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Aralievs

Ginseng (Latin Panax) or "Root of life" - a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the Araliaceae family. Includes 11 species, distributed in North America and Asia. The Latin name Panax is an allusion to the daughter of a doctor among the gods of Asclepius named Panacea. In Korea and China, it has long been used for medicinal purposes. He came to Europe at the end of the 17th century as a gift to Louis XIV from the King of Siam. The plant is a long-liver (lives up to 300 years), it is rarely found in nature, the ginseng root, which has incredible healing power, is considered a special value.

Ginseng plant

A single stalk of ginseng, 30-70 cm high, ends in a pair of finger-like five-split long-petiolate leaves, the roots are a head with a long neck and the root itself is up to 25 cm long, fusiform, branching into two processes. Ginseng blooms in July with white flowers collected in an umbrella. Fruits are red berries with one to three flat seeds.

Types of ginseng

Despite the fact that there are 11 species of this genus, of interest are mainly Panax ginseng, creeping ginseng (Panax repens) and five-leaf ginseng (Panax quinquefolium)growing naturally in the Far East, Korea and China. Ginseng has been cultivated in these places for about 400 years. In Ukraine, in recent years, this culture has taken root and spread in the Lvov, Kharkov, Kiev and Vinnitsa regions. It was brought to us from North America and also took root well shrub ginseng (Panax fruticosum).

Ginseng cultivation and care

Ginseng multiplies seeds. The seeds are mixed with calcined and sifted sand in a ratio of 1: 4 and poured into a box measuring 30x40x50, at the bottom of which a five-centimeter drainage layer is laid. Make small holes in the sides of the box for ventilation. On a layer of seeds with sand, place an 8 cm layer of clean sand and abundantly moisten all layers. For the first four months, keep the box at a temperature of 18 ° -20 ° C, constantly moisturizing the contents. If the seeds are cracked and seedlings have appeared, but it is too early to plant, keep the box with seeds at 0 ° C until the time for sowing comes.

For the successful cultivation of ginseng, an important factor is soil mixture composition... The following composition is optimal: forest soddy podzolic soil - 2 parts, leaf compost - 1 part, very coarse river sand - 1 part, rotten sawdust - 1 part, dry needles - 1 part, rotted manure - 1 part, peat crumb - 1 part. Thoroughly mix all the ingredients, adding phosphorus fertilizers at the rate of 200g per 1 square meter of soil mixture and lay them in prepared beds located from west to east with a slope so that water does not stagnate during thaws. Ginseng is shade-loving and does not tolerate direct sunlight. Proceed from this when choosing a place for the beds.

With an arbitrary length of the bed, its width should be 120 cm, and the height above the soil level should be 25-35 cm. Previously, a twenty-centimeter layer of soil is selected on the site, in place of which small pebbles or crushed stone are poured, a soil mixture is poured onto it, which then should shrink within two months. A month after you lay the soil in the beds, disinfect it with a 0.4% formalin solution. Sowing is carried out at the end of April. The seeds are dried (not in the sun), removed from the sand, treated for 10-15 minutes with a 0.5% solution of potassium permanganate and buried 4 cm into the soil. The soil is moistened and then mulched with a two-centimeter layer of dry humus. When shoots appear, arrange for them to be protected from the sun with wooden shields disinfected with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid.

In autumn, in mid-October, grown seedlings are transplanted to other beds, which need to be prepared at the end of September. The dug roots are sorted, healthy ones are planted on permanent beds to a depth of 4-6 cm, watered, mulched with humus and covered for the winter with a layer of foliage 8-10 cm thick. In early spring, the mulch is removed and sun protection is immediately installed. Ginseng grows slowly.

Seeds for germination are harvested from plants that are four years old. The commercial qualities of the roots also appear when the plants reach four to five years of age. Plants of the required maturity are dug out, leaves and stems are removed, washed and dried with good ventilation at a temperature of 50 ° C. Ginseng root is a valuable remedythat has a stimulating effect that prolongs life and strengthens health. They treat diseases such as gastric ulcer, anemia, diabetes mellitus, gastritis, nervous system disorders and much more.

