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Work in the country in February

Work in the country in February


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February is considered the most snowy and blizzard month of winter. It is because of the abundance of blizzards and snowfalls that he is sometimes called "snow" and "kruben". With a lot of snow, there will be a lot of water in the spring, so February prepares an abundant supply of moisture for the future harvest.

Gardening concerns in February

Early spring is not good - winter will return again, and its frosts and snowfalls can be detrimental to plants (after all, it is known that warm February brings spring with frosts). More and more often the sun peeps through, the blue sky appears in the gaps.

But they also say: "February - bokogrey" - the sun warms up from the side, and in the shade the frost "grabs the nose" (this is especially typical for the second half of the month). It turns out that the matter is not only in the inflow, but also in the consumption of heat: the snow-white surface reflects up to 90% of the incoming solar energy, which can lead to solar "burns" of the bark of fruit crops.

Sometimes in February, a crackling sound is heard in the gardens - this is the bark of trees cracking from the cold, frost cracks appear on it. This is due to the fact that the trunks get very hot during the day and quickly cool down at night. Spores of fungi penetrate through frost holes in tree tissue in spring during warming and cause damage to the bark and core of tree trunks and the formation of rot.

In the gardens, in order to protect trees from frost cracks, experts recommend checking in advance in early spring (even in February) whether the whitewash of the boles and forks of the main branches, which was carried out in the fall, has not washed off, and, if necessary, restore it (coat it with milk of lime or water-based paint).

In February, it is worth conducting an audit of root crops, potatoes and vegetables in basements and cellars. Carefully check whether the onion and garlic, which are very sensitive to damage by pathogens, are not damp.

With a careful examination of the potatoes, sprouts are cut off from sprouted tubers, tubers affected by wet and dry rot are removed. By the way, in batches of seed and varietal material of potatoes, they try to avoid this operation if possible (it is recommended to cut off the sprouts no more than twice, otherwise the yield will sharply decrease).

Often, by the middle of the storage period, the upper leaves of the cabbage are affected by gray and white rot, they are cleaned and removed from the room. To fight these diseases and extend the shelf life of plant products, some amateurs offer an old way - snowing (with a large snow cover), although, in our opinion, in the current winters it will probably be unclaimed. They choose a flat area on the north side of the house, tamp the snow. Remove diseased leaves, put the heads of cabbage in this place in one layer, stumps up. Heads of cabbage are layered with snow by 5-6 cm. The gap is also covered with snow. Heads of cabbage are stored in several layers, while making the upper layers narrower than the lower ones. Top covered with a meter layer of snow, and then sawdust so that the snow does not melt. The spring sun will not melt such storage.

In February-March, the storage period for some winter apple varieties ends, so you need to regularly check their condition. By the end of winter, apples of the varieties Welsey, Zvezdochka, Aport, Pepin saffron, Cinnamon new, Zhigulevskoe retain their taste and aroma quite well. The most favorable temperature for their content is 1-2 ° C. If the air in the room is too dry, then put containers with water or moisten the floor. In order to prevent rotting of fruits in a damp storage, it is ventilated as often as possible.

If you have not yet planted plants on the window to get fresh greens (early vitamin products, at least onions for a feather), then you can do this in February and adjust its harvest for the festive table on March 8. If you wish, you can organize an uninterrupted "green conveyor", planting the next batch of plants on the windowsill in ten days. To obtain green leaves, some housewives plant beet roots in pots. If there is a heated greenhouse, then it is time to prepare it for forcing rhizome sorrel, chard, rhubarb and even nettle. You can also sow early carrots, parsley, radishes, lettuce, dill and spinach in such a greenhouse.

Gardener's lunar sowing calendar for February

In February, they begin to test the germination of seeds of garden crops.

In the second or third decades of the month, it's time to start growing eggplant and pepper seedlings. In case of insufficient illumination of the premises, experts recommend getting seedlings of vegetable crops, using mirrors as additional lighting, which reflect more than 90% of the light falling on them. They advise for growing low seedlings to fix the mirror perpendicular to the surface of the window sill along its ledge, which can almost double the illumination of the plants. In this case, a low mirror is used so that it does not obscure the room.

