Tiger Lily Mosaic Virus – Are Tiger Lilies Prone To Mosaic Virus
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By: Mary Ellen Ellis
Are tiger lilies prone to mosaic virus? If you know how destructive this disease is and you love the lilies in your garden, this is an important question to ask. Tiger lilies can carry mosaic virus, and although it has little impact on them, it can be spread to the other lilies in your beds.
Tiger Lily Mosaic Virus
Lilies are some of the most regal and beautiful flowers in the garden but, unfortunately, most of them are susceptible to a disease called mosaic virus. Tiger lily is particularly notorious for carrying this disease and spreading it to other lilies in a garden. Tiger lilies will not be affected by the disease they carry, but will cause damage by spreading it to the other plants that are nearby.
Mosaic virus is primarily spread through aphids. These little bugs suck on plants to feed and then pass the virus from one to another. The characteristic signs of mosaic virus include irregular and elongated yellow streaks on the leaves. They vary in width and length. The flowers may also look unhealthy or weakened, and the overall plant may also show signs of weakness.
The problem with mosaic virus in tiger lilies is that even though it carries the disease, it shows no signs of it. You may be planting a tiger lily in your garden that looks perfectly healthy but that is about to spread disease to the rest of your lily plants.
Preventing Tiger Lily Mosaic Virus in the Garden
Although they are beautiful, many lily gardeners avoid the tiger lily altogether. At the very least, don’t plant tiger lilies near other lilies or you could inadvertently spread mosaic virus and lose your entire lily collection. Not having them in the garden at all is the only sure way to avoid mosaic virus.
If you do have tiger lilies, you can minimize the risks by minimizing aphids. For instance, release ladybugs in your garden to combat aphids. You can also keep an eye on plants in your garden for signs of aphids and use synthetic or natural products to get rid of them. Aphids are particularly drawn to cooler, shadier areas of gardens, so sunny and hot gardens are less likely to cultivate these pests.
Another way to grow all lilies, including tiger lilies, while avoiding mosaic virus, is to grow lilies from seed. The virus infects every part of the plant, except for the seeds. Still, adding tiger lilies to a garden with other lilies is always risky. There will always be a chance that the virus will be lurking and will spread to your other plants.
Not planting tiger lily at all is your only foolproof way to eliminate mosaic virus.
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Tiger Lily: How To Grow & Care For Lilium Lancifolium
The showy and stunning blooms of the tiger lilly flower are well worth the effort, and for good reason. Originating in Asia, tiger lily (Lilium lancifolium, also called Lilium tigrinum) is a popular ornamental plant that’s become widespread internationally.
It’s even become naturalized in parts of the United States, and can be widely seen throughout New England in the wild.
Of course, there’s a Tiger Lily Native American character who became popular in the children’s story Peter Pan. It can be hard to find tips on growing these glorious flowers online because half the time, you’re more likely to find references to her!
And yet, there’s actually similarities between the two. After all, Tiger Lily’s a strong and independent character. In traditional lore, the tiger lily meaning or symbolism is said to represent the fierceness and confidence of women. Some actually say that the gift of a tiger lily is like saying “I dare you to love me!”
It’s also reputed to be a flower of mercy, compassion, and loyalty, as well as being tied to wealth and success.
A Korean folk tale tells of a hermit who helped a tiger who had been shot by an arrow. The hermit removed the arrow, and the tiger swore unending friendship in return.
When the tiger died of old age, the hermit used his power to turn it into a stunning tiger lily, keeping its beauty intact in memory. Once the hermit himself finally passed away, the tiger lily began to spread in search of its friend. Some say it’s still searching to this day.
So whether you’re seeking a fierce blossom of orange and black, or a loyal plant who might just try to take over your garden, the tiger lily is perfect for you.
Let’s bring a piece of Neverland home and explore the world of tiger lilies!
Yard and Garden: Planting Lilies
The large, showy blooms of lilies add colorful elegance to the early to midsummer yard and garden. Grown from bulbs, lilies are perennial flowers that will return year after year and require minimal care, provided they are planted in the right place. Horticulturists with ISU Extension and Outreach answer questions about planting lilies. To have more questions answered contact Hortline at [email protected] or 515-294-3108.
