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Weeds in the garden and vegetable garden. Part 2
Read the previous part of the article: Sources of blockage in the beds
Weeds are divided into annuals and biennials. A number of annuals, under certain conditions of their life, can become perennials.
Weed plants are represented by the following groups:
- Ephemera are annuals with a very short growing season.
- Spring, early, most of which germinate and emerge in the first days of spring before the appearance of the entrances of cultivated plants and are seeded either before them, or together with them. Late spring crops, adapted to the time of emergence of heat-loving crops of late sowing or after harvesting early crops.
- Wintering and winter crops, the seedlings of which endure winter and continue their development until summer.
- Biennials, which, for example, include sweet cloves, bulbous and root crops. In biennials, in the first year of life, roots, tubers or bulbs are formed from seeds, and seeds appear only on flowering stems the next year.
This group of the least malicious weeds includes a small number of species that develop rapidly in spring and end the growing season just as quickly. Several generations of ephemerals are possible in one year. This usually happens in fairly humid years.
A representative of this group of annual weeds is wood lice, or starworm... This weed usually grows well and quickly in low humid places, in irrigated vegetable, well-cultivated areas. The stems are branching, almost creeping, capable of giving additional roots from the nodes of the parts of the stem adjacent to the soil. This quality allows wood lice to multiply not only by seeds, but also by additional roots through the formation of large clumps. The seeds are small; when embedded in the soil deeper than 3 cm, they do not germinate. With late development, overwinter. During weeding, the stems break easily, the root remains in the soil.
Representatives of this most numerous group of weeds belong to the most diverse families. All of them give one seed generation during the growing season.
Widespread in large quantities Mary white, or quinoa... Reaches full development in the second half of summer, littering all crops of field and vegetable crops, as well as wastelands. Under favorable conditions, plant height reaches 1 m with high seed fertility. The stems and leaves of the quinoa have a characteristic mealy bloom. The flowers are inconspicuous, unpainted. Seeds remain viable in the soil for decades.
On one quinoa plant, there are seeds of three forms: large brown, capable of rapid germination, small black and green - germinate only in the second year after separation from the plant, and very small black rounded, germinating only in the third year. High seed fertility and extended periods of seed germination contribute to the rapid reproduction of the quinoa, especially on sparse crops. The most abundant seedlings appear when the seeds are planted to a depth of 1-2 cm, although there are cases of emergence of seedlings from greater depths. Quinoa is an early weed, its seedlings are frost-resistant.
Wild radish - has pale yellow, sometimes almost white flowers; rounded seeds are enclosed in a pod, consisting of separate segments, in which one seed is enclosed. When ripe, the pod breaks into segments the size of a grain of cereals. Because of this, during cleaning, they are difficult to separate from the seeds of cultivated plants. Amicable shoots appear in moist soil only in the second year, provided that the segments are not deeper than 5 cm. The extended germination times of weeds and their clogging of seeds of cultivated plants contribute to widespread reproduction of the weed.
Field mustard in appearance and nature of biological features, it resembles a wild radish. Seeds are small, rounded, varying in color from light to dark, enclosed in tetrahedral or oval pods, sitting on a short stalk. In the soil, the seeds remain viable for up to 10 years, germinate more amicably when shallowly planted.
Wild radish and field mustard are often called in practice rape... This identification is incorrect, because the rape is a perennial weed that has the same color of flowers as radish and mustard.
Toritsa found on sandy and moist soils with an acidic reaction. The leaves of the torus are linear, the flowers are small, white. Seedlings appear in early spring.
Field yarok and similar to her shepherd's bag belong to the cruciferous family. These two weeds are represented by spring and wintering forms. The flowers are inconspicuous, flowering occurs from spring to late autumn, the seeds are small, germinate in spring and autumn. Their germination capacity lasts up to 10 years, the most amicable seedlings appear from a depth of no more than 5 cm.
Mayweed develops as a wintering plant, and in the south as a winter plant. Occurs in meadows, vegetable gardens, garbage bins. Propagated by seeds. When mowed, it grows back.
The main feature of perennials is the ability of these plants not to die off completely after fruiting, but with the onset of spring heat to grow back from underground organs - roots, their buds, rhizomes - and bear fruit for several years in a row. Therefore, perennials usually represent hard-to-eradicate malignant weeds of fields, which sharply reduce the yield of agricultural crops. It takes a lot of work and money to fight them.
