We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The flowering gerbera plant (Gerbera) is part of the Asteraceae family and comprises about 70 species. This flower comes from tropical and subtropical belts of Africa.
Gerbera is a herbaceous perennial plant. The peduncle has no foliage, and it grows in length up to 0.6 m.The leaf plates of such a plant are collected in a rosette at the root, they reach about 0.35 m in length.Large inflorescences-baskets grow one by one and reach about 15 in diameter centimeters, they can be painted in a variety of color shades. There are varieties with semi-double inflorescences. As a rule, the gerbera is cultivated in the garden, and only one species is grown at home - the Jameson gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii).
Brief description of cultivation
- Bloom... Begins in the last summer weeks and ends in early fall.
- Illumination... A large amount of bright light is needed, which must be necessarily diffused. In the autumn-winter period, the flower often has to be supplemented.
- Temperature regime... During the growing season - about 20 degrees, in the cold season - from 14 to 15 degrees (not lower than 12 degrees). During the flowering period, the difference between the air temperature at night and during the day should be about 5 degrees.
- Watering... During the growing season, watering should be moderate, it is carried out immediately after the top layer of the soil mixture in the pot dries out. With the onset of the dormant period, watering is greatly reduced, at this time the substrate is moistened only so that it does not dry out completely.
- Air humidity... It should be tall. But it is forbidden to moisten the foliage from the spray bottle; instead, wet pebbles are poured into the pallet, and a pot with a flower is placed on it.
- Fertilizer... During the growing season, feeding is carried out 1 time in 15 days and for this, a complex mineral fertilizer is used for flowering indoor plants. In winter, the plant does not need feeding.
- Dormant period... It begins in the second half of the autumn period and ends in the last winter weeks.
- Transfer... It is carried out only if necessary in the springtime. Remember that the socket cannot be buried in the soil mixture.
- Soil mixture... It should be loose with a pH of 5.5–6.0, and it should also allow air and water to pass through well. For planting, a purchased soil mixture for asters is suitable, or you can do it yourself, for this, combine sand, leafy soil and peat (1: 1: 1).
- Reproduction... By dividing the rhizome and by seed method.
- Harmful insects... Aphids, whiteflies, scale insects and mealybugs.
- Diseases... If the gerbera is not properly looked after or if it is not provided with suitable conditions for growth, then problems may begin with it.
Gerbera care at home
When grown indoors, gerbera needs bright, diffused light. It is able to withstand a small amount of direct sunlight, but if the flower stands on the southern windowsill in summer, it must be shaded. It is not worth choosing windows with a north orientation, since there is very little light for the gerbera. In this regard, windows of an east or west orientation are best suited for a flower.
In summer, if desired, the bush can be rearranged outside, while at noon it must be protected from direct sunlight. And in order to avoid the appearance of sunburn on the foliage, it should be accustomed to new conditions gradually. In the autumn-winter period, it is recommended to illuminate the plant, for this it is best to use a fluorescent lamp.
A gerbera growing in an apartment needs warmth, therefore, in the spring-summer period, the air temperature in the room should be about 24 degrees, while do not allow it to be colder than 20 degrees. At the end of flowering and during the dormant period, the bush should be cool (about 14 degrees). At this time, the air temperature should not be lower than 12 degrees. During flowering, the difference between day and night temperatures should not be very large, because this can extremely negatively affect the decorativeness of the inflorescences-baskets.
During the growing season, provide the flower with moderate watering, for this you need to use warm water. Make sure that the temperature of the substrate and water is practically the same, otherwise problems may begin with the flower. The water used for irrigation must be soft and well-settled; the substrate is carefully moistened only after its top layer has dried. Make sure that no liquid gets into the leaf outlet, as this can cause rot on the gerbera. During the dormant period, watering is carried out only so that the clod of earth in the pot does not dry out. At this time, stagnation of moisture in the root system is especially dangerous for the flower, because it can get sick because of this.
For normal development and growth, the plant needs increased air humidity, but it is impossible to moisten its foliage from a spray bottle. To increase the humidity, wet expanded clay or peat must be poured into the pallet, and you can also moisten it from an air sprayer near the bush, but at the same time drops of water should not fall on the flower itself.
Such a plant has one characteristic feature - its flowering directly depends on the length of daylight hours. Flowering is observed in late summer and early autumn, and at this time there is a decrease in daylight hours.
Top dressing of gerberas should be carried out only during intensive growth, and for this, a complex mineral fertilizer is used for flowering indoor plants. The flower also responds well to feeding with magnesium sulfate. If it is in a cool place, then additionally it needs to be fed with phosphorus. In winter, feeding is not carried out.
Gerbera is transplanted only when necessary, and this procedure is carried out in the spring. At the bottom of the pot, it is imperative to make a good drainage layer, while the acidity level of the soil mixture should be pH 5.0-6.0. During transplanting, make sure that the substrate does not get into the leaf outlet, and also remember that it cannot be buried in the soil mixture.
Gerbera. Transfer after purchase.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
The main advantage of gerbera reproduction by division is that in this case the varietal characteristics of the parent plant are preserved. A bush is suitable for dividing, the age of which is three, and preferably four years. This procedure is carried out in the spring. Make sure that there are at least two growth points on each of the divisions, in this case the young bush will begin to bloom next year.
