What to do if garlic turns yellow in spring and why it happens
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Any gardener is upset when his plants do not grow and develop as they should. In spring and summer, some gardeners are faced with a common problem - garlic turns yellow. To protect your plantings from yellowing and preserve the future harvest after winter, you must definitely find out the reason why this is happening and what to do.
Winter garlic and spring garlic can also turn yellow, as a rule, at the beginning it turns yellow from the feather and stem part. To treat, you need to carry out processing or feeding with special means.
Diseases of garlic and remedies for yellowing of feathers and leaves
The main problems with this spicy vegetable fall into three broad categories:
- Improper care
The main diseases of garlic include the following:
- Bacterial and cervical rot
Diseases and pests are serious problems that need to be diagnosed in time and measures taken to treat plants. Each disease has its own characteristics.
Rust and how to deal with it
The most common garlic disease in Russia is rust. A serious problem that must be dealt with immediately.
Outwardly, the disease manifests itself as follows: spread small orange spots all over the leaf surface garlic. In appearance, "rust" looks like small yellowish bulges of rusty color. If the gardener does not react in time, the plant gradually turns black and dies.
By its nature, rust is fungal disease... More often than not, the disease has remained in the ground since last year. Therefore, as a preventive measure, it is not recommended to plant plants in the same place every year. In addition, the garlic beds should be located away from the onion beds.
If rusty leaves are found, they must be cut off immediately... If the infection is massive, it is worth using and treating with chemicals. They are applied strictly according to the instructions.
Fusarium - how to treat it to fight
Fungal disease. In common people it is called "rot".
Infection occurs through the soil and if poor-quality seed is planted. The development of the disease occurs at a temperature 13-30 degrees and with high humidity... Outwardly, the disease manifests itself as follows: garlic leaves begin to turn yellow at the tip, dry out and die off... In this case, the roots rot, the development of the head stops and the plant dies.
As a preventive measure, it is imperative to monitor the condition of the planting material. You can also additionally disinfect and water the soil with special chemicals.
To combat the manifested disease, you need to use antifungal agents, according to the instructions or method.
The popular name of the disease is downy mildew... The disease is fungal in nature and is common in all regions of Russia. Peronosporosis is especially active at high humidity.
Outwardly, the signs of the disease look like focal leaf lesion... At the same time, the growth and development of the vegetable slows down, the leaves change color and shape, the flower stalks turn yellow.
To avoid contamination in your beds, you need to plant only healthy seed, monitor soil moisture. Plant beds are best placed in sunny and ventilated areas of your garden plot. If the disease still struck garlic, you need to use special means.
Bacterial and cervical rot
Bacterial diseases affect garlic less often than fungal diseases. Cervical rot affects itself teeth... To avoid this ailment, you need plant vegetables annually in different places and monitor the health of the seed.
It is also worth using special pest control sprays. Insects can aggravate the disease and are sometimes even the source of it.
The people call this disease green mold... The causative agents are fungi. The disease most often manifests itself during improper storage. The heads deteriorate and collapse from the inside.
Reasons why garlic can turn yellow in spring
In summer time yellowing of the leaves indicates its ripening. But, in the spring yellowness indicates problems.
There are main reasons for this phenomenon:
- early landing;
- acidic soil;
- lack of watering;
Early planting and freezing
Winter garlic turns yellow more often, this happens due to spring frost... If planted too early, spring garlic can also be affected by cold temperatures. Young sprouts of garlic are covered with a film - this protects them from hypothermia.
If the negative impact of frost still could not be avoided, it is worth watering the plants with special development stimulants. These drugs will help the vegetable to develop normally in the future.
Spicy vegetable grows well and develops in the ground with a neutral balance... Too acidic soil causes yellowing of the leaves. In addition, the soil should be loose and oxygen-permeable.
You can reduce acidity if you feed the soil with lime. The proportions of this additive are calculated based on the characteristics of the earth.
