Correct preparation of the garden for carrots in the spring
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The efficiency of carrot yield exceeds 1,000,000%, such indicators can only boast of red and fodder beets, tobacco and mustard. More than 50 kg of root crops can be harvested from 1 weave by sowing a bed with seeds weighing 20 g. But in order to achieve such results, you must take great care in preparing the soil and beds in the spring, given the compatibility with plants that grew in this place last year.
You can make the beds with your own hands, you just need to know the correct size and width and prepare it in the fall. Any soil has its own characteristics and requires preparation so that carrots can germinate without problems.
What kind of soil does carrots like?
There are several general requirements for all types and varieties of carrots, with regard to what kind of soil it needs.
- She is must not contain solid particles, not rotted roots.
- In it there should be no high acidity.
- Sand should be added to clay soil and chernozem - For 1 m2 1 kg of sand.
- In sandy soil, carrots will feel at ease if peat, cattle manure and potato peelings are mixed in equal parts. Fertilizer preparation takes 10-12 months. When dry, it is poured over with water. Stir after 2-3 weeks. For 1 m2 - 5 kg.
Sand is an indicator of moisture levels.
In addition to loosening dense soil, contributing to the penetration of air deep into dense soil, sand absorbs excess moisture.
In pure black soil, the root crop will have an excess of fatty acids - a short shelf life. The viscosity of the soil contributes to the improper development of the upper part of the root crop. Clay, without the addition of sand, dries quickly - the plant is sluggish and small.
Will never grow under the following conditions:
- After sunflowers.
- In the shadow.
- On dry soil, regardless of its composition.
- On an area that is steeply downhill.
- In the presence of wheatgrass.
Do I need to prepare the soil in spring
No matter how good the soil is, it is impossible to grow a high yield without proper preparation. Before digging a bed, you need check it for moisture permeability.
Pour 50 x 70 cm onto an un-dug area 8 l of water... If moisture, after an hour, entered and gray spots appeared - the soil is dry, contains a lot of salts. Not suitable for carrots.
If the ground is spotless and you can mold a ball out of it, you can safely start preparing.
How to properly prepare the ground for planting
The difficulty in growing carrots lies not in mineral dressings, but in the presence of solid components in the soil, the density thereof.
- Land for culture should be perfectly loosened.
- Before loosening, a bed dig up twice... The depth of the first digging is at least 30 cm.The second is 15-20 cm.
- Maintain the interval between the first and second digging for 10-12 days. So you can find out the permeability of the soil.
- If, during the second digging, a lot of deep-rooted weeds, pebbles are found - the earth is unsuitable for carrots.
- If the result is positive, after the second digging, dry soil sprinkle with crushed peat - 1-2 cm thick, and water abundantly.
- In the spring, you need to dig again and loosen it.
The soil for carrots can be fertilized organic fertilizers in the fall or mineral - 1 time 2-3 weeks before planting and 2, and for late varieties 3 times during the growing season.
The proportions of dilution of mineral fertilizers are indicated in the instructions from the manufacturer.
If carrots are grown in small quantities in a summer cottage or garden plot, it is better to give preference to organic matter.
Features of organic feeding:
- Root vegetables last longer at the correct temperature.
- All healing properties are preserved both root crops and tops.
- Doesn't taste bitter.
- The middle is homogeneous.
- When using mineral fertilizers, after a year it is impossible to get your seeds.
- If mineral fertilizers are applied, the complete degeneration of the variety occurs in 3-4 years - seeds of different sizes, fruits with an overgrown root system prevail.
With the regular use of fertilizers, your seeds need to be mixed with purchased... Round, short carrots will not be juicy on dry soils fertilized with chemicals.
If bad potatoes grew in the garden last year, the land is depleted. You need to give a year off. Potatoes are the only indicator of the quality of the land for carrots.
After cucumbers carrots will grow well if the soil is prepared and 1.5 kg of cattle manure and 5 kg of chopped corn leaf are given per 1 m2.
After red beet - 0.5 kg of cattle manure and 5 kg of peat per 1 m2. Fertilize black soil with potato husks and sand 1 to 1.1 kg per 1 m2.
Winter varieties on fatty black soil will be perfectly preserved if they are sown after fodder beet... But in this case, it will not be possible to achieve a high yield.
For an amateur gardener, during the first processing of the site, it is recommended to plant cabbage... If it grows nondescript and shallow, the site requires both minerals and organics.
Tomatoes - an indicator of the level of humidity. If the fruits turn black, then the bed is suitable for parsley, beets. Sowing carrots is contraindicated.
If a legumes grown low and stunted - the earth is fat-free, requires organic matter. Organic matter is applied for the winter, on well-dug soil.
Preparing the beds for planting
After the previous crops, the bed needs get rid of weeds... Rest for 2 weeks. During this time, you can see which weeds will prevail in the next year. If weeds with deep roots and a fibrous root system prevail, then the harvest of carrots is not expected.
