Top 5 homemade cultivators: how to build a do-it-yourself machine
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Sometimes it is more profitable to buy vegetables and fruits in the store. But there is always more confidence in the quality of home-grown products. In addition, work on the ground increases vitality if done wisely. But hard physical labor is not always useful, especially for those who are used to working only in the office. In order for the spring chores to be pleasant and not too burdensome, it is necessary to acquire means of small mechanization. Of course, you can buy modern equipment, but it turned out that making, for example, a cultivator with your own hands is quite simple. Make sure of this.
Option # 1: manual tornado - death to the weeds
Tornado - this is the name of a hand cultivator, which can and should be done by hand. Having such a device resembling a twisted pitchfork, you can forget about endless battles with weeds. The teeth of the tool pierce the ground at an angle, after which the Tornado must be turned and raised. To do this, you do not have to make excessive efforts, because instead of the usual handle, the Tornado has a lever.
The Tornado cultivator attracts with the fact that it is quite easy to use and does not require any significant efforts to work with it.
This wonderful root remover is good for everyone, but acquaintance with its store price can completely discourage the desire to become its owner. However, there is nothing complicated in this device. The Tornado cultivator can be made independently and even in several different ways.
Spring Steel Tornado
We need a steel tape 50 cm long, 1-1.5 mm thick and 2 cm wide. Spring steel is best used for our purpose. We bend the tape in the form of a loop and attach it to the wooden handle of the tool. The length of the handle is determined depending on the height of the owner: it should be comfortable to work with the tool. You can also make a lever, the same as that of a store root remover. The working steel loop should be 20 cm in diameter, which is slightly less than the row spacing. The edges of the hinge are filed on both sides.
For the weeds - a pitchfork to the side
If a Tornado looks like a pitchfork, then why not make a hand cultivator out of this familiar tool for all gardeners with your own hands? We'll buy a regular pitchfork from a hardware store and use a hammer to bend the teeth of this tool to the desired bend. In general, the tool should resemble a kind of corkscrew. It's important to take your time and proceed with caution.
For the lever, you need a half-meter piece of plastic pipe. We also buy in the store a plastic handle-attachment for the handle, which is used for pitchforks or shovels. We cut the tube lengthwise, put it on the handle and fix it with electrical tape so that it does not slip. Now the resulting lever protrudes about 25 cm from the handle on both sides.
It is logical to make the fork-shaped part of the Tornado precisely from the pitchfork - a tool well known to all gardeners that everyone has
An important part for the Tornado cultivator is its upper lever part: thanks to the lever, you can do hard work with minimal effort
Option # 2: bike-based flat cutter
The flat-cut cultivator will help to cope with weeds and will greatly facilitate the life of any gardener. Structurally, it is more complex than the Tornado, but not much.
To create a flat cutter you need:
- an old bicycle that no one uses for its intended purpose;
- the head from a worn-out cultivator or the working surface of a two-handed saw;
- drill, grinder, keys, drills, bolts and so on.
A frame and one wheel will come in handy from a bicycle. The cultivator head is attached to the frame. In the same capacity, the cutting part of a two-handed saw, a small plow or steel sharp rods made by ourselves can be used. The handle for operating the mechanism is made of aluminum or steel pipes. A piece of pipe about 2.5 cm in diameter will come in handy as a crosspiece.
A plane cutter can be made on the basis of an old bicycle, using the working surface of a two-handed saw, ironically called Friendship, as a cutting part.
There is no particular difficulty in the design of this convenient tool, it can be made with the right material at hand
The structure must be rigid, so the knots are bolted together. The medium wheel should be secured to the frame with locknuts. The result is a homemade cultivator that is very functional and easy to use.
Option # 3: disc rotary cultivator
Making a rotary cultivator with your own hands is not easy at all. Here you need special skills and good physical training. If you have all the qualities listed above, you can try to build this tool, which will be much more effective than all the previous ones. With its help, you can not only cultivate, but also harrow the ground, deftly breaking large clods.
As part of a rotary disc cultivator: 1 - disc, 2 - axis. 3 - bushing, 4 - large clamp, 5 - small clamp, 6 - stem, 7 - pipe, 8 - handle
The working bodies of this cultivator are convex discs, which must be welded to the bushings put on the axle. The axial ends are secured with cotter pins, which are fixed in a large bracket. Then a hole is cut in the upper part of this bracket. Handles with a crossbar are fixed into it. A rod 25 cm long and 24 mm in diameter will have to be welded to the small bracket. A rod of 16 mm diameter is screwed into it. Part of the rod protrudes above the crossbar.
