Detailed description of the Zenga Zengana strawberry variety
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Garden strawberry has excellent taste and grows in almost every garden. Moreover old varieties bred for a long time are in no way inferior to the novelties of modern breedingand. One of these popular varieties is Zenga Zengana, a description of which can be found below.
Zenga Zengana is the property of German selection. The shrub of such strawberries is quite tall, but at the same time very compact, therefore a denser planting of plants is allowed, which can significantly increase the yield... Peduncles are located either at the level or slightly below the leaves, which in turn are dark green and oval in medium size.
Garden strawberry variety Zenga Zengana tolerates winter frosts well down to -24 degreesif the temperature drops below, the shrubs will need additional shelter. This quality allows you to grow the variety in the Central zone of Russia; in colder climates, you will have to work hard to protect the strawberries from freezing.
An interesting feature will be the inability of the variety to pollinate independently, because only female flowers are formed.
Berries ripen on average, around mid-June, and fruiting lasts until early September, which allows you to collect tasty and juicy berries for a long time. One plant can collect 1.5 kilograms of fruit... Usually, the life of such a bush is 4-5 years, after which you will have to uproot and plant younger plants.
Characteristics of berries
The berries of the garden strawberry variety Zenga Zengana weigh on average 10-15 grams, but sometimes there are specimens weighing up to 30 grams. The shape of the fruit is quite varied, but most often it is regular, conical.
The color of the berries differs depending on the conditions in which they grow. Strawberries grown in the shade are bright red, and fruits that receive as much sunlight as possible tend to take on a dark, burgundy hue. The color of the pulp changes in the same way from pink to dark red.
The surface of the berries is dense, shiny, with pronounced yellowish seeds. Good consistency of fruits and the absence of wateriness allows them to be transported without losing their shape and presentation.
Also, this quality has a positive effect during processing, when the size of the berries does not change during cooking or freezing.
The taste of strawberries is pleasant, sweet and sour, which makes it possible to use it both for fresh consumption and for processing. Excellent aroma is considered another positive quality..
Breeding history and growing region
The Zenga Zengana variety was obtained in Germany by crossing the wild self-seeder Merge and the Sieger cultivar. This combination gave an excellent plant, which has many advantages, one of them is unpretentiousness to the soil. Usually, such garden strawberries can be found in the North Caucasus., but it is also possible to grow it in central Russia. The variety perfectly tolerates winter cold and spring frosts, but additional protection in the form of special shelters will always be a good help for the plant.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
- The main advantage can be considered taste and aroma of berriesthat will appeal to both adults and children;
- Also the fruits have good transportabilitywhy they are often grown commercially;
- Himself bush, although tall, but compact, which allows you to plant a lot of plants in a small area;
- This variety can be grown practically in all weather conditions, it should also be noted that it is unpretentious to the soil;
- The root system has immunity to fungal diseases;
- One of the best qualities of Zengi Zengana can be considered preservation of the shape of the fruit when freezing and cooking.
- Many gardeners believe that long-lasting fruiting period it is rather a minus than a plus, because at the end of the season the plant spends more energy on setting small fruits;
- Also does not characterize the variety very well. poor pest resistance and some diseases.
The correct planting of Zenga Zengana strawberries consists of many aspects that must be observed.
First you need to decide on the place... This crop prefers flat surfaces located on the south side of the site, because the main condition for ripening the berries will be the presence of a lot of sunlight.
As for the timing, experienced summer residents recommend planting garden strawberries in early spring or in late summer - early autumn.
The most suitable evening would be a dry, sunny day. But if it is not possible to plant garden strawberries in the evening, you can replace the site with a few pegs and burlap.
It is also very important to prepare the soil before planting; for this, perform the following steps:
- To start check for larvae of various pests in the soil... If found, the soil can be treated with 2 kilograms of ammonia diluted in 10 liters of water;
- You also need to weed the groundthereby getting rid of weeds;
- A mandatory procedure will be enrichment of the soil with nutrients, for this 2-4 weeks before planting for digging for 1 square meter apply the following fertilizers:
- 6 kilograms of humus or rotted manure;
- 40 grams of superphosphate;
- 20 grams of potash fertilizers.
- Another important point is considered soil acidity, it should not be increased. To achieve the desired effect, within 3 years before planting, the earth is dug up together with 300 grams of dolomite flour.
Planting schemes for garden strawberries
- One line method lies in the fact that the distance between the rows is 70 centimeters, and between the bushes 20.
- In two or more lines - for such a planting scheme, several rows of strawberries are planted on one ridge, while the distance between the ridges is 70 centimeters, between lines 30, and between individual plants located in the same row 20;
- One of the most convenient is weeding-free method, during which the bushes are planted in the same way as with the line method, but at the same time the land between the rows is covered with a black film. In order to avoid overheating of the root system, a layer of straw is laid on top of the film.
For the plant to be able to produce a harvest, it is necessary to plant the Zenga Zengana variety next to other varieties of the same ripening period.
For planting garden strawberries, the following rules are followed:
- first digging small holes, water them with water and place a seedling there;
- central kidney must be on the surface of the earth;
- then the soil is moistened abundantly and cover with mulch.
Purchased seedlings are treated in a solution prepared from 100 grams of copper sulfate, 600 grams of sodium chloride and 10 liters of water.