Growing from seeds
Sowing seeds is carried out in spring, for this they use a loose soil mixture saturated with nutrients. To prepare a suitable substrate, it is necessary to combine leaf, sod and humus soil (1: 2: 1). A small amount of sand is poured into the finished mixture. After 2 or 3 true leaf plates are formed in the seedlings that have appeared, they are picked. After the fifth true leaf plate is formed in the plants, a second pick is carried out, but at the same time they are planted in individual pots. 30 days after the last pick, the plant needs to be fed for the first time.
Gerbera growing from seeds Pt. 2
Diseases and pests
When growing gerberas indoors, a florist may face the following problems:
- Leaves turn pale... This happens when the lighting is overly intense. In order to avoid this in the spring-autumn period, the bushes should be shaded from the midday rays of the sun.
- The bush looks painful... The defeat of the bush with a fungal disease occurs with excessively high humidity and poor ventilation.
- Leaves brighten... If a flower recently bought in a store began to lose its bright color, then this may be due to its getting used to new conditions or to poor lighting. As a rule, purchased plants lose their brightness. This is due to the fact that flowers grown for sale are often fed with special substances that make the color of their foliage more saturated.
- Withering and death of a flower... Make sure that there is no stagnation of liquid in the root system, as this can cause the death of the gerbera. Particular attention should be paid to watering during the cold season.
- Harmful insects... Whiteflies, ticks, aphids and scale insects can settle on the flower.
As mentioned above, only Jameson's gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii) is grown at home. This species became the ancestor of all varieties that are cultivated in indoor conditions. Such a herbaceous perennial has a rather thick stem. The foliage is collected in a rosette that is placed slightly above the soil surface. On the surface of large pinnate leaf plates, pubescence may be present, they reach a length of up to 20 centimeters. Sometimes axillary buds form at the base of the foliage. Outwardly, the inflorescence is similar to a chamomile flower, the basket is about 10 centimeters across, it is formed at the top of the peduncle. Often, beginner growers believe that this is one flower, but in fact the basket is an inflorescence consisting of many flowers. Along the edge are reed flowers, which can be painted in various colors, for example, red, yellow, white, etc. (about 30 shades in total). They are narrow and wide, and such flowers are placed in 1, 2 or 3 rows. In the middle there are tubular flowers, which can also be painted in various shades.
Gerbera care. I share my experience.
Caring for a room gerbera at home
Indoor gerbera is a colorful representative of the Asteraceae (Asteraceae) family. There are more than twenty subspecies of the plant. Gerbera is grown commercially for cutting. The plant retains its decorative effect and freshness well after the roots are separated. The domestic herbaceous crop has long, pointed leaves. A group of vegetative organs forms a rosette at the base of the plant. The long peduncle can reach over 50 cm in height. One bud is formed on the stem. The size of a houseplant does not exceed 30 centimeters. Outdoor varieties bloom from the beginning of the summer season to August. Gerbera at home can dissolve inflorescences all year round with minor interruptions. After flowering, fruits appear on the plant in the form of seed pods.
In summer, the optimum temperature for gerbera will be 20-25 degrees. In autumn - 18-20 degrees, in winter - 14-16 degrees. A decrease in temperature in the autumn-winter period is necessary to ensure a dormant period. If this regime is observed, already at the end of February, the plant will again please with bright flowering.
But, if you do not understand the temperature in winter, the gerbera will quickly deplete, and it will have to be replaced with a new one.
Although Transvaal chamomile loves fresh air, it is best to keep it away from drafts and cold winds. It is important to avoid sudden changes in temperature.
Gerbera room. Correct care. How and what to do
Proper care of any plant ensures its stable development, and, as in the case of gerbera, lush flowering. It so happens that like a gerbera bloomed perfectly, but suddenly stopped giving new flowers. You shouldn't get upset here, perhaps it's not your mistakes at all when leaving, but she just entered a state of rest. Here you just need to keep an eye on the plant. Gerbera usually does not rest for more than 3 months. If her rest continues longer, then most likely this is due to the length of daylight hours.
Sometimes it happens that a gerbera does not bloom if you just overfeed it with fertilizers, where there is a lot of nitrogen. A large pot, when transplanting this plant, will also not contribute to the continuation of flowering. Here it is already necessary to fill the resulting voids in the pot with roots. Until it comes to flowering.
Gerbera loves warmth very much. Only in this case, you can safely wait for its lush flowering. And, warm for her, it's 20-24 degrees. The heat is not as terrible for her as the cold. So, do not allow low temperatures in a room with a gerbera. In this case, you will not wait for flowering, it will simply again go into a state of dormancy. 12-14 degrees, this is the minimum that indoor gerbera can tolerate. But, such a temperature should not be kept for a long time. The plant must be "warmed".
