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Genus bouvardia is directly related to the madder family. It is represented by not very tall evergreen flowering herbaceous plants, as well as shrubs. In nature, they can be found in the subtropical and tropical regions of Central America and Mexico.
Plants of different types can have different heights from 50 to 150 centimeters. Erect weakly branched shoots have sparse internodes. They have short petiolate whorled or opposite leaves. Simple leaves reach 3-11 centimeters in length, from broad-lanceolate to lanceolate. They can also be ovoid with a pointed tip. The leaf blade is slightly leathery and smooth.
Long flowering. It lasts from the beginning of the summer to the end of the autumn period, it happens that it blooms in the winter. Multi-flowered large fragrant inflorescences are similar to a bouquet. They grow at the ends of annual stems and in some species their diameter is 15 centimeters. Tubular flowers have 4 lobes, which are bent back.
Bouvardia bridle at home
Over the years, the popularity of this plant decreases. However, it is not capricious and taking care of it is not so difficult.
Needs good and diffused lighting. In order for the bouvardia to develop and grow normally, it needs lighting from 3000 to 3900 lux.
In summer, moderate temperatures of 20 to 25 degrees are recommended. In winter, the plant needs rest, but only if it does not bloom in winter. During the dormant period, it is placed in a cool place of 10-12 degrees, it is impossible to get colder, as this may freeze the leaves.
How to water
During intensive growth, the plant is provided with regular moderate watering. It is recommended to water only after the top layer of the substrate dries out to a depth of 2 or 3 centimeters. Make sure that there is no stagnation of liquid in the soil, as this can provoke rot on the shoots and the root system.
With the onset of winter, watering should be reduced, but at the same time, it is not necessary to allow the leaves and stems to be lethargic.
Water the plant with settled and soft water at room temperature, in which there is no chlorine.
High humidity is not needed. However, for hygienic purposes, it is recommended that you regularly arrange a warm shower for the plant, which will help remove accumulated dust and dirt from the foliage.
In order for the bush to be more lush and bloom more abundantly, it is necessary to carry out a systematic pinching in the 1st year of life. And in autumn or spring, before the period of intensive growth begins, you need to cut off all the shoots by ½ part.
Suitable soil should be nutrient-dense and have good water and air permeability. For planting, a commercially available universal soil for indoor plants is also suitable, but it is recommended to add a small amount of vermiculite or perlite to it. The soil mixture can be made by hand, for this you need to mix peat, turf and leafy soil, as well as sand in a ratio of 2: 4: 1: 1.
Top dressing is carried out during the period of intensive growth 2 times a month. To do this, use a complex mineral fertilizer or universal fertilizer for indoor plants. In winter, it is forbidden to apply fertilizers to the soil.
The disadvantage of such a plant is that it has abundant flowering only in the 2nd year of life. Moreover, in all the following years it will not be so abundant, or the bouvardia will not bloom at all. In this regard, experienced flower growers advise replacing this plant once every 2 years with a young one. Transplant is carried out only for young bushes that are one year old. This procedure should be carried out in the spring, and the flower should be placed in a larger pot.
It is very easy and simple to propagate bouvardia using cuttings. Apical stems are used for grafting. A cut cut should have 2 or 3 internodes. Rooting is quick and easy, and even a simple glass filled with clean water can be used.
By dividing the overgrown bush, you will also propagate the bouvardia. But in this case, the plant will not be renewed and therefore the flowering problem will not be solved.
Diseases and pests
Most often, such a plant gets sick with root rot. Its appearance, as a rule, is facilitated by the stagnation of liquid in the substrate with too much watering. While you are planting the plant, it is necessary to make a sufficiently high and good drainage layer in the container for preventive purposes. They simply get rid of a bush affected by root rot, because it is impossible to cure it, while it is recommended to cut it in order to get young plants.
Also, quite often such a plant suffers from leaf chlorosis. The cause of this disease is inappropriate water used for irrigation. To fight this disease, as well as for preventive purposes, it is necessary to feed with iron chelates.
The flower is resistant to pests, but aphids can settle on it. To get rid of it, the foliage should be thoroughly rinsed by arranging a warm shower in the bouvardia.
Several species are grown indoors.
Bouvardia yellow (Bouvardia flava)
This species is tall and can reach a height of 1 meter. It has lanceolate leaves and yellow flowers.