Literature

  1. Information about Garden Plants
  2. Information on Perennial Plants
  3. Information about medicinal plants

Sections: Garden plants Perennials Medicinal Aralia Plants for F


Ginseng - garden and vegetable garden

MOON AND ZODIAC SIGNS

There are four phases of the moon, the strength of its energy in each of them is not the same. This is due to the different distances between the Moon and the Sun. The closer she is to the heavenly body, the more dependent on him. Since ancient times, the four phases of the moon have been associated with four elements: earth - new moon, water - first quarter, air - full moon, fire - last quarter. The beginning of the lunar cycle is the new moon. For the entire cycle, the moon passes through twelve signs of the zodiac.

The change in the phases of the moon from new moon to full moon and again to new moon occurs in 29.5 days - the lunar month, which is shorter than the solar one and is called synodic. Lunar days, on the contrary, are longer than solar ones and are 24.5 hours. And, of course, the rising and setting of the moon do not coincide with solar time.

During the period of changing the phases of the moon, we experience four lunar seasons: spring - from new moon to first quarter, summer - from first quarter to full moon, autumn - from full moon to last quarter, and winter - from last quarter to new moon. The lunar month is a miniature solar year. If during a solar year the Earth makes a full revolution around the Sun, then for a lunar year - the Moon around the Earth. This occurs as a result of the influence of the Moon's gravitational belt, which causes changes in temperature, atmospheric pressure, the Earth's magnetic field, and the earth's biosphere. Not only living organisms as a whole or their individual parts are influenced, but also the soil.

It is well known that in spring, plants acquire foliage, they grow upward. Their vital energy is greatest in summer, on the full moon. Then there is a decline, the juices rush to the roots, etc. That is why greens, berries, fruits and vegetables growing above the ground acquire the highest taste closer to the full moon, and roots - to the new moon. In the first case, the "tops", and in the second, the "roots" are maximally saturated with vital juices, vitamins, mineral salts.

The Moon also affects humans, animals and all living beings, depending on its phase.

Many people, especially those who are weak, have symptoms of malaise, agitation, joint pain, headaches, etc. on the days when the phases of the moon change.

The change in the phases of the moon and plants is also perceived. Therefore, for example, the energetic roots of plants, damaged during the waning moon, are difficult to recover.

Carrying out certain work in the garden and vegetable garden, taking into account the movement of the moon, without additional effort and material costs, you can increase the yield by 20% and get products of higher quality. Plants planted in a favorable period acquire immunity, are less affected by diseases and pests.

You will be rewarded for your work, the golden rules of which were: sowing seeds, planting seedlings of plants growing above the ground (tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, strawberries, onions on a feather, leaf parsley, etc.) with the growing Moon of plants with fruits and the ground ( beets, carrots, potatoes, onions for a turnip, etc.) - with the waning moon.

A feature of growing plants is that on the new moon, on its peak three days - the day before the transition from one rhythm to another, the peak day and the day following it (if it is necessary to sow when the moon is growing, then two days) nothing should be planted and sow. 11e are the best for planting vegetables, berries, bushes, etc. and peak days of changing other phases of the moon.

Do not engage in any agrotechnical activities on Satanic days, the energy in which is unfavorable for humans and for all life on Earth, including plants. They do not sow even when the moon is visible in the sky, in the first hours of its rising and setting. Relax during this time. Sow, plant when the moon is over the horizon.

The growth and productivity of plants also depend on what sign of the zodiac the moon is in at the time of landing. Astrologers in the distant past came to the conclusion that the signs of the zodiac have different effects on the growth of plants, the safety of their fruits. They subdivided signs into productive and unproductive.

Productive signs of the zodiac - this is Taurus, Cancer, Libra, Scorpio, Capricorn, Pisces. Of these, the most productive is Cancer. But it has a bad effect on fruits intended for snoring. The fruits collected in this sign, as a result of the active development of microorganisms, have poor keeping quality, they quickly rot.

