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Orchid: simple rules of care after purchase

Orchid: simple rules of care after purchase


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  • Acclimatization after purchase
  • Indoor plant transplant
  • Proper watering of the orchid
  • Lighting
  • Air humidity and spraying
  • Plant feeding

Orchid acclimatization after purchase

You were presented with an orchid in a pot or you yourself bought a flower you like in the store. What to do with it next?

Leave it like this or transplant? Where to put and what to feed? There can be a lot of questions, especially if you have not come across these plants before.

An orchid can be quite moody if not properly cared for immediately after purchasing the plant. The orchid needs to organize the correct mode of watering, lighting, feeding, and, if necessary, pick up a new container.

You need to be prepared for the fact that, even if it is in ideal conditions, the orchid will hurt a little. She can droop, dry out and shed flowers. Such symptoms are not yet a reason for panic. For a flower during the adaptation period, this is a normal phenomenon, since the home microclimate is still different from the store one and the orchid needs some time to get used to it.

To make the adaptation easy, you need to choose the right modes:
• watering;
• lighting;
• air humidity;
• air temperature;
• feeding

First of all, the new flower must be quarantined. To do this, place the orchid pot away from other indoor plants.

This protects both the home "flower bed" from possible new diseases and pests, and the unadapted flower from home surprises. After all, those pathogens that may not infect healthy strong flowers are extremely dangerous for a weakened plant. Therefore, the first 2-3 weeks "communication" between them should be excluded.

Indoor plant transplant

It is no secret that store containers for flowers are, in fact, disposable tableware, the task of which is only to help in transportation from nursery to store and from store to apartment. For long-term use, it is of little use. In addition, various pests can be contained in the pot and soil, which will cause a lot of trouble later.

The following symptoms indicate the need for an urgent transplant:
• the root ball "dangles" in the container;
• damaged, dried out or rotten roots are visible;
• pests are found.

In this case, while waiting for the orchid to bloom, you, with a high degree of probability, will wait for the death of the plant. But, sometimes in specialized stores you can buy a healthy plant in the "right" pot, with good soil. Then the transplant can be postponed until better times, until the root system grows.

When deciding which orchid pot is best for you, consider the following things:
• the size of the pot should be only slightly larger than the root system;
• the container must provide very good drainage, which guarantees a large number of holes in the bottom and bottom of the side walls;
• for many types of orchids, such as phalaenopsis, it is recommended to choose pots with transparent walls that let light in to the roots.

If the soil in the root coma meets the requirements, then it is enough to pour fresh mixture into a new container. Beginners should know that ordinary land is not suitable for orchids.

For epiphytes (phalaenopsis, vanda, cambria, cattleya, dendrobium, masdevallia, zygopetalum, miltonia), the substrate should consist of bark, moss, peat, charcoal, fern roots, and nut shells.

Moreover, it is believed that the main components are bark and moss, while others are added depending on the preferences, knowledge and vision of the process by the florist. Naturally, these components are difficult to find in the garden and you have to go to the forest for them.

It is much easier to buy ready-made Bona Forte substrate for orchids. It already contains all the necessary components and is suitable for any epiphytes. Although both a high-quality ready-made substrate and a competently prepared one have rather large fractions, it is not out of place to place an additional drainage layer on the bottom of the container, which will prevent the soil from caking and blocking the holes.

Proper watering of the orchid

It is common knowledge that orchids do not like waterlogging, especially if the water is stagnant. This in a short time provokes root rot. A flower transplanted into a wet substrate can not be watered for up to 4-7 days.

Watering frequency is best controlled by soil conditions rather than calendar dates. The rate of drying of the substrate depends on many parameters, such as the age of the plant, the volume of the coma, the temperature and humidity of the air, the illumination and the hygroscopicity of the fractions of the substrate. Therefore, it would be a mistake to say that you need to water the flower 1 or 3 times a week. Everything is very individual.

If the container is transparent, the lack of condensation on the inner surface of the pot will indicate the need for watering. For other types of pots, drying out will be signaled by a noticeably reduced weight, dry soil, which can be checked with a long toothpick or wooden stick. If, after careful immersion to a depth of 30-40 mm, they remain dry, then it's time to water the flower.

Ideally, for irrigation, you need to use melt or rainwater at a temperature close to room temperature or slightly warmer. But you can take it boiled or filtered from the tap.

Watering orchids is best done with the bottom method. To do this, a pot with a flower is placed in a container for 15-20 minutes, the water in which reaches half the height of the pot. Then the orchid is taken out and the excess liquid is allowed to drain. You can also use the upper irrigation method, when the container with the plant is carefully poured from above until the lower pan is filled with water. With a properly selected substrate, water flows down quickly enough.

