How to achieve flowering indoor plants

How to achieve flowering indoor plants

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Many indoor plant lovers prefer to acquire exactly flowering species, without even thinking about how long the plant will bloom and what needs to be done to extend this period. Some people think that watering or spraying regularly is enough for a flowering plant to produce the expected results. In practice, it is not so easy at all. All indoor plants, including flowering plants, need to pay a lot of attention and follow individual care rules.

Features of flowering plants

Indoor flowers most often bloom once a year at about the same time. Sometimes young plants may not please with their flowering in the first year or two of their life. Such plants need to reach a certain maturity, and only then they will bloom regularly. Some specimens of indoor flora bloom only in the spring and summer, when the most favorable climatic conditions are created. In autumn and winter, due to a lack of heat and sunlight, plants go through a dormant period.

When purchasing a flowering houseplant, you need to find out where it comes from, in what climate it prefers to grow, and what conditions it needs. After all, many plants are not suitable for home conditions and therefore they stop blooming. They are accustomed to being in the wild, where there are fluctuations in night and day temperatures, rains and droughts, coolness and heat. They need to create the same conditions at home, then they will bloom magnificently and for a long time.

Indoor flowers Flowering secrets

Blooming at home can be achieved by gradually decreasing watering and lowering the indoor temperature. The plant will leave for a while during the dormant period, and after it flowering will begin again. Lighting is of great and important importance for flowering plants (pelargonium, gloxinia, stephanotis, violet), namely, a long daylight hours. With the help of additional lighting (for example, a fluorescent lamp or phytolamp), this problem can be easily resolved.

For some species and varieties of indoor flowering plants (cyclamen, poinsettia, Kalanchoe, Schlumberger, primrose), daylight hours, on the contrary, must be reduced. This can be done using a special cover in the form of a cap (from about 5 pm to 8 am) or by rearranging the plant in a dimly lit place. In the dark, these plants form buds much more actively.

There are also such specimens in nature that bloom only once in a lifetime and die off after the first fruiting. Such plants include all bromelets, bananas, agaves, and some palms.

How and what to stimulate the flowering of plants

The timely intake of plant nutrients is comparable to the intake of food in humans. Water alone is not able to provide sufficient nourishment for indoor flowers. The soil from which they draw the necessary elements begins to deplete over time. Without the supply of new substances necessary for life, the bushes will begin to heal and lose their decorative appearance. This condition often leads to the development of diseases, not to mention the fact that the "starving" bush will not bloom. To strengthen the immunity of home flowers and make their bud formation more active, it is necessary to use additional methods and stimulants. They contribute to the formation of buds, the improvement of their size and number, as well as the overall duration and abundance of flowering.

In natural conditions, flowering of many species is accompanied by a period of unfavorable conditions. Once in an uncomfortable environment, the bush receives a signal to multiply and begins to form buds. Most often, such discomfort is provided by a temperature difference. A decrease in temperature by about 5-8 degrees, along with an increase in daylight hours, will contribute to the onset of bud formation.

If such measures do not work, and the plants refuse to bloom, you can stimulate flowering by introducing certain additives into the soil. Some of these drugs are considered organic, and some are synthetic. In this case, the principle of their operation can differ significantly.

Ready-made preparations

If an adult plant that is receiving enough light does not flower, insufficient nutrition may be the cause. Thanks to the introduction of special agents into the soil containing phytohormones necessary for flowering, it is possible to compensate for the lack of key elements. If nitrogen supplements stimulate foliage growth and negatively affect the abundance of flowering, potash and phosphorus fertilizers are responsible for the formation of buds. Without potassium, the flowering process will be impossible.

In addition to potassium and phosphorus, biostimulants usually contain sugar: glucose also plays an important role in bud formation. Thanks to such additives, the plant becomes stronger and better resists possible diseases. Biostimulants include drugs such as:

  • Alg-A-Mic - stimulates the immunity of the bush;
  • Bio bloom - includes polygosaccharins and amino acids;
  • Fish-Mix - contains organic oils that promote the development of bioflora;
  • Ripen - a multifunctional drug that allows you to activate the genetic forces of planting;
  • Thor Mach - an organic product containing humic acids.