Caring for Zenga Zengan is not so difficult the main thing is to adhere to the basic instructions, in accordance with which it is necessary to perform the following actions:
- after wintering plants completely cleanse, removing weeds and frozen bushes, it is also necessary to remove the layer of mulch that was laid in late autumn;
- before every watering the earth must be loosened;
- garden strawberries watered once every 1-2 weeks, depending on weather conditions and the amount of precipitation.
It is necessary to water the plants so that water does not fall on the green part of the plant, and the morning hours are considered the best time for the procedure.
- it is very important to mulch the ground every time after watering (most often a 5 cm layer of sawdust is used);
- also, experts recommend keeping the ridges clean by systematically removing weeds.
|In early spring||Immediately after loosening, the soil is fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers, for example, urea.|
|When the first leaves appear||Each plant is watered with infused mullein with the addition of ammonium sulfate;|
|Early may||Complex mineral fertilizers;|
|Before flowering||Instead of water for irrigation, use a solution of potassium sulfate or nitrophoska;|
|Immediately after harvesting the last batch of harvest, the bushes are watered with infusion of wood ash.|
For, to prepare your garden strawberries for winter, it is necessary to thoroughly weed and loosen the soil and spray the plants against pests. Then all whiskers and greens are removed, and the plant is covered with a thick layer of mulch, consisting of sawdust or peat. Also, if necessary, the bushes are covered with burlap or agrofibre.
Features of the Zenga Zengana variety
- Garden strawberries of this kind can bear fruit for a very long time, practically throughout the summer. But the last batch of fruits is much smaller than the first.
- An interesting fact is that on one bush you can see both berries and flowers;
- Zenga Zengana mustache is practically absent, which improves the process of fruit setting, but at the same time complicates reproduction;
- Many gardeners grow such garden strawberries in order to use it for blanks, such berries do not lose their shape and taste.
Diseases and pests
The Zenga Zengana variety is not subject to various diseases, especially those that affect the root system of the plant. Most often on such garden strawberries you can find gray rot, white leaf spot and strawberry mite. In order to avoid their appearance, it is recommended to carry out the following preventive procedures:
- keep the strawberry ridges clean;
- remove affected plants in a timely manner;
- apply the required amount of fertilizer;
- in the spring and autumn, spray the bushes with fugicides and pesticides.
To combat gray rot, treatment is carried out with the following means:
- A mixture of a glass of ash, a glass of chalk, a teaspoon of copper sulfate and 10 liters of water;
- You can also use 1% Brodsky liquid.
Helps with leaf spot three times spraying with 1 percent brodsky liquid when buds appear, before flowering and immediately after harvest. It is also necessary to remove the affected plants.
There is very many chemicals against strawberry mites... But more often than not, experienced gardeners recommend using Karbofos or Colloidal Sulfur.
Garden strawberry variety Zenga Zengana is great for temperate climates, he is able to bring a large harvest of very tasty berries. In addition, such a plant does not require complex care.
Detailed description of the Zenga Zengana strawberry variety
When describing varieties, if possible, original sources (from producers) were used. The description, although quite complete and detailed, does not claim to be an exhaustive overview.
According to the ripening period of berries, strawberry varieties are divided into early, early middle, medium, medium late and late.
Berries of early ripening varieties are intended mainly for fresh consumption. Berries of medium and late ripening should be suitable both for fresh consumption and for technical processing (freezing, preserves, jam, juices, freeze-drying, etc.).
Early maturing varieties.
Maturation - early, mid June
9) Kokinskaya gum.
11) Zephyr (Sephir).
12) Kiev early.
13) Kokinskaya dawn.
14) Kokinskaya early.
18) Moscow delicacy.
19) Munich early II.
21) Little Negro.
25) Early Macherauch.
26) Early dense.
28) Roshchinskaya (German name Deutsch Evern).
31) Senga Pantagruella.
32) Sephir (Zephyr).
34) Frazunda (Frakunda).
36) Junia Smides.
The variety was bred at the Vologda reference point. The bush is high. The flowers are bisexual. The berries are bright red, conical in shape, with an average weight of 7.5 g, the first - up to 26 g. The pulp is dense, light brown, sweet and sour. The yield is high. The variety is winter hardy. Not resistant to wilting and gray mold.
Obtained by crossing the varieties Desna and Holiday at the Crimean experimental breeding station of VNIIR. Early ripening. Winter hardiness is not high. Relatively resistant to disease. Universal.
The bush is powerful, erect, medium leafy. Numerous outlets, medium-sized, green. Peduncles of medium length, thick, with sparse pubescence. Inflorescences are semi-spreading, multi-flowered. Peduncles are of medium length. The berries are very large, the average weight is 16 g, the correct blunt-conical shape, without a neck. The skin is dark red, shiny. The pulp is dark red, firm. The taste is sweet and sour, excellent, with aroma. Recommended for testing in the North Caucasus region.
The variety was bred in Germany in 1953 from a cross. Louise x Deutsch Evern. Ripening - early, early and mid June (in Germany). Shrub - Strong to very strong development, rather loose, wide, medium-high to high. Leaf - from large to very large, usually moderately intensely green, with partially raised, bent back edges, the surface is rather bumpy, partially coarsely bubbly, the edges are very heterogeneous, from fine to deeply toothed. Flowers - bisexual, located above the leaves, the arrangement of the petals from loose to medium-dense sepals are large, broadly wedge-shaped. The berry is of medium size, from acute to blunt-conical, often with a small neck, slightly ribbed light red, shiny calyx, easily separable sepals, broadly wedge-shaped, pulp of medium density, whitish-pink core, light red taste, sweet, aromatic. Economic value - in comparison with the Muncheberg early II variety, it is less demanding, yields are the same or higher, more resistant to powdery mildew, flowers can be damaged by late frosts, berries are also easily separated during harvesting. Recommended for light soils. Susceptible to gray and fruit rot. Small fruiting in the third year. Berries are suitable for fresh use only.