Lighting

Orchids need a lot of light. But they cannot be placed in the open sun, which quickly burns the delicate leaves. This often happens when orchid owners, enjoying the sunny weather, place flowers on the southern windows in late winter or early spring. Therefore, pots on the south side should be placed in the back of the room or shaded with more light-tolerant plants. Suitable temperature conditions

Some types of orchids can feel comfortable even at temperatures of 13-18 degrees, but these are extreme boundaries that it is better not to cross. This "frost resistance" is typical for mountain flowers. Most plants do well only at 23-27 degrees Celsius in summer and at least 16-18 in winter. When airing, a short-term decrease is also permissible, but at the same time the orchid should not be in a cold draft, and even more so directly under open vents or transoms.

Air humidity and spraying

Tropical plants a priori love high humidity, which is sometimes difficult to provide at home, especially in winter.

In order for the orchid not to suffer from dry air, you can go in several ways:
• install nearby constantly moistened material - foam rubber, expanded clay, fabric;
• place humidifiers, artificial fountains, water trays;
• regularly moisten the leaves with a damp cloth or spray with a spray bottle.

When spraying, it is important to remove excess water that accumulates in the very axils of the leaves, which can lead to decay. Water for this process is used at the same temperature as for irrigation. It is better to moisturize in this way in the evening or early in the morning.

In general, orchids are not recommended to be placed near central heating radiators or heaters, that is, where the air is driest. Even daily hydration does not help in such places.

Once every 7-10 days, it is useful to use Bona Fortee orchid tonic, which stimulates abundant flowering and powerful rooting. In addition to stimulating metabolism, this agent strengthens plant immunity and increases resistance to a number of diseases.


Orchid feeding

Feeding orchids at home should be carried out taking into account the life span of the plant. Despite the fact that some growers consider it optional, the introduction of macronutrients and nutrients has a positive effect on the development of the plant. Special fertilizers for orchids are needed for long flowering.

For this period, the funds should contain mainly potassium and phosphorus. Fertilizers for the active growth of orchids also include a large amount of nitrogen. When considering which fertilizer to buy for orchids, pay attention to the Health series from Bona Forte. It takes into account all the features of this plant and is suitable for feeding at any time of the year. When feeding, follow the manufacturer's recommendations for concentration and application methods.

The Bona Forte Beauty series also contains succinic acid, which is a powerful stimulant for orchids and any other indoor plants.

For the first time, the orchid can be fed one month after transplanting, and then every two weeks during the growing season from March to October. In winter, it is quite enough to do top dressing once a month.

By following these post-purchase orchid care guidelines, you will get a healthy plant that will amaze you with its delicate and touching flowers for a long time.


Dwarf plant care

Caring for a dwarf orchid differs little from the maintenance of ordinary flowers of medium length. How to care for a mini orchid:

  1. Schematic watering is required. It is important to consider not only the frequency of the procedure, but also its method.
  2. Correctly and regularly feed. Use only specialized tools.
  3. Provide high-quality temperature and humidity levels. Without the necessary microclimate conditions, the plant will quickly die.

It is necessary to monitor the condition of the plant and respond to problems in a timely manner. The appearance of home flowers determines the need to moisturize the soil (wrinkled leaves), as well as save the root system from decay (loss of turgor).

Temperature and humidity

According to climatic characteristics, caring for a dwarf orchid is determined by the age of the plant. The younger it is, the more demanding on air humidity. In order to properly care for a dwarf culture and support its growth and development, it is important that a constant humidity indicator in an apartment is within the range of 50-70%.

Keeping an indoor decorative flower also requires maintaining a certain temperature and lighting at home. Favorable for culture, temperature 21-25 ° C. If the reading is below 15 ° C, the plant sheds its buds and dies. The light in the room should be diffused. Flowers cannot stand direct sunlight.

Watering

The frequency of watering depends on the season. In spring and autumn - once a week, in summer the frequency increases. It is recommended to moisturize the substrate when the substrate is dry.

The type of soil also affects. If a mini orchid is growing in moss, it needs to be watered frequently and moderately. Plants contained in clay granulates or woody compositions are more water-absorbing, therefore they keep moisture longer.

Watering methods can also vary. Their choice depends on the size of the peduncle. It is allowed to water the plant from a watering can only if its height exceeds 15-20 cm. It is more difficult to work with smaller specimens. Irrigation of the ground part of the plant will be required 1-2 times a day.

Fertilizer

Dwarf orchids need regular feeding throughout the growing season. The frequency of operations is every 2-3 weeks. During the dormant period, flower growers recommend not fertilizing the plant.

Such plants are fertilized both by root and foliar method. The first is only suitable for a dwarf crop grown in a pot with drainage holes. A specialized fertilizer is used. It is necessary to dilute the dressing with water according to the instructions, dip the flower in it for a few minutes, take it out and let the excess moisture drain off.

