Detailed description and characteristics of the tomato cream variety
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Many gardeners, choosing varieties of tomatoes for planting on the site, replenish the assortment with cream tomatoes. Such popularity is due to the characteristics of the vegetable, excellent taste and a large number of flowers, which creates a real fireworks of colors on the beds and on the table.
Description and characteristics of tomatoes - cream
The goal of the tomato variety was to produce a fleshy vegetable that would be ideal for pickling and making sauces. The result exceeded expectations, the obtained tomatoes have a high yield, are distinguished by delicate taste and a long shelf life.
The varietal variety allows you to choose for planting seeds of small (up to 60 g) and large fruits (up to 300 g) with different colors. The cream is well transported thanks to its dense skin. During the heat treatment during canning, the tomatoes retain their integrity, and the neutral taste is complemented by the spices used.
The plant got the name cream because of the characteristic elongated shape of the fruit with a plum-shaped body. This species includes dozens of different varieties, the bushes of which can be compact in size and in the form of vines. Many hybrids are suitable for growing both outdoors and in greenhouse conditions. The cream is even suitable for cultivation on a windowsill or balcony. The fertility of the crop is high, an average of 7-10 kg of tomatoes are harvested from 1 m2.
The varietal assortment in the beds will allow you to harvest from June until the coldest months - almost the entire October.
Advantages and disadvantages of the species
Cream tomatoes are popular among gardeners due to the following advantages:
- simple agricultural technique (no garter and pruning required);
- early maturation;
- friendly emergence of seedlings and simultaneous ripening of fruits;
- good immunity (resistance to late blight, fusarium, root rot, etc.);
- universal use of the crop.
Tomatoes do not have obvious drawbacks, except that timely care is required.
The peculiarity of the variety lies in the exactingness of feeding.
The most popular varieties of tomatoes
Those who plan to grow cream on their site for the first time are advised to familiarize themselves with the description of the popular, in addition to the already well-known Moscow and honey, varieties of cream.
A plant with an average ripening period, has a high yield (over 10 kg per 1 m2). Bushes of compact size, up to 1.2 m high. The variety is resistant to late blight, root rot, withstands adverse weather conditions, a sharp temperature drop. The fruits are orange in color, weighing 50-60 grams. A special feature is the high content of carotene in fruits.
Chio chio san
The plant is more suitable for growing in greenhouses. A mid-season culture is characterized by good immunity, which manifests itself in resistance to fungal infections. The bush is large and branchy. On each, an average of 50 pink fruits are tied.
Tomatoes are high-yielding, resistant to diseases and pests, unpretentious in care. This is a real dream for gardeners, the fruits literally stick around the bushes, creating a beautiful red-green landscape. Each bush consists of 4-6 branches, the height of the tops does not exceed 1.5 m. The weight of one medium-sized fruit reaches 70-80 grams. Planting begins early, the plants are cold-resistant. You can create additional protection using film or agrofibre.
A medium-early ripening variety, distinguished by large fruits (up to 300 grams) and a beautiful raspberry-red color. The place of cultivation can be an open garden and a greenhouse. The height of the bush, forming 2-3 stems, reaches 1.8 m. 7-11 kg of fruits are removed from a square meter of the garden. The taste is filled with a sweetish note, the pulp is fleshy and juicy.
A plant with a late maturity of fruits, forms branched tall bushes. A peculiarity of culture is the need for regular pinching. Tomatoes have an even oval shape, the colors can be different (pink, black, red, orange, yellow). The weight of a medium-sized specimen is 60-70 grams.
Soil requirements for planting
The soil for growing cream must be neutral or slightly acidic. When an increased acidity of the soil is detected, which is carried out using litmus paper, dolomite flour (wood ash, crushed lime) is introduced into the bed.
A place for a tomato bed is not suitable if last season it was grown on it: physalis, eggplant, pepper. Planting seedlings is also not allowed on the same site, the rules of crop rotation are violated.
To get a good harvest, you need to fertilize the soil with organic matter. It is better to do this in the fall, scattering up to 10 kg per 1 m2 (rotted mullein, compost). It will also be appropriate to use phosphorus-potassium fertilizers (20 grams per 1 m2). In spring, the soil should be enriched with nitrogen substances, which stimulate the growth of young shoots.
Seed sowing is planned at the end of February - March. The timing is determined taking into account the variety and the time of growing seedlings (45-65 days).