The variety was obtained at the Crimean experimental breeding station of VNIIR. Very early ripening period. Resistant to verticillium, late blight, spotting, powdery mildew, gray and late blight fruit rot, stem nematode, tick. The yield is high.
The bush is medium-sized, erect, well-leafy, powerful. The rosettes are thick, red. Peduncles of medium length, thick, below the level of the leaves, with sparse pubescence. Inflorescences are compact, multi-flowered. Berries of medium size, average weight 13 g, first harvest up to 30 g, aligned, rounded-oval, with a neck. The skin is light red, shiny. Seeds are numerous, yellowish, slightly depressed into the pulp. The pulp is red, dense, juicy, aromatic. The taste is sweet and sour, very good. Recommended for testing in the North Caucasus region.
Early. Fruitful, red berries, amicably ripening, sweet and sour. Drought-resistant, slightly affected by spots, but susceptible to powdery mildew.
The bush is tall, compact, densely leafy. The leaves are light green, rather large, moderately ribbed, crumpled. The denticles are large, wide, pointed, sometimes bent upward. The lobes are flat and slightly concave. The middle lobe is round or rounded-oval, overlying the lateral lobes, greenish-white stipules.Peduncles at or below the level of leaves semi-spreading inflorescence with long thin pedicels, pubescent with pressed hairs. The flowers are bisexual, freely large, with slightly curved petals. Medium-sized berries are relatively leveled over the entire harvesting period. The mass of individual berries reaches 18-20 g, the average weight for all harvests is 8 g. In shape, the berries are conical with a rounded top, without a neck. In many berries, a longitudinal groove divides them, as it were, into two parts. Berries of subsequent orders are rounded-conical. Sepals are narrow, curved. The color of the berries is bright red, pink at the top. The pulp is light pink, friable, tender, sweetish taste with moderate acidity. The bulk of the crop ripens in the first 10 days from the beginning of the collection of strawberries. Productivity is about 1 kg / m2. The variety has shown itself to be promising in culture under film. The plants are winter-hardy, they are moderately damaged by the strawberry mite, they give a lot of early rooting seedlings. The quality of the berries is dessert, but somewhat worse than that of the Rannyaya Makherauha variety.
Early ripening variety. The bush is powerful, tall. A deep red berry with a shiny skin, oval, with an excellent taste. The pulp is dark red, juicy, dense. The variety is plastic (shows high yields on various soils and in different cultivation zones). Possesses increased resistance to spider and strawberry mites, fungal diseases, viruses, verticillium disease.
Ukrainian variety. Very early, large-fruited, amicably ripening variety. Plants of medium vigor, moderately leafy, dark green leaves, leathery. Whiskers of medium thickness, numerous, pink. Seedlings are medium-sized, but with a strong root lobe. The inflorescence is a compact, few-flowered dichasium on a long, medium thickness, but strong peduncle. It is distinguished by a relatively high stable yield (the amount per rotation is 34 t / ha) of large, transportable berries. The berries are large (the first 32-36 g, in the year of the first fruiting up to 47 g, on average for all collections 11.1-15.6 g), the first are wide-conical, the subsequent ones are elongated-conical, of the same type, dark red, shiny, dense. The pulp is intensely red, dense, juicy, aromatic, with an excellent sweet and sour taste. They are consumed mainly fresh. Recyclable. The variety is resistant to powdery mildew and leaf spot. It is quite strongly affected by the strawberry mite.
Sparkle x Zenga Zengana. Received at the Kokino horticultural support center of the All-Russian Institute of Selection and Technology of Horticulture and Nursery. Author: A.A. Vysotsky. Medium early ripening. Disease resistance is average. The yield is high. Universal. The bush is medium-sized, compact. The adaptive ability is good. Peduncles of medium length, located at the level of the leaves. Inflorescences are compact, few-flowered. The flowers are bisexual. The berries are large, the first collection is up to 30 g, on average 9 g, blunt-conical, without a neck. The skin is bright red, shiny. Achenes are yellow, slightly impressed into the pulp. The pulp is juicy, red, dense, aromatic. The taste is sweet and sour. On state variety testing since 1974. Included in the state register in 1985.
Abundant x Premier. Received at the Pavlovsk experimental station VNIIR in 1954. Author: YK Katinskaya Productivity is high. Self-fertile. Universal. The bush is high, medium-sized, compact. Peduncles are located at or below leaf level. Inflorescences are spreading, multi-flowered. Berries are medium in size, 6-18 g, ovoid with a short neck, aligned. The skin is bright red, shiny. Achenes are weakly impressed into the pulp. The pulp is light red, medium density, aromatic. The taste is good. Plants are winter-hardy, moderately drought-resistant, slightly sick with leaf spots, medium-gray berry rot, are damaged by nematodes and strawberry mites. On state variety testing since 1971. Included in the state register in 1974.
Was bred by gardeners from Denmark. Variety "Zephyr" - a super early ripening period. The berries of this strawberry are very large, bright red. The mass of one berry reaches 40-60 grams. The shape of the berry is round, ribbed with clearly defined edges. The surface is smooth and shiny.