If the mirror is installed on the jamb of the window, it will serve as a permanent light reflector: with this method, the illumination increases by 30%. The mirror can also visually enlarge the space of the window and, when sunlight hits it in the evening, send them into the depths of the room. If the mirror is placed on the surface of the window sill, the lighting reflected from the street will be directed to the ceiling, significantly reducing the darkness of the room. It should be remembered that when using reflectors, plants are placed farther from each other. Mirrors can be successfully replaced with sheets of aluminum foil.

If the constituent parts harvested since autumn are used as a soil substrate - peat, sod land and sand (5: 4: 1), then ammonium sulfate (12 g / per 10 kg), simple superphosphate (20 g) and potassium salt are added to it (40 g). In boxes, seeds (germinated or dry) are sown according to a 5x5 cm scheme to a depth of 1-1.5 cm. Then the substrate is carefully watered and the boxes are covered with transparent film or glass. Seeds can be treated before sowing with growth regulators: for example, sodium humate 0.5-1 g / 10 l (soaked for 2 days), or after sowing, shed the soil with a solution of the drug (0.6 g / 10 l). The next watering is carried out with an interval of 10 days, and the last - 5 days before planting and during the period of planting seedlings in open ground. 2-3 seeds are planted in pots in order to remove weaker seedlings later. At a temperature of 23-25 ​​° C, the emergence of seedlings in germinated seeds is noted after 4-5 days, and in non-germinated ones - after 8-10.

If pear and apple seeds are not put in the refrigerator for stratification in January, then this is done in the first half of February. They are pre-soaked at room temperature for 2-3 days in water, which must be replaced periodically. The stratification period lasts 3-4 months.

Often, fruit trees fall under late frosts during flowering. To avoid damage to flowering buds, some gardeners practice in January-early February (with normal soil freezing) the following technique, which delays their flowering. Snow is tamped under the crown of a fruit tree, which is still in a state of complete dormancy, and several buckets of water are poured onto the tamped snow. The formed ice crust lasts much longer than snow, and the tree starts growing a little later than usual, and, therefore, flowering, so it seems to "escape" from late frosts.

During this period, it is necessary to bypass the site, outlining a plan for the repair of old and installation of new paths, steps, gazebos, reservoirs, in order to purchase building material for these purposes in advance. For those gardeners who keep coniferous crops on their site, it will not hurt to cover them from the sun's rays, which become more burning every day.

On the garden plots, work continues on snow retention with the help of shields, cut branches, boards. Snow is shaken off the trees with the help of long poles with a fork at the end, wrapped in burlap. By the end of February, food supplies in the pantries of mice are depleted, as a result of which they may come out to the surface of the soil (under the snow). Young trees can be affected primarily by rodent infestations. To exclude this, it is important to thoroughly trample the snow after shaking off: then the mouse will not go into its dense layer.

Fans of rock gardens and beautiful lawns, if necessary, need to remove excess snow from them in order to prevent the plants from drying out (or, conversely, to throw snow on too bare places).

If the winter turned out to be frosty, it is useful to cut branches from trees and shrubs and put them on growing: you can determine in advance how much these plants have suffered and what pruning will be required in the spring. It is necessary to inspect all the apple trees and pears - whether their bark has been gnawed by hares, since in the future this will delay the growth of trees, distort their bole.

According to experienced fruit growers, this month is the best time for winter grafting, with the help of which any gardener himself can get seedlings of new varieties. The day before the grafting, the rootstocks and annual branches, stored in the basement, in a snow pile or in a cold room since autumn, are taken out to a warm room. After the operation, the grafted material is returned to a cool place until the time of disembarkation in open ground. Also, for spring grafting, cuttings are prepared, which, wrapped in a plastic (slightly moistened from the inside) bag, are stored in the refrigerator until use (even until the end of April).

As spring approaches, titmouses and other useful birds begin an active search for insects in garden plots, at the same time looking for a future place for nesting and breeding chicks. For this reason, it is necessary to hurry, if feeders for these useful birds have not yet been installed in order to "fix" them on the site.

A. Lazarev,
candidate of biological sciences


The winter just seems long. Seasoned homeowners know how deceiving the short days leading up to spring are. You think that you will be in time for everything, but in the end: you didn’t plant it, and you didn’t think about it. Those who buy seeds and planting material on the market do not have to strain, and those who love everything of their own - it's time to worry about a lot.



