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Artificial stream in the country: from planning to decorating the banks

Artificial stream in the country: from planning to decorating the banks


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Not every summer resident can boast of a natural reservoir in his personal plot. At best, this is a small pond, decorated with scrap materials. We propose to make a stream - flowing, gurgling and sparkling under the rays of the summer sun. Agree that the dynamics of moving water among stones and greenery completely changes the landscape picture, more precisely, turns it into a real living corner of nature.

Types of streams: choosing the best option

If we are unlucky with a natural stream, we will try to make an alternative version, like two drops similar to the real one, but having a secret, or rather, hidden at the bottom of the reservoir. The role of the secret will be played by a submersible pump, known to all owners of a well or well.

With the help of a pump, we will arrange a vicious circle through which the water of an artificial stream will circulate as follows: go up along the hose to the source, and then go down along the channel to a small reservoir

This scheme of the stream device is universal, however, if desired, it can be diversified with one of the proposed solutions:

  • a waterfall;
  • thresholds;
  • a chain of cascades;
  • a small fountain.

In order for the landscape composition to look natural, you need a difference in height or at least a slight slope, for example, a gentle slope of a hill. Depending on the steepness of the descent - the place where the proposed channel will be located - we will choose the type of the stream.

On a small hill, it is better to arrange a calm, unhurried, flat stream with smooth bends and quiet murmur. It will be ideal even if the terrain is absolutely flat, without hills and elevations.

Channel slope can be achieved in two ways:

  • make a small artificial embankment;
  • gradually deepen the bed closer to the mouth.

Do not overdo it, digging the channel and forming its banks - everything should be extremely natural. Nature does not like clear geometry, which means we make smooth bends, an uneven coastline, and an inhomogeneous bottom filling.

Difficult terrain, inconvenient for planting a vegetable garden or garden, in this case will play into our hands.

A high hill, cliff or steep slope is a great opportunity to build an unusual mountain stream bed. Unusual because it is a series of rapids, rifts, waterfalls and short straight sections

But do not get carried away with the device of complex structures, otherwise your stream will turn into one big waterfall. The flow of a mountain stream is faster than that of a flat stream, the speed of water movement is higher, the elevation changes are sharper, which means that a more powerful pump will be required.

Step-by-step instruction on the arrangement of the stream

So, what is an artificial stream, we briefly explained.

If you can find an area of ​​uneven terrain, provide water supply and purchase a submersible pump, you just have to study a few nuances of the technical side of the issue, and then you can get down to business. The best time of the year for construction work is spring or summer; it is better to preserve the reservoir for the winter period.

Layout: location, direction, dimensions

The first stage, preparatory, is both the simplest and the most difficult. To implement it, you will need stationery: pencils or markers, a ruler and a large sheet of paper, preferably a millimeter or one in a box.

On paper, it is necessary to display all the objects already existing on the summer cottage, including a house, garden, paths, etc. pay special attention to the area where your stream will be located.

Think about where its source and mouth will be (the direction of the current depends on them), to what height you need to raise the top point, how you can decorate the banks, is it possible to use ready-made flower beds or decorative objects to decorate the coastal zone

Keep in mind that the stream forms an area of ​​high humidity, therefore it is necessary to consider planting moisture-loving or aquatic plants.

If there is a vegetable garden or flower garden with exotic flowers nearby, consider whether the additional moisture will harm the already planted crops. The same applies to garden trees, shrubs and even wild flora.

The best place for the location of any body of water is the so-called recreation area - a small area located at a distance from flower beds, beds and plantings of fruit trees. Usually in such a place they install a bench for rest, a table for tea drinking, and if space permits, they erect a gazebo or place a patio

The length of the stream may vary: perhaps you prefer compact compositions, or, on the contrary, you need a source that crosses the entire backyard, enveloping buildings and flower beds. But remember: the longer the bed, the more difficulties with its arrangement, and the main problem concerns the slope of the terrain.

The channel width usually does not exceed one and a half meters, but more often it is from 30 to 50 cm. The depth is from 15 cm to half a meter. Please note: the larger the volume of water, the more powerful and more expensive the pumping equipment.

Do not forget that our stream is decorative, and this is its advantage. It is possible to make a completely sealed bed and a pond so that water from the source does not penetrate into the coastal soil.