The berries have a peculiar aroma and a strongly pronounced original taste.
The yield of the variety is extremely high, so many gardeners recommend it for commercial cultivation of strawberries. With proper care, yields can reach 1 kg per bush or more.
Variety of the earliest ripening period, bred at the Ukrainian Research Institute of Horticulture. The plants are strong, the leaves are green, dark green, with a matte shade. The first fruits are elongated or rounded-conical, weighing from 10-12 to 18 g, the subsequent ones are more rounded, weighing 6-7 g, and at the end of the collection they are much smaller and weigh 3-5 g. In the conditions of Polesie and the forest-steppe, ripening of fruits begins 22 -25 May. Harvesting takes 17-20 days. The berries are transportable, tasty. The average yield is 8-10 kg, and with good care, 12-15 kg are harvested from 10 m2. Akimovka. New selection variety of UkrNII Gardening, medium ripening period. Leaves are light green, shiny, wrinkled. The fruits are above average and large, the weight of the first berries is 30-32 g, they are blunt-conical, wedge-shaped, light red, shiny. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour, aromatic. Productivity, above average -15-17 kg from 10 m2.
A very early, dessert variety of garden strawberries, bred by the Kokinsky stronghold of VSTISP. Differs in stable productivity (more than 15 t / ha), excellent winter hardiness, resistance to fungal diseases of leaves and strawberry mite. The mass of the first berries is up to 30 grams. The taste is great. The berry is brilliant, highly marketable.
This strawberry variety belongs to winter hardy, it is recommended for cultivation in central Russia. The strawberry variety "Kokinskaya early" was received by the breeder A.A. Vysotskaya at the Kokinsky strong point by crossing the Ketskill varieties with Early Macherauha. The berries of this variety ripen quickly, they get high yields from the bushes, have a sweet and sour taste, and have a specific aroma. The disadvantage of the Kokinskaya early variety is the small size of the berries. This variety is distinguished by early ripening of berries and early maturity. Kokinskaya early is resistant to chills and frosts, moderately affected by gray rot, powdery mildew. Berries from the first collection have a rounded shape weighing 14-15 g, the weight of subsequent fruits is 7-8 g, without a neck Strawberry has a bright red color, has a shiny surface, round-conical shape, shiny. When fully ripe, the berries become dark red. This variety is ideal for making jam, the fruits remain whole, do not boil over.
The consistency of the berry is dense, juicy, the taste is excellent. The bushes are compact, semi-spreading, the leaves are dark green. Low-flowered inflorescences, Bisexual flowers. Forms many outlets. Peduncles are short, located below the level of the leaves. Transportability is good. A variety of universal use. Disease resistance is average. Agricultural technology for this variety is quite simple, but it is recommended to renew the planting every three years, since the berries become smaller with each harvest.
Due to its very high yield, it is appreciated and loved by gardeners. Large, up to 35 g, oblong berries with juicy, tasty pulp will dream of you on winter nights. Good resistance to frost and disease.
Scottish variety, early ripening, very productive. Berries are juicy, glossy, dessert taste, maroon color, weighing up to 50 grams, ripening amicably, lush bushes with juicy dark leaves. The winter hardiness of the variety is quite high. It is resistant to gray rot disease, to white spot. The taste of the berries is very high,
Bred in Belarus. Winter hardy. Relatively resistant to pests and diseases. High-yielding (1.2-1.3 kg per 1 m2). Berries are large, dark cherry, good dessert taste, ripen early. Good for fresh consumption as well as for processing. Promising for growing in private gardens.
Early maturation, remontant, universal use. A bush of medium vigor, semi-spreading, medium leafy. The mustache is medium, green. Leaves are medium, green, slightly wrinkled, medium ribbed, concave, slightly pubescent. The shape of the middle leaf lobe is rounded. The flowers are bisexual, medium, white. The inflorescence is semi-spreading, multi-flowered, the stalks are thin, long. The berries are medium, blunt-conical, without a neck, red color, sweet and sour taste, shiny, slightly above average size - up to 35 g. Seeds are numerous, strongly immersed in the pulp. The pulp is red, juicy, with aroma. The variety is frost and drought resistant. The flowers are moderately resistant to spring frosts.
Early ripening variety, frost-resistant. The bush is medium-sized, compact, densely leafy. The berries are crimson-red, lighter at the top. The pulp is light red, the seeds are deeply embedded in the pulp. The berries of the first collections are conical, squeezed from the sides in the upper part, with a short wide neck, weighing 10-20 g, the subsequent ones are of the correct conical shape, weighing 7.5-10 g. Berries are used both fresh and for processing. The variety is resistant to white spot, weakly affected by brown spot, severely affected by powdery mildew, gray rot, strawberry nematode, tick.
Since this variety of strawberries does not form a mustache, it can only be propagated by seeds or by dividing the mother bush.
By dividing the bush
For reproduction, plants choose the largest and most prolific specimens. After harvesting, the bushes are dug up and carefully divided into several parts. Each of them should have at least 2-3 white roots. Plants with dark brown roots are not suitable. Some gardeners prefer to carry out the procedure in early spring. Then the next year it will be possible to take off a bountiful harvest.
Growing from seeds
Everyone can grow Ali Baba's strawberries from seeds, the main thing is to have patience and adhere to simple rules for growing seedlings.
