Riviera potatoes: growing a Dutch variety
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The word "riviera" is associated with a picturesque coastline, mild climate, sunny weather. The potato of the same name does not pretend to be on the resort coast, but about the climate and weather - to the point: the best yield indicators are observed in the southern regions of Russia. However, you cannot attribute it to sissy plants, the Riviera feels good in the middle lane. Therefore, it makes sense to take a closer look at the description of the rules for growing this relatively new potato variety.
Description of the potato variety Riviera
The variety is very early (tubers gain marketable weight already on the 45th day from germination), high-yielding - up to 460 c / ha. The plant is erect, of medium height. The stems are strong, the root system is powerful. The leaves are large, light green, wavy along the edge. Corollas of red-violet hue, almost no flowering.
The creator of the Riviera is the Dutch company AGRICO U. A. In the Russian State Register of Approved Plants, the variety has been registered since 2013, zoned for the Central, Central Black Earth and North Caucasian regions.
The Riviera is famous for its high yields
One bush grows 10-12 tubers, weighing 100-170 g. Fruits are oval, occasionally rounded, the peel is thick, rough, light yellow in color. The eyes are small. The pulp is grainy, creamy. After heat treatment, it becomes crumbly.
One bush of the Riviera produces 10-12 tubers
The variety is starchy, its content is 11.5-15.5%. Taste, according to various estimates - from 4.8 to 5 points on a 5-point system.
94% of the crop lasts well until spring.
Table: variety characteristics
|Benefits of the variety||Its flaws|
|High productivity.||Susceptibility to late blight of leaves and tubers, scab.|
|Very early ripening.|
|Good shelf life.|
|Resistance to mechanical damage.|
|Resistance to viral diseases.|
|Resistant to potato crayfish, golden nematode, striped mosaic.|
Planting and leaving
The originator of the variety promises good yields if the Dutch potato growing technology is followed closely. There is nothing supernatural in it, but there are several unshakable provisions:
- varietal planting material is used;
- crop rotation is strictly observed, on the site where potatoes are planted this year, its re-planting is allowed only after 2 years;
- plantings are treated with pest and disease control chemicals;
- autumn and spring tillage is required;
- potatoes are planted in ridges with row spacings up to 75–90 cm and a distance between tubers of 30–35 cm.
Planting site selection and soil preparation
Take care of this choice in the fall. It should be a sunny, flat, dry area where cucumbers, cabbage, legumes, onions, siderates grew in the previous season. For small plots, these requirements are not always feasible, then plant winter rye as a siderat after harvesting, and bury it in the soil in the spring.
Before the snow falls, rye will have time to grow greens
Before sowing rye, the soil is plowed to a depth of 20-25 cm with the following fertilizers: superphosphate (50-100 g / m2), potassium salt (30-40 g / m2), potassium chloride (20-40 g / m2). Humus or compost is also introduced, 1-2 buckets per 1 m2 .
In the spring, immediately before planting potatoes, the soil is dug up with the introduction of urea (20-25 g / m2).
Preparing tubers for planting
Planting sprouted potatoes allows you to get earlier shoots. Seed fruits the size of a chicken egg are laid out in a maximum of 2 layers in a convenient container and placed in a sunny room, but not under direct light. The temperature must be at least 17aboutC, and when sprouts a few millimeters long appear, the potatoes are moved to a cool place with a temperature of 8-10aboutFROM.
Potatoes for germination are placed in 1-2 layers
When the sprouts reach a size of 2 cm, the potatoes are ready for planting. The entire germination process takes 3-4 weeks. The optimum soil temperature at the planting depth of tubers (10 cm) should be at least 6-8aboutC. This corresponds approximately to an air temperature of about 20aboutFROM.
From folk signs: the birch has turned green with young leaves - it's time to plant potatoes.
Since the Riviera is prone to late blight and scab, it will be useful to pickle seed potatoes in a solution of copper sulfate (1 tsp for 3 l of water) 2-3 days before planting. Important: such a solution is made in a non-metallic container! The tubers are dipped in it for 2 minutes and dried.
Some nuances when planting potatoes:
- the ridges are located on a prepared leveled area in the direction from north to south;
- in row spacing - 70 cm, distance between tubers - 30 cm;
- the holes need such a depth that, after filling the potatoes, the layer of earth is 5–6 cm above it;
- a handful of ash and crushed shells are preliminarily placed in the hole;
- potatoes are placed sprouts up;
- from above, the potatoes are thrown over a handful of humus or compost and the hole is covered with earth.
Video: no-till potato planting
Proper maintenance will keep the bushes healthy and produce a good harvest.