February affairs in the flower garden

For some, a dacha is not a vegetable garden, but a flower garden. They come there to enjoy the beauty. It's time to start preparing for the upcoming flower season.

Buying seeds

It is clear that when you see shelves with bright bags of seeds, you want to buy everything at once. In order not to blame yourself for a rash waste later (after all, too much money was spent, and there is simply no room for so many flowers, and the conditions are not suitable for every plant), you need to make a shopping list before you find yourself in your favorite store. Take a close look at the seed packets left over from last year. Perhaps some of them have not yet expired (shelf life). Perhaps some crops disappointed you last year, and you firmly forbade yourself to sow them again. Look at forums where summer residents exchange seeds. Suddenly, someone offers the seeds that you need, and you, in turn, can exchange them for those that you collected yourself. In a word, buying seeds is an important business that requires preparation.

Sowing summer plants for seedlings

If you are a lover of a container garden, then February is the right time to sow seeds of petunia, the queen of containers, for seedlings. This crop has a long growing season, so to start admiring its flowering in April, you need to sow it in February. Sowing dates for petunia seeds is the second half of February - March.

In addition to petunia, in the last winter month, you can sow seeds of lobelia, verbena, pansies, helenium, delphinium, chrysanthemum.

Seedling picking

In order for the seedlings to grow strong, it is no secret that they need to devote a lot of time. Sowing is only half the battle. Seedlings sown in February almost always need additional lighting. When the seedlings get too crowded, the next stage in growing seedlings begins - picking. Seedlings without picking cannot become strong plants. You can plant seedlings both in purchased containers and made with your own hands - this will significantly reduce the cost of work.

The summer resident's winter holidays are over. It's time to get to work!


Works in the flower garden in February

In addition to working in the garden and in the garden in February, you should worry about the future floral decoration of the site. With the advent of the February season, summer residents begin sowing annual and some curly flowers for seedlings - such as salvia, lobelia, heliotrope, penstemon, kobei. Also, at this time, you can sow Shabo carnations or, if this procedure was carried out back in January, go to diving of successfully emerged seedlings.

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Work in the country in February and March

Garden work in February and March

  • If the weather is dry and there is no frost, dig up the beds, treat them with a cultivator, remove the roots of the weeds. If you did not do this in the fall, loosen the soil deeply - dig it up with a shovel or pitchfork.
  • From late February to March, prepare vegetables and herbs for planting.
  • In March, plant onion seedlings, cabbage, including kohlrabi, salads in the greenhouse. If there is no greenhouse, cover the seedlings with plastic wrap.
  • Sow peas, lettuce, carrots, radishes, radishes, turnips in open ground.
  • Protect crops from birds with a net.

Gardening in February and March

If the soil is not frozen, water the evergreen trees.

  • If necessary, if there is no frost during the day, prune fruit trees and ornamental trees that bloom in summer and autumn.
  • Prepare places for planting trees: loosen the soil deeply, remove the roots of weeds, apply fertilizer if necessary.
  • Purchase suitable seedlings by carefully selecting them.
  • From March, ornamental trees and berry bushes can be planted if the weather is cold, with roses and other cold-sensitive plants, wait until April.
  • At the end of March, when the frosty days are over, open the roses (the best time for this is when the forsythia is blooming).

General work in the country in February and March

Check how reliably frost-prone plants are covered with a layer of brushwood or foliage so that they are not damaged by night frosts. Refresh this layer as needed or temporarily use cotton wool or jute bags.

  • Check your gardening equipment, if necessary, fix it, send it in for repair or buy a new one.
  • Purchase additional inventory (for example, pots, labels, twine).
  • If necessary, give the soil for analysis.
  • Install new birdhouses and clean old ones. The best time to do this is in February.
  • Make sure that the plants are not affected by snails or other pests, collect the eggs of the snails and the snails themselves. When digging and composting, pick out snail eggs (small white balls) and destroy them.
  • Replenish stocks by ordering missing seeds and seedlings.
  • In March, fertilize trees, shrubs, and overwintered biennial flowers and vegetables.
  • In dry and warm weather, water perennial plants, and moisten the seeds and seedlings regularly, cover them with nets to protect them from birds.
  • Mow your lawns before it gets too wet.
  • In April, prepare your lawns for new grass where necessary.