Sowing seeds is carried out at the end of January - early February. In case of insufficient lighting, the planting date is shifted to March. Before planting, the seeds must be processed. They can be sown both in boxes and in peat tablets. After the emergence of shoots, a pick is carried out.
Planting in open ground and caring for bushes
The site for the Alexandria variety is chosen sunny. Humus and 400 g of wood ash per well are mixed with the soil. The most optimal way of growing is a two-line placement of Alexandria strawberry bushes on a 1.1 m wide garden.The interval between rows is 0.5 m.The bushes are planted in holes 25 x 25 x 25 cm, spilled with water, and located after 25-30 cm.
- The first peduncles on strawberries are carefully cut off so that the plant grows stronger. The next 4-5 peduncles are left to ripen, 4-5 berries on each
- In the second year, the bushes of the Alexandria variety give up to 20 peduncles
- At the end of summer, the reddened leaves are removed.
Having compacted the soil around the planted strawberry bushes Alexandria, the whole garden bed is mulched. For organic mulch, take straw, dry hay, peat, pine needles or old sawdust. Fresh sawdust must be spilled with water and left for a while, otherwise they will take on all the moisture from the soil. Organic matter will eventually become a good fertilizer in the beds. After 2-3 months, a new mulch is applied, and the old one is removed.
They also mulch with foil and agrotextile. The material is stretched in the garden bed and holes are cut in the places of the holes through which the strawberries are planted. This mulch inhibits the growth of weeds and keeps the soil warm. But in prolonged rainy periods, strawberry roots under polyethylene can rot.
Until the mulch is laid, the soil in the aisles is systematically loosened and weeds are removed. Loosening provides easy air access to the strawberry roots, and also retains moisture. Before the berries ripen, the soil must be loosened at least 3 times. When fruiting, soil cultivation is not carried out.
After planting, Alexandria strawberries are watered abundantly 2 times a week. It must be assumed that 10 liters of warm, up to 20 ° C, water is enough for sufficient moisture of the hole and all roots for 10-12 bushes. In the growth phase of young leaves, watered once a week. Strawberries do not like too high humidity.
Variety Alexandria is fertilized with a solution of humus or infusion of bird droppings in a ratio of 1:15 each time the ovaries begin to form. The retail network offers ready-made fertilizing based on organic matter. The EM series (effective microorganisms) is popular: Baikal EM1, BakSib R, Vostok EM1. Targeted mineral complexes for strawberries are also used: Strawberry, Kristalon, Kemira and others, according to the instructions.
Disease and pest control methods
Alexandria strawberries are resistant to fungal diseases. If the plants are infected, they are treated with fungicides after picking the berries.
Protect against pests by spring soil cultivation with Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate solution. Spray with vitriol carefully, without touching the plants.
Strawberries of ampelous varieties require some care.
1. You should constantly monitor that the soil in the pots with bushes does not dry out. In especially hot periods, watering the strawberries can be carried out 2 times a day, and once a week, the bushes can be bathed, completely immersing the pots in a container of water.
2. It is recommended to feed strawberry bushes with potassium-phosphorus solutions every 2 weeks. An ash solution or liquid organic fertilizers can be used as fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers should be used in limited quantities to prevent strawberries from spreading to the foliage.
3. From lesions by slugs, beetles and flower beetles, strawberry bushes should be watered with a solution of ammonia - 20 ml per 5 liters of water.
4. When growing ampelous strawberries indoors, manual pollination should be carried out.
5. The removal of the first peduncles will increase the qualitative and quantitative indicators of productivity, as well as tracking so that there are no more than 5 shoots on one bush, and remove the extra ones.
6. For the winter, strawberry bushes growing in the beds should be covered with any covering material - foil, needles, foliage. If the shelter for the winter was a film, with the arrival of spring, it should be removed in order to prevent the plants from overtaking.
Correct planting of strawberries
Vima Ksima's garden strawberries are grown in the same way as other varieties of strawberries.
Planting seedlings is best in spring. This will allow them to settle down well before the onset of winter. As soon as the snow melts, you can start planting. The bushes are planted in the ground, while covering them with a film. If planting is done later, when the soil has warmed up enough, then you do not need to use a film.
If you plan to plant seedlings in the fall, then you need to do this approximately in the middle of September. Later plantings are not recommended as the strawberries may not have time to root properly before frost.
Before starting planting work, you need to carefully select the planting material. The root system of seedlings should not show signs of mechanical damage, rot and should be well developed. Also, a healthy seedling should have at least 3 full-fledged leaves. They must be healthy, free from damage, build-up, stains, etc.
Strawberries are planted in an open, well-lit area. Shaded areas are not suitable for planting strawberries. It is desirable that the soil is nutritious and of neutral acidity, although this variety grows well enough and not on the most fertile soils.
Before planting seedlings, you need to carry out a number of agrotechnical procedures, namely:
- Remove all weeds in the area.
- Loosen the soil.
- Fertilize the soil with organic fertilizers.
The process of planting seedlings itself is as follows:
- On the site, holes are pulled out with a depth of about 10 cm.
- The distance between the planting holes should be at least 20-30 cm. This is necessary in order for the bushes to grow comfortably.
- The distance between the rows is maintained at least 40 cm. It is necessary so that it is convenient to care for the crop and not to crush the berries during harvesting.
- After the hole has been dug, a small mound is formed in its center. It is necessary in order to spread the root system. The seedling must be planted so that its roots are in an upright position, not horizontal.