It is not so easy to give the desired spherical shape to a 4 mm thick disc. To do this, you need to be able to deftly handle a hammer. A strong and precise blow to the center of the disc will transform it into a bowl. It is for this work that the main physical efforts will be needed. Special wing nuts, located on the crossbar, adjust the angle of inclination of the spherical discs relative to the direction of movement of the cultivator itself.
Option # 4: a production meat grinder to help us
All of the above inventory is quite simple. But in the conditions of your own workshop, you can also make a home-made electric cultivator. This proves once again that the possibilities of home craftsmen are almost endless. To implement this idea, you will need an old production meat grinder. On its basis, an effective electric assistant to the gardener will be built.
An electric cultivator can be made on the basis of a meat grinder for industrial purposes: you get a fairly powerful unit that will last several years
Everything is not as difficult as it seems if there is a welding machine and a master who knows how to use it for its intended purpose. Two corners should be attached to the gearbox housing. Bend pipes are welded to the corners, which will be used as handles. Another piece of pipe is welded between the resulting handles - a spacer that gives the structure the necessary strength.
The axles for the cultivator wheels will also have to be welded to the corners. The wheels are selected in medium size so that they are comfortable in work and do not sink into the soil.
The main part of the structure is the shaft. It will have to be grinded out of ordinary scrap. The connection is carried out as in the original: in the slot. The nozzle of the meat grinder is chopped off with a sledgehammer, after which a bushing with thick walls of cast iron remains. A workpiece turned from scrap is placed in it, to which lugs in the form of a screw are welded. They are cut from vehicle springs. Other lug material options were used, but they were not viable.
The lugs are set at a 120 degree angle. They need to be screwed out in the direction of rotation, then it will be easier for them to enter the ground, and the cultivator itself will be easier to control. The engine of the device is connected according to the delta scheme, the start is capacitor. The engine switch is mounted on the handle of the cultivator for ease of operation. The device will last a long time if, before starting work, lubricate the interface of a homemade shaft in a cast-iron bushing with any used oil.
Take a good look at what the lugs should be and how they should be located: the efficiency of the device and its durability depend on this.
The quality of land cultivation depends on the speed of movement of such a cultivator. Fast plowing will be rough, and slow plowing can literally be turned into dust.
Option # 5: a child of a bicycle and a washing machine
Do not rush to throw away your old bicycle and your old washing machine. These things can still come in handy if there is a desire to make a cultivator with your own hands, spending a minimum of money on it.
Now you know how you can make your own cultivator. It remains to apply your knowledge in practice.
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DIY manual cultivator
With the onset of spring, summer residents and owners of garden plots have a lot of work, because before planting garden crops, soil cultivation is required. The most difficult work is considered to be digging and loosening the site.... For this purpose, most summer residents use an ordinary shovel, but such work takes a lot of time and effort. Fortunately, there is a more efficient device - the cultivator. With its help, you can perform a large amount of work in a short period of time. You can buy a device or make a hand cultivator with your own hands, while saving a lot of money.
Do-it-yourself cultivator: drawings, diagrams, device and main elements of a home-made apparatus (90 photos)
The fabulous "Pull-push" in the form of a garden mechanism, made with your own hands, is a reliable assistant to a villager, a summer resident. Not for the sake of a catchphrase, they remembered a fairy tale, but to clarify the technical details of individual homemade units.
Some cultivators need to be pushed in front of you. This is not an easy task, and the wheel and paws from excessive effort deepen more than necessary.
A cultivator with your own hands and for your strength
Some craftsmen make cultivators rotated 180 degrees. That is, they must be pulled along, and not pushed. Such a process is said to be easier. The choice of direction is yours, or rather, your one human strength. And it is on average equal to one tenth of a horse. To haul a hand cultivator with your own hands.
Several product options are presented below and in the photo of the cultivator and its drawings on the site. Following the step-by-step instructions, you can make any unit - from the simplest to the self-propelled one. It's much cheaper than buying factory-made products.
These homemade products were made by Russian kulibins, their experience can be adopted by anyone who knows how to hold various tools in their hands, understands simple drawings, installation. And a hand-held cultivator with your own hands can be assembled in a couple of weeks.