Perennials usually reproduce by seeds and vegetatively. This group includes weeds with different root systems - fibrous and pivotal. The roots of perennials are powerful, penetrate deeply into the soil, branching widely in it.
Of the perennials, root weeds and rhizome weeds are the most malicious.
A very common root weed is pink thistle, or a thug. Clumps of pink sow thistle oppress crops. Flowers of dark pink color are collected in a dense basket. Sow thistle seeds are supplied with simple and complex flaps. When ripe, some of the flyworms are firmly attached to the seeds, do not separate from them and contribute to the transfer of seeds by the wind over long distances. In the spring, seedlings appear in the form of weak seedlings. Seeds that are deeply embedded in the soil do not germinate.
The sow thistle root system is very powerful, penetrating into the soil to a depth of more than 7 cm. It has a main taproot, from which lateral branches extend, which are propagation roots. They are located horizontally at a depth of 12-18 cm and deeper, then bend down in a knee-like manner. In places of bends, buds are formed, from which a new vertical growth in the form of shoots-rhizomes with rudimentary leaves comes. Vertical shoots penetrate the soil, appearing on its surface in the form of new stems. This process of development of pink sow thistle proceeds throughout the growing season.
Sections of roots longer than 5 cm, obtained as a result of cutting them with tillage implements, are capable of giving new growth from a depth of up to 10 cm.
Molokan, otherwise called tartar thistle or blue - from flowers, collected in a small head, colored blue. It is able to reproduce by both wind-carried seeds and root shoots. It is a very resistant weed that tolerates dense, dry and saline soils, has an even more powerful root system than the thistle, is able to germinate from small pieces of roots.
Field bindweed - one of the worst weeds. The stem is thin, creeping or curly, winding around the stems of cultivated plants from left to right, causing them to lodge, thereby sharply reducing the yield. Field bindweed reproduces both by seeds, which retain germination in the soil for 3-4 years, and by root shoots. The main mass of bindweed roots is located at a depth of 18-25 cm, some of them reach a depth of 80-180 cm. Small segments of roots, with eyes on them, are capable of germinating. In the hot summer season, the bindweed leaves wither during the day, stopping the evaporation of water, and by the evening they regain turgor.
Common rape Is a widespread weed. The flowers are collected in a bright yellow cluster, have a honey smell. Seeds are round, dark in color, oil-bearing, enclosed in a pod that opens when ripe. In the spring, when the soil warms up, seedlings appear, forming a rosette that hibernates. The following spring, the rape develops, forming a multi-stem plant. Flowering continues throughout the spring and summer. The root system is weak, easily pulled out of the soil during weeding. The rape reproduces mainly by seeds, the formation of shoots from the offspring of roots is possible.
Like root suckers, root weeds are considered extremely malignant and widespread. Due to the presence of developed underground reproductive organs - rhizomes - their distribution zone expands, the depressing effect on cultivated plants is aggravated.
Creeping wheatgrass - This is one of the most drought-resistant and frost-resistant plants. There are no known cases of its freezing in the most severe winters. The reason for such a great vitality is that it develops a powerful root system, over 90% of the total mass of which is located at a depth of 10 cm, the rest - penetrate to a depth of 15 cm, thin roots extend from the rhizomes, penetrating into the depth of the soil up to 1 m or more ...
Wheat grass rhizomes have significant reserves of carbohydrates that increase frost resistance. The presence of large reserves of nutrients allows it to quickly form abundant shoots in early spring. Reproduction of shoots occurs on the rhizomes of wheatgrass repeatedly. It propagates by seeds, rhizome shoots or segments of rhizomes, which form a dense sod in the upper soil layer. It interferes with the development of the root system of cultivated plants. In addition, wheatgrass is a distributor of rust, promotes the reproduction of the Hessian fly, wireworm, and stemworm.
Horsetail. According to the biological characteristics, horsetail occupies a special place, being the only spore weed. It forms stems of two kinds: in early spring spore-bearing ones appear, and in summer they are sterile, resembling young pines in appearance. In the soil, the plant forms a large horizontal branched network of rhizomes penetrating it to a depth of 1 m. It propagates by spores and fragments of rhizomes.
This group of weeds includes: dandelion, wormwood, wild chicory, sour sorrel and many others.