- After the bush is planted, it is sprinkled with soil and compacted.
- Then the plant is watered.
Repairability provides: a bountiful harvest throughout the season (4–6 months), high decorativeness (especially in containers and in vertical and hanging crops), increased winter hardiness. Seed reproduction allows you to get a virus-free planting material.
Alexandria - mustacheless, bears fruit from early summer to late autumn, per season up to 1000 berries per bush, berries are much larger than wild strawberries, unique taste and aroma.
Ali Bab, Baron Solemacher - musty, small-fruited, from a bush to 1000 fragrant sweet berries per season.
Baron Solemacher is a mustache-free winter-hardy variety. Bright berries of great taste.
Snow White - mustacheless, small-fruited, per season from a bush to 1000 fragrant sweet cream, almost white berries.
Brighton - a variety of American selection. Berries are broadly conical, large with a maximum weight of up to 80 g, with dense, brightly colored pulp, transportable. The variety is fruitful, winter-hardy, quickly adapts to unfavorable conditions, and forms few whiskers. The bushes of the first year are more productive with larger berries. In biennial bushes, it is necessary to remove spring peduncles immediately at the moment of appearance, without waiting for the blooming of flowers. This technique makes it possible to increase the supply of nutrients for the formation of more berries in August – September. The variety is especially "grateful" for mulching plantings in early spring with a humus layer of 3-5 cm. Agrotechnics: Like the variety Tristar.
Vima Rina - the newest Dutch remontant variety. It has high winter hardiness, is very plastic - it grows well both in hot dry weather and in cool, rainy weather. The first harvest is insignificant in volume. But the second begins to ripen very early for varieties of the remontant type - already from mid-July. The yield per season is an average of 900 g from one bush, with good care up to 1.5 kg. The berries are dark red, large, up to 35–40 g, very even, dense, transportable. Taste is very good, even in the last harvest (late September - early October), when the plant lacks heat and sunlight.
Seasons - berries are very sweet, aromatic, 4–7 g, per season from a bush to 1000 aromatic sweet berries. Grows well in shaded areas.
F1 World Debut - large berries and pink flowers on dyne peduncles are decorative all season, few mustache. Great in containers.
World Delicacy F1 - decorative all season, with pink and white flowers. Bears fruit abundantly before frost. Pink and white flowers, large berries.
Mount Everest - High-yielding variety, popular in the middle lane. Mustacheless, propagated by horns, seeds. They are taken from the berries of the second harvest, that is, when strawberries of other varieties do not bloom, and cross-pollination cannot occur. The seeds are very small. The harvest is obtained in the second year. Fruiting twice a season with a short break, from late June to late autumn. The berries are large and medium, very tasty, light red in color. Homeland of strawberries Mount Everest - Southern France, where the sum of positive temperatures is much higher than the Moscow region, therefore, a significant part of the crop under these conditions is not enough. Winter hardiness is high. Resistance to pests and diseases is average.
Homemade delicacy F1 - a compact bush with a small number of mustaches. Berries of intense color and excellent taste. Productivity up to 1 kg per bush. Decorative in containers.
Elizabeth II - surpasses the variety Koroleva Elizaveta, from the plants of which it was bred in 2001 by the firm "Donskoy Nursery". Berries of excellent quality, large and very large (individual up to 100-110 g), bright red, with dense pulp, transportable, suitable for freezing, Good for processing, as they do not boil over. The earliest berries ripen in early June (sometimes without shelter at the end of May). The second wave of fruiting occurs in the 1-2 decade of July, the third - in mid-August and under favorable conditions, fruiting continues both on the main bushes and on young rosettes of the first and second order, throughout the warm period of September-October, due to which, with good When leaving, the yield is 2-3 times higher than that of conventional, high-yielding non-repaired varieties. The berries ripening in late September – early October are no longer as tasty as in June – July. It is advisable to renew the bushes annually. Agricultural technology: like the variety Tristar.
Yellow miracle - Berries are light yellow sweet, sweeter and more aromatic than red-fruited, do not peck by birds, does not cause allergies. Propagated by seeds.
Geneva - a high-yielding variety popular in the middle lane. The bushes are compact. Berries are large and medium in size, with a pleasant sweet and sour taste. Fruiting continues with a two-week break from late June until frost. Resistance to gray mold is high. Gives little whiskers.
Queen Elizabeth - The berries are large, up to 100-110 g, red, of excellent taste, with dense pulp (transportable). Fruiting in waves, two to three times per season. The earliest ripen very early - at the beginning of June (sometimes even at the end of May). The second wave falls on the 1st decade of July. The third is from mid-August to mid-October. Berries ripening in late September – early October are not as tasty as those ripening in June – July. With good care, the yield is 2-3 times higher than that of non-repaired varieties. Gardeners especially liked this variety for the high quality of the berries. They are very dense, transportable, and can persist for a long time on bushes. Good taste. The size of individual berries reaches 40-50 g, and in more southern regions or when growing the variety under cover, berries weighing up to 90 g can be obtained. Strongly affected by gray rot.
Lizonka F1 - mustacheless, earlier, ornamental - with beautiful pink flowers. The berries are large, up to 30–40 g, dense, dark red, very tasty, juicy and sweet. Productivity up to 2.5 kg per bush. You can grow in one place for 2 years.
