Traditional methods of dealing with aphids, signs of plant damage, prevention of the appearance
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Houseplants Published: May 30, 2012 Reprinted: Last edits:
Aphid - the sworn enemy of all flower growers. These small gray or green midges pester not only garden plants, but also indoor plants. Aphids literally suck the juices from the plant they have captured, in addition, they release poisonous substances and are a carrier of more than a hundred different viral diseases.
Signs of plant damage by aphids
Signs of damage to the plant by aphids are as follows: the leaves literally stick together, curl, turn yellow, the flowers do not bloom or completely fall off. The plant becomes covered with liquid sugary clots. In addition, if an aphid appears, then its companions - ants - will appear behind it. And in the reverse order: if you have ants, then aphids will soon appear.
How to protect plants from aphids? Prevent ants from breeding. And often aphids "enter" the house on a bouquet of roses or chrysanthemums. Therefore, do not place bouquets close to indoor plants. The cause of a total epidemic can be one single female that flew in through an open window or balcony.
Traditional methods of dealing with aphids
Green potash soap. Rub a piece of soap on a grater and dissolve in a liter of water, literally rinse the plant affected by aphids with the resulting solution. Important! The green soap solution should not get into the soil in which the flower grows, so cover the soil with plastic wrap before "treatment".
Common celandine. A bunch of fresh or dry stems (you must take the whole plant, with leaves and flowers) celandine insist on water for 1-2 days, and spray the plants with this infusion.
Citrus peel. Pour 200-300 grams of orange or lemon peels with a liter of boiling water, let it brew for three days in a dark and warm place. Use to spray diseased plants.
Pelargonium. For indoor plants on which aphids have settled, the neighborhood with fragrant pelargonium will be very useful, it repels pests.
Flea shampoo. One cap of shampoo is enough for half a liter of water. We fill the solution with an ordinary spray bottle and spray the diseased plant. This solution can also be used to prevent aphid infestation.
Cigarette smoke. They say that this remedy helps not only against aphids. Put the infected plant in a plastic bag, ask someone you know who smokers to put some smoke there. The bag is tied and left overnight. One or two such procedures are enough for the aphid to die.
Tobacco and makhorka. We soak tobacco extracted from a pack of any cigarettes in a liter of clean water for 24 hours. Spraying with tobacco infusion will help save not only indoor plants, but also garden plants from aphids.
Onion. Finely chop an ordinary onion, fill it with a liter of water, cork tightly and let it brew for seven hours. Onion infusion will save indoor flowers not only from aphids, but also from spider mites. Use for spraying.
Kerosene. Add half a teaspoon of kerosene to 10 liters of water, adjust a little laundry soap there so that the composition "sticks" a little, and does not just run down the leaves. Of course, there is a lot of such a volume for indoor flowers, but it is enough for processing flowers and trees in the garden. Kerosene agent repels aphids, ticks, thrips.
Household chemicals. A friend of mine recommends Amway detergents for aphid control, although I think any other brands will be useful. Dilute a drop of dishwashing liquid with water and spray the plant, remembering to cover the soil in the pot!
Ladybug beetle. In nature, aphids have a sworn enemy - ladybirds. Therefore, if you notice such a bug in the house, do not rush to drive it away.
Effective chemotherapy drugs for aphids: Decis, Karate, Aktellik, Inta-vir, Neoron, Arrivo, Aktara.
Radical methods. If one of your houseplants is heavily infected with aphids and no methods work, unfortunately, it is better to get rid of the diseased flower in order to save the rest of the plants.
On which indoor flowers does aphid appear most often? The pets of this pest are abutilon and chrysanthemum, although they do not disdain aphids and other plants. But plants with dense and hard leaves or those whose leaves secrete milky juice are much less likely to suffer from the attack of this pest. Dislikes aphids and palm plants.
Following a good tradition, I will repeat for you the main commandment of the florist: observe the conditions of plant agrotechnology, and you will not care about aphids and other pests, and your plants will always be healthy!