Chemical stimulants include such agents as Baikal EM-1, Bud, Domotsvet, Ovary, Pollen, etc. Thanks to their use, buds appear faster, and their number increases. The use of such products also has a positive effect on the size of the flowers and even on their color. But they should be used exclusively according to the instructions. From an overabundance of such stimulants, bushes can get sick. Usually, stimulants, like any other fertilizer, are applied to wet soil after watering.

For example, hormonal preparations - Vernalin and Florigen can be useful for the formation of an ovary. During preparation for the flowering period, they will be able to make up for the lack of phytohormones.

Folk remedies

Many growers do not want to resort to purchased preparations and try to make up for the lack of these elements with improvised means. So bananas are considered an excellent source of potassium, sugar will help get glucose, nettle is considered a good nitrogen fertilizer. Thanks to ash, you can simultaneously fertilize plantings, improve their immunity and reduce unwanted soil acidity.


Sugar is a natural source of energy. Thanks to glucose, flowers receive enough strength for development, it contributes to the creation of organic compounds. But plants can absorb sugar only with the help of carbon dioxide. If there is too little of it, fungi begin to absorb the glucose, and root rot may develop.

It is recommended to use the Baikal Em-1 stimulator together with sugar. To prepare a sugar solution, 1 tbsp. the spoon is dissolved in half a liter of water. Each pot should have approximately 0.2 liters of solution. Top dressing is carried out monthly. Instead of sugar, you can use pharmacy glucose, this method of introduction will be even more effective. For 1 liter of water, 1 tablet is required.

Citruses and banana peels

Homemade dressings are often made with oranges and bananas. They contain potassium, and citrus contains many vitamins and folic acid.

Banana peels or peels are buried in the ground in a carefully dried and crushed form, or nutrient solutions are prepared from them. The banana peel is placed in a one-liter jar, filling it up to half, and then filling the jar with water to the top. A day later, the peel is pulled out and discarded, and the solution is filtered. To prepare the infusion, the resulting mixture is poured with another liter of water and watered with flowers about twice a month.

For citrus infusion, the peel must be crushed and poured with boiling water (a 3-liter jar is filled with crusts by a third and filled with water to the top). A day later, the crusts are removed, a liter of clean water is added and used for irrigation according to the same scheme. The proportions of the original infusion may vary depending on the recipe.

Castor oil, ash and aloe juice

Top dressing for lush growth and flowering of indoor plants

Castor oil is considered to be an effective bloom stimulant. Add a teaspoon of oil to 1 liter of water, mix them without waiting for the oil to float, and then use it for watering. If the flowering of this type of plant occurs only once a year, one such feeding will be enough. If the bush blooms several times, the procedure is repeated once a month. It is important to proceed with caution: castor oil can cause burns on the roots.

Ordinary wood ash is considered to be a storehouse of microelements. It is sprinkled on the soil or slightly dug into the soil. You can also use an ash solution - 1 tbsp. spoon for 1 liter of water.

Aloe juice is also considered a good flowering stimulant. For 1.5 liters of water, you will need to take a teaspoon of juice. The solution is mixed and used for watering 1-2 times a month.

Some growers recommend adding coffee infusions to the ground, but they contribute to the acidification of the soil in the pot and can negatively affect the health of the bushes.

Top dressing time

For top dressing to have the desired effect, it is important to choose the right time for them. Most often, decorative flowering species form flowers in the same season once a year. In some plants, flowering can take place in 2-3 waves per year, and some indoor flowers (for example, cactus) bloom only once every few years. The more exotic the plant is, the longer the period of its adaptation to new conditions may be.

Actively developing indoor flowers growing in small containers significantly deplete the soil in a few months. In order for such bushes to bloom after feeding, they must be old enough and have a developed root system. She usually has time to fill the pot.