Meness Zemenes... Bred in Latvia. Ripens from July to the first autumn frosts. Berries with aroma and size resemble wild strawberries, for which they are grown, mainly for their own consumption. There are varieties that give a mustache, and "mustache" that are propagated by seeds or by dividing the bush (horns). Undemanding to soil, tolerates slight shading, but must be provided with moisture. It is not recommended to grow in one place for more than two years.
Moscow delicacy F1 - ripens earlier than others, after 4–6 months. after sowing. Long stalks. The berries are large (up to 35 g), dense, transportable, tasty. Productivity up to 1.5 kg per bush.
Nagaoko - introduced in Japan. Very high yielding, but suffering from strawberry mites.
A pleasant surprise - abundant fruiting before frost.
Rhine Waltz - mustacheless, small-fruited, per season from a bush to 1000 fragrant sweet cream, almost white berries.
Russian size F1 - The berries are very large (individual up to 50 g), juicy, tasty. Earlier (ripen 2 weeks earlier than others), bears fruit abundantly until the end of September.
Ruyana... Bred in the Czech Republic. Small-fruited, with pink delicious berries, suitable for fresh consumption and making original jam. Fruiting during the entire growing season, has a very beautiful ornamental bush, inflorescences rise above the leaves.
Rügen... Bred in Germany in 1910 Bezusy. Ripening - early, 2 days later than the variety Brandenburg continues until frost. Bush - development is rather strong, dense, closed, high, forms a few whiskers. Leaf - small from light green to green, slightly shiny, delicate, evenly wavy, deeply toothed edges. Flowers - bisexual, very small loose crowns are often located much higher than the leaves, flowering continues until the onset of cold weather. Berries - very small (but larger than wild strawberries), per season from a bush to 1000 fragrant sweet berries from acute to blunt-conical shape, often ribbed and grooved color from red to dark red shiny seeds are located superficially, close to each other, very numerous the calyx is small, easily separating pulp is dense, dry, yellowish-white, at the surface is pink, the taste of ripe berries is sweet and sour (unique), very aromatic. Yields are good in the first 2 years, then greatly decline. Economic value. It is an amateur cultivar especially useful as a curb plant. It works well on humus-rich enough moist soils. In some years, the leaves are strongly affected by white spot. Propagated by seeds, horns and mustaches. The berries are suitable for fresh consumption and for juicing, but not for cooking or canning.
Sasha F1 - large-fruited, decorative. Gives a mustache and rosettes, albeit a little, on which flower stalks are formed in the same season. One plant has 10–12 peduncles. It blooms and bears fruit from spring to late autumn. Berries 17–20 to 25–30 g, firm, very tasty, juicy, sweet. Disease resistant.
Solemacher - mustacheless, per season from a bush to 1000 fragrant sweet berries.
Suprem... Very early, mustacheless (or little mustache), shady-looking. It blooms at the beginning of the third month of life, and after three months the berries ripen. About a hundred small berries ripen on a six to seven month old plant. There can be a thousand of them per year, each weighing 5–7 g. It is most productive at the age of 5-18 months, after which it is recommended to transplant or sow again. In the south, in open ground, it bears fruit until frost. The formation of new peduncles stops when the night temperature drops to minus 5 °.
Tristar - Variety remontant of American selection. The size of the bush is average (70–80 cm in diameter). Mustache gives little (8-10 pieces). The berries are elongated-conical, sweet, aromatic, the flesh is tender. Berries weigh up to 30g, suitable for freezing. Transplanting the bushes is annual, since the bush bears fruit abundantly all summer. At the end of the first harvest, it is necessary to clean the bush like in spring, i.e. remove spent old leaves, remnants of berries with peduncles, feed, water, loosen the ground. The bushes bloom profusely, flowering on the whiskers occurs about 5-7 days later. The second crop begins to ripen on the bushes and mustache from the second or third decade of July, with a cold summer - from the beginning of August and continues until frost. The yield is high. The variety is resistant to most diseases. This variety can be grown on the balcony, form a mustache on a trellis, or for ampelous (vertical) cultivation. Agrotechnology: Planting on beds 90–100 cm wide in one row with a distance of 70–80 cm between bushes. At the second flowering, mustaches appear before the berries of the second harvest are poured. The mustache is partially taken for reproduction, while removing the peduncles, the rest of the mustache bear fruit. The mustache is not cut, it is distributed evenly along the bed on both sides of the bush. Thus, the garden bed has 3 rows of bushes by the fall. In the spring, uterine (adult) bushes are replaced with new, young ones. One outlet is left on each mustache. By the end of the season, large, well-developed bushes grow from the rosettes. It is necessary to remove the mustache and flower stalks from the outlets, which should yield next year, throughout the season before frost.
As well as Arapakho, Geneva 22, Kiev remontantnaya, Peik Rova Auslese, Suburban, Profusion, Rapella, Ostara, Sakhalinskaya, Sakhalin Seedling, Superfood, Tribute, Triumph, Herzberg, Hummi Gento, Bordurella, Sweethard, Tapirella (the last three varieties can be propagated by seed)
In harsh climatic conditions (for example, Tyumen region), varieties Festivalnaya, Kama, Lord, People's.