Sowing work begins with warming up the seeds (2 days at + 30 °, another 3 days at + 50 °) and soaking them for 30 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Universal soil or special soil for tomatoes should be disinfected by heating in the oven. Additionally, you can spray the soil with EM-Baikal.
Pots or wooden boxes with a height of at least 10 cm are used as containers. Peat tablets can also be used. The depth of immersion of seeds in a wet substrate is 3-4 mm. The surface of the container is covered with a film.
Growing conditions for seedlings:
- before the emergence of shoots, the temperature is set at 25 °;
- after 5-7 days, remove the film and put the container in a well-lit place;
- the temperature regime drops to 8-10 ° at night, 10-15 ° during the day;
- a week later, the temperature rises to 20-25 ° during the day, 14-16 ° at night.
It is necessary to provide ventilation of the room with seedlings, but at the same time there should be no drafts.
Transplanting tomatoes into open ground
Planting of seedlings is planned for the period when the night temperature is set with a positive indicator (end of May - June). Hole layout: 3-5 plants per 1 m2. By that time, the seedlings have grown stronger, they consist of a powerful stem and 7-8 leaves. It is important that the root system is just as strong.
Seedlings are planted in water-filled holes at right angles with soil compaction over the root. A quarter, or even a third of the stem is immersed in the ground. If the region is characterized by winds and heavy rainfall, you can install a small wooden peg for each plant, which will serve as a support.
Cream care after transplant
The general rules for caring for cream are not much different from the agricultural technology of tomatoes in general.
For a normal growing season, the tomato garden is regularly weeded. Weed control is necessary to prevent thickening of the planting, which provokes the development of fungal diseases, and also attracts pests. Loosening promotes better development of the root system, saturating the soil with oxygen, preventing moisture stagnation. Both procedures are usually combined. During the development of the bushes, you need to huddle them in order to ensure good stability.
A garden bed with seedlings is watered 2-3 times a week (6-7 liters per 1 m2). In dry weather, the water rate increases to 10 liters per 1 m2. Moisturizing is carried out in the morning or after 20-00 in the evening.
Ideal for crops using a drip irrigation system. Sprinkling negatively affects the development of tomatoes, provokes the fall of inflorescences. In conventional irrigation with a hose, root irrigation is used with a low pressure.
During the growing season, plants are fed at least 2 times. The first procedure is carried out 20 days after planting the seedlings, the second - after another 20 days, when the time for intensive fruit formation comes. A combination of the following components is used as a nutritional mixture:
- nitrogen fertilizers (25 gr.);
- phosphorus substances (40 gr.);
- potassium substances (15 gr.);
- a bucket of water.
Mineral dressing is embedded in the soil in a dry form directly in the aisle.
In addition to routine feeding, additional nutrients can be introduced if the plant shows signs of potassium or other micronutrient deficiencies.
Grassing and removing leaves
As the bush forms, it is necessary to remove the stepsons once a week. From the second half of August, the tops should be pinned. Do not forget about the lower leaves, which take away the strength of the plant. They also need to be cut off.
Many gardeners make mistakes when cultivating tomatoes. Among the most common:
- dense planting of seedlings;
- using the same place for a garden every year;
- the introduction of a large amount of fertilizer into the soil, as a result of which the plant spends all its strength on the growth of tops, and not on the setting of fruits;
- violation of the irrigation regime (for tomatoes, both drought and an abundance of moisture are dangerous).
Diseases and their prevention
The greatest danger for cream tomatoes is cladosporium and brown spot. Treatment consists in treating the beds with fungicides. However, it is preferable to dispense with preventive measures that provide for the correct selection of a place that provides good ventilation and illumination.
The seed must be disinfected to prevent spores from infecting young shoots. Compliance with crop rotation is also considered a safety measure.
Harvesting and storage rules
Fruit ripening occurs 110-150 days after the sprouts appear above the soil surface. 3 weeks before harvesting, buds and flowering shoots must be cut off from the bush to allow the tomatoes to ripen. Depending on the purpose, tomatoes are cut off: for conservation and long-term storage, brown specimens should be preferred, for the preparation of salads, sauces - ripe vegetables of a rich color.
Harvesting should be completed before the night temperature reaches 8 ° C. Plucked fruits retain their qualities in a cool place, for example, in a cellar. If ripening is required, you can spread brown tomatoes right on the windowsill. Also, dairy vegetables can ripen in a cardboard box, in which several ripe tomatoes are stacked. They will speed up the ripening process by releasing ethylene.
To store the crop, plastic or cardboard boxes lined with paper are used. It is not recommended to put more than a bucket of vegetables in one container. When stacking, the spouts of the fruit are positioned downward.