Unproductive signs - Aries, Gemini, Virgo, Leo, Aquarius, Sagittarius. Of these, they are sterile, which should not be planted at all - Aries, Leo, Sagittarius, Aquarius. True, there is also a small individual peculiarity here. With the Moon in the sign of Aries, you can plant lettuce, spinach in the sign of Virgo - ornamental plants in the sign of Leo - trees and shrubs. But it is better not to take risks, but to engage in planting in productive signs.

For planting various crops, the best signs of the zodiac are recognized: tomatoes and cucumbers - Cancer, Pisces, Carrot Scorpio - Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces, Libra, Goat and garlic, pepper and onion - Scorpio potatoes la - Cancer, Scorpio, Taurus, Libra, Capricorn cabbage - Ra k, Scorpio, Pisces, Taurus, Libra of courgettes, pumpkins and eggplants - Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces, Libra.

It is recommended to plant trees immediately after the full moon with the Moon in the signs of Capricorn and Leo.

When choosing zodiac signs for planting, please do not forget about the phases of the moon. But what about when the landing time has come, and the Moon and the sign of the zodiac do not coincide, that is, either the sign is unproductive, or the Moon is in the wrong phase? In these cases, give preference to the zodiac sign.

The best period for watering crops is the time when the Moon is in the signs of Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces, Libra.

Plants are fed with fertilizers on a full moon or with a waning moon.

Trees should be pruned in productive signs and with a waning moon, and if it is necessary to increase the growth of shoots - with a growing moon.

Grafting and re-grafting trees in the first and second quarters with the Moon in Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces, Capricorn.

Cuttings are prepared for grafting trees during the growth of the moon.

They fight against pests and diseases of plants in barren signs - Gemini, Virgo, Aquarius - with the growing moon. At the same time, they are engaged in weeding the beds and destroying weeds. Weeding can also be carried out during the waning moon, but you need to be careful not to injure the root system of plants. And yet the best period for the destruction of weeds, pests, cutting of dried and diseased branches, shoots is the peak period of the new moon (three days).

An important point of work in the garden and vegetable garden is not only planting and growing plants, but also the period of picking fruits, picking berries, harvesting vegetables, which gardeners and gardeners often neglect. And on this depends the safety of the crop, its usefulness, taste, saturation with vitamins, microelements, etc.

Vegetables and fruits intended for storage in fresh and processed form are harvested during the waning moon for consumption immediately after picking - with the growing moon, closer to the full moon, when they are most saturated with juices. The best signs of the zodiac for collecting fruits during the waning moon are Aries, Leo, Sagittarius. Unsuitable for harvesting is the period when the Moon is in the signs of Virgo, Cancer, Pisces. The fruits collected at this time quickly deteriorate, they are watery, of low taste.

Since microbes in barren signs are on the decline of biorhythms and during this period they have little activity, it is better to harvest roots in the signs of Aries, Gemini, Leo, Sagittarius, Aquarius. As for potatoes, remember: harvested under the Moon in Scorpio, it is not only poorly stored, but also loses its taste. Don't dig it up in Cancer and Pisces.

Take care of preserving the fruits during the waning moon, closer to the new moon, in the signs of Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces. Fruit should not be preserved in the sign of Virgo, as the resulting products are prone to mold.

And most importantly, remember that like humans and animals, seeds and sprouts are sensitive to your state of mind. Therefore, under stress, irritability, one should not engage in sowing seeds, planting seedlings, planting trees, bushes and berry bushes. You can ruin the case. Relax, calm down and only then communicate with all living things.

Aries is a moderately productive, if not sterile, sign. The ruler is Mars. When the moon passes through it, plant and sow only fast-growing and immediately consumed vegetables: sorrel, lettuce. You can plant onions, garlic, peppers, gooseberries. It is good to carry out weeding, spraying, cultivation at this time. You can pick fruits and root vegetables.

Taurus is an earthy, productive sign. The ruler is Venus. Moon in Taurus has a good effect on cabbage, carrots, beets, radishes, onions, potatoes, garlic, green crops, trees. It is good to plant something that will winter. Plants gain more endurance.

Gemini is an airy, barren sign. The ruler is Mercury. You can plant climbing plants, harvest medicinal herbs, cut trees, bushes, cultivate the soil.

