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Colchicum or colchicum is a deadly beauty!

Colchicum or colchicum is a deadly beauty!


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Colchicum is an amazing flower that delights summer residents in autumn

Colchicum got its Latin name due to the fact that it was found in the region of Western Georgia - Colchis. Its Russian name - colchicum - was bestowed because of its late flowering, sometimes in late autumn.

There is also its Latin name, which has not yet been solved, - Filius ante patrem, which literally translates as a son before his father.

Dangerous handsome man

In general, the genus of Colchicum is extensive, it is more than 70 species of bulbous perennials, which are widespread both in Europe and in North Africa, West and Central Asia. Plants begin their active growth in early spring, throwing out large, elongated-lanceolate leaves, which usually completely die off by mid-summer.

But this is not the end, the most interesting thing happens in the fall, when single, funnel-shaped flowers of various colors rise from the ground.


These flowers can reach a height of 20 cm! The flowers are beautiful, but terribly poisonous! This was noticed in ancient times. Even the water in which the cut flowers stood can be fatally poisoned. There were cases when unwanted wives or mistresses were hounded in this way, and it was almost impossible to catch the culprit in premeditated murder.

The alkaloid colchicine gives the flower such a deadly beauty - a most dangerous compound that, even in very small doses, is quite capable of causing rather strong, long-lasting burns on the body, and when it gets on the mucous membrane of the throat, tongue, or when swallowing a particle of a plant, it immediately causes an acute burning sensation in the throat. severe dizziness, nausea, often leading to paralysis of the body and cardiac arrest. In view of this, "communicate" with the plant very carefully, preferably without removing rubber gloves.

Features of agricultural technology

But let's not talk about the sad, because first of all it is not a murder weapon, but beautiful flowers with a very interesting rhythm of development. Indeed, unlike most bulbous, striving to quickly show their charm, crocuses are in no hurry with this, often throwing out flowers a couple of days before the first snow.

Colchicum - plants are very unpretentious, they feel good in open sunny places. They do not require frequent transplants, without them they even feel better, do not hesitate to be located near large bushes, tall herbaceous plants, however, they prefer the southern side.

As for the soil, loose and light, with an abundance of nutrients are considered optimal for these plants.

These flowers are planted to a depth that in most cases depends on the size of the future plant - within 8-20 cm. This is usually judged by the size of the bulb, because larger specimens grow from larger ones. Due to the fact that tall flowers can break in bad weather, gardeners often advise placing the bulbs closely to each other, not exceeding a distance of 10-15 cm. Planting dates depend on the flowering time of the crocus flowers. For example, plants that will bloom in the fall can be planted in early August.

You should, of course, talk about leaving. The scourge of autumn crocus flowers are slugs, you can fight them by constantly removing weeds, loosening the soil throughout the season, as well as sprinkling the surface of the earth with superphosphate.

Reproduction of colchicum

Croplands are propagated by dividing the nests of corms and seeds. They also reproduce very easily by daughter bulbs, sometimes they form in such a quantity that the plants simply stop blooming. Here you want - you don't want to, but the bulbs need to be dug up and planted. Plants, as it were, stimulate their owner to reproduce.

When planting, it is imperative to take into account at least the approximate development cycle of the plant and plant them at the beginning of the vegetative dormancy period. Usually, the corms are excavated in mid-summer, in July, only after the aerial part has completely died out. And they are planted strictly before the flowers appear, usually immediately after division.

As for wild species that do not have varietal characteristics, they can be propagated by seeds. Sow them fresh - around June-July. The next spring, seedlings appear together, and the first flowering can be seen in five years.


Collar use in the garden

Well, and finally, having described the plants, you should talk about its main purpose. It is not known where the love for this plant began. Perhaps, thanks to the unpretentiousness in flowering, we can so often admire its simple beauty, making the crocus a welcome guest of autumn flower arrangements.

Plants are versatile, and in solitary plantings, they will add an area of ​​elegance and will not spoil any group planting, which can well be placed along paths, curbs, near or around water bodies, on lawns, decorating the center or giving outlines, on alpine slides, adding naturalness to them even in rocky gardens.

Colchicum looks especially great on terraces and balconies, for this it is enough to plant the corms in the container you need, in which sand, gravel or expanded clay must be present. Colchicum plants look nice in small terracotta pots or in transparent glass or plastic vessels, where you can see the bulb and all stages of development.