Dandelion has a taproot thick, which penetrates deeply into the soil. Propagated by root shoots and seeds. The seeds are equipped with fly-away, easily carried by the wind.
Lanceolate plantain and medium plantain - these species reproduce both by seeds and by segments of roots. On the soil surface, plantains form a rosette of leaves without stems. Seeds appear on flowering arrows and remain viable in the soil for up to 11 years. Hulling is the best way to control plantains.
Weeds with a fibrous root system
These weeds are less common. These include caustic buttercup and big plantain... They are found in gardens, vegetable gardens, on roadsides. These weeds are propagated by seeds.
Read the third part of the article: Weed control methods
candidate of biological sciences
candidate of biological sciences
Continuous herbicides Protiburyan 100 ml Record Agro
The minimum order amount on the site is UAH 150.
Herbicide Protiburyan - a systemic two-component herbicide of continuous action against a complex of weeds on agricultural lands after harvest, before sowing (planting) crops and on non-agricultural lands.
Main characteristics :
• an extremely wide spectrum of action of the drug (destroys more than 300 types of weeds)
• high efficiency of herbicidal action
• does not accumulate in the soil
• 2 active ingredients
• effectively destroys field birch, horseradish and sow thistle
isopropylamine salt of glyphosate, 480 g / l + dicamba, 60 g / l
Form of the preparation:
The optimum temperature for using the drug is 12 - 25 ° C.
Application of herbicides for weeds
Important! Before using herbicides, you must carefully study the instructions for use. A few days before the soil is treated with herbicides, it is thoroughly watered with water - the soil must be moist! It is advisable to study the weather forecast in advance, in no case should there be wind. To prevent the substance from getting on useful plants, you can cover them with a film.
Weed control with herbicides begins with the preparation of an aqueous solution made just before application. The use of a metal container is categorically unacceptable, the substance will react with the metal. Basically, to prepare a solution in 10 liters of water, add from 40 to 80 ml of the substance. The herbicide prepared in this way is distributed over the area with a sprinkler. One hundred square meters of land will require 5 liters of solution. It is recommended to spray weeds 2 times - in the morning and in the evening.
In order not to wash off the herbicide from the treated weeds, it should be excluded by watering the soil for 2 weeks - this is how much time will be required for the full effect of the substance.
Failure to comply with precautions when processing a site can lead to very detrimental consequences. To avoid skin contact with the herbicide, wear a thick cloth that covers the entire body and headgear. Rubber boots should be on your feet. Safety goggles will protect your eyes from the spray. Inhalation of toxic fumes should be avoided - a respirator is required. Important! Smoking while treating plants with herbicides is strictly prohibited!
Within a few days after this procedure, you should thoroughly wash your hands and wash your face with soap, wash clothes daily - the wind can lift vapors into the air. At the first signs of herbicide poisoning - the appearance of weakness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting - consult a doctor.
Important! Owners of large land plots should remember that more herbicides should be stored only in specially prepared warehouses, in tightly closed containers. Failure to comply with these rules can lead to environmental pollution - the ingestion of hazardous substances into the soil and drinking sources.
The most popular herbicides are Titus, Tornado, Panther, Basis and Furore Ultra.
Chemical method of protecting corn from weeds
The main corn weed control system includes the use of chemical plant protection products - herbicides. They are divided into two main groups, which differ in the type of exposure:
Solid. Such herbicides destroy absolutely all plants (both weeds and agricultural) on the entire area treated with the drug. They are used only in areas where corn does not grow.
Selective... These substances are aimed at destroying certain types of weeds, they are considered safe for use on crops of cereals and other crops.
Herbicides for corn are also classified into pre-sowing, post-sowing (pre-emergence) and post-emergence.
Before sowing grain, the plot is treated with soil herbicide - this allows you to destroy not only sprouted weeds, but also those that are still "sitting" in the soil.
In the pre-emergence period, a number of soil herbicides are used on corn crops against annual cereals and two-year-old weeds. Among them, the most common are Adengo 465 SC, KS, Dual Gold 960 EC, Harnes, K.E., Trophy 90 EC, K.E., Atzenit-A 880, K.E., Fronier Optima, K.E. ., Primekstra TZ Gold 500 SC, KS, Primekstra Gold 720 SC, KS The last two herbicides are also approved for use in growing crops - in the 3-5 leaf phase.
With regard to post-emergence treatments, the first is carried out in the phase of 3 leaves, and the second - after the appearance of 6 leaves on the plants.