- Plant Pest Information
Sections: Pests Houseplant pests
Methods for dealing with aphids on beets
Beetroot is a picky vegetable crop that, even with minimal care, allows you to get a good harvest. But often it can be affected by various pests, among which aphids are worth noting. It is necessary to fight it as early as possible, until it ruins the entire crop. For this, folk remedies and chemicals are successfully used today.
Aphids feed on the cell sap of beet leaves. As a result of this influence, they begin to curl along the central vein. Because of this, the culture lags behind in growth, gives a low yield.
Testes suffer greatly from aphids. Their shoots become lethargic, and the yield and quality of seeds are significantly reduced. Aphid larvae can overwinter on euonymus, viburnum and jasmine. In the spring, when buds open, wingless females wake up in these plants. And as soon as the leaves become coarse, then winged aphids appear.
But how you can deal with aphids on tomatoes in a greenhouse, and what tools should be used, is indicated in the article.
They scatter on different sides, affecting beets and other herbaceous plants. There they reproduce until autumn, giving several generations.
With the onset of autumn, winged aphids again migrate to euonymus and viburnum. There they debug eggs. Aphids develop en masse in early spring, if a warm autumn was observed before.
Signs of defeat
You can recognize aphids on beets by the fact that pests are parasitic in colonies. They are concentrated on the lower part of the leaves and feed on their sap. Because of this, the foliage begins to curl, and after a while it dries up. The crop itself grows poorly and gives a low yield. What a red aphid looks like on an apple tree, and how the fight against such a problem occurs, is described in the article.
Signs of defeat
At the initial stage of the defeat of peppers, it is almost impossible to detect a spider mite. As the population of the parasite increases, the following signs are found that can be seen with the naked eye:
- yellow dots on the leaves
- gray bloom on the inside of the sheet plate
- barely noticeable cobweb on the vegetative organs of the pepper.
The yellow dots are the areas where the hatched larvae have bitten through the leaf tissue. A gray bloom that looks like dirt is nothing more than a spider mite.
The pest affects plants more and more every day, drawing out nutritious juices from it. Over time, the yellow dots merge, forming rusty necrotic spots. As a result, the affected leaf plates dry out and fall off. If you do not take control measures in a timely manner, pepper seedlings will completely die.
Pest Control Products
The method of dealing with aphids is chosen depending on the circumstances, the degree and nature of the lesion. All methods can be divided into groups according to the nature of the interaction:
- folk recipes.
It is advisable to treat young seedlings with chemicals, since such substances will quickly destroy the pest and will not affect the yield. If colonies of aphids appeared during the period of budding and fruit formation, then more gentle folk methods should be used.
This is a special group of preparations based on natural herbs and flowers. But it is worth remembering that biological poisons are just as dangerous to humans as chemical ones. Therefore, when using drugs, personal protective equipment is required.
- Akarin. Effective against all sucking insects.
- Fitoverm-M. Suitable for processing seedlings indoors.
The biological options include attracting insects to the garden that feed on aphids. You should also place the beds of pepper next to the plants, which scare off pests with their aromas (garlic, onions, Dalmatian chamomile).
To attract the attention of birds and beneficial insects, nasturtium, mallow, begonia should be placed near plantings with pepper.
Any substances of a chemical nature are dangerous poisonous substances not only for insects, but also for humans. Therefore, when working with them, individual protection is used. Not all insecticides are effective against aphids.
To destroy this insect, substances are acquired, which include:
- organophosphorus compounds
At home, boxes with seedlings are inserted into a plastic bag, a hole is made. It is through him that seedlings are processed. After spraying, the hole is closed up and the plants are left for a day.
The following drugs can be used to combat aphids.
- Aktara. It is carried out 2 times with an interval of 1 week. Effective at an early stage of plant development. The drug belongs to the 3rd group of toxicity, therefore gloves and a respirator are required when using.
- Fufanon. Suitable for controlling aphids on all plants.
- Karbofos. The drug is effective in the fight against any pests. Requires 2 treatments with an interval of 7-10 days.
- Intavir. The product is effective against aphids, thrips, Colorado potato beetle, potato ladybug. 2 treatments are carried out with an interval of 7 days.