Remember that the bulbs should never be watered, they must be dry. Only if this condition is met will they begin to bloom on their own. After flowering, the bulbs must be planted in open ground. And those bulbs that are sold directly with flowers must be planted without delay in unprotected land, otherwise there is a high probability that they will die.

In gardens, crocuses are very often used as group plantings against the background of a green lawn, in rock gardens, prefabricated flower beds. Over time, the plants grow into large clumps that make an enchanting impression. Such plantings serve as an excellent frame for flower beds, look great even in the light shade of shrubs.

When planning a flower bed, do not forget that the flowers will not appear immediately, in the spring there will be juicy leaves in their place, which will dry out at the beginning of summer and look more than unattractive, so you should plan to plant other plants nearby that can cover this unsightly look.

Cut flowers of crocus flowers are an excellent decoration for any interior, especially with careful handling, because, as you know, beauty is dangerous!

Irina Guryeva
Photo by Natalia Butyagina and Olga Rubtsova


How does the crocus flower bloom?

If you eat to understand when the crocus blooms, then, first of all, you should start from the variety. Today, the most popular varieties include the following types of plants:

  • Yellow crocus
  • Hungarian
  • Trifoliate.

Yellow crocus. If you do not know when to plant a crocus of this variety so that its flowering lasts as long as possible, then it is better to do this in early autumn. The bright yellow color of colchicum will begin to delight you as soon as the snow completely melts. Beautiful, dark green leaves appear along with the flowers.

Colchicum Hungarian. The flowering period teaches at the end of winter, early spring. This variety pleases its owners with white or pale purple flowers. The edges of the leaves during the flowering period are densely covered with hairs.

Three-leaf crocus. It is one of the earliest varieties, sometimes it can bloom at the end of December (pleases with its flowering for the New Year) and withers only by the beginning of April. The color of this flower is characteristic, or rather, a soft lilac-pink.

At the end of the flowering of the crocus, sometimes gardeners, in order to preserve its presentable appearance to the maximum, specially cut off the withering flowers, as well as yellow leaves. But, other gardeners recommend not to do this, because in order for the bulb to ripen well, it will need vitality, and such intervention will be unnecessary. It will be more appropriate if you simply remove from the site those remnants from the autumn garden that fell off on their own. And also, do not forget that this is a rather dangerous plant, if you want to find out what the crocus is poisonous with, then it is better to look for this information in special literature.

Plant care

To grow a crocus flower, you will need to adhere to several main rules for care:

  1. Watering the plant regularly is necessary only during the flowering period, and if it is too hot outside. At other times, this plant has enough rain moisture. Otherwise, from an excess of moisture, the bulbs will quickly rot and die.
  2. You need to fertilize literally three times a season. It is best to use special solutions with complex fertilizers. Fertilizers for crocus must contain nitrogen.
  3. It is advisable to periodically loosen the soil in the flower bed in order to enrich the earth with oxygen and, at the same time, destroy varietal grass.

All of the above rules for caring for a crocus are not particularly difficult, but if you follow them, it will delight you with its beauty for a single year. The simultaneous combination of crocus and crocus in the garden has a particularly bright and beautiful flowering.

Secrets of the correct plant transplant

If you have figured out the question of when to plant a crocus flower, then the next step is to find out the rules for its transplantation. Each year, one adult bulb forms several daughter bulbs. As a result, the colchicum can get cramped after a while, and its flowers will become much smaller. To avoid such an unpleasant situation, the plant must be replanted every three years.

The stages of plant transplantation consist in performing the following actions:

  1. In mid-June, when the leaves turn yellow, you need to dig up the bulb and carefully peel it off the ground.
  2. Near the main bulb, you need to collect the daughter ones. The main uterine bulb will need to be disposed of.
  3. Daughter bulbs must be rinsed thoroughly.
  4. The bulbs must be placed in a potassium permanganate solution for half an hour.
  5. After this time, the bulbs must be well dried and stored in a semi-dark room.
  6. In mid-August, you need to pick up the bulbs and plant them in open soil.

Careful implementation of the above steps will make the plant healthier and, as a result, it will bloom longer and brighter.

When caring for this plant, it is very important to follow the rules of watering, because otherwise, a disease such as gray rot may occur. To get rid of it, you can use a fungicide, but first you need to cut out the damaged leaves of the crocus. And also it is imperative to change the previous irrigation regime, because otherwise, there will be no benefit from the treatment, and all your efforts and work will be in vain, and the plant will simply die.