The coastline will remain constant, will not be washed out by water in the spring, as is the case with natural reservoirs during the period of snow melting.

Channel construction instructions

The main stage is the construction of the channel. Let's break it down point by point to make it more convenient to work:

  • We carry out markings on the ground. During the development of the project, you have already determined the location of the stream, its dimensions, source and mouth points, it remains to transfer the marking from the paper scheme to nature. This requires small pegs and a roll of string. We stick the pegs along the proposed channel and connect them with a twine or cord to outline the boundaries of the future reservoir.
  • We pull out a groove under the bed and a foundation pit, in which the pond will be located - the end point of our stream. A pond is not only a picturesque object, but also a necessary functional part of our project, since it is in it that we will place a pump that supplies water to the source.
  • We perform soil finishing, concreting the channel. If you have chosen a mountain stream, we place stones, boulders, slabs in any shape, fasten them with concrete mortar. A flat stream requires a gently sloping base with smooth bends. The result should be a trench of a given width and a volumetric bowl for a pond.
  • We lay a waterproofing layer - cover the entire working surface with geotextile or a special waterproof PVC film (butyl rubber), fix the edges with stones, pebbles, sand.
  • Along the channel, from the pond to the source, we dig shallow trenches for laying a hose or pipe.
  • We decorate the bottom of the reservoir with sand, multi-colored granite rubble, pebbles, covering all artificial details as much as possible.
  • We supply water, fill the pond, test the pump.

A pond is not really necessary, but if not, you will need a deep container to collect water and place the pump, such as a large plastic container.

Before installing the pump, carefully read the instructions and check again if the technical characteristics of the equipment correspond to the volume of water that needs to be pumped.

If the soil is hard, rocky, and the length of the stream is short, additional concreting is not required. It is necessary to stabilize the channel if the water flow is more powerful.

When creating a stream design, do not be afraid to fantasize: create small rapids, sandbanks, stone islands. Involve children in the work - the creation of an artificial reservoir perfectly develops the creative imagination and introduces some of the laws of physics

Coastal decor and small architectural forms

When the technical work is completed, you can start decorating the banks and channel with all kinds of decor. These can be small architectural forms made of wood - a bridge, scaffolds, arches, as well as picturesque statues, funny ceramic animal figurines, flowerpots for hygrophilous plants, wooden boats and rafts.

The bridge is appropriate if the stream crosses one of the garden paths - it is its continuation and harmoniously fits into the overall composition

The construction and design of the bridge depends on both the surrounding area and the size of the stream. A large stone structure against the background of a brisk stream 30 cm wide would look more than ridiculous, and small wooden bridges would come in handy.

Heavyweight structures are good for large bodies of water, so if you want to build a real bridge, use the pond area, not the stream.

The material for construction should be natural, as well as the framing of the channel, that is, finishing made of stone, ceramics or wood is welcome.

On the shore, a small open pavilion for recreation or a platform with a table and benches will look good. Try to design the buildings to match the style of the suburban area.

A mini-pagoda against the background of a wooden log house with a carved ridge will look rather strange, and a cozy gazebo with openwork carvings instead of walls will look just right.

To emphasize its naturalness, we plant plants along the banks of the stream, but given the decorativeness of our structure, we can safely use trays or containers with herbs.

Vases with high legs with ampelous plants, compositions with aged earthenware, decor made of stones and hand-made products made of wood, for example, a miniature water mill, are suitable.

The flora of the reservoir

All crops intended for decorating a stream can be divided into two large groups: growing along the banks and located directly in the water.

Both categories include grasses with beautifully carved or smooth leaves, as well as plants with inflorescences of various colors.

Do not forget about the lawn grass, if there is a lawn nearby, or moss with lichens, if there is a small park on the shore. Trees, shrubs and grasses should be alternated with artificial decor, rocks, pebble deposits and sandbanks

Lush blooming bushy flowers will close the stream bed, therefore, along the banks, along the water's edge, we plant low-growing plants: coin loosestrife, creeping tenacious, multi-colored primroses, daisies, dwarf veronica, marigold, marsh violets, goose onions, spleen.

A little farther from the coast - higher specimens: fern, ostrich, common bracken, female cochinate, scabbard, hostu.