Air humidity for gerbera and its watering
Gerbera came to our windowsills from the tropics. The climate there is known to be humid, so she loves water very much. Don't forget to water it! At the same time, the water should only be warm, not lower than 20 degrees. Gerbera also does not like too much water. If you fill it, then the lower leaves of it will begin to rot, which will not benefit the whole plant in any way. In addition to diseases of the plant itself, nematodes are likely to start in moist soil, which will make the situation even more serious. After all, it will be very difficult to remove these tiny worms later.
Even if it is very hot, do not use cold water. From such cold watering, the gerbera will surely get sick. This temperature contrast is very bad for the health of the plant.
Also, do not forget about spraying gerbera. But, again, it is carried out with exceptionally warm water.
Transfer. How and when to do it?
We often bring a flowering plant from the store. If you bought a gerbera in this condition, then you do not need to immediately look for another pot for her to transplant. Let it bloom safely and go into a state of rest, that is, to rest. If you begin to transplant another flowering plant, then you can simply knock down its already established biological rhythm. In addition, a small gerbera pot is not at all critical. In it, she can still successfully develop for enough time.
But, with a transplant, you still should not delay. Choose a pot that is not much larger than the previous one. The maximum it should be more than a centimeter by 2 or 3 in diameter. Light soil is poured into it, which should be sufficiently nutritious. Best of all, such conditions are met by a mixture of various components. Usually this is leafy land (for a gerbera, 2 parts are taken), besides it there is peat with sand (or with sphagnum moss). The last two components are taken one piece at a time. As for humus (any of its varieties), or compost, it is better not to use them for gerbera.
Gerbera room. Reproduction
With proper care, for sure, there are plants that you have been growing for a long time, that is, not for the first year. Gerbera in this case, grows well, and grows more than one "dull" bush. If you have such a plant, then in the spring you can start reproducing it. But, in this case, it is important to plant the bushes correctly. Each of them should have 2 - 3 new growth points.
Basically, gerberas are propagated by division. Although, someone does it by cuttings. But, this method is not particularly practiced, since using it, you can lose the varietal characteristics of this plant. Usually, a gerbera is divided, which is already 3 or 4. Her, a new bush does not take root quickly, somewhere around six months. It will bloom only after 10-11 months, after the planting process itself.
Gerbera seeds are much more difficult to propagate. First, they are germinated, and when the seedlings give 2-3 leaves (already real), then they dive for the first time.Further, this procedure is carried out for the second time, already with an increase in the number of leaves up to 4 - 5. Here they use already permanent pots, where the gerbera will continue to grow with you.
Without feeding, any plant will grow poorly. Gerber must also be fed, but different fertilizers should be used, for each segment of its development. When a gerbera does not bloom, but is only busy building up the mass of greenery (usually from February and part of March, as well as in summer), then it needs complex fertilizers, where there is a lot of nitrogen. Here, too, there is a nuance - you only need to use a weakly concentrated solution of such a fertilizer. That is, it should be diluted more strongly than the instructions require.
When a gerbera blooms, then here it already needs more potassium. At the same time, again, we lower the concentration below the level required by the instructions for the drug.
Gerbera diseases and pests
Indoor gerbera withstands well, and is not particularly suitable for diseases and pests. Although, of course, there can be no talk of 100 percent protection. The first thing that often happens to this plant, and not only to it, is our efforts to water the gerbera well. At the same time, we often just fill it in. This is where the problems come from, that is, the roots suffer, and the leaves begin to rot from below. Further, certain viral diseases and rot on the plant may well appear. Often the gerbera is "tormented" by gray rot, or powdery mildew.
p, blockquote 16,0,0,0,0 ->
- If the air is dry and there is little water, then nothing good can be expected either. The simplest thing that happens to any plant at the same time, it withers and dries up. But, in addition to such a natural development of events, the gerbera can also get sick. Here, the diseases will be different. Dryness will attract a spider mite, which you cannot remove without fungicides.
- Often, improper watering "throws up" gerbera and other diseases. These are late blight (it happens, it turns out not only on tomatoes) and fusarium. Often these "guests" visit the plant during excessive watering, when water is not only on the soil, but also in the rosettes of leaves.
- If you decide to plant your home gerbera "free", that is, in open ground, then be prepared for the appearance of aphids on it. And, when you again decide to return it back, that is, to the room, then do not forget to treat the whole plant with a remedy for these insects.
These are, perhaps, all the important points that must be taken into account for the successful cultivation of gerbera at home.
You will also be told about caring for a room gerbera in this video. Take a look.
How to care after purchase?
Immediately after purchase, the flower should be held in the back of the room for 2-3 days so that it adapts. It can then be placed on a well-lit windowsill without direct sunlight.
The plant is usually transplanted 2-3 weeks after purchase. It is not necessary to apply fertilizer before transplanting, since the flower is sold in peat saturated with various additives. If you add top dressing to the peat, the plant may burn.
After acclimatization, the gerbera is transplanted into a pot with a nutrient mixture.... The size of the pot should exceed the previous size by 2-3 centimeters. During the procedure, the roots must be properly freed from the soil. Further cultivation must be accompanied by proper lighting, temperature and watering.
Important! If after the purchase the plant has withered, then it is better to transplant it in the coming days, while examining the roots of the flower. Bad and rotten parts must be cut off and sprinkled with activated charcoal.