Colchicum - beautiful autumn flower

The Latin name for this flower comes from the Greek name of the region in the western part of Georgia (Colchis). The Russian name for the crocus is due to the fact that most of the species of these flowers bloom in late autumn. In the Middle Ages, the name of this plant in Latin sounded like "Filius ante patrem" is translated as "son before father."

Colchicum, colchicum is a genus of plants that are part of the monocotyledonous family of plants called Colchicum plants. This genus is also known by the names Timeless Color and Autumn Color.

The genus includes about 70 species of perennial corms, which are widespread in Central and Western Asia, North Africa and Europe. Plants in early spring, as a rule, develop elongated lanceolate, large leaves, which die off by early summer. The plant blooms mainly in autumn and it looks like this: funnel-shaped single flowers of various colors rise from the ground.

In height, the flowers of the crocus can reach about 20 centimeters, if we take into account the perianth, which has grown together into a narrow tube, most of which is in the soil. The fruit is a three-celled low-lying capsule with round seeds. However, it turns out that there are several types of crocus flowers that bloom in early spring.

Dioscorides (a physician of Ancient Rome of the 1st century) already then noticed that this is an incredibly poisonous plant. The alkaloid colchicine is secreted from damaged corms. This substance can cause burns on the skin. However, not only the corm, but also the organs located above the ground, contain various alkaloids. Poisoning can have very bad consequences: after a few hours, a strong burning sensation occurs in the throat, then nausea and dizziness, which can later turn into colic and paralysis. Since all parts of the plant, as well as the water in which the flowers stood, are poisonous, it is necessary to handle colchicum very carefully and be sure to work with gloves.

GROWING, LANDING AND CARE

Representatives of the genus are decorative, unpretentious plants that thrive in sunny areas. They grow in one place without a transplant for a long time. Plants can be placed next to bushes of herbaceous tall plants, but only on the south side.

They love light and loose soils. Need good garden soil with sufficient nutrients.

The planting depth of corms varies from 9 to 20 centimeters, depending on the size of the corm. Corms that bloom in autumn should be planted in August.

In the crocus flowers, flowers during the autumn flowering period are very often affected by slugs. To combat them, it is necessary to carry out weeding from weeds, as well as loosening and sprinkling the surface of the earth with superphosphate.

Colchicum trees in the garden are used for planting in groups against the background of a lawn, in rock gardens, prefabricated flower beds. Curtains that have grown over the years, during the flowering period, make an enchanting impression. They perfectly frame the flower bed and look good enough in small shaded shrubs. It is worth remembering that leaves will appear in the place of flowers in spring. They will wither in the first days of summer, and therefore it would be nice if they were covered by perennials planted nearby. Colchicum flowers are also suitable for cutting - they can stand in a vase for quite a long time.

Colchicum variegated, Agrippa. Homeland is Asia Minor. Plant height is about 15-40 centimeters. The corm is about 2 centimeters in diameter, ovoid. Three or four bright green leaves, elongated lanceolate, narrow and slightly wavy. The flowers are purple-pink in color, with checkerboard darker spots and a white tube, 1-3 pieces per shoot.

Colchicum dark purple. Small flowers appear in September. They rise about 15 centimeters above the ground. Only the opened corollas are colored light purple, but after a few days they darken and then turn magenta red.

Colchicum autumn most often found in forest glades and damp meadows in the warm climate of Europe. In a vegetative state, the plant is up to 40 centimeters high. Corms up to 4 centimeters in diameter, with black-brown scales, which smoothly turn into a rather long neck. Foliage develops in spring and dies off by summer.It is oblong, flat, erect, up to 30 centimeters long. From one corm grows from 1 to 4 flowers up to 7 centimeters in diameter, white or light lilac.

Bornmüller's Colchicum blooms in September. The foliage is about 30 centimeters high. Mauve flowers with a large white spot inside the perianth about 10 centimeters long. Needs good lighting, rich and loose soils.

Colchicum Byzantine. Lilac-pink flowers, slightly larger in size than that of an autumn crocus. A very large corm, a diameter of about 7 centimeters, an irregular shape, forms up to 12 flowers. Folded, broadly lanceolate leaves 10-15 centimeters wide and up to 30 centimeters long. Flowering can be observed from late summer. In the spring, foliage develops.

Colchicum Fomin blooms from late August to mid-October. It was listed in the Red Book of the USSR.

Colchicum water-loving. The plant is 10-20 centimeters high. 4 to 8 pale pink flowers. Sharp lobes of the limb, lighter on the inner side, 2-3 centimeters long. Foliage development occurs at the same time as flowers, and flowering occurs in early spring, immediately after the snow melts.


