When to plant glue when grown from seed so that it blooms faster?
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Cleoma is a flowering one- or two-year-old plant from the Cleomov family. There are about 70 species in this genus. In its natural environment, the flower grows in areas with a temperate and warm climate. It is appreciated by flower growers for its long and colorful flowering, accompanied by an unusual aroma. The Germans call the flower a spider plant for the extravagant shape of the inflorescences. The plant successfully reproduces by the seed method, so it is important to know when to plant glue when growing from seeds and how to properly care for the seedlings in order to achieve the timely dissolution of flowers.
Types and varieties
The most commonly cultivated species of glue are Cleome Hassleriana and Cleome Spinosa... Both of them are from South America, differ only in the color of the inflorescences. On the basis of them, multiple varieties and hybrids were bred by selection.
The most popular varieties:
Growing cleoma from seeds: instructions for a beginner
Cleoma is a thermophilic flower in any form, so it feels more comfortable in southern latitudes. If you provide it with appropriate conditions, then it is possible to grow plantings in a cooler climate. It is for this reason that this plant is grown mainly in seedlings from seeds.
Novice gardeners are advised to first try to grow seedlings, and then try to sow seed directly into open ground. Sowing is also possible before winter - in October-November.
When to plant
When choosing the time for planting seeds, it should be borne in mind that they ripen for a long time.... Certain negative external factors serve as an obstacle. So, with early spring sowing, a sharp drop in temperature at night can adversely affect the site. Weed grass constantly overcomes cleoma crops, which also does not have the best effect on seedlings.
If you are late with the dates, then even in the next season there will be no flowering.
When cleoma is planted in spring, flowering usually occurs in mid-July. With seedling germination, you can enjoy the first flowers already at the beginning of summer. But this is on condition that the process should start at the end of February or early March. Ready-made planting material is purchased at a florist shop. Most often, a mixture called the Colored Fountain is on sale. When choosing, it is recommended to pay attention to the seed collection period. Ideal if they are fresh. Then germination is better.
Before starting sowing work at home, select the appropriate container and prepare the soil mixture. Small wooden boxes or standard flower pots will do. They are filled with self-made soil from the following components:
- garden land - 2 parts;
- humus - 2 parts;
- river sand - 1 part.
In order for the seeds to germinate faster, they are preliminarily subjected to stratification - they are soaked for 10-12 hours in any solution of a growth stimulator (Epin, Zircon). Add 3-4 drops of the product to warm boiled water (300 ml).
The prepared seeds are deepened into the soil by 1-1.5 cm. From above they are covered with the same substrate and sprinkled with wood ash. Cover crops with glass to create a greenhouse effect. Sprouts appear in 2 weeks.
How to care for seedlings
Containers with seedlings are placed in a well-heated and sunny place. Before the first shoots appear, care consists in regular watering and airing (open the lid). Moisturize plantings once a day, but in moderation. It is impossible for the surface soil layer to dry out. For the sake of prevention, the seedlings are watered once with a weakly concentrated manganese solution.
It is advisable to create artificial lighting in the evening, since the seedlings will lack light in February-March.
As soon as 2-3 strong leaves appear, they begin to pick. Peat-humus cups or other small containers are ideal for this purpose. Cleoma reacts painfully to the transplant, so take it out of the box with care. It is advisable to capture the roots along with an earthen clod. Deepen them to cotyledon leaves.
- They feed for the first time in 10-12 days. Complex mineral supplements are used, which are applied once every half a month. The dosage is recommended to be taken two times less than that indicated in the instructions.
- The backlight is removed.
- Water abundantly, but infrequently. Prevents stagnation of water.
To prevent the plant from developing on one side, it is necessary to systematically turn it in different directions towards the light.
Open ground transplant
As soon as the seedlings get stronger, you can transplant them to a plot in the garden. The time is selected when the weather is stable and warm outside and the recurrent night frosts pass. This usually happens in late May - early June. The landing site is chosen sufficiently illuminated with protection from drafts. Cleoma is not particularly demanding on the composition of the soil, but it is preferable that it be nutritious and with a neutral alkaline medium.
In case of depletion of the soil, it is pre-fertilized with special flower additives (2 tablespoons per 1 sq. M) and leaf compost (1 bucket per the same area).
Seedlings are planted directly in pots without removing (if the planting was in peat boxes or other decomposable containers). Bushes are placed at a distance of half a meter from each other. Thus, it is possible to avoid thickening in the future, and the flowering will be more effective. After planting is completed, it is necessary to thoroughly water the plants with a humate solution.
In the future, care for the glue is simple and includes the following activities.
- Water the flowers at the root and abundantly only on hot days. However, water stagnation is not allowed.