- In rural farmsteads, what has not accumulated over the decades: still workable various electric motors, internal combustion engines from a moped, a motorcycle, wheels from a rotted "Zaporozhets", and even bicycles - from youth to road or sports.
And much of the above will appear in the drawings and in the assembly of homemade cultivators. They will also suggest an interesting idea of improvement, how to make a cultivator with your own hands.
The vegetable garden will become "easier"
Every autumn, six hundred square meters of a summer cottage must be shoveled, which is not very easy for their owners who are far from youthful age.
It is better to use an easier cultivation process after all. Agronomists oppose the annual, or even twice a season, digging the soil. And not because they feel sorry for the gardeners.
The fact is that the bayonet of the shovel has a length of 30-40 centimeters. As a rule, the soil is rolled over to such a depth. This is tantamount to grabbing the share of an industrial plow. What for? In Europe, such units are set at 18-20 cm.
Even the beloved potatoes for Russians are recommended to plant to a depth of 6-8 to 10-12 centimeters, depending on the type of soil. Why then bury humus to a depth of 40 centimeters?
Therefore, attach knives to home-made cultivators for loosening the soil, destroying weeds with a depth capture not exceeding the above general standards. Make it easier for yourself.
A special do-it-yourself potato cultivator - both for loosening row spacings, and for several hilling plants during the growing season. They can be rearranged to the desired operation.
"Kid" at hand
The simplest aggregate for small beds and greenhouses. Extremely lightweight and easy to use.
- a long handle from an old shovel or purchased with a thickness of three to four cm.
- hardwood or metal axle
- several heavy discs with a diameter of 150 cm cut out by a "grinder" with sharp incisors.
- a corner curved by the letter P across the width of the soil by the discs and sharpened like a knife at the top, better on both sides.
- We start assembling:
- Discs are mounted on the cross member, move them apart with equal bushings.
- The unit is screwed to the handle.
- An upside-down metal letter P attaches to the back of the drives. Acts as a horizontal cutter when moving forward and backward.
Tornado kills weeds like a hurricane
A gardening tool is similar to a pitchfork, with gnarled, sharp pins and set wider than the grip of the pitchfork. Do-it-yourself Tornado cultivators can be made for each member of the gardening family, and even for teenagers. In operation, they screw into the ground like a corkscrew in a wine cork.
They are easy to dig up potatoes, especially on soft soils. The unit captures the bush in the center, scrolls it along the movement of the clock hands and spreads it on the ground. It remains only to cut off the tubers.
Electric motor-cultivator from spare parts
An industrial cultivator costs from five to thirty thousand rubles. And it is purchased for an area of at least a hectare. Therefore, they are often bought by farmers, or villagers team up and earn extra money on it on neighboring plots from spring to autumn.
After all, it is designed not only for cultivation, but also for shallow plowing, haymaking, and transports cargo with a trailer trolley. In a couple of years, the unit pays for itself and will continue to make a profit.
What to prepare for assembling an electric assistant
Useful for a walk-behind tractor: a low-power gasoline engine or a motor from a washing machine, an electric grinder for 1-2 kW, any gearbox, "sprockets" and a chain from a bicycle, a moped, metal wheels with scrapers on them for better grip with the soil, and better - on rubber ...
Wheels for cultivators with their own hands will come out cheaper than buying from dismantling motorcycles or passenger cars. If there is an electric motor block, then prepare a cable about fifty meters, but not with aluminum conductors - it will quickly bend.
As a result, this will turn out a frame with wheels on the gearbox shaft on both sides. In the center there is an asterisk to which the force of the motor or internal combustion engine is transmitted. It turns the wheels and the unit moves.
It remains to make and install a cultivator for your mini-tractor with your own hands. For paws, especially durable sheets of "Muscovite" springs are suitable.
Photos of cultivators with their own hands
How to make a cultivator with your own hands: simpler options
There is such a cultivator - "Nimble kid". Let's take a look at how you can make one at home.
Take the wooden axle. It will become the connector for the rest of the parts. On this axis it is necessary to fix a pipe 24 mm in diameter.It will serve as a handle, therefore, in order not to bend into three deaths, choose the length of the pipe for your height.
Attach wheels with a diameter of not more than 200 mm to the axle mentioned. the cultivator will rest on wheels, the height of the tool above the ground depends on the height of the wheels that we have adapted to it. By the way, the wheels need to be cut out of metal 2-3 mm in thickness. After you have all of the above connected, you can work on the ground.