When using herbicides, as well as other chemicals, you must strictly follow the recommendations specified in the instructions. They concern not only application rates, but also timely fulfillment and adherence to waiting times. These factors will help provide corn crops with adequate growth and nutrition, and, accordingly, contribute to the formation and maturation of a high yield.
Effective weed control measures in maize crops with the help of herbicides, two methods are included, for each of which a working solution of the concentration recommended specifically for this drug is used.
Spraying. When choosing this method, a solution with a stronger concentration of the active substance is used. This is due to the influence of external weather factors (wind, atmospheric precipitation, etc.), in which about 70% of the herbicide is removed from the plants. The main advantage of spraying is a significant reduction in soil pollution with chemicals, but there is also a significant disadvantage - the slow withering of weeds.
Introduction to the soil. This method of processing corn crops is allowed to be carried out only until 3-5 leaves appear in the corn sprouts. In this case, care must be taken that the working solution does not fall below the growing cereals.
The main recommendations for the use of herbicides for corn:
- apply the drug in the morning or evening
- the air temperature during processing should not be higher than 25 ° С
- do not use chemical preparations on corn crops 1–1.5 months before the expected grain harvest.
Among some of the most effective herbicides that have proven themselves well for use in Ukrainian fields are Glyph BT, Glyfovit Extra and Decis expert.
Do not forget, in order to prevent the loss of corn yield caused by weediness of crops, it is necessary to take timely protective measures, strictly following the instructions for applying chemical preparations.
One of the most important maintenance items for garden beds, gardens and lawns is weed prevention and removal. Control methods depend on the type of weed plant, its biological characteristics and the place of growth. Let's consider the main types of weeds and describe methods of controlling their spread.
The harm and benefits of weeds
Weeds are usually called plants that "settled" on the site in addition to cultivated crops. Fighting them takes away a lot of time and effort from summer residents. To date, more than 2000 weeds are known, including poisonous and harmful to animals - about 100 names.
No matter how hard we try, we cannot get rid of weeds once and for all - they get to the site through a variety of sources:
- some weed seeds "sit" in the soil and wait for favorable conditions for germination
- organic fertilizers - if the compost has not been properly processed
- poor quality seed
- seeds are carried by the wind, animals, people (on the soles of shoes).
Weed plants cause significant harm to agriculture and landscape design:
- drown out cultivated plants and reduce their productivity
- release harmful substances into the soil
- absorb large amounts of nutrients and water
- create shadow
- can poison pets
- are a hotbed for the development of diseases and pests of agricultural crops.
But, not everything is so simple. Agricultural technicians note that some types of weeds are also beneficial. Weeds with powerful roots break soil compaction and loosen the soil, extract nutrients from a great depth, which is not accessible to lawn grass and some garden crops. A good fertilizer is obtained from such plants.
All weeds are classified according to three main biological characteristics:
- breeding method
- way of eating.
Depending on the lifespan, weeds are divided into juvenile and perennial species.
Juvenile "Weeds" reproduce by seeds. This group includes:
- ephemeral - growing season less than one season
- spring - the growing season is the same as that of annual garden plants more often than other weeds infest cultural crops
- annual winter crops - sprout in early autumn litter plantings of perennial grasses and wheat crops
- biennial - the full development cycle includes two growing seasons.
Perennial weeds can grow in one place for up to 4 years. After the seeds are ripe, the terrestrial organs of the plant die off and the root system continues to develop. New stems grow from the underground part every year. Perennials reproduce vegetatively or by seeds.
By the way of feeding, the following types of weeds are distinguished:
- Non-parasitic weeds have an independent type of nutrition and their development does not depend on other plants. The most numerous group.
- Semi-parasitic weeds have the ability to photosynthesize, but at the same time, they partly feed on other crops - they stick to terrestrial organs or plant roots. Typical representatives: European spine flower, white mistletoe, wild beetle, marsh mytnik, late toothed.
- Parasitic weeds - the plant does not have green leaves, roots, is not capable of photosynthesis and feeds exclusively on another plant. Weeds-parasites are attached to the roots or stems of cultivated plants. This group includes: clover dodder, linseed dodder, sunflower broomrape. The method of reproduction is by seeds.