Semi-renovated (double-bearing varieties)
Aurora... Bred in Germany in 1955 from crossed. Miracle of Keten x Ada Herzberg... Ripening - early, simultaneously with the Brandenburg variety. Harvesting of the second harvest begins in the first half of August and lasts until the onset of frost. Bush - development is strong, erect, broadly round, tall, dense and closed. The leaf is medium-sized green with a yellowish tinge, low-gloss edges are sharp-toothed with small denticles. Flowers - are located more often above the leaves. Berries - medium-large to large, from blunt-conical to conical, bright red flesh is medium-dense, juicy, light red sour-sweet, pleasantly aromatic. The yields are high. Economic value. A variety for amateurs, the spread is inhibited due to the scanty formation of a mustache (it is mainly propagated by the division of bushes). The variety is undemanding, but sensitive to frost, it works well on spoilage rich in humus and nutrients. The berries are good for fresh consumption and easy to pick. The variety can also be used for bordering ridges.
Brighton - a fruitful variety, used mainly for the second, August harvest. The bush is powerful (up to 70 cm in diameter) with fifty peduncles. Berries are of medium taste; in the second harvest, the taste is improved. You can get up to 50 rooted sockets over the summer.
Lord - large-fruited garden strawberry of English selection, medium-late ripening period and with an extended fruiting period. Growth of harvest from year to year. Grown up to 10 years in one place. Record berry can be up to 100 gr., Average weight up to 30-60 gr. The berry is always round, blunt-conical, bright red, with a pleasant sweet and sour taste. At the same time, up to 6 berries ripen on the peduncle. The variety is fruitful, used for mass production. Increased resistance to gray mold, since the surface of the berry is dry and does not have contact with the ground. The harvested berry is transportable, does not flow up to 3 days. Excellent taste in sunny weather. Propagated by a mustache in the first and second year of life, only the first rosette from the bush is taken. Whiskers from the third to the tenth year lose their varietal qualities and must be destroyed. The variety is winter-hardy and self-pollinating, requires good feeding 3 times a year. It responds to frequent feeding with an increase in yield. Watering requires abundant before the berries ripen and after harvest. In the south of the country, it gives two excellent harvests. In the regions of the Moscow region, and sometimes in the Middle Urals, under favorable weather conditions, it blooms for the second time in September. But it is necessary to artificially remove the flowering, cutting off the peduncles, since the berry does not have time to ripen and depletes the bush. Agricultural technology: The beds are located in sunny places, 1.2-1.4 meters wide with a 2-row system and 0.91.2 meters with a single-row planting system. Between bushes in a row 60–80 cm.
Mahern... Cultured in Germany since 1956, the origin is unknown. Ripening - from very early to early, earlier or simultaneously with the Brandenburg variety. Harvesting of the second crop begins in late July and early August and continues until November. Shrub - development from weak to medium, loose, medium-sized. The leaf is medium-sized dark green with a slight bluish tinge, slightly wavy, the hard edges are uniformly smoothly toothed, partially with double denticles, often slightly bent upwards. Flowers - bisexual, located above the leaves.Berries - from small to medium from obtuse to rounded color in full ripeness from red to dark red, before that - light red seeds are often bright yellow pulp of medium density, whitish pink, sweet and sour, in full maturity - aromatic well tolerates shipment. Yields range from high to very high. Economic value. A valuable variety (as twice fertile) for personal plots. It is suitable for commercial production only with good supply of humus and mineral fertilizers, as well as sufficient soil moisture. Grows well in partial shade. Ripe berries adhere well to the bushes, which allows harvesting in 4–5 days.
Mascot... Originally from England, selected seedling of the variety Climex... Densely leafy bush, berries 1012 g (first harvest 25–30 g), red, dense, dessert taste, yield 0.7–1.2 kg / sq. M. Winter hardiness is high. Disease resistant, but damaged by ticks and nematodes.
Strawberries of a neutral day
Seascape (USA) - a variety that bears fruit continuously from late May until frost. Young rosettes quickly begin to bear fruit and you do not have to wait for next year to enjoy the large, dark red, transportable, but at the same time juicy berries. When fully ripe, they acquire a pronounced aroma. Their taste will satisfy the most strict gourmet. The most remarkable thing is that there is no decrease in the size of the berries and their quality throughout the entire period of fruiting. The variety is resistant to diseases, strawberry mite, hibernates without shelter. This variety has great yielding potential, which will fully manifest itself in the southern regions of the country, since the variety was developed in California in the 90s.
Raymond (Germany) - bears fruit continuously throughout the growing season - from May to frost. Medium-sized bright red berries, extremely tasty and aromatic. The variety is distinguished by powerful bushes with dark green leaves and numerous peduncles both on the main 1–2 annual bushes, and on newly rooted rosettes. The bushes are very decorative. Not a single strawberry variety gives such a bountiful harvest. This variety has a high reproductive rate. The disadvantage is the relatively weak mite resistance.
Penelope - obtained from crossing garden strawberries and strawberries Milan... One of the best varieties of dredgers. It tastes like a wild berry. Bushes are powerful, well leafy, high flower stalks. Flowering is very decorative, because many flowers bloom at the same time on peduncles towering above the bushes. The berries are medium in size, very tasty. The variety is fruitful, and if you create the necessary conditions - well-fertilized land, a well-lit place, feeding and care - then the yield increases. Ripening period is average. With a delay in collection, the berries do not rot, but dry up on the peduncles and become even sweeter and tastier. The berries are dense, stable and transportable.
Zemklunika Penelope with a good warm summer in the conditions of the Moscow region, it can bloom and bear fruit twice, the yield is much less than the first and the yield for the next year is somewhat smaller.
Jams and compotes from the berries of the earthworm have excellent taste, the berries do not boil over, do not lose their shape and color, the syrup is dark red.