Further mark section 3 by 5 m... After the first digging, carefully break up large lumps. If, when broken, the earth breaks into large sharp clods, it is necessary to fertilize with humus from plants. If there is none - 0.5 kg of bean leaves, cow dung and peat, per 1 m2. Drain thoroughly with water. Dig up after 2 weeks.
If the site is used for the first time as a vegetable garden - it dug 4-5 times in the fall and 2-3 times in the spring... This is necessary in order to carefully select the roots of the weeds. If the soil is of a uniform dark color for a week, you do not need to fertilize it.
When preparing a bed for carrots, you need it loosen... Lumps - break. Remove small stones. If the garden bed is dug up on chernozem soil of a uniform dark color, you do not need to fertilize.
Organic fertilizers must be applied no later than winter before planting. Mineral - for the first time 2-3 weeks before planting. Further, depending on the variety, 2-3 times during growth.
Proper preparation of the garden for planting carrots
Good afternoon, my reader. Carrots are a popular root vegetable in the garden beds. You can get a bountiful harvest with high palatability by adhering to simple rules for growing it. One of them is how to prepare the beds for planting without mistakes.
Proper preparation of the garden for planting carrots Maria Verbilkova
A place for planting a vegetable is chosen in areas with good lighting. Then the harvest will be large with high taste characteristics.
They prefer the area that is in direct sunlight throughout the day.
Adhere to the rules of crop rotation. Do not plant carrots after:
Carrots prefer nutritious soil, with high air and moisture permeability. If the land is poor, additional organic matter is added to it.
If clay - sand. You will need 1 kg per 1 m2.
Sandy soil is enriched with:
- rotted manure (horse or cow)
- potato peelings.
In dense soil, the root crop is deformed and loses its sugar content.
Proper preparation of the garden for planting carrots Maria Verbilkova
The acidity index should be medium. With an increased amount, the following compositions are introduced:
- a piece of chalk
Despite the fact that carrots prefer nutritious soil, an excess of fertilizer is destructive for it:
- loses its taste
- small roots develop on the root crop
- keeping quality is low.
The disadvantages are the following indicators:
- slow growth
- low immunity to diseases and pests (carrot fly).
In the spring, the vegetable requires mineral fertilizing in liquid form:
- nitrophoska - 1 tbsp. l.
- wood ash - 2 cups
- potassium nitrate - 20 g
- urea - 15 g
- double superphosphate.
All components are diluted in a bucket of water. The first fertilization is carried out a month after germination. The second - after 2 months.
In the fall, carrots are fed with organic matter. Fertilizers are applied for digging:
- cut grass
- rotted leaves
Mature compost (at least 3 years old) is buried to a depth of at least 15 cm. Slowly decomposing, it saturates the carrots with essential nutrients.
Another effective way is to dig a trench at least 40 cm deep around the perimeter of the garden bed. Put a layer of compost in it, then sand and sprinkle it with earth on top.
Before the spring planting of carrots, the bed is pre-prepared. They do this at the end of autumn.
Proceed as follows:
- The site is cleared of weeds and left for two weeks.
- Dig it to a depth of 25 cm, applying organic fertilizers.
- I mulch with peat, humus or sawdust.
A crop bed is made 95 cm wide and 15 cm high.If the occurrence of groundwater is high (less than 1.5 m), the height is increased to 30 cm, covering it with boards so as not to wash out.
The event is necessary for:
- saturation of the soil with oxygen
- improving soil quality
- retention of snow and moisture
- freezing of weed seeds.
Sowing carrots in open ground begins when the air temperature is stable above zero, and the ground has warmed up to 8 ° C.
7 days before planting, the bed is loosened, spilled with boiling water and covered with polyethylene.
The seed is pre-etched with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. To improve germination, they are soaked in a root stimulator for a while. Then dry thoroughly.
On the bed, grooves are made at a distance of 17 cm from each other, 10 cm deep, retreating from the edge of at least 10 cm. For ease of care, their number does not exceed 4 pcs.
Each is spilled with boiling water and powdered with ash.
By adhering to these simple rules for planting carrots, a healthy and tasty harvest is obtained, which is eaten raw and used for conservation.
Why prepare the beds in advance?
This question is often asked: after all, there is spring, when you can have time to prepare the beds, and sow seeds, and plant seedlings. Yes, it is absolutely true, but, firstly, not all fertilizers will have time to go into a form accessible to plants, as we said above, and secondly, spring is such a fleeting period that in fact, you can simply not have time to do everything, as it is necessary. Remember the Russian proverb in the words of a peasant peasant: "Drop your hat in the spring - I won't lift it" (that is, so busy).
On top of that, if we prepare the beds for winter in the fall, think for yourself how much we will ease the spring worries: all that needs to be done is to loosen ready-made beds, make holes for planting seedlings or furrows to sow seeds, and start carrying out the usual procedures related to seedlings or seedlings, without rushing anywhere and without being late.
Preparing the soil for planting carrots
The basis of an excellent harvest is the correct preparation of the soil for planting carrots in spring and autumn. Preparation activities include digging the earth and fertilizing it. To understand exactly what your soil needs, you need to distinguish between its type. All your further actions will depend on this.