Cancer is a watery, productive sign. The ruler is the Moon. It has an especially good effect on crops saturated with juices: cucumbers, pumpkin, zucchini. It is more expedient to use the grown products fresh. You can sow and transplant vegetables that are not intended for long-term storage, harvest herbs. Good for watering, grafting. It is best not to plant potatoes and vegetables growing in height.

Leo is a fiery, moderately productive sign. The ruler is the Sun. The sign requires special attention to plant care. You can weed, control pests, prune and cut trees. Only trees and shrubs can be planted with abundant watering.

Virgo is an earthly, unproductive sign. The ruler is Mercury. You can plant medicinal herbs and flowers, do weeding, cultivation.

Libra is an airy, unproductive sign. The ruler is Venus. Different plants can be planted, they will be resistant to diseases and unfavorable climatic conditions, but their productivity will be inferior to those planted in fertile signs. There he gives beauty and aroma. Especially favorable for planting plants during the waning moon.

Scorpio is a watery, productive sign. The ruler is P luton, but to a greater extent depends on the energy of Mars. Suitable for planting most crops. This sign gives good growth and strength to the stems. Plants will be disease resistant. With this sign, it is necessary to exclude the treatment of plants with pesticides. Inadmissible injury to plants. It is not recommended to harvest ai, cut and dig in trees.

Sagittarius is a fiery, unproductive sign. The ruler is Jupiter. You can sow only fast-growing vegetables, as well as vegetables with a spicy taste: onions, garlic, peppers. You can harvest fruits and roots, weed plants, cultivate the soil, but avoid using sharp tools.

Capricorn is an earthly, productive sign. Similar to Taurus, but drier. The ruler is Saturn. Plants with a well-developed root system are planted: onions, beets, carrots, potatoes, cabbage, gooseberries, currants. Plants acquire endurance, resistance to diseases and adverse conditions.Trees will be hardy and bear fruit for a long time. Grown products are well preserved in the off-season. The bulbs are planted with the waning moon.

Aquarius is an airy, sterile, sterile sign. The ruler is Uranus. During this period, it is good to deal with weeds and pests, to collect fruits and roots.

Pisces is an aquatic, productive sign. The ruler is Neptune. All plants are planted, but they require careful maintenance, the crop is poorly stored. The sign is similar to Cancer, Taurus, but is associated with a secret, therefore crops, planting should be done alone, unnoticed from "black" eyes.


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Tomatoes for the greenhouse 22.02-5.03.
Tomatoes for soil-10-15.03 with subsequent picking
18-25.03. With soaked or sprouted seeds without picking
5-10.04. Sowing in the ground for a later harvest, if the shield bug does not eat ((

Pepper (preferably seeds pre-germinate)
28.02-5.03. late-ripening varieties
5.03-15.03. early and mid-season varieties

Eggplant (also better to sprout)
10-15.03

Cauliflower, broccoli, white cabbage
early and medium-sowing until 10.03
late-ripening, from 20.03 to 1.04 (later undesirable, as it will not take root well due to the heat)

Kohlrabi in the ground with seeds or seedlings from 03/15 to 04/15/15, then it makes no sense, because of the heat it can be rough and bitter

Brussels sprouts 15-20 .03

Salads, radishes, dill, parsley, basil under the covering material, film all March, April.

Peas - from 1.03 to the end of April.

Cucumbers in cups on April 5-10, in the ground-20-25.04, if desired, you can sow more in a month.
Zucchini, pumpkins, melons - in glasses, pots - April 1-10, in the ground - 20-25.04.
Zucchini and pumpkins grow gorgeous on compost heaps, with their roots + watering perfectly by the end of the season they process all the compost.
Luffa, lagenaria, momordica, decorative pumpkins are sown at the same time.

Watermelons are not always good germination, so it is better to germinate, sowing dates from April 1-15 in pots, in the ground after 20.04.

We soak corn for a day, sow in cups from 5.04 and every 2 weeks, the latest sowing is 10-15.08 (for those who love corn very much)
if directly into the ground, then from 10.04.