- Twice a month, top dressing is applied, for which they use the following compositions: Fertika-plus or -combi (40-50 g per ten-liter bucket of water). In case of weakness, the young are watered with a nutrient solution (6–7 g per 3 l of water). Before flowering, fertilize with Zircon, dissolving 1 mg in 1 liter of water.
- The root space is loosened regularly and weeds are removed.
- Shortly before the first frost, flower plantings are ripped out completely and a new plantation is sown with freshly harvested seeds or seedlings the next year.
After the flowers have faded, the seeds are harvested to sow immediately or next spring. High-quality seeds should be round in shape with a diameter of up to 1.5 mm. Their color depends on the flowers and is brown or yellowish. To prevent self-seeding, it is recommended to put gauze bags on the pods in advance.
Due to the specific aroma, cleomas practically do not get sick and are not affected by insects.
Cleomas will become a worthy decoration of the garden in any style. They are grown singly or as part of various compositions from annual plants (tobacco, lavatera). Often, glue is used to create a hedge or the background of a flower garden, due to its tall shoots.
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Cleoma flower Growing from seeds Planting and care in the open field When to sow for seedlings
Cleoma growing from seeds when to plant Planting and care in the open field
Cleoma or cleome (Cleome) is a one-, biennial herb belonging to the Cleomaceae family. There are about 70 types of cleoma, they can be found all over the world in warm and temperate climatic regions. Due to the peculiar form of flowering, in German the name of the plant sounds "spinenpflanze" - means "spider plant". It is impossible not to pay attention to the glue: its unusual inflorescences look like splashes of champagne, exude a peculiar aroma, flowering lasts all summer.
Why is it recommended to plant a flower for seedlings at home
Cleoma is one of the garden plants with a long growing season. To ensure early flowering, experienced growers are advised to grow it in seedlings. This will give you healthy, well-developed plants that will bloom soon after they are planted outdoors.
Cleoma seeds are very small
Seedlings of cleoma at home
The safest way is to grow seedlings of cleoma from seeds. This cultivation method will allow for an earlier flowering of the plant. Growing seedlings can be done both in a greenhouse and at home on a windowsill. To plant and get cleoma sprouts, you need to prepare a soil mixture and containers for seedlings - wooden boxes or pots.
When to sow glue for seedlings?
The timing of planting cleoma for seedlings is mid or late February. After about 12-14 days, the first shoots will hatch, at first they look frail. This is normal - as soon as the first two leaves appear, the flowers will begin to grow and begin to grow. By the time the threat of spring frosts has passed and the glue will need to be planted in open ground (late May - early June), it will already look like a developed plant.
Sowing cleoma from seeds for seedlings
Planting cleome seeds for seedlings is carried out in fertile soil, consisting of 2 parts of garden land, 2 parts of humus, 1 part of sand. It is advisable to sterilize the substrate for seedlings in a preheated oven for half an hour. It will be nice to wet the soil mixture with sodium humate or Energen preparation to improve the germination of the material. Soaking the seeds before planting in growth biostimulants like "Epin", you can not only provide them with better survival, but also help to quickly adapt, transfer possible diseases. After preparation, they begin to plant seeds.
How to sow glue for seedlings correctly?
How to correctly sow glue for seedlings:
- The soil mixture is poured into the seedling box and compacted.
- The prepared seeds should be planted to a depth of 1.5 cm and lightly sprinkled with earth.
- It is best to cover them up with compost - this will have a positive effect on seedlings.
- Crops are irrigated from a spray bottle.
- The box is covered with foil or glass and placed in heat (+ 20-22 ° C).
Cleoma seed germination
The emergence of seedlings takes about 2-3 weeks. Cleoma from seeds - care, difficulties in growing:
- The boxes must be placed in a bright room and provided with additional lighting for several hours in the evenings with fluorescent lamps or agrolamps.
- Seedlings are watered abundantly in order to avoid decay and the appearance of a fungus, but rarely - as the soil dries out.
- Once the seedlings need to be watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate to prevent root diseases.
- With the appearance of the first pair of true leaves, the seedlings are planted in peat pots, deepening them to the cotyledons.
- 12-15 days after picking, the seedlings are fertilized every 2 weeks with a complex mineral composition.
- So that the bushes do not turn out to be lopsided, they periodically need to be turned towards the sun.
- In open ground, seedlings should be planted together with peat pots with a distance of 60-70 cm so that the planting does not thicken.
- So that young cleomes in the garden adapt more quickly, before planting they are sprayed with a nutrient solution: growth stimulator + Citovit microfertilizer.
- After planting, the soil under the plant is mulched with compost or humus.
- Watering plantings only in extreme heat.
- A weak and sore cleoma bush can be sprayed with Fertica deluxe fertilizer (1 tsp for 3 l of water).