Subject to the storage conditions, tomatoes retain their quality for one week, after which they need to be processed.
Cream tomatoes are ideal for winter harvesting. They perfectly retain their shape after heat treatment, give preservation a unique taste of summer. Fresh, the product has no less useful qualities, which are highly appreciated by housewives and professional chefs. Even freezing the sliced cream does not spoil the taste and structure.
Ukrainian amateur breeder Alexander Nikolaevich Bendrik has bred 2 interesting varieties - Cream red and yellow. The De barao variety was used as a mother plant. The most important thing in these varieties is their high yield. With proper care, it is quite possible to get 8 kg of fruit from 1 bush.
Plants of an indeterminate type, require a garter to a support or trellis and pinching. The author of the variety recommends forming a bush into 1 stem. We formed in 2 and believe that it is also a good option. At the end of the season, the height turned out about 1.5 meters in a greenhouse and about 1.2 meters outdoors. The leaf of this tomato is of the usual type, the cluster is complex (up to 25 ovaries).
The main qualities of the fruit
photo by Natalia Ananyeva
Plum tomatoes, dense, with thick walls. At the stage of maturity, they are respectively red and yellow (depending on the variety), weighing 80-100 grams... The taste is quite decent, not bland. Still, these tomatoes are more suitable for salting, drying, freezing than for salads. In canned food, the skin does not burst, and the tomato retains its shape well. There are few seeds in the fruits.
Benefits of Tomato Bendrik Cream
- High yield
- Resistance to major diseases of tomatoes
- Good transportability and keeping quality
Taste slightly worse than salad tomatoes.
Before growing these tomatoes, you need to familiarize yourself with their characteristics. Tomatoes are scarlet, pink, orange, red.
The rarest and most popular fruit colors are yellow and chocolate. The weight of a ripe tomato depends on the subspecies and can reach 100-130 grams. Tomatoes are quite firm because they contain a little moisture.
They have not only excellent taste, but also useful for every person. The pulp contains glucose, which has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular and central nervous system. Due to the minimum amount of seeds, many housewives freeze or dry them.
Tomatoes do not let juice in the salad, they have a pleasant sweetish taste. They make thick ketchup and sauce. Tomatoes Cream Moskovskaya are early and late. They give a very good harvest, are distinguished by their simplicity and unpretentious care. Thanks to the good characteristics of this variety, they can be planted in open ground or closed greenhouses.
General characteristics and description
Cream tomatoes are presented in dozens of the most diverse varieties: from early to late, from low-growing modest bushes to indeterminate vines. Many of them can be grown outdoors, some are better cultivated in greenhouses.
Advantages that are inherent in all cream tomatoes:
- high yield
- friendly ripening of fruits
- good taste
- suitability for canning and cooking
- attractive appearance that lasts for a long time.
The weight of ripe tomatoes is fairly balanced - from 60 to 90 grams. One square meter of tomato planting cream is capable of producing from 7 to 10 kg of fruit.
Cream tomatoes are generally very resistant to most tomato diseases and problems. But most of them are desirable to treat against late blight.
It is possible to plant cream tomatoes of different ripening periods and thus get a continuous conveyor of tomatoes from June to October.
Cream tomatoes of the smallest sizes can be successfully grown even year-round on windowsills.
Separately, it should be said about the tomatoes themselves. The whole series got its name for a reason, but for the shape of the fruit in the form of cream - there are simply elongated tomatoes, there are with a small spout. "Giant Cream" was no exception, tomatoes of different colors of this subspecies are all elongated. They are strong, the pulp contains little water, seeds. Due to which the crop is stored for a long time, it can ripen.
Due to the large mass of fruits, the harvest is always good and there is something to prepare for the winter. Often, "Giant Cream" and its varieties are grown for sale. Their performance is conducive to this, and the demand is always high. Cream Giant tomatoes can be seen in markets throughout the country. They are perfectly stored, have a decent presentation. There are no complaints about the taste either.
Tomato varieties Cream
Cream tomatoes are a category of varieties named so because of the ellipsoidal shape of the fruit.Such varieties have been bred for a long time, and many site owners know about them. The main purpose of growing these nightshades is whole-fruit canning and fresh fruit consumption. Plum tomatoes are compared to cherry varieties, but are more productive. These varieties are an excellent choice for both an experienced gardener and a novice summer resident.