The first stage of preparing land for carrots begins in the fall, after harvesting. During this period, the earth is dug up and fertilized, depending on the type - deep digging with a full bayonet of a shovel with the addition of sawdust and ventilated peat. The amount of sawdust and peat depends on the severity of your soil, but on average, three kilograms of the above mixture is used per square meter.
And if the soil has increased acidity, then in the fall, during digging, lime or chalk is added at the rate of one glass per square meter. During the winter, all these additives will be absorbed and will work as efficiently as possible. Spring rains and melting snow will evenly distribute and absorb the necessary elements.
Chernozem is enough for two tablespoons of sperphosphates. Organic fertilizers can be applied in the spring when it is time to re-cultivate the soil before planting.
How to prepare the ground?
Preparing a bed for carrots begins with a check for moisture permeability. To do this, ordinary water, about 8 liters, will have to be poured onto an area that has not yet been dug up with parameters 50 by 70 cm. If after an hour spots are found on the surface, it means that the condition of the soil is unsatisfactory - it is dry and with a high salt content. If no spots are found, but you can make a ball out of the ground, everything is in order, and the carrots will take root here remarkably.
In the spring, it is correct to start outdoor work about 2 weeks before planting begins. However, you will first need to rid the garden of weeds and give it a rest for 14 days. Next, the site is dug up 2-3 times, and it will have to be periodically fed with useful substances. Lumps break, and small stones are thrown away.
The poor soil will have to be fertilized with humus and well dug up, although organic fertilizing is best done in the fall. If mineral fertilizers are applied, then the earth is dug up again. It is important that the nutrients are at a depth of 15 cm, otherwise they will burn the roots of the plants. After digging on the ground, you will have to walk with a rake and form neat beds.
It is important to remember that sowing can only be started when the temperature of the upper layers of the soil reaches 6 Cº - this will happen around the middle of spring. If the varieties will ripen for a long time, then they need to be sown later, when the ground temperature averages 15 Cº. Some gardeners recommend to additionally warm up the garden bed before sowing by covering it with plastic wrap for 4 days.
Recently, gardeners have often used narrow beds for planting carrots according to the Jacob Mittlider method. They differ from the usual ones in their design, wide aisles and raised sides, which are often made of wooden planks. This design is capable of protecting seedlings from strong winds, protecting them from an excessive amount of weeds, and such a bed for carrots looks just perfect from the side.
To build a narrow bed you will need:
- a pair of containers for mixing fertilizers
- narrow rake with a long working part no more than 30 cm
- wooden boards for boards
We mark the beds and mark their borders with pegs. The optimum width of the bed is 45 cm. The length can be of any length and is determined by the size of the plot itself (from 3 to 9 meters). It is better to make the passages between the beds one meter long, well, in extreme cases - 75 cm (at least).
Ideally placed east to west so that the carrots receive the optimal amount of sunlight as they grow.
Meathlider beds are very practical and aesthetic
Along the perimeter, the future carrot bed is equipped with bumpers made of wooden boards at least 10 cm high and 5 cm wide.Try not to lift the beds too much, so as not to create unsuitable conditions for their processing and watering.
The paths between the beds are well compacted or covered with fine gravel, which will help eliminate the appearance of moles and excess weeds.
The planting scheme in a narrow bed will be as follows. In the middle, a fertilizer strip is laid from a mixture of magnesium, molybdenum, nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. In the ratio of 60 g of the mixture per running meter of the bed. Seeds are laid in a trench at a distance of 5-7 cm from the edge of the side, and the seedlings are thinned so that they are 3-5 cm apart. A distance of at least 10 cm should be maintained from the fertilizer strip to the root crop.This arrangement will be the most optimal and it is advisable to adhere to it exactly.
With the correct use of narrow beds, you can get a crop twice as much as when using conventional methods, and by choosing the right place for sowing and adhering to all the above nuances, then you can guarantee a good and high-quality carrot harvest!
The perfect shelter for the winter
Garden strawberries, in the presence of abundant snow cover, tolerate frosts well, however, cold winters with little snow can destroy the plants. To avoid such an outcome, do not forget to insulate the strawberry beds in the fall after a stable sub-zero temperature has been established. Previously, you should not do this, small frosts will be beneficial.
The list of materials that can be used for shelter is quite extensive, but each has its own advantages and disadvantages:
- Leaves, hay, straw are the most accessible materials, but they are caked, in spring it is quite difficult to separate them from the plants, the bushes under them can grow out, and mice often hibernate in the straw, damaging the strawberry plantings.
- Pine needles, spruce branches are the best choice for shelter, it has good air permeability, which excludes damping out, but at the same time retains heat well.
- Agrofibre - protects crops well from freezing, but it must be pulled over pre-installed arcs (the so-called air-dry shelter) so that the material does not come into contact with the plants, otherwise they will freeze even more than in the open air.
Shelter strawberries for the winter with straw
In regions with little snowy winters, pay attention not only to the plants, but also the aisles, mulch them with leaves, straw, grass, and so on. So you will protect the surface root system of strawberries, because the earth will dry out less, freeze and crack.