The word cultivator does not only mean motor units. You can also use hand tools in your country house. It is much better than a standard boot and is much easier to make at home than a motorized cultivator. Have you heard of the Tornado cultivator? It looks like a defective pitchfork.
A round axle to which twisted teeth are welded in a spiral. The easiest way to make such a tool is from an existing pitchfork, if you don't mind. If you still need your pitchfork, buy others from the store and make a Tornado out of them. Trust me, it's cheaper to buy a pitchfork and remake them than to buy a ready-made cultivator. Take a hammer and go over the teeth, let them bend in a spiral.
Homemade cultivator "Tornado"
Tornadoes are easy to use thanks to a lever that the operator grabs onto when rolling the cultivator into the ground. For the lever, we need a pipe, which we need to attach to the handle. The pipe should be 50 cm in length. For fastening, you can take electrical tape. As a pipe, you can use the handle on the handle, which is usually equipped with shovels. Such a lever will protrude 25 cm to either side of the handle.
You can make a Tornado cultivator out of springy steel. We take a plate half a meter long, 1-1.5 mm in thickness and 2 in width. Bend the steel, make a loop out of it, which you will put on the handle. Watch the height of the cutting. It is important to observe the diameter of the resulting loop - it should not be more than 20 cm in diameter in order to freely enter the aisles.
There is another version of the cultivator - rotary disc cultivator. We just warn you that you will need to exert a lot of physical strength to make the desired convex discs. place regular metal discs and hit them with a hammer. In the process, they should become bowl-shaped.
The main part of the mechanism, namely the discs, we put on the bushing, which we attach to the axle. We attach both ends of the axle with cotter pins on a large bracket.
On the large bracket we make a hole where we insert a pipe with handles and a crossbar between them.
Place the rod on the small bracket using a welding machine. It should be 24 mm in diameter and 25 cm in length. Then screw the 16-diametrical rod into the stem.
Assembling hand cultivators
As soon as you prepare everything you need for work, you can start making a hand cultivator. This is a unique product that has a number of advantages, for example, compactness, availability of materials for its manufacture and the efficiency of the finished cultivator.
A homemade cultivator will make it possible not only to remove weeds throughout the site, but also to loosen the soil with high quality. But, as noted earlier, hand cultivators are not designed for large areas, so if your garden or vegetable garden has a large area, then it makes sense to purchase a gasoline cultivator. Manual designs are best suited for summer cottage work. At home, you can make such types of hand cultivators as rotary, disc, flat cutter and others.
Weeding cultivator: 1 - wheel assembly (from a garden cart), 2 - main frame, 3 - spring, 4 - chain retainer, 5 - hook, 6 - U-shaped swivel handle assembly, 7 - Ml2 fixing screw with hexagon head (3 pcs.), 8 - swivel bracket, 9 - weeder frame (steel strip 20 × 7), 10 - mounted rake (steel chain from a bar with a diameter of 10), 11 - 15-star weed-puller (from agricultural machinery), 12 - M10 nut with locknut and washer (2 pcs.), 13 - rotary cultivator foot (from agricultural machinery, modified), 14 - axle-bolt with nut and washers (2 pcs.), 15 - M14 bolt with nut (2 pcs.) .).
The main tasks of the rotary structure are to harrow the soil and further level it. The cultivator consists of special hemispherical discs in the amount of 2 or 4 pieces. Each of the pairs of these discs is attached to an axle, due to which the base of the structure can move. This allows you to increase or decrease the angle of inclination of the discs during operation.
Rotary disc cultivator diagram
The base must necessarily be metal, since it is under a heavy load during operation. The base itself can be attached to the handle. If all the parts are made of metal, this will significantly increase the weight of the structure, so many summer residents make handles from wood. When working, the grass will not cling to the discs of such a cultivator, which is very convenient, especially when processing areas covered with weeds.
DIY light cultivator Rotary disc cultivator
An excellent cultivator with the simplest design with only three parts - immersion element, handle and shank... In many ways, the principle of operation of the cultivator is similar to that of a corkscrew. It is necessary to press the structure into the ground and turn, and then the cultivator can be lifted. During the treatment of the site, weeds are removed along with the root system. The product can be easily made at home if you follow the step-by-step instructions below.
"Tornado" - hand cultivator
Table. Manufacturing of the Tornado cultivator.