When is the best time to plant lilies?
Early fall is an excellent time to plant Asiatic, Oriental and other garden lilies. Plant lily bulbs at a depth equal to three times their diameter. Container-grown lilies can also be planted in spring and summer. Plant container grown lilies at the same depth as in the pot.
When would be a good time to dig and divide lilies?
Early fall is an excellent time to dig and divide Asiatic, Oriental and other garden lilies. Carefully dig up the clump, separate the bulbs and cut off the stems just above the bulbs. Replant the bulbs immediately. (If planting must be delayed, place the bulbs in a plastic bag containing lightly moistened potting soil or sphagnum peat moss and place the bag in the garage or a refrigerator.) Plant the large bulbs 4 to 6 inches deep. Small bulbs should be planted 1 to 2 inches deep. Large bulbs may bloom the following summer. However, small bulbs may not bloom for two or three years.
What is a good planting site for lilies?
Most lilies perform best in well-drained, slightly acidic soils in full sun. (Sites in full sun receive at least six hours of direct sun each day.) However, Martagon lilies prefer partial shade (two to four hours of sun) and neutral to slightly alkaline soils. Good soil drainage is imperative as lily bulbs may rot in poorly drained, wet soils. Raised beds are a good planting option in poorly drained locations.
Can Asiatic, Oriental and other garden lilies be planted near tiger lilies?
Many lily enthusiasts do not grow tiger lilies (Lilium lancifolium) as they are often infected with lily mosaic virus. Lily mosaic virus causes little harm to tiger lilies. Oftentimes, you cannot tell that they have the disease. However, aphids and other sap-feeding insects may carry the virus from tiger lilies to other types. Many hybrid lilies infected with lily mosaic virus produce distorted foliage that is streaked or mottled. Also, infected plants produce fewer flowers and those flowers that do form are often deformed. Lilies exhibiting lily mosaic virus symptoms should be promptly dug up and discarded.
Is it advisable to mulch fall-planted lily bulbs?
It’s beneficial to mulch fall-planted lily bulbs with several inches of straw or pine needles after planting. This is especially true for bulbs planted late in the season. A mulch delays the freezing of the soil, allowing the bulb’s roots to grow over a longer time period.
Tiger Lily Flower Appearance
So, what is a tiger lily and what does a tiger lily look like?
There are orange, red tiger lilies, and other tiger lily colors.
The tiger lily flower wears orange petals with black spots which suits the summer bulb flowers vibe. The orange black color made it look like the tiger’s skin, a good reason for earning the name tiger lily.
Tiger lilies crossed-bred with Asiatic lilies resulted to hybrid tiger lilies of different colors.
From the black and orange combination, the cross-breeding gave birth to red, yellow, and white lily. Each color holds a slightly different appearance compared to others.
On the other hand, the double tiger lily bears a lot of tepals and no stamens. The stems of this type of lily shoots up to 30 to 48 inches tall and grows in USDA hardiness zones 4 through 9.
The orange day lilies grows along roadsides and ditches, which is why it is called the ditch lily.
This species of lily have different growth habits. It grows from tuberous roots and bears healthy grass-like foliage coming from the base of the lily plant.
Frequently Asked Questions
Are Tiger Lilies poisonous to humans?
Contrary to most warnings, tiger lily is not poisonous to humans. It is edible and has medicinal properties.
Are Tiger Lilies safe around my pets?
Ingesting any part of the tiger lily can be fatal for cats. The pollen is most especially to avoid, as it can be carried by the wind and stick to your cat’s fur. Accidentally feeding on any part of the plant, even in small amounts, can cause severe kidney failure leading to death. Any water that touches the plant is also toxic to them. If your cat is exhibiting lethargy, vomiting, and loss of appetite, consult the vet immediately.
Is a Tiger Lily annual or perennial?
Tiger lily is naturally a perennial plant and blooms the most during summer seasons. It is dormant during the lowest temperature in fall and during the winter season.