In young plants, yellowing of the leaves can be caused by a lack of moisture. In May - June, the formation of a vegetable takes place. At this time you need regularly loosen the soil and produce timely watering.
To water the vegetable, use settled water, which is warmed up in the sun.
The most common insects that spoil garlic and onions are onion fly, nematode, root mite, tobacco thrips... They are capable of causing irreparable harm to the harvest of this spicy vegetable.
To avoid insect infestation, garlic is planted each time to different beds... Before planting, the soil must be shed with disinfectant solutions. And at the first signs of damage - use special sprays that repel pests.
What to do if the leaves began to turn yellow
To prevent yellowing of plants, it is worth planting healthy cloves in clean and disinfected soil. If planting is carried out in the spring, it is worth waiting for the temperature to stabilize so as not to subject the young shoots to frost. Proper care and timely detection of diseases will help to get a high-quality harvest of this burning vegetable.
Garlic turns yellow in spring: what to do
The spice itself often does not cope with its own diseases and do not know what to do when the garlic turns yellow in spring, namely in May. And he responds to them in the same way: the leaves just turn yellow. You can be left without a crop. First you need to figure out what the matter is and analyze each cause and how to eliminate it in detail. It is important to avoid mistakes here. Otherwise, valuable time can be wasted.
What to do if garlic turns yellow
When the garlic turns yellow, the gardener immediately wants to take retaliatory measures so that the problem disappears. But untimely action can lead to even greater problems. To prevent this from happening, you must first determine why the garlic turns yellow, and only then choose the method of its treatment. This situation can be corrected by:
- fungicide treatments
- insecticide treatments
- using folk recipes
- improving growing conditions, etc.
How to water and feed yellowed garlic
Garlic that has turned yellow from lack of nutrition can be treated with urea or liquid feeding. You can make irrigation products yourself, but for beginners it is good to buy a ready-made mixture in special garden stores. When choosing, you must pay attention to the composition, which must necessarily contain urea and nitrogen.
If there is a lack of moisture, it is recommended to additionally water the beds with plants. This should be done either in the morning or in the evening, in the afternoon - under the rays of the sun, you can burn the roots of the plant due to high humidity. Watering is necessary in minimal doses so as not to completely flood the plant. If before that the garlic turned yellow due to the drying out of the soil, then a sharp increase in the amount of water can destroy the plant.
Why does garlic turn yellow in spring?
All gourmets love to add garlic to various dishes, and therefore gardeners are often interested in questions about its diseases or how to preserve garlic for the winter.
There are two varieties of garlic, the first is planted at the very beginning of the winter period, as the garlic can overwinter under the snow and create a good root system, this will help the garlic to sprout well in the spring. Another variety is planted in the spring, usually planting is started if the weather is already warm enough outside.
Often gardeners are faced with such a problem that the greens begin to deteriorate. The question arises why garlic turns yellow in spring, what to do (video) in this situation, and how to prevent this, all these questions will be answered in the article. It is worth talking about those types of garlic that were planted in spring, since it is often its green shoots that begin to turn yellow for various reasons.
Why the leaves of garlic can turn yellow, as well as how to eliminate the causes - everything in this article.
The soil lacks useful elements.
Most often, yellowing of the leaves can occur due to the fact that there is too little nitrogen or potassium in the soil, these substances are necessary for good growth and development of the plant. If the gardener wonders why the garlic turns yellow in spring, and what to do (the forums are worth visiting), he should pay attention to the leaves themselves, if they have yellowness only at the tops, then this will be a signal about the lack of an umbrella in the ground. To cope with this problem, you need to take urea or manure, garlic is fed with this solution in liquid form, soon it will return to its normal state, and the leaves will turn green again.
Even if the gardener applied fertilizers to the soil in the autumn, this does not mean that there is enough fertilizer in the soil, because all the nutrients can be washed out of the soil. To improve the composition of the soil, it is recommended to water the garlic with potash fertilizers during early spring.