Bouvardia longiflora (Bouvardia longiflora)
It is also a rather tall flower, but its leaves are ovoid-pointed, and the snow-white flowers are incredibly fragrant.
Bouvardia jasminiflora (Bouvardia jasminiflora)
It is a dwarf plant that can grow up to 0.6 meters in height. He has snow-white fragrant flowers that resemble jasmine in appearance and smell. Blooms in winter.
Bouvardia domestica (Bouvardia domestica)
This is the most popular type. It can reach a height of 70 centimeters. It has ovate-pointed leaves, painted in a dark green color. In length, they reach 5 centimeters. The flowers have a different color depending on the variety - from rich to light pink or crimson. Terry forms are available.
GROWING BUVARDIA IN HOME CONDITIONS - LANDING AND CARE: REVIEWS AND TIPS
BUVARDIA - THE WARM OF THE FAMILY NEST
This rare plant at the time of our grandmothers was as widespread as pelargonium, lead or campanula. What happened? Perhaps, as time passed, florists began to prefer more refined flowers that do not need to be renewed from cuttings every year.
When I first saw home nude bouvardia on the Internet, I just lost my peace. At first I thought it was some kind of new flower, but when I opened the old guide to indoor floriculture by Dr. D.G. Hessiona, to her surprise, found her there. It turns out that this beautiful flower is native to the American tropics and has been cultivated as a houseplant for over a hundred years.
It seems to me that something very important is missing in a house without flowers, it has some kind of uninhabited, cold look, because nature itself has the property of caring for someone. Flowers help us cope with loneliness at a time when grown-up children fly out of the family nest - in order to fill life with new meaning, we instinctively begin to gradually force window sills, stands, shelves and shelves with flowerpots.
So, having learned almost everything about my dream, I could not even think that it would be so difficult to find it on sale. Some online stores offered only copies for bridal bouquets, or delivery was limited to the borders of Moscow, and I needed mail delivery to another region, but this was not possible.
Once, in a conversation with the children on Skype, I mentioned my dream, and my son-in-law undertook to help me. As a result, he paid for and took the order I made, for some time the bouvardia lived in their apartment, and at the first opportunity they brought me my joy!
The home bouvardia bushes are compact enough (50-70 cm), it blooms profusely and smells very nice. Caring for her is simple, but there are secrets in this matter, ignorance of which can lead to the death of a flower. Bouvardia loves the sun very much, but not the summer sultry, which is ready to burn tender leaves - on such days it is better to shade it.
In winter, I advise keeping the plant at a low temperature of 10-12 °, this will have a beneficial effect on flowering.
In the rest of the year, the bouvardia will feel great at 22-25 °, while it is not at all afraid of drafts, so you can safely open the windows in the summer. The rest of the care comes down to timely watering, feeding and humidifying the air, and also the correct pruning of the bush. During the growth period, I water the bouvardia more often, but without a bay, drainage is required, otherwise the water in the sump will provoke rotting of the roots.
The flower is very fond of spraying.
And during flowering, you can put several glasses of water around it: evaporating, it will create the moisture desired for the plant.
Bouvardia is unpretentious to the soil, you can safely use the usual universal soil for flowering plants. During growth, I feed her with mineral fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen. Pruning is done in autumn or early spring, as well as after flowering. The branches need to be cut in half, so we ourselves can model the shape of the bush.
In the second year of life, the bouvardia has the most magnificent flowering, therefore it is better to grow it as a biennial. And use the scraps as cuttings and plant them in a nutritious soil, building a greenhouse.
The plant is loved by aphids and spider mites, for prophylaxis I use a shower, and if, nevertheless, this evil spirits appear, I use an insect-acaricide of a wide spectrum of action. Abundant and fragrant flowering to you, dear flower growers!
PS: When watering with too hard water, the bouvardia can easily develop chlorosis, a sign of which is the blanching of the leaf plate with increased green color along the veins. For treatment, I strongly recommend using preparations with iron chelate. The beauty of bouvardia is very sensitive to tobacco smoke. These flowers quickly lose their attractiveness in areas where people smoke. Kitchen fumes won't do them good either.
© Author: Lydia KOSTINA Slan-Kolyanovsky settlement, Voronezh region.