Growing ornamental shrub flowers: chionodoxa, colchicum, muscari, crocus, primrose

Chionodoxa - "Glory of the Snows". Widely distributed everywhere. All species, varieties and varieties are extremely decorative. They can be used for planting in large tracts on lawns, flower beds, in front of trees and shrubs, for early spring decoration, for cutting. Unpretentious, reproduces at home vegetatively and by seeds. After soil sowing, it blooms in the 3rd year. Prefers open sunny places, does not tolerate shading. Suitable for distillation. Transplanted after 5-6 years.

Chionodox bulbs are small in size with 2-3 linear leaves, with several peduncles, bearing up to 12 flowers, collected in a raceme. Perianth of 6 lobes, fused at the base into a very short tube, white, pink, blue or light blue.

Colchicum, or colchicum has gained great popularity at the present time. Bulbous perennial plant. The corm is covered with filmy or leathery dry scales. Ground leaves, oblong. Flowers and leaves are surrounded at the bottom by the sheath of the lower leaf. The flowers are large, bisexual.

Many species are valuable ornamental plants, flowering either in early spring or late summer and autumn. They are especially effective in bulk and are good in beds, flower beds, and large-flowered species blooming in autumn are for cutting. Unpretentious, tolerate partial shading.

Crops are planted in July - August, when the aboveground parts die off. Planting depth 8-20 cm, depending on the size of the corms. The leaves are removed from the ridges after complete yellowing. The main breeding method is by daughter corms. They are planted densely and allowed to grow, leaving for 3-4 years in one place without transplanting.

The soil is desirable loamy, fertile, well aerated, moderately moist throughout the growing season. Many species bloom in autumn in a leafless state, and green leaves develop only in the spring of the following year.

Muscari (mouse hyacinth) in the gardens of amateurs should take their rightful place. Low, up to 15-18 centimeters, bulbous plant is unpretentious and beautiful. There are many species with flowers of different colors: blue, white, lilac-lilac. The flowers are collected in inflorescences similar to hyacinth sultans. Leaves are linear. Muscari grow well in a sunny place, tolerate shading.

Muscari are unpretentious to the soil, but they grow better on moist, humus-rich soils. They are frost-resistant, grow in one place for 4-5 years, reproduce by bulbs, babies and seeds. The bulbs are planted in autumn: a baby - at a depth of 2 cm, an adult - at a depth of 4 cm, the distance between plants is 5-6 centimeters. Seeds are sown in the fall on the ridges. Muscari is used for curbs, in group plantings. The plant is well driven.

Crocus - one of the most popular early flowering plants of the iris family. Its beautiful flowers, along with chionodoxes, are the first to delight the grower. Crocuses in spring and autumn are found in culture. The first bloom in spring - in April, the second in September - October. The height of the crocuses is 10-12 centimeters, the leaves are dark-green linear, the flowers are large, goblet, close in the evening and in cloudy weather.

Crocus colors are white, lilac, light lilac, yellow, purple. Crocuses bloom without leaves, the latter appear after flowering.

Crocuses are propagated at home by corms, babies and rarely seeds. Corms are dug up in July - August, dried a little, and the baby is separated.

In early September, adult bulbs are planted in the ground to a depth of 7-10 centimeters at a distance of 10-12 cm from each other. The baby is buried to a depth of 4-6 cm, 5-8 cm apart. The baby blooms in two years.

After planting, peat mulch with a layer of 3 cm is useful. Crocuses grow in one place for 5 years. They are used as curb plants, as well as in planting in groups. They are especially good in combined plantings with chionodox and other small-bulbous plants.

Primrose. Plant of the primroses family. Duration of flowering, beautiful flowers of various colors and beautiful leaves, collected in dense rosettes, put primrose among the best early flowering plants.

The most famous types of primrose: spring, garden and Altai.

Spring primrose - a plant with a height of 20-25 centimeters, blooms in early May. Flowers of different colors - from white to dark red.

Garden primrose has dense leathery leaves, blooms in mid-May, abundantly, with simple variegated flowers, collected in an umbrella. Plant height 15-20 centimeters.

Altai primrose - an unpretentious plant with a beautiful rosette of leaves, blooms in early May with single pink-purple medium-sized flowers. Plant height 20-25 centimeters.

Primroses love light sandy and loamy soils, well filled with rotted manure. Transferring shading. They grow in one place for 4-5 years. As moisture-loving plants, they need watering during the hot season. They hibernate in our conditions without shelter. Propagated by seeds and dividing bushes.