Works in the flower garden in February and March

  • If the weather is dry and there is no frost, prepare the beds and beds for planting: loosen the soil deeply, if you did not do this in the fall, carefully remove the roots of the weeds and level the soil.
  • Check the bushes planted in the fall, if necessary, press down the frozen bushes so that their roots are in better contact with the ground.
  • From late February to March, start preparing annual flowers.
  • In March, trim the bushes, remove the dead parts, divide the old bushes.
  • Remove faded biennial flowers.
  • Plant shrubs and biennial flowers.
  • Cold-resistant summer plants, such as marigolds or cornflowers, can be sown in the beds as early as April.
  • In April, you need to plant new bushes and divide old ones.
  • From mid-May, plant seedlings of annual flowers on the beds, if possible, after hardening them, the seeds of many species can be sown directly on the beds.
  • Mark where the bulbous plants are planted so as not to damage them in the future.

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Gardening work in February includes work on protecting plants from the cold directly on the site, preparing for the upcoming season and sowing seeds for seedlings on the windowsill or in heated greenhouses.

The vegetable garden in February often suffers from low winter temperatures, because February is the windiest and most blizzard winter month. The root system of fruit and berry and perennial vegetable plants is most vulnerable to the changeable February weather, when the thaws are replaced by winter cold and strong winds. This leads to the loss of snow cover and freezing of wintering plants.

Therefore, the main work and concern of the gardener in February is snow retention - to accumulate more snow and protect the garden plants from the winter cold with it.

I already talked about the importance of snow retention on the site in the article What to do in the garden in February: the more snow there is on the site, the easier it is for wintering plants. Snow can be brought in from the territory outside the garden, garden paths, dumped from the roof of the house and greenhouse, and so on. The easiest way to trap snow is to install shields on the leeward side: pieces of plywood and cardboard, sheets of slate.

Some summer residents make snow shafts, trample paths across the direction of the prevailing winds (they will serve as accumulators for newly falling snow). Perfectly trap snow and decorative hedges, as well as the simplest spruce twigs, in some places inserted into the snow on the site.

If severe frosts are predicted, additionally cover the strawberry beds with brushwood, cut raspberry stems, spruce branches, light shields. February blizzards and heavy snowfalls will reliably cover your beds.

In snowless winters, the soil must be insulated with peat layer of at least 8-10 cm, rotted manure, and the plants themselves must be covered with dry grass or spruce branches.


The most important work in the garden in February is to fill the greenhouses with snow, if this is not done in January, in order to create the necessary moisture reserve in the soil in the spring. To facilitate this work, you need to remove the top frames in the greenhouse, if possible, then the snow will accumulate in the greenhouse in a natural way. In the spring, the melted snow will saturate the earth with biologically active melt water.

Once again, check the safety of stocks of potatoes and other root crops in storage. If the safety of the seed stock raises concerns, it is worth replenishing stocks with reliable new varieties of potatoes.

Check if you have enough mineral fertilizers and protective equipment for the entire growing season, whether enough seedlings are prepared: trays, pallets, cassettes, cups, tablets, pots, adapted containers should be prepared in sufficient quantities.

You will also need phytolamps or fluorescent lamps for additional illumination of the seedlings and a small sprayer to care for the seedlings.

Purchase fertilizers and preparations for protecting against the first disease of seedlings - black leg: Trichodermin or Previkur.

Prepare and disinfect the soil for growing seedlings and greenery on the windowsill. Do this 10-14 days before sowing the seeds so that the soil has time to recover after steaming or calcining.

Determine if you have stocked enough vegetable and spice seeds and the varieties you want.

First of all, prepare seeds of crops grown through seedlings: celery, peppers, tomatoes, eggplant and others, as well as seeds of early vegetable crops (peas, carrots, onions, parsley, lettuce, spinach, dill, radish).

Garden work, as well as the work of a florist, continues in February with pre-sowing seed treatment and sowing seeds of many crops for seedlings: starting from the middle of the month, it is already possible to sow tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and other crops.

You need to check with the lunar planting calendar for February 2013 the timing of garden work and determine auspicious days with it.


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Comments:

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  2. Kealan

    not so bad!

  3. Beceere

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