- The plant blooms from June to September, the lower inflorescences bloom immediately, then the upper ones.
- In the fall, the bushes must be disposed of. The site needs to be dug up for spring planting or to carry out a podzimny seed backing.
Planting and leaving
Site and soil preparation for planting
No matter how glue is grown - by sowing in the ground or seedlings, it is better to prepare a place in the flower garden in advance. The annual grows and blooms better in areas exposed to the sun for a long time, without stagnant water after rain.
When planting seedlings in open ground, 40-50 cm are left between the plants. Cleomes planted at such a distance bloom magnificently and are well ventilated, preventing the outbreak of infections.
When sowing seeds in autumn directly into the ground, the site is prepared in early autumn. They also dig up and fertilize. Seeds are sown in rows, followed by thinning in the same way as seedlings.
Growing seedlings, when to plant
Cleoma can be grown through seedlings. After the end of flowering, the seed pods with ripe seeds are collected and stored until spring. Self-seeding cleoma reproduces reluctantly. Seeds are sown for seedlings in early March. You can speed up the germination of seeds and increase their germination by soaking them in a stimulant diluted according to the instructions.
Sowing containers with a depth of about 15 cm are filled with a nutrient mixture consisting of compost, garden soil and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. Wood ash is scattered over the soil surface. Seeds are sown to a depth of about 1 cm, which are covered with humus. The container is covered with glass or polyethylene. Treated seeds begin to germinate after 15-20 days.
When two true leaves appear, the sprouts can be cut into individual containers, deepening them to the cotyledonous leaves. Correctly transplanted plants begin to grow vigorously. They don't even need a backlight.
A very important point is watering. Water should be plentiful, but infrequent. The soil should be moist without stagnant water. A small amount of potassium permanganate can be added to the irrigation water to prevent possible diseases.
Sowing in open ground
You can sow seeds directly into the soil in late autumn. This is the easiest way to propagate cleoma. In the selected area, planting holes are prepared with a depth of about one and a half centimeters. Seeds are laid out in them and sprinkled with earth, and on top they are covered with spruce branches or other covering material. Then the seeds will safely endure the winter. In the spring, the shelter is removed. In this case, seedlings will appear with a delay.
Another method is to sow seeds in open ground in the spring, when the spring frosts pass and the soil warms up to the sowing depth. Rows for sowing are prepared with a depth of no more than 1.5 cm, into which the seeds are laid. The soil is kept constantly moist until emergence. Plants grown outdoors will flower faster.
How to care for plants
Flower care is the same as for other annuals - watering, loosening, weeding and feeding.
Things to remember when planting seedlings outdoors:
- The landing site is chosen illuminated by the sun and closed from the wind.
- It is possible to plant seedlings in a flower garden only after the end of the frost - cleoma is very thermophilic.
- The distance between the planted plants should be about 40 cm.
- At the selected site, humus or complex fertilizer must be applied to the soil.
- When planting seedlings from a seedling box, it is advisable to treat the roots of plants with a solution of Epin or Kornevin.
- It is useful to water the plantings with solutions of humates and spray with a means to relieve stress.
Blooming cleoma adorns the flower bed from June to mid-autumn. The smell attracts bees, butterflies and other insects to the garden. When the flower withers, a pod filled with seeds is formed in its place. There is no need to cut them off to improve the appearance or extend the flowering period - this does not affect the flowering time. The boxes are harvested after the end of the season and used for sowing the next year.
Cleoma care in summer
Cleoma growing in a flower garden needs to be watered, fertilized and removed from weeds.
Watering... The plant needs watering only in extreme heat. Watering is necessary rarely, but abundantly.
Fertilizers... Once every two weeks, the root glue is watered with a solution of complex fertilizer or a mixture for flowering plants. It is useful to spray weakened bushes with a solution of Zircon, which strengthens the plant and accelerates flowering.
The soil under the plantings, you need to keep it loose, remove weeds in a timely manner. It is possible to reduce efforts on these works if the soil under the bushes is covered with a layer of mulching material - the earth will remain moist, and there will be less weeds.
Summer Cleoma Care Memo:
- Moderate soil moisture is necessary to maintain decorative properties.
- Fertilizing once every ten days.
- Arrangement of supports around the bush.
- Weakened plants are supported by foliar feeding.
- Application of Zircon will accelerate flowering.
- Loosening and mulching of the soil.
What to do if the seeds did not sprout
Slow germination and hatching (not all seeds) is a feature of Cleoma. Also, the reason for weak seedlings is the poor quality of the planting material.
Another technique for making Cleoma seeds germinate is a sharp change in temperature indicators. To do this, containers with crops are placed on a warm, well-lit window during the day, and put in the refrigerator at night.