Features of plum tomatoes
Cream tomatoes come in a wide variety of varieties to suit a wide variety of growing conditions. But they all have a number of differences that allow them to be distinguished from other varieties. It is advisable to remember these differences for every gardener. This will allow him to avoid confusion when choosing varieties. Here is a list of the salient features of this group of nightshades:
- Fruit shape. The simplest and most understandable is excellent. Regardless of the size and color of tomatoes, they all share the same ellipsoidal shape.
- Density of ripe tomatoes. The fruits are high in density and low in water content. They are easy to store and transport, which makes the cream so much appreciated by those who grow vegetables for sale.
- High productivity. All plum varieties are highly productive. It does not depend on the speed of fruit ripening or other characteristics. Here only the quality of growing and caring for plants affects.
- Resistance to various diseases. Cream tomatoes have good resistance to a number of diseases. The diseases to which plants are resistant differ depending on the variety. But to late blight, for example, only some hybrids of the first generation are resistant.
Otherwise, cream tomato varieties differ in size, fruit color and ripening speed. They come in crimson, orange, or bright red. The size of the fruit also varies, from small tomatoes to very large ones. The size and height of the bushes also differ. Plum tomatoes are also determinant and indeterminate. You can grow them outdoors, in greenhouses and even in an apartment on a windowsill. And a beginner needs to be able to navigate in all this variety of varieties.
Varieties of varieties
Breeders have been working on varieties of cream tomatoes for a long time, and they have managed to develop many varieties and hybrids of this type. Even an incomplete list looks very impressive. In total, there are more than 100 varieties and hybrids of plum tomatoes. And many breeders continue to work on their improvement.
It is advisable to purchase cream tomatoes of any kind through specialized stores and firms. Among such firms, we can mention Gavrish and SeDek. You can take seeds from your hands only if the farmer is completely confident in the seller. Otherwise, even out of 100 bushes of seedlings, not one will turn out to be the desired variety. When choosing a plum tomato, you need to decide what characteristics it should have. Will it be a determinant or indeterminate plant, early or late ripening, and other similar characteristics.
Cream tomato pink
Pink cream is a tomato that is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and productivity. He has medium-sized fruits, which is compensated by a large number of them on the bush. Designed for outdoor cultivation, determinant variety. The bush is nonsynky, or the stepsons begin to grow late and in small quantities. The pulp of a ripe fruit is dense, pink, with a low moisture content. The mass of tomatoes is no more than 120 grams. Since the bush is not tall, the fruits are not large, which is compensated by their large number.
Creamy tomato bulgarian
Cream tomatoes of this variety belong to the standard varieties. They have low bushes, and without a tendency to the appearance of stepchildren. The harvest can be obtained in 85-90 days after planting in the ground. Tomatoes are medium in size, weighing 130-150 grams each. Gardeners respect Bulgarian cream for its excellent yield. According to site owners, these plum tomatoes are versatile. They will not be superfluous in any dish. But you can eat raw fruits, they have an excellent taste. The variety is resistant to viruses and fungi.
Cream red tomato
This variety is not recommended for growing in a greenhouse.
Cream red tomato belongs to the classic indeterminate varieties. Usually not grown in greenhouses, the tree grows up to 2.5 m in height, sometimes even more. Red plum tomatoes are characterized by medium-sized fruits, weighing from 30 to 80 grams. The low weight is offset by the high yield. It is recommended to plant seedlings in early June, although planting in the south can be carried out earlier. The plant needs pinching and garter. Refers to mid-season varieties, great for growing in the middle lane.
Cream of chocolate tomato
Chocolate cream has an unusual fruit. Ripe tomatoes of a maroon hue. Moreover, their pulp is the same color, and not red or pink. If you read the reviews of gardeners, it turns out that the variety is very resistant to fungal diseases. According to the description, it ripens early, already in the third month after planting. The fruit has a sweet taste, they are well stored, and rarely exceed 40-50 grams in weight. With proper care, high yields can be harvested from the bushes.
Tomato cream for children
Tomatoes of the nursery cream variety belong to the determinant varieties, the height of their bushes rarely exceeds 40-50 centimeters. In principle, pickling is not required, it is highly resistant to fungal and viral diseases. Weakly affected by various pests. Tomatoes are medium-sized, weighing 30-50 grams, but the yield is extremely high. The pulp is tasty, sugar, perfect for fresh consumption. This variety works just as well for various types of canning.