If the gardener is thinking about why the garlic turns yellow in spring, and what to do with this problem, then it is worth paying attention to the health of this plant, because often the yellowing of garlic is manifested precisely due to the defeat of greens by diseases. To prevent the garlic from turning yellow, it is worth choosing the right seeds, and it is also worth choosing the ideal place for planting garlic. You should not plant this vegetable where tomatoes, potatoes or onions grew in the previous season, these vegetables can negatively affect the growth of garlic. But if cilantro, calendula, thyme or lemon balm grew in the soil, then this place will be an excellent option for planting garlic in the ground.
If the gardener notices the first signs of garlic disease, and they are expressed in yellowing of the leaves, complete drying of the greens, curling of the leaves, the appearance of light stripes on them, or if the plant grows slower, it is worthwhile to immediately start treating the plant, but it is better to prevent the disease in advance. If, before planting garlic, you process each seed with a special solution (potassium permanganate), then this will help to avoid several types of diseases.
And in order to prevent garlic diseases in advance, in order to remove garlic in a healthy state, it is worth disinfecting the soil itself, for this it is fashionable to simply pour the soil with a special salt solution, for its preparation you will need only two tablespoons of rock salt and ten liters of clean water. You can also use chemicals for processing, they help eliminate bacteria and viruses that can harm the plant. To prevent the garlic from getting sick, it is worth treating the soil no earlier than two months before planting the vegetable in the ground. But not all gardeners will be able to use chemicals to improve their harvest, as this will damage the quality and usefulness of the vegetable.
Pests for garlic.
There are harmful insects that can lead to yellowing of garlic, and if the gardener thinks about why the garlic turns yellow in spring, and what to do (folk remedies) with this problem for the gardener. If in the two previous cases the "pest" can be overlooked, then with real pests it will be noticeable with an unarmed sign. If onion flies, root mites or other insects that can harm the onion plant appear on the garlic, it is urgent to take measures to destroy them. Only if you constantly spray the garlic with special solutions with chemicals, the pests will soon die, and the garlic will be able to restore its growth. Also, these funds will be able to destroy various larvae and eggs that have already been laid by insects.
If an onion fly has started up on the plant, then it is worth using the methods of pollination of the plant, for this, tobacco dust and wood ash are used, but this is done only on wet leaves so that the composition can stay on the plant. Since the future harvest will depend on the quality of the sowing material, it is worth using only the most resistant seeds, and garlic must also be persistent and strong, therefore it is periodically fed and looked after by this plant.
The acidity of the soil is increased.
If the soil is too acidic, this will very soon lead to yellowing of the leaves of the garlic, in this case the gardener should think about why the garlic turned yellow in the spring, and what to do with it. If winter garlic is planted in the ground, then a special liming of the soil can be carried out, the procedure is carried out about one month before planting the onion vegetable in the soil. If the gardener uses mulching, then he should take either peat or straw as tame, other materials can completely ruin the future harvest. It is best not to take sawdust for shelter, it is they that can strongly oxidize the earth, which leads to an increase in the acidity of the soil and yellowing of the garlic.
Insufficiently moistened soil.
Since the garlic is not planted deeply into the soil, it must be constantly loose, soft and moist, because the garlic can deteriorate, in this case the question arises of what to do if the garlic turns yellow in the spring (the video is on the network), and it will work with this problem very simple. The fact is that watering is of primary importance for each plant, especially for onion vegetables, for example, garlic needs constant watering from May to June, during which the growing season and plant growth occurs. If you add special loosening agents to the soil, then it will always pass oxygen to the roots, and for irrigation you can use the drip method or simple daily watering. But do not flood the plant, as it will rot in the soil if there is too much moisture.
Untimely planting of a vegetable in the ground.