During the dormant period, feeding should not be carried out - you can bring down the internal mode of development of the bush. Usually, the resting time ends by mid-spring - during this period, the foliage begins to resume growth. Then you can carry out top dressing. It can already contain potassium and phosphorus. After 3 weeks, the bushes are fed a second time. If, after that, buds have already appeared on the plants, then fertilization should be suspended.

Before tackling flowering stimulants, it is important to assess the general conditions in which the flower is contained. The buds may not appear in a very cold, dry or dark room. The correct irrigation regime also plays an important role. For each plant, the set of conditions can be individual, but most plants grow best on the well-lit southern or eastern side of the house. If you create all the necessary conditions for the bush and follow the schedule for introducing nutrients, it will certainly delight you with good health and lush flowering.

Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea) belongs to the family Niktaginovye (Nyctaginaceae), in which there are about 18 species. These are small trees and climbing shrubs. Three species are most often cultivated. it bougainvillea nude, or smooth, (B. glabra), bougainvillea is wonderful, or beautiful, (B spectabilis) and bougainvillea buttiana (B. Buttiana). Their numerous hybrids are also popular.

Bougainvillea was first found in Brazil, where it grew on rocky slopes, arid hills and forests. European travelers were amazed at the sight of the amazing "fire" trees. These flowering ligneous vines with bright bracts twined around the trunks and branches of trees, rising to the upper layer of the forest. The plant was named after Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729 - 1811). This navigator led the first French round-the-world expedition in 1766-1769. On his ship was a botanist who, in 1768, was the first to describe bougainvillea. Only at the beginning of the 19th century, this fantastically beautiful plant came to Europe. First to England, then to France, where it immediately gained popularity among flower growers. Nowadays, bougainvillea grows in many countries with warm tropical and subtropical climates or is cultivated as a houseplant. In the middle lane, this plant decorates the premises; in the summer, pots with it are displayed on patios and areas near buildings. The main decoration of bougainvillea is brightly colored bracts (up to 6 cm long). They are often mistaken for flowers. The flowers themselves are yellow-green, nondescript. In modern times, new varieties and hybrids have been bred. The color of their bracts is much more interesting and varied than the previous ones.

Flowers need care

Even when buying a houseplant, it is advisable to find out recommendations for its location and care requirements. Shade-tolerant plants will wither in a sunny window, as well as light-loving plants in a dark corner. Therefore, taking into account the needs of the flower is an indispensable condition for keeping. The plant should be comfortable.

Plants have different attitudes to watering, humidity and air temperature, so you need to read the basic information about the flower, and for this you need to know its name. Those who have been engaged in floriculture for a long time and with pleasure do not have such problems. But those who buy a flower for an office or home as an element of the interior often simply forget what they bought. Care in this case comes down to the usual watering and the introduction of some kind of fertilizer. Plants with this approach may not die in the near future, but they will not show all their beauty.

I learned a simple trick of my mother-in-law, who always has indoor plants blooming for a long time.

I really love indoor plants, so there are several flower pots on each windowsill in my apartment. But no matter how I looked after them, I have never been able to achieve lush flowering. Flowers, of course, blossomed, but somehow poorly. And then I turned to my mother-in-law for help.

When I once again came to visit my father-in-law, I immediately drew attention to the well-groomed flowers standing at their home. I was especially interested in violets, which were simply strewn with bright flowers. They never bloomed so much with me, and if they opened their buds, then they did not bloom very much and for a very short time.

Seeing such beautiful indoor plants, I expressed my admiration to my mother-in-law and complained about personal failures in floriculture. It was sincerely incomprehensible to me what I was doing wrong. After all, I water them on time and fertilize them, but I don't achieve much results. The mother-in-law listened to me and decided to share a secret that she has been using for more than a year.

The fact is that she achieves lush flowering in a rather simple way. Moreover, it not only does not require large financial expenditures, but is also based on a biologically pure substance. It is a simple castor oil commonly used to boost hair growth or improve gastrointestinal function.