Tomato cream black
The main characteristics of tomato black plum is a mid-season fruitful plant, not suitable for greenhouse conditions. The bushes are indeterminate, reaching a height of 2.5 meters. The fruits ripen 115-120 days after planting. According to reviews, the color of tomatoes is rarely pure black. It usually ranges from maroon to purple-blue. Seedling bushes are recommended to be planted in late May or early June. The fruits ripen by the end of September. The yield is high; tomatoes are characterized by a pleasant, sweet taste.
Creamy tomato yellow
Cream tomatoes of this variety are valued for their delicious fruits and unpretentiousness. The height of one plant rarely exceeds 1.5 meters, but they still need a garter. Outdoors, they can only be grown in warm areas, with early spring and hot summer. But with such growing tomatoes, yellow cream requires additional watering. The description indicates that the fruits here are not so much orange as yellow. These are early maturing plants, the harvest can be obtained as early as 3 months after planting.
Creamy tomato lilac
This variety is distinguished by medium-sized bright pink fruits and high yields. She has a long fruiting period, which is convenient for those who want to pick tomatoes in small portions. It will be very convenient to roll them up in liter jars or use them for salads. Lilac cream is the best tomato among the versatile varieties. They are perfect for both home use and sale.
Creamy tomato striped
Unusual red-yellow striped variety belonging to indeterminate plants. Bushes definitely need a garter, the fruits ripen early, 3 months after planting. Tomatoes have a pleasant, sweet taste and are easy to grow outdoors. Can be used for spins or in salads.
Tomatoes cream giant
Red fruits are suitable for making ketchups and sauces
There are several varieties of giant cream. Two main types are commonly mentioned - orange and red giants. They differ in the color of the fruit. There are no special differences in breeding and caring for them. But there are differences in terms of taste and use. Orange giants are useful in salads, for pickling or cooking tomatoes in their own juice. And red fruits are taken for making sauces, tomato paste and other similar products. Tomatoes of this variety weigh a lot, 0.2-0.3 kilograms each.
Goldfish is one of the varieties of orange tomatoes. According to its characteristics, it is similar to other similar varieties. She has sweet and tasty fruits that are perfect for pickles or salads. Refers to mid-ripening tomatoes, while it is highly unpretentious. The plant easily tolerates excessive moisture, resists fungi and viral infections. Small fruits, about 100 grams each.
Cream honey tomato
Contrary to the name, honey cream has not orange or yellow fruit, but a bright red hue. This is one of those varieties that can be recommended for beginners. It has many advantages. It is resistant to disease, very unpretentious and early maturity. Moreover, early maturity is combined with a good yield. Fruits are medium-sized, 60-70 grams each.
Bendrick's cream tomato
An interesting variety of author's selection. Bendrik's cream is unpretentious, suitable for any climatic conditions, and is suitable for both greenhouses and open ground. Ripens 3-3.5 months after planting. The harvest is plentiful and the tomatoes are delicious and suitable for any use.
Tomatoes "Velmozha" are grown in seedlings, sowing seeds at the end of March. The soil for growing seedlings is prepared from turf soil, sand and peat. Universal mineral fertilizers are added to the general mixture of ingredients.
When sowing seeds for seedlings, the presence of a drainage layer and drainage holes in the container should be provided. For the early germination of seeds, containers with plantings are installed in a warm place and additionally covered with a film or protective glass. After the emergence of the growth, the containers are placed on a well-lit surface with a temperature of + 14- + 17 0 C. After another week, the temperature for tomato seedlings should be increased to + 22 0 C.
With the appearance of 5 true leaves, tomato seedlings "Velmozha" dive into insulated plastic or peat containers. Tomato seedlings must be fed 3-4 times with mineral and organic fertilizers for the entire growing period. As fertilizers, you can use minerals, slurry solution, wood ash.
At the end of May, grown tomatoes are planted in open ground or in a greenhouse. Low bushes of the "Velmozha" variety are recommended to be placed at 3 pcs / m 2. Before planting, it is necessary to prepare deep holes filled with nutritious soil. You can see the Noble tomatoes, as well as hear some recommendations for growing and reviews about vegetables of this variety, in the video:
Tomato "Velmozha" is an excellent hybrid of Siberian selection, which is able to delight with tasty, large and sweet vegetables. To obtain a rich harvest, it is enough just to carefully grow seedlings and plant the plants in the ground in a timely manner. Depending on personal preference and the purpose of the tomato, the variety can grow a variety of medium or limited quantities of very large fruits. They are perfect for preparing fresh salads or sauces. You can also prepare salted, pickled tomatoes divided into several parts for the winter. Thus, the "Velmozha" tomatoes provide the farmer with ample opportunities for use in cooking.