The use of nettle in the farm

The use of nettle in the farm

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Why do you need nettles in the garden?

If you forget that nettle is both useful and medicinal, and that, for example, for making salads or rinsing your hair, it is better to have it right on your site, there are several more useful uses of it in the garden.

Moreover, in countries with very intensive land use, nettles are allocated special plots in vegetable gardens or even planted in a greenhouse.

Nettle fence

If your site is often visited by uninvited guests, then the nettle can be "entrusted" with the protection of the garden, allowing it to grow around the perimeter of your possessions. A nettle fence (up to 2 meters high) will work properly if you leave a strip of plants 80-100 cm wide.

Nettle fertilizer

Nettle makes an excellent liquid fertilizer. A wooden, plastic or clay container is filled with finely chopped leaves, poured with water heated in the sun and left to ferment for one and a half to two weeks (the container cannot be filled to the very top, because the volume of liquid will increase during fermentation). It is advisable to mix this mass daily. To be honest, this mixture gives off a very unpleasant odor.

From my own experience, I can say that a container with this "incense" can be put in a greenhouse or greenhouse with cucumbers, since this smell for some reason attracts pollinating insects. After the end of the process, a concentrated fertilizer is obtained, rich in nitrogen and potassium. For conventional dressings, it is bred 10 times, and for foliar feeding - 20 times. Gardeners who have tried this home-made and practically free fertilizer believe that the plants after it grow by leaps and bounds, their leaves turn dark green. Many earthworms always settle under plants watered with nettle infusion.

Nettle mulch

The crushed mass of nettles can be used to mulch the soil under strawberries, tomatoes, lettuce, in general, under those crops that slugs love. Nettles, both fresh and dried, are an insurmountable obstacle for these soft and tender pests. It is only necessary to carefully cover the entire surface of the garden with nettle leaves, so that not the slightest loophole remains for these parasites.

The effect of nettle on other plants

But not only nettle infusion can be beneficial for plants. There is evidence that tomatoes that grow next to nettles extend the shelf life of the fruits, and the juice from such fruits is more tasty.

There is evidence that cabbage growing next to nettles is less damaged by leaf-eating insects.

Preservation of products

For centuries, the ability of nettle (due to the presence of phytoncides in it) has been tested to keep fast-perishable food products fresh for a long time. For example, gutted fish stuffed with nettles (fishermen manage to keep the fish for 1-2 days this way), and fresh meat coated with it do not deteriorate for a long time even in hot weather. And nettle leaves, placed in milk, protect it from souring.

It is good in the kitchen, treating diseases and increasing yields. Perhaps nettle is one of the most useful plants for humans. Its young spring shoots are especially good. Nettle can be used to make great spring salads that will help when you feel dizzy from anemia and hypovitaminosis. And a huge amount of iron contributes to a downright rise in the amount of hemoglobin, and for one, and mood.

This plant is appreciated all over the world (and for good reason), but especially not indifferent to nettle in Europe, in particular, in Great Britain even championships on nettle eating are held. In the last championship, nettle-eating masters from Great Britain, Denmark, France and Germany took part in the championship. Within an hour, each participant had to absorb as many leaves of this plant as possible. As a result, the victory was won by the Englishman Simon Slay, who admitted that the nettles harvested immediately after the rain were much softer and tastier than last year.

Read the second part of the reading: Nettle in medicine and cosmetics →

Svetlana Shlyakhtina,
Yekaterinburg city

Dolomite flour for growing plants

Especially stone fruit trees require periodic application of the above-mentioned additive. Dolomite flour is added at least twice a year. Usually it is introduced into the soil immediately after the crop has been harvested along the trunk circle. It is very important to follow this application technique. Usually, no more than 500 g of dolomite is poured under black currants. This procedure is performed every two years.

Vegetable crops also need dolomite flour. Cabbage especially needs it. For good development and growth of vegetables, dolomite flour must be applied just before planting. In the process of planting tomatoes and potatoes, the use of such a substance is also recommended. In order to increase the effectiveness of dolomite, it is necessary to use copper sulfate, boric acid and other similar additives that include these elements together with it. But mixing dolomite flour with ammonium nitrate, urea, manure is not at all recommended.

It is known that the shelf life of dolomite flour is not limited in any way. Coarse beans, onions, lettuce, winter crops, barley and cucumbers can hardly do without dolomite flour. Liming has an extremely positive effect not only on acidic, but also on slightly acidic soils.

Manganese is an essential element for plant nutrition. If this component is not enough in the soil, the plants will decrease immunity and yield. Feeding with potassium permanganate is enough to perform once a season.