Plants can be grouped by height or splendor, or alternated, making up a variety of floristic arrangements from a variety of species and varieties

If the plant composition includes trees or shrubs, select low moisture-loving species that grow in the wild along the shores of water bodies: goat or white willow, evergreen holly mahonia, tree caragana, Thunberg barberry, cotoneaster, euonymus.

Some shrubs, for example, forsythia or lilac, besides beautiful flowering, will give a fresh spring aroma, which can also be enjoyed while relaxing on the shore of the reservoir.

Directly at the bottom of a stream or pond, if it contains fertile soil, can be planted with elodea or urut, and pemphigus or hornwort do not take root, but float freely on the surface of the water surface.

Egg pods, water lilies, vodokras and marsh flowers feel great even in the northern regions, therefore they are permanent residents of both wild and refined Russian reservoirs

Artificial stream care rules

To ensure that the water in the reservoir is always clean and the banks are well-groomed, it is necessary to regularly take care of the plants and carry out preventive maintenance of pumping equipment. To do this, follow a few simple rules:

  • check the tightness of hoses and pipes, clean or change filters in time;
  • in a hot period, when water evaporates, from time to time restore the required volume;
  • to preserve the functionality of the equipment for the winter, completely drain the water, and clean the pump and place it in a heated utility room;
  • clean concrete fences, wooden structures and stones from silt and dirt;
  • completely change the water if it becomes opaque for some reason.

Plants require the same care as regular summer cottage crops. Trees and shrubs need to be pruned so that they do not obscure the view of the water composition with wide crowns.

Perennials must be weeded, fed, transplanted if necessary, and old and diseased plants removed. Annuals should be planted at favorable times, monitor their growth and flowering

Examples of dynamic reservoirs in landscape design

We present to your attention several examples of the successful location of the streams on the backyard plots.

Perhaps, in some cases, water compositions are called streams only conditionally, but all of these are artificially created water sources in which the flow of water moves due to the action of a submersible pump.

An excellent example of a flat stream, absolutely indistinguishable from its natural counterpart. River pebbles and stones were used as decoration, instead of bright flowering crops, herbs were sown, usually growing in the coastal zone of forest streams

If you have the opportunity to decorate the pond with beautiful stones, be sure to use it.

The stream bed and the coastal area are lined with stones of various sizes and shapes. Pay attention to their color: the combination of contrasting shades - white, black and brick - revives the composition, makes it more dynamic

The stream bed does not have to be flat and uniform.

The main decoration of this sample is a series of rapids decorated with large boulders. A ladder forming picturesque rapids must be equipped at the stage of channel preparation

See how the variety of decor is used to the maximum - and nothing more.

The authors of the project thought over literally everything: the natural bends of the channel, and a cascade of low waterfalls, and a neat bridge with a lantern, and stone facing of the banks and even tastefully selected and skillfully planted plants

Feel free to use non-standard solutions and ideas.

Pay attention to how skillfully the designers played the source of the stream: it seems as if it originates from the neck of a large inverted jug

Taking into account all the stages of planning, building and decorating an artificial stream, we can conclude that anyone who can fantasize, is not afraid of physical work and appreciates natural beauty can do it.

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Garden decoration features

Of course, many will prefer to buy ready-made figures, for example, made of stone or plastic, in a store where a huge variety of different fairy-tale characters, animals, and so on are presented. However, it is much more interesting to do the work with your own hands. Thus, in each of the statues, you can put a piece of your love and, of course, creativity. The materials at hand are quite suitable for creating any conceived figurine. The process of “inventing” and “sculpting” your character is always very pleasant and fascinating for children.You can introduce them to the creative process.

There are a lot of ideas for creating landscape sculptures. These can be your favorite fairy-tale heroes, for example, multi-colored gnomes, the fierce Serpent Gorynych, the cunning Puss in Boots, the Golden Fish, or the variously feathery Firebird. There is no limit to the flow of fantasy!

An important rule is that decorative figures must match the design of the space and the appearance of the house. If there is a small pond in the garden, then the army of funny frogs will perfectly fit into its space, and brave golden-maned lions, sitting on the lawn near the house, will be able to guard and guard the home. Some craftsmen and craftswomen are so keen on the process that a summer cottage or garden turns into a real fabulous city.


Watch the video: Natural Stream Restoration: Restoring Streams Part III


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