Seeds must be sown shortly after they are harvested, as the latter quickly lose their germination. Shoots appear in early May. When the seedlings develop, they are dived into the bed with a distance of 5 cm from each other and 15 cm between the rows.

In late June - early August, they are planted in a permanent place 15-20 centimeters apart and 25 cm between the rows. It is necessary to divide the primrose in early spring, after the snow melts, for which they dig up an adult plant and separate the daughter bushes with roots. Primroses are used for planting in curbs, rabatki, in rock gardens.

The original pot for indoor plants do it yourself

Is there a person who has never in his life had the opportunity to care for some kind of indoor plant? In a rare house, one or two pots with lush, pleasing to the eye greenery do not stand on the windowsill. But, alas, often the hostess takes care of and cherishes. ⇒

Growing lilies in the Central lane

Lily is a perennial bulbous plant that hibernates in the ground. About 100 species and over 3 thousand varieties of lilies are known in the world. The most winter-hardy lilies belonging to the Asian group: Daurian, tiger, dwarf, drooping, single-flowered, Wilmott and others that can be successfully done. ⇒

Growing gladioli in Central Russia

The name "gladiolus" arose in connection with the xiphoid shape of the leaves of the plant. As a cut culture, gladiolus is highly valued and has no equal. Gladioli are divided into five groups: large-flowered butterfly miniature irimulinus fragrant. Most widespread. ⇒

How to grow irises?

Irises are herbaceous perennial plants. The shape of the flower, close to the structure of the orchid, a rich non-fading gamut of colors, bright xiphoid leaves provide the plant with a high decorative effect throughout the growing season. Irises are used in various types of flower arrangements: group plantings on. ⇒


Collection and procurement

For medical purposes, only large (at least 4 cm long and 3 cm across) corms are harvested. They are dug out together with the roots carefully, without causing damage: damaged corms easily mold and rot during storage. Undamaged corms are cleaned from the ground, dried, laid out in a thin layer (up to 10 cm) in a sunny place or in a well-ventilated warm dry room. The whole plant is poisonous, so care should be taken during harvesting.
To preserve the natural thickets of crocus, at least 10-20 flowering plants per 100 m2 of thickets should be left as testicles, and repeated harvesting in the same area should be carried out no earlier than after 4-5 years.


Profitable purchases in the Yaskrava Klumba online market

It is convenient and profitable to buy autumn crocus, bulbs from Holland in our online store. Our advantages:

  • Direct import.
  • Own professional storage
  • Reasonably low prices from the manufacturer.
  • 100% Guaranteed exchange and return to our customers.
  • Prompt delivery of orders by mail.
  • Possibility to place an order with cash on delivery.

Colchicum bulb varieties presented to your attention: Alboplenum, Giant Tenorii, Waterlily. You can choose and buy cheaply any, in the catalog of our site for photos and detailed descriptions of the variety. It is possible to order inexpensively crocus corms with delivery to Kiev, Lvov, Nikopol, Kherson, Kharkov and other settlements of Ukraine.


Landing

Colchicum is undemanding to the landing site. The only thing that is completely unacceptable is waterlogged, poorly drained soil and thick shade. It is necessary to add sand to heavy soil, it is advisable to enrich poor soils with humus. A sunny location is considered optimal. The sliding partial shade under the crowns of deciduous woody plants is also favorable for the growth and development of the crocus, but the flowers will be prone to lodging.

Corms can be planted even in a flowering state, but the most favorable period for this is in the second half of July and lasts until the end of August. As well as for other bulbous plants, for the crocus is effective landing depth rule three heights of corms, i.e. from 10 to 20 cm depending on the size of the underground organ. The baby is planted smaller (8-10 cm).


You can even transplant a flowering plant.

Landing distance can be chosen depending on the expected effect - a looser planting (about 20 cm between corms) allows you to forget about digging for 3-4 years, and a denser planting (about 10 cm) prevents flowers from lodging during the rainy season. When planting, the “tube” of dry covering scales cannot be cut off: it is it, like a tunnel, that leads the flower arrows to the sun through the thickness of the soil.

Digging is carried out every 3-4 years. or when there will be noticeable oppression of plants (weak growth and flowering) due to thickening, after two-thirds of the foliage turns yellow, in June. The corms are cleaned of soil, disassembled (separate the baby), disinfected, dried and stored before planting in a dry ventilated room at a temperature of about +22. + 24 ° C.


Watch the video: Colchicum autumnale 200422


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