Blackleg is a dangerous fungal disease that affects young plants.

For some summer residents, after its appearance, it is easier to get rid of seedlings and plant a new one. However, a solution of potassium permanganate allows you to cope with this pest in a short time. The main thing is to perform 2-3 treatments.

It should be stored in closed paper bags or containers made of plastic and put in a dry and cool place. The substance has no expiration date.

Elena Bezyazyka, Sayanogorsk

In my garden, the soil is heavy and low in nutrients. I did an experiment, put one piece of potato in the ground without changing it. As a result, the potatoes with wireworm holes and scabs were dug up. Also noticed damage to tubers, moles, mice and slugs.

And I plant the second part of the tubers in the ground where green manures grow in autumn, but this is also a part of potatoes with wireworm holes.

I dug the other part of the tubers in the ground, preliminarily on top of the hole with the cake. The bushes grew sprawling, tall. When I dug up the tubers, they were large, had tumors and scabs, and rot. Wireworm potatoes were only damaged at the edge of the bed. Rodents do not eat potatoes, there were no slugs. The soil has become looser.

Vera Kobylina, Arkhangelsk region

To eliminate the wireworm when planting tubers, I simply threw a handful of steamed turnips into each planting hole. But 5 lines of cake.

Then this summer I saw that these 5 rows of bushes were lagging behind in growth. And where biofertilizer is applied, its buds have begun to bloom.

When harvesting, where used, the cake, tubers were clean, not damaged by wireworm.

You can watch a video about the processing of autumn mustard cake powder here:

Oilcake is a product that acts for a very long time in the soil, improving its structure. Once it has no negative effects, since it cannot be shifted. Therefore, if you use the cake, together with crop rotation, agricultural technology, in the composition of the earth to enrich yourself, there will be no pests and pathogens. Crops planted in such soil will give higher yields. As a result, fruits and vegetables are environmentally friendly without nitrates.

Ash solution

The composition is both a top dressing (foliar and soil) and a means for combating pests of the garden and vegetable garden.

For fertilization, an ash solution is prepared at the rate of 150 grams of ash per bucket of water (8-10 liters). The suspension should be immediately poured into the prepared grooves or planting holes, stirring continuously, and then sprinkled with a layer of soil. It is not recommended to store the prepared solution, since some of the useful compounds may collapse. When planting bushes of tomato, pepper, cabbage and cucumbers, about half a liter of solution is required for each plant.

Ash water extraction for plant spraying as a prevention of diseases and the destruction of harmful insects, it is prepared at the rate of 400 grams of ash per bucket of water. Initially, the entire portion of the ash powder is poured with a small amount of hot water (1-1.5 l) and simmered on the fire for about half an hour, the settled broth is filtered, 40 grams of soap (liquid or household, grated) are added to it to improve the adhesion of the composition, bring to a volume of 10 liters and pour the composition into a spray bottle. Plants should be processed in dry weather, in the evening. The green part of the plants is sprayed several times per season.

The ash solution is effective against powdery mildew, scoops, cruciferous fleas and aphids.

To achieve the best results in the fight against pests and infections, all activities must be carried out in advance, as a preventive measure. Ash is an environmentally friendly, safe for people and the environment and practically free product, which has proven itself from time immemorial.

Good harvests next season!

Mustard powder in the fight against snails and slugs

If the plantings of garden strawberries, cabbage, strawberries, radishes and other vegetable crops suffer from the invasion of shellfish, which destroy most of the crop and cause irreparable damage to your plants, then try the following remedy: dust the soil in the aisles and around each plant with mustard powder.

Mustard can be used as a stand-alone product, as well as in combination with sifted plant ash and ground hot pepper (1: 1: 1). Slugs moving on the ground die upon contact with these agents, so the scattered mustard becomes an insurmountable obstacle for mollusks.

Useful properties of dried nettles

Even dry, the plant is beneficial. And here are its healing properties:

  • dried will help stop inflammatory processes in the body
  • due to its ability to increase blood clotting, it helps to stop bleeding
  • the use of decoctions from dried nettle will restore or help restore the carbohydrate metabolism of the human body
  • strengthens the immune system in general
  • nettle - a plant with a choleretic effect
  • also, the plant is a good diuretic
  • a decoction from a dried plant will help fight cramps.

These qualities and abilities of this plant are the most important and valuable. But the list is far from complete, tk. the healing qualities of this herb are not limited to seven points.

Watch the video: Amazing Health Benefits of the Nettle Leaf