Weeds in the garden: names, descriptions, photos
Creeping wheatgrass inhabits fields, vegetable gardens, orchards, river floodplains, along roads. It has a deep root system and spreads quickly over the site. The stem of the weed is erect, the leaves are flat, long with a rough surface. Wheatgrass is very resistant to unfavorable conditions, reproduces by rhizomes on almost any type of soil, a perennial plant of the family of cereals. You need to get rid of wheatgrass, especially if you plan to plant potatoes.
If you do not fight wheatgrass, the lawn can be completely overgrown with weeds: photo
Field bindweed (birch) - a perennial weed that envelops the stems of plants. One plant can confuse up to 2 square meters of crop area. Berry bushes suffer most from birch trees. The length of the stem is up to 180 cm, the leaves are arrow-shaped, the fruit is a two-celled capsule. The branched roots of the field bindweed go into the ground to a depth of five meters, so it is very difficult to completely get rid of the plant - you will have to dig out the roots.
Garden purslane Is an annual plant with a reddish thick stem and fleshy leaves. The stem length is about 60 cm, the shoots of one plant can cover a significant area of the garden. Purslane can be used for medicinal purposes and in cooking.
Woodlice (stellate) - wintering annual, ephemeral. Weed seedlings appear in early spring, and when the time comes for germination of cultivated plants, woodlice grows into a solid green carpet. Carrot crops are severely affected by this weed.
In the old days, woodlice predicted the weather for the near future. It was believed that if after sunrise the flowers of the starlet did not rise and did not open, then precipitation should be expected during the day.
Thrown back - an early spring annual with a very high fecundity. Weed seeds are not afraid of mechanical influences and retain the ability to germinate for 5-40 years. The plant has a high pubescent stem (up to 150 cm), ovate-rhombic leaves, flowers are collected in a dense paniculate inflorescence. Seeds can germinate from a depth of no more than 3 cm.
Herringbone (chicken millet) - infests vegetable crops (sunflowers, carrots, beets) at the beginning of their growth. In rainy years, it is able to completely drown out sparse young crops. The stem reaches 120 cm in height, the leaves are broad-linear, pointed at the edges, the inflorescence is a panicle with spiny, single-flowered spikelets, filled with seeds that look like millet.
Cleavers - an early spring annual. A distinctive feature - the trunk and leaves of the weed literally cling to clothing. The tenacious bedstraw appears on fertile, limestone-rich soils. The horse system of the weed is pivotal, the stem is tetrahedral up to 1 m in height, on the edges of the stem there are small, downward-curved thorns. Flowers are collected in dense panicles, flowering period is summer.
Shepherd's bag - a wintering annual blooming from spring to late autumn. Seed viability lasts almost 35 years. The height of the stem is about 20-40 cm, the leaves are pinnately dissected, the root is pivotal. White small flowers are collected at the very top of the stem, the flowering of the weed continues all summer. During this time, the plant gives 2-4 generations (the seeds fall off and germinate immediately).
Field yarok Is an annual plant with characteristic rounded fruits with a notch at the top. The height of the stem is no more than 40 cm, the leaves are collected in a rosette and are located near the ground. During the flowering period, the yarut gives up to 50 thousand seeds. The maximum depth from which seeds can germinate is 5 cm.
Sow-thistle pink, better known as the thistle of the field, is a common perennial weed that infests any crops. The height of a sow thistle can reach 1.5 m, the surface of the stem is prickly. The leaf shape is lanceolate, there are thorns along the edges. An adult plant has a powerful root system that grows up to 6 meters deep. Buds are laid on the bends of the root, giving development to aerial shoots.
The main source of clogging of the garden with a thistle is the vertical root. When fighting sow thistle, it is necessary to destroy the root system located at a depth of 60-70 cm
Lawn weeds: names, descriptions, photos
Bluegrass - an annual weed. At the beginning of growth, the plant is imperceptible, but over time, the weed blooms and stands out with ugly spots on the lawn carpet. Bluegrass thrives on compacted soils in lowlands. If the weed is removed in a timely manner, then it will not appear on the lawn for a long time.
Do not avoid appearing on the lawn dandelionswhose seeds are carried by the wind. Best of all, dandelions "take root" on young, rarely planted lawns. The weed plant has fleshy roots that contain a large supply of nutrients. This must be taken into account when weed control - for complete destruction, more than one treatment with selective herbicides will be required.
