cucumber, eggplant, pepper, radish, spinach, tomato, turnip
- Worst Companions: Onion, garlic, leek, potato, shallot
- Watering: Water sparsely during the plant growth period, heavily after blooms form
- Fertilizing: Side dress with compost or low nitrogen fertilizer when vines are 6 inches tall
- Common Problems: Aphanomyces root rot, ascochyta disease, brown spot, downy mildew, fusarium root rot, gray mold, powdery mildew, Rhizoctonia seedling blight, septoria blotch, bacterial blight, streak, enation mosaic, aphids, leafminers, Mexican bean beetle, thrips, root-knot nematode, spider mites
- Harvest: When the pods are plump, bright green, and round, 60 to 70 days after planting
|Soil Temp for Germ||45–75°F|
|Seed Depth||1–1 ½"|
|Days to Emergence||8–25|
|Thin Plants to||N/A|
|Seeds per Ounce||≈ 90–165|
|Seed Life||2 years|
Pisum sativum Peas nourish our bodies with phytonutrients and, surprisingly, with omega-3 fatty acids. A hard-working crop, they improve the soil, fixing nitrogen that will feed future crops. Especially easy to grow in cool seasons. Snap peas have edible pods that are sweetest as the pods fatten up. High in vitamin C and niacin, they are most nutritious when fresh and briefly cooked. For the best nutrition and flavor, grow your own crops. Snap peas are the most productive of all the types of peas. Some snap peas develop strings that are easily removed by peeling them back as the pods are harvested.
Days to maturity are calculated from the date of direct seeding. Note: In areas with mild winters such as the maritime Northwest where peas can be planted in February, add 35-40 days.
• Peas are a hardy cool-season crop that can be grown in a variety of soil types
• Side dress plants with 1 cup of TSC's Complete fertilizer and 1/2 cup bone meal per 10 row feet
• Climbing varieties should be trellised
• Most bush-type vines can be supported on a short trellis or allowed to grow as a mound
• Environmental stress, such as prolonged hot weather or lack of moisture, will reduce yields
• Extend your harvest through multiple sowings
• Peas may be sown as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring
• Cool temperatures lead to slow and erratic germination
• Sow peas in July for a fall crop
• In mild climates you can overwinter
Insects & Diseases
• Common insects: Pea aphid
• Insect control: Pyrethrin should be applied at seedling stage if leaf scalloping is observed
• Common diseases: Fusarium wilt (also called pea root rot), powdery and downy mildews, and pea enation mosaic virus (more common in Northwest and Northeast areas)
• Disease control: Neem oil
• Disease prevention: 3-4 year crop rotation
Harvest & Storage
• For snap and shelling peas, start checking for maturity as soon as the pods begin to swell
• Harvest frequently to keep plants producing
• If left on the vine too long, the peas become starchy and the pods become tough
• Store at 36°F and 95% humidity
KEY TO PEA DISEASE RESISTANCE AND TOLERANCE
HR indicates high resistance.
IR indicates intermediate resistance.
AF | Ascochyta
DM | Downy Mildew
E | Enation Mosaic Virus
F* | Fusarium Wilt
PEMV | Pea Enation Mosaic Virus
PLR | Pea Leaf Roll Virus
PM | Powdery Mildew
* Numbers indicate specific disease race.