Flowers
Since the end of February, we sow petunia, carnation, ageratum, lobelia, gatsania, gaillardia, snapdragon, phlox, verbena.

from 20.03-calendula, black-haired tagetes, zinnia, dahlias, nasturtium in a greenhouse under a film,
from 10.04 into the ground.

from 5.04-decorative sunflowers, bindweed.

From 15.04 it is best to sow biennials (foxglove, Turkish carnation, bells) and perennials. It does not make sense before, they will not bloom in the year of sowing anyway.

It seems that I wrote everything from what is usually sown and planted.

Due to unpredictable weather conditions and a large number of non-sleeping pests, the following garden treatments are proposed:
The name of the drug is in descending order of the amount of active ingredient, so choose who has what.
1. Garth, Koside, Champion, HOM, Profigold (optional).
+
2.В30, Fufanon, Actellik (optional).

It is necessary to process trees and bushes from "head to toe". That is, the crowns are sprayed first, then the branches, and last but not least, the trunk and the soil around it.
Roses and ornamental shrubs can not be cut now, in no case - pruning can provoke spilling and active growth of the buds. So we are waiting until spring.

The main fertilizers for autumn, and this applies to everything and fruit trees and berry bushes, are phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
There are two options. The first one is more expensive, for example, Fertika in autumn. Don't bother. The dosage is all written.
Second: We take Superphosphate, now it is on sale with various additives, for example, sulfur, zinc, etc. + Kalimagnesia or Kalimag.
Why is potassium preferable to apply in the fall? Because it dissolves for a long time and will be ready by spring !!
The rules for entering are as follows. For young trees, 3-4-5 years old (we don't take younger ones, since we bring them for planting), fertilizers are scattered along the projection of the tree crown directly on the ground, for digging !! on 3/4 bayonets of a shovel.
For older trees, we take a scrap or a construction drill and again, according to the projection of the tree crown, we make "holes" to a depth of 40-50 cm. At least 7-8 pieces under a tree. And then we pour our fertilizers there and spill it well with water, at the rate of 1.5-2 buckets per young tree, 6-8 buckets for large ones. Even if it rains a lot. This is the so-called water-charging irrigation, which will allow the roots to be saturated with moisture, nutrition and will help to more easily endure our unpredictable winter.
Fertilization rates are written on all packs, so we consider how many trees and bushes and then we buy.

Now about organic matter.
The most reasonable thing now is to mark future beds for vegetables, sprinkle with humus and be sure to cover it on top with either straw or forest floor. And in the spring, just loosen it up and immediately plant it.
You can leave humus in the spring. This is how you want it.
I will dig in the cold, because tortured by a bug, and after several frosty days it will be possible to cover it with humus or horse manure and always with grass, straw, etc.
Humus can be poured under the trees, but only after all the foliage has flown around and cold weather is established. But still, it is better not to risk it and leave this procedure for the spring (February-early March). Otherwise, if the weather is warm, organics can provoke the awakening of the kidneys. This also applies to berry bushes and roses too !!

Then, I believe, we must have treatment with iron vitriol:

1. "Whitewashing" trees (except for young ones) -500 g per 10 liters of water - no lime is added. White-paint all trunks and skeletal branches, after that we spray all pome fruits, shrubs, except for roses, grapes at the rate of 350-400 grams per 10 liters (for stone fruits-300 grams per 10 liters of water). This is the introduction of iron, and the destruction of fungal diseases, and the destruction of lichens on trees, especially old ones.
Roses from black spot-300 gr per 10 liters of water. Coniferous and evergreen shrubs are not processed with iron vitriol! For them there is Bordeaux liquid, HOM, Profigold (optional) And now, after harvesting, it is advisable to treat the trees on a leaf with any insecticides, for example, Confidor, Envidor, Vertimek, Bi-58 to destroy the clutches of spider mites, aphids, moths and etc., etc.
There is also spraying 700 grams of urea per 10 liters of water, which also kills all evil spirits, but the leaves from the trees after this treatment will fly around.

Total: first we feed and drink, then we process it from pests, then we feed all the iron)).


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