Table: watering, loosening, hilling, top dressing
|Period of work||Loosening, hilling||Top dressing||Watering|
|One week after planting.||Light surface loosening of the soil with the removal of weeds.||2 feeding with mullein (1 tbsp. Per 10 liters of water) or green fertilizer. Consumption: 0.5 l / bush for mullein and 1 l / bush for green fertilizer.||Watering is carried out only in the absence of rain and is combined with hilling.|
|The emergence of seedlings and their reaching a height of 5–10 cm.||Hilling to a height of 10 cm and removing weeds. The ridge at the base should be 25-30 cm.|
|1.5–2 weeks after the first hilling.||Hilling to a height of 25 cm and removing weeds. The ridge at the base should be 65–75 cm, at the top of the ridge about 30 cm.|
Weed control using Dutch technology is carried out with the use of herbicides, but on your site it is better to do it mechanically: with a hoe, flat cutter or manually.
Diseases and pests
Although the Riviera is not sufficiently resistant to late blight, it is rarely affected by it. This disease is a companion of wet autumn weather, and the Riviera is a very early variety. Nevertheless, it is necessary to know the measures of prevention and control of this scourge.
Table: fungal diseases of the variety
|Disease||Manifestation of the disease||Prophylaxis||Control measures|
|Late blight of leaves and tubers||The appearance of brown spots on the foliage, eventually changing color to black. The tops weakens and falls to the ground. Affected tubers must not be eaten.||Spraying with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid or a solution of copper sulfate (2 g per 10 liters of water) at the first signs of the disease. Consumption - 1 l / 20 m2... Processing is carried out at least 3 times.|
|Scab||It is found on tubers only when digging potatoes: ulcers of irregular shape are chaotically located on them. With black scab (rhizoctonia), the ground part of the plant is also affected. After peeling, the potatoes are good for food.||Use of preparations Fitosporin-M, Cuproxat (according to instructions).|
Photo gallery: disease varieties
The Riviera variety is resistant to nematodes, but large insects can appear on it. The control of pests of the Riviera, in particular, the Colorado potato beetle, according to the Dutch method is carried out with chemical preparations at the first sign of their appearance. At the summer cottage, however, "chemistry" is best used only with a massive invasion of insects.
Table: Insect pests varieties
|Pest||Description and manifestation||Prophylaxis||Control measures|
|Colorado beetle||The beetle is about 1 cm in size, above each elytron there are 5 black and orange stripes. The larva is slightly longer than the beetle, orange in color. They massively eat potato tops.|
|Wireworm||Tough larvae of click beetles. Their length is 10–45 mm, the color is from yellow to brown. Long strokes are made in tubers.||In exceptional cases, treatment with Provotox, Aktara or Actellik preparations. In this case, beneficial soil microorganisms die.|
|Medvedka||Large (up to 5 cm) insect. Can nibble tubers. Since it is nocturnal, its presence can be detected by holes in the soil.||Autumn and spring soil digging.|
All drugs are used strictly according to the instructions for them!
Photo gallery: who harms potatoes
Harvesting and storage
According to the Dutch technology, harvesting is preceded by the removal of the tops or its drying (desiccation). 10 days before digging the potatoes, the tops must be mowed or simply broken. This operation speeds up the ripening of the potatoes and improves their quality.
Riviera potatoes are harvested no later than 70 days after planting (around the end of July when planting at the end of May). It is not recommended to delay harvesting due to the danger of late blight disease in potatoes.
Riviera potatoes are dug 70 days after planting
The harvesting technology is traditional: the bush is undermined with shovels or pitchforks, potatoes are picked out of the ground, and they are laid out to dry. This should be done on a warm, dry day. After drying, the potatoes are temporarily stored in the back room for another 2-3 weeks. During this time, its skin coarsens and mechanical damage heals. Further, the roots are laid for permanent storage. The room must be equipped with ventilation, and the recommended temperature in it is 2–4aboutFROM. It is preferable to store potatoes in wooden non-continuous boxes.
Riviera is a versatile and tasty potato variety, very good in mashed potatoes, but also used for frying, first courses, salads.
Reviews of vegetable growers
The riviera is very early, the harvest is good, the taste is not particularly striking, after it you can start something on the 2nd turn, it quickly disappears.
And this year I was pleased with the varieties Alvara and Riviera. Moreover, the last variety is very early - 35 days, suitable for replanting in a production year.
Riviera is a very early, fruitful, drought-resistant potato. The taste has earned the highest marks. The only serious problem with growing the variety is providing the planting with quality seed material.
Potato Fascinator: photo, description of the variety, cultivation and care
Potato Fascinator: photo, description of the variety, cultivation and care... It is not for nothing that domestic breeders are considered the best in their field. On the world stage, they presented a variety of products, demonstrating the efficient operation and high quality of new varieties. Thanks to Russia, the world saw many types of potatoes, among which it is worth highlighting the Sorcerer variety, which combines excellent taste and minimal care requirements. Unsurprisingly, the variety quickly became popular.
Features of agrotechnics of garden culture
It is rational to grow the tomato Cascade with the help of seedlings. Plant the seeds in 60-65 days. before transferring seedlings to the soil of a garden or greenhouse. The full cycle from germination to the first ripe fruits is 105-115 days. Plant no more than 3-4 bushes per square meter. m. The exact amount depends on the access of air to the greenhouse or garden bed, as well as your personal experience in growing various crops in a particular area.