It turns out that in order for the plants to regularly please with beautiful and lush flowering, they need to be fed during budding. The use of castor oil at the same time allows you to get large flower heads, from which large and bright flowers later bloom. And the main advantage of this product is long flowering, which cannot be achieved with other fertilizers.

To prepare the necessary top dressing, you need to take a liter bottle of settled water and add a teaspoon of castor oil to it. The contents of the container must be shaken well to achieve an even distribution of the oil.If this is not done, then when it gets into the soil, it will burn the roots of the plant.

After the contents of the bottle have been shaken well, you need to start watering the indoor flowers. It is important that the top dressing is fresh, otherwise the castor oil will rise to the top and burn the stem and root system of the plant. The number of such manipulations depends on the flowering frequency. If the plantation opens its buds only once a year, then it needs to be fed only once.

Hello everyone who has looked at my review!

I love indoor plants very much, and in this review I will tell you about fertilization FERTIKA LUXthat helps me look after them.

Fertika Lux is a complex mineral, crystalline, completely water-soluble fertilizer.

This fertilizer is indispensable for indoor flowers - it stimulates the formation of buds and lengthens their flowering period. Plants grow strong and healthy, with rich foliage. Also, this fertilizer is suitable for both vegetable crops and seedlings.

In my package there are 20 grams, there are also packages of 100 grams. Has no smell. It looks like this

Raw material supplier - Finland

Recommendations for use from the manufacturer:

When growing indoor plants, one tablespoon of fertilizer is dissolved in 10 liters of water and used in the summer with every watering, in the winter - every third or fourth time.

My application

In winter, I water my plants with this fertilizer - once a month.

But in the rest of the year I try - once a week.

I pour 1/3 teaspoon into a watering can with settled water (about 1 liter) of this fertilizer, mix and water. The fertilizer dissolves quickly.

I see the result, the plants respond well to fertilization - they bloom well and sprout young sprouts.

Fertilizers for indoor plants

Another important factor of competent feeding is the fertilizer itself - of high quality and from a reliable manufacturer. Such a manufacturer is the Buyskie Fertilizers company, which offers the Flower Paradise series of products for indoor plants.

It is known that plants of different groups and species need a different set of nutrients, so the line includes both universal and fertilizers for specific crops. The convenience of such an offer can hardly be overestimated, because flower growers and amateurs will find here liquid complex fertilizers - the Flower Paradise housing and communal services complex:

  • for ornamental foliage plants
  • for ornamental conifers
  • for cacti and succulents
  • for orchids
  • for bulbous plants
  • for azalea, heather, rhododendron
  • for palms, ficuses, yucca and dracen
  • for primroses and violets
  • for roses, begonias and chrysanthemums.

The list can be continued, as the assortment is really rich. Here you can find not only special or universal fertilizers in various packaging - from ampoules to sprays, but also nutritious peat soil, also intended for different types of plants.

Special liquid complex fertilizers of the Flower Paradise series for azalea, heather and rhododendron

Fast-acting complex fertilizers of the Flower Paradise series contain the main nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, as well as a complex of microelements. The balanced composition allows you to provide indoor plants with all the necessary nutrients, and detailed instructions on the package will save you from mistakes in dosage and timing of fertilizing. Healthy growth of shoots, bright saturated colors of leaves, timely lush flowering plus excellent immunity and chic appearance are the result of the use of liquid complex fertilizers of the Flower Paradise series.

Pochkorost is profitable and effective!

Low price and very economical consumption - "Pochkorost" is produced in tubes of 1.5 g (the required amount for a single treatment is about 10 times less) - make the drug a profitable and affordable tool for everyone. In addition, the drug has a rather long shelf life - 2 years, during which it does not lose its effectiveness.

Dear florists, grow flowers for your pleasure and for the joy of others! And if something doesn't work out, the growth regulator from the "August" company, the drug "Pochkorost", will certainly help you. Try it and make sure that nothing is impossible!

Watch the video: Tina talks about her favorite easy care indoor flowering house plants.