Creeping buttercup - a perennial weed with a stem creeping on the ground. The length of the plant is about 1 m, the leaves are trifoliate. Buttercup reproduces by seeds and vegetatively. It develops favorably in damp and insufficiently lit places.
Moss, like buttercup, appears on moist soils in lowlands. To combat it, the lawn must be regularly aerated and drainage ditches made. The height of the moss is no more than 50 cm. If you do not fight this weed, then it is able to completely displace lawn grasses and lead to waterlogging of the soil.
The appearance of moss may indicate a "poor" soil composition, lack of nutrients and an excessive level of soil acidity.
Plantain often grows in compacted, trampled soil or in places where there is stagnant moisture. A garden fork is suitable for removing mature plants. If plantains have grown significantly on the lawn, then selective herbicides should be used.
Veronica filamentous settles on moist soil rich in useful elements. The height of the plant is no more than 12 cm, the stem is thin, the flowers are delicately lilac. The weed reproduces by shoots.
Clover - the most problematic weed, causing a lot of trouble for lawn owners. A perennial plant with a height of 15-50 cm, the root system is pivotal, the leaves are ovoid. The emergence of clover can signal a lack of nitrogen in the soil.
Active growth of clover can be provoked by potash and phosphorus fertilizers applied in spring
Mary white - a frost-resistant weed on the site, growing from early spring to late autumn. The height of the plant can reach 1.5 m. The maximum depth from which the seeds can germinate is 10 cm. The plant must be removed before flowering, since one weed can give about 500 thousand seeds with different germination times.
Oxalis ordinary (hare cabbage) is a perennial plant with a powerful root system. The weed grows in groups and easily "clogs" the lawn grass. Oxalis is very resistant to many chemicals, so the most effective way is to uproot the weed.
The presented photos and names of weeds will help to recognize and eradicate malicious pests in time.
Useful weeds on the site
Not all weeds are pests; useful wild plants can also be found in the garden and in the garden.
Cornflower blue - a healing seasoning in cooking. It is believed that the plant has a diuretic, analgesic, choleretic and wound healing effect. Infusion of flowers helps with boils, eczema and conjunctivitis. Dried cornflower inflorescences are used as a natural food coloring.
Meadow clover are credited with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory qualities. The plant is used in the treatment of atherosclerosis and dry cough. Spring salads are prepared from clover flowers and young leaves, and dried shoots are added during cooking of second courses.
Young nettle - a valuable gift of spring. It contains large amounts of vitamin C and carotene. Drinking a decoction of nettle stimulates the body's metabolism and promotes weight loss. Nettle is used for cooking soups, borscht, meat, omelets and other dishes.
Horsetail - a perennial plant up to 60 cm high. It is used in the treatment of the bladder and as an antimicrobial agent. Dry herb is brewed, insisted and drunk before meals. To improve blood circulation and relieve conditions in rheumatic diseases, it is recommended to take "horsetail" baths.
Highlander bird (knotweed) - an annual weed that grows in gardens, parks, vegetable gardens and lawns. Knotweed contains many biologically active substances: coumarins, flavonoids, essential oils, vitamins and phenol carboxylic acids. The plant can be used as an antipyretic agent for colds or externally - to accelerate the healing of wounds and ulcers.
It will be much easier to control weeds in the garden and lawn if there are not too many of them. For this it is necessary to carry out preventive measures.
Lawn Maintenance Tips to Reduce Weed Risk:
- The lawn should not be cut too short. A young lawn needs to be mowed little by little, but often.
- Regular watering in dry weather. The lawn should not thin out after the summer, otherwise the empty areas will quickly be occupied by weeds.
- Raking the lawn prevents creeping weeds from growing.
- Top dressing will help the lawn grass grow stronger and prevent weeds from displacing it.
- Identification of diseases and pests.If it was not possible to protect the lawn, then the thinned area should be sown with fresh grass seeds before weeds appear on it.
- Any weed plant must be removed immediately before it has grown bulky roots and is ripe to seed.
Prevention of the appearance of garden weeds:
- On the site, it is necessary to allocate a fenced place for a compost pit, where all the remnants of weeds from the garden will be added during the season.
- In the fall, after harvesting, you need to dig up the garden without breaking the lumps. Many rhizomes of weeds will appear on the surface and they will freeze over the winter.
- In early spring, before planting vegetable crops, re-digging is carried out and trying to remove the remaining plant roots as much as possible.
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