The flower must be fertilized regularly

The second method of feeding is easier. A non-concentrated fertilizer solution is made (1/4 of the proportion indicated in the instructions), which is used to spray the flower leaves from a spray bottle. It is important to carry out such feeding along with watering the plant.


Conditions for growing phalaenopsis

Humidity for Phalaenopsis

In apartments, the air humidity is usually 30–35% during the heating season and 35–40% or more in the spring and summer. This is quite enough for the development, growth and flowering of phalaenopsis.

The use of ultrasonic humidifiers to increase air humidity

Temperature for Phalaenopis

The temperature of our apartments also suits this orchid. In the cold period, she needs from 15-18 ° C at night to 20-23 ° C during the day, and in the warm - 18-20 ° C at night and 20-27 ° C during the day. True, if the orchid is on the windowsill, then in winter it is better to place it on some kind of stand, since cool dampness is detrimental to the plant.

Lighting for Phalaenopsis

Phalaenopsis hybrid does not need additional lighting. But he also does not like direct sunlight, he prefers diffused light and light partial shade.

Air aeration

Typically, the air flow in the room is sufficient to ventilate the plant. The main thing is not to put it in drafts, because of them the plant can get sick.


Testimonials

Elsa, Saratov

A friend bought Dendrobium Nobile five years ago. Then she gave me a couple of bulbs for planting, said to plant in the moss. Now I can say that of all orchids, these have become the most beloved. Very easy care, cool conditions are suitable, rarely gets sick (well, at least for me). I have already bought several hybrids myself, all bloom once a year, magnificently and beautifully.

Nina, Saint Petersburg

I had been eyeing orchids for a long time, but it was scary - whether I could grow such beauty myself. I bought two flowers for the occasion, as it turned out - Phalaenopsis and Dendrobium. The first one did not please me much, perhaps it was my inexperience when leaving. But I have even planted Dendrobium in three pots, picked up the pots for them. Bloomed beautifully - lilac with white and yellowish color. All the shoots are covered with flowers, I have never seen this. I urgently bought literature, found all the information. I want to breed more of these beauties!

Dendrobium Nobile is a luxurious representative of the Orchid family, attracting flower growers with simple care and bright, abundant flowering. Providing the plant with the necessary conditions, even a novice amateur will be able to grow an exotic plant at home.


How to care for your home orchid

To provide optimal conditions for an orchid in an apartment, you need to remember how these plants grow in wildlife: clinging to the roots of moss, tree bark. Therefore, in a pot, the root system should not be waterlogged, but the air humidity should be significant, because the orchid is home to the tropics.


Flowering features

Flowering takes over the last months of winter and spring. To admire the flowering, proper care is necessary at this time.

How to care during flowering?

Orchid photo: gorgeous bloom fascinates the eye

In order for an adult plant to feel comfortable and to release a peduncle, it is necessary to ensure the correct development cycle, which should include a phase of active growth and rest. If these conditions are neglected, instead of a peduncle, the orchid will delight the owner with young shoots - children that will develop from a pseudobulb.

Thanks to breeding work, you can see various colors of dendrobium flowers. Flowering lasts from 2 weeks to 1.5 months.

In January, it is required to reduce watering and rearrange the pot with the plant in the most illuminated place. But from direct sunlight, the plant can get burned.

If the stalks do not want to appear, flowering can be stimulated by applying a phosphorus fertilizer.

If this does not help either, for dendrobium they arrange a shower with optimal water with a temperature of + 35-40 degrees, no more.

How to care after flowering?

After flowering, you need to cut off the peduncle if it has changed its color, reduce watering and put it on a windowsill in a cool room. Constantly wet soil will lead to decay of the rhizome.

In its natural environment, dendrobium is always in active growth. Therefore, if the plant did not go into hibernation, it is recommended to organize additional lighting by installing a phytolamp over it.


Transplant: benefits and timing

It is necessary to transplant the plant once every two to three years. But if the florist sees that the orchid has outgrown the flowerpot, then you need to transplant it, regardless of how much it grows in this flowerpot. The benefits of transplanting are obvious. They allow the plant to develop further.

If the orchid is not transplanted, the following problems will appear:

  • The roots will begin to rot due to the compaction of the soil. The tree bark decays over time and begins to compress. Less and less air gets in - this is the first and main unfavorable factor when growing orchids.
  • The roots stop growing and begin to rot due to the lack of sufficient space in the flowerpot. They compress themselves, displace the soil.
  • The decomposed soil does not allow water to thoroughly saturate the roots - this leads to the drying out of the root system. The plant can die quickly.

Timely transplanting will avoid these problems and preserve the orchid. The optimal timing for transplanting is spring, but if you suddenly need to transplant it for some reason in another period of the year, transplant it. The main rule is the absence of flowering.


Watch the video: ORCHIDS GALORE at FLORIDA SUNCOAST ORCHIDS.


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