When using any drug, you must strictly follow the instructions that come with it. The use of protective equipment is mandatory.
Traditional methods of struggle are the safest for humans. But this is a very long-term option. To destroy all parasites, 5-6 treatments are carried out with an interval of 5-7 days.
On a note! As practice shows, it is necessary to fight with aphids in folk ways with minor single lesions. If many plants have been affected, then chemical or biological agents should be preferred.
There are many recipes that can protect pepper seedlings from aphids.
It is an excellent antiseptic that is effective against various pests. To prepare the solution, mix 10 g of soap shavings and 1 liter of boiling water.
The plants are sprayed with a spray bottle. If the seedlings are still small, then they can simply be watered.
To combat the hated pest, you can use hydrogen peroxide, which is found in almost every first aid kit.
To prepare the composition, use 900 ml of water, 50 ml of hydroperite, 2 tbsp. l. medical alcohol, 0.5 tsp. liquid soap or dish detergent. All ingredients are mixed and the resulting composition is sprayed on the plants.
The pungent smell of this substance paralyzes the respiratory system of insects, which then dies. The disadvantage of this method is an unpleasant smell, but it can be used to quickly remove aphids.
To prepare a solution for 10 liters of water, add 1 tbsp. l. dishwashing liquid, 1 tbsp. l. ammonia or 2 tbsp. l. ammonia.
For spraying, you can use a solution based on mustard powder. First, the working composition is prepared, and then it is diluted in water.
Dissolve 30 g of dry mustard in 0.5 l of boiling water. The composition is insisted for 3 days. The resulting infusion is diluted in 9 liters of water. You need to spray the bushes several times at intervals of 5-7 days.
Regular baking soda is also effective in minimizing pest infestation on peppers. The composition must be made with the addition of laundry or liquid soap. It ensures adhesion of the agent to the leaves, which increases the duration of exposure to insects.
To prepare the composition in 1 liter of water, dissolve 1 tbsp. l. shavings of laundry soap and 2 tbsp. l. baking soda. Young bushes of pepper are sprayed.
You can process the seedlings of peppers with a special solution that is saturated with essential oils from needles. With this tool, you can not only spray young seedlings, but also wipe the leaves with it.
To prepare the product, 2 kg of needles are poured with water and boiled for several minutes. The broth is left to infuse for a week.
Ways to enter the house
The female penetrates into the shelter on the clothes or shoes of people, in the fur of pets. If there are ants in the house, then more attention should be paid to the flowers. Insects feed on dead aphids, so they transfer pests to healthy plants. Parasites can easily enter housing from an open window or door.
The flower aphid lays eggs in the ground, so you can not use street soil for transplanting indoor species. One individual in a bouquet is enough to destroy the entire decorative collection. Often, pests enter the dwelling with seedlings, cut branches, rarely with vegetables (cabbage, lettuce).
If aphids have already hit many cucumber plantings, then it is necessary to resort to treatment with special fungicides: biological and chemical. Effective biological preparations for the control of aphids on cucumbers include the following:
Fitoverm allows you to destroy pests very quickly: after 2 hours after treatment, they stop feeding, and after 2 days they die.
You can also use "Healthy Garden" against aphids, the main thing is to double the dosage - 4 granules per 1 liter of water). It works for 2-3 weeks, after which you can re-spray.
At the same time, within 3-5 days after processing, the fruits can again be used for food.
Tips & Tricks
To effectively exterminate pests, while not harming beneficial insects, the following recommendations will help:
- If you decide on a chemical treatment of plants, do it in the evening. This will help keep pollinating insects out of harm's way.
- With the appearance of aphids, treatment must be carried out throughout the season. If you relax, all your labors in May may fail in July. Processing can include all available methods: from folk to chemical.
- Among the specific processing methods, such as spraying the bushes with "Coca-Cola" is also used. Experienced gardeners claim that this tool is effective. The bottle of Coca-Cola is kept open until the gases disappear, then a little liquid soap or dish detergent is added to keep the drink on the foliage longer. Put on the spray and get to work. To prevent "Cola" from baking in the sun and not harming the leaves, it is better to spray it in the evening.