Other nuances of tomato cultivation:
- the plant shows the best results when formed in 1 stem
- delete all subsequent stepsons
- install trellises immediately after planting seedlings
- Tie the lash in several places as the fruit sets.
Late blight gnawed all the leaves, but the harvest is still good. Riviera pleases in this regard. We planted a little, as we grow 6 varieties (and we have a small vegetable garden). They planted only half a bucket, collected 4 buckets of large potatoes.
The garden is terrible, the soil is mostly clay. There is no water, we only water the tomatoes, and then we carry the water from the well. In general, we never require any harvest from potatoes. Last year, a neighbor once said that she had grown huge tubers in her country house. She did not take much care, rarely watered. We decided to buy the same variety. Riviera variety. In general, the result is pleasing. I will not say that in our conditions potatoes grow big and the yield is not great, but if we compare with those varieties that we planted earlier, then heaven and earth. Therefore, if you are unlucky with the ground, like us, then feel free to buy the Riviera.
What to say. Normal grade. At least not worse than others. The yield is good, but the bomb is not right there. The taste is also nothing special, but better than many varieties. Grow or not? I think to grow.
It is not the first year that we have been growing exactly the Riviera. Before that, there were both Skarb and Impala. But for some reason this one took root better. I will not say that it tastes better than the same Impala, but the harvest in our garden is better from the Riviera.
Characteristics of the Leader potato variety
Among the majority of table-industrial potato varieties, the early-maturing Leader potato deserves special attention. This variety became famous for its productivity and unpretentious care.
Advantages of the variety
The Leader variety quickly gained popularity among gardeners and farmers, thanks to a large number of advantages that distinguish it favorably against the background of most table varieties:
- The versatility of tubers. Due to the high starch content in fruits (up to 12.2%), this potato is used both for table needs and for industrial use. Starch, chips, dry potato mixes, etc. are prepared from Leader's tubers. When cooked, it can be a filling for dumplings and pies, suitable for frying and mashed potatoes.
- High productivity from one bush. With proper care and sufficient watering, 8 to 12 large tubers are harvested.
- Transportability and keeping quality of tubers. Thanks to their strong skin, these potatoes can be stored for a long time without losing their qualities. During transportation, the tubers are not damaged, which allows the crop to be transported over long distances without the risk of losing part of the load.
- Disease resistance. This type of tuberous is resistant to most diseases: late blight, dry rot, black leg, rhizoctonia, spotting.
Disadvantages of the variety
But, despite the fact that the Leader variety has such a large set of advantages, some negative characteristics are also present in it:
Pests. The variety does not have resistance against the Colorado potato beetle, which means that it requires timely treatment of the bushes from pests. The tubers are also affected by the nematode, bear and wireworm. Irrigation. The leader can grow in a wide variety of regions, but in an area of too arid climate, bushes require irrigation and soil moisture. Lack of moisture negatively affects the level of yield, as well as the size of the tubers. Hilling.The variety is unpretentious in care, but still requires high-quality hilling
It is especially important to carry out such a procedure if the culture grows in field soil conditions.
Its yield directly depends on compliance with the planting rules of this variety. The variety is planted in the first half of April. To ensure a high germination rate of the culture, the tubers are prepared for planting.
According to the description, germination of tubers begins no later than 30-35 days before the date of planting. Tubers for planting are selected, guided by the following principle: medium size, a large number of active eyes, healthy fruits without damage.
Wooden boxes lined with polyethylene are best for sprouting tubers. The fruits are laid neatly, avoiding strong compaction.
Preparing the soil for planting
The leader is an undemanding variety; in soils of different density, it gives different yield indicators. So in dense soils, it is better to plant tubers in shallow pits, not forgetting that on the surface the soil loses moisture faster, which means that you will need to irrigate the bushes and moisten the soil more often. If the soil is light and fluffy, the seed is planted to a depth of 15 cm to 20 cm. This depth provides the tubers with the maximum amount of moisture even without irrigation.
According to the description, this type of tuber does not require special care as it can grow in almost any soil. But this is not a reason to completely abandon irrigation or fertilization of the soil.
The frequency and abundance of soil moisture and irrigation of the bushes depends on the climate to which this type of tuberous grows. So in regions with hot dry summers it is worth watering the bushes once a week. In temperate climates, it is sufficient to moisten the soil once a month. In humid climates, the soil does not need to be moistened.
Weeding a crop directly depends on the quality of the soil. If these are field soils, weed germination will be more intense here. This means that weeding is required much more often.
To simplify the task will help pre-treatment of soils with weed control preparations. The main thing is to remember that even after processing the soil will require care, but the planting will overgrow less intensively, which will greatly facilitate the care of the variety.
The leader, unlike other potato varieties, grows well even without fertilization. But if the soil is too clayey or depleted, you will have to feed the bushes.