If the gardener improperly plants garlic in the ground, then it can turn yellow very soon. It is worth noting that if a gardener plants garlic in the ground more than half a month before the first day of frost, if vegetables are planted earlier, then at the beginning of spring the garlic sprouts will quickly turn yellow. In the autumn period, garlic should not start growing, it just takes root, and then waits for the onset of warm days. If the cloves are planted ahead of time, then they can start the first shoots ahead of time, which eventually freeze from severe frosts.
Freezing of garlic in the soil.
If garlic turns yellow in spring, "What to do?" is the first question a gardener asks. Frost can often cause yellowing of shoots, because frosts can begin even at a steady air temperature in spring. Of course, it is worth making the plants a little more frost-resistant, hardening of the finished garlic feathers can contribute to this. If the planting has already been spoiled by frost, then you can use special means that will stimulate the plants for their further growth.
If the garlic initially looked bad, then after planting it will sprout extremely slowly, the sprouts themselves will have a weak and pale appearance, and yellowing will also appear. It is important to use only new planting material, for this it is worth taking the freshest options for garlic. If it is not possible to purchase new planting material, then it is worth choosing the best one that is available.
As is clear from this article, it is not so difficult to find out the cause of the yellowing of the leaves in garlic, but you will have to deal with them quickly and comprehensively. It is best to prepare the planting material so that the garlic can germinate and give a good harvest.
What to do if garlic turns yellow in spring
Since garlic can turn yellow due to many factors, in order to take action, you need to understand what exactly caused the yellowing. The most common reasons are:
- freezing of culture
- excess moisture
- diseases and pests
- lack of food
- high acidity of the soil.
Freezing of the culture can occur if you hurry with planting in the fall, because of which the sprouts will appear before frost. Garlic tolerates spring night frosts well, even at -4-6 degrees the plants feel comfortable. However, temperatures below these are destructive to the culture. What if the garlic is already frozen? Wait for the plants to recover themselves. Well, henceforth, do not plant garlic too early, but wait until the average air temperature settles in the range of 5-7 degrees Celsius (in central Russia it is October).
An excess of moisture in the soil is a fairly common phenomenon in the spring, because snow melts. Stagnation of water in the soil can lead to the development of diseases, decay of the root of plants, etc. In this case, you should take care that excess water does not linger in the garden. To do this, you should dig deeper furrows around the beds, build a drainage system. If there are signs of disease on the garlic, then the seedling bed should be treated with special preparations.
Garlic can also turn yellow from lack of nutrition. In the spring, when the snow melts, the nutrients in the soil are very diluted and the plants simply starve. Complex fertilizing with a predominance of nitrogen solves the problem.
Sour soil is another reason garlic yellows. It is worth remembering that this vegetable grows well exclusively on a soil of neutral acidity. Ideally, before digging a garden bed for planting garlic, acidic and slightly acidic soil must be limed, that is, slaked lime must be added to it. But if this was not done, then in the spring you can dust the beds with wood ash and loosen the soil.
There are recipes for those who prefer folk remedies.
Can be mulched with chicken droppings that have been aged for more than 2 years. You can also add any organic matter.
The simplest preparation of the infusion is to pour the cut grass with water in a large container. Weeds or nettles can be used. It is also recommended to add wood ash here and leave for 3-5 days to infuse. This solution is also suitable for root watering or foliar feeding.
All bulbous ash will benefit. It is used both as a foliar dressing and, when dug up, is added to the soil.
To use foliar dressing:
- Boil 0.3 kg of ash in 1 liter of boiling water for 20 minutes
- strain and stir in 10 liters of water
- you can add 1 tbsp to the solution. l. liquid soap for better adhesion.
Plants, the leaves of which have already turned yellow, can also be fed and sprayed with complex fertilizers (nitroammofosk, nitrophoska 1 tbsp. L. Per 10 l of water). But the main thing in this business is a sense of proportion.
